PTA Law Exam Practice

114 Questions | Total Attempts: 330

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Physical Therapy Quizzes & Trivia

Jurisprudence


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    A patient in a rehabilitation hospital confides to her therapist that she has been physically abused by her husband in the past and is concerned about returning home following discharge. The most appropriate therapist action is to:
    • A. 

      Call adult protective services.

    • B. 

      Contact the patient’s case manager.

    • C. 

      Ask the patient to leave her husband.

    • D. 

      4. Contact the patient’s spouse.

  • 2. 
    A therapist provides an in-service to the rehabilitation department on the Americans with Disabilities Act. Which of the following individuals would not be covered under the Act?
    • A. 

      A 28-year-old with a documented learning disability.

    • B. 

      A 46 year old with severe mental retardation.

    • C. 

      A 14 year old that is blind

    • D. 

      A 36 year old homosexual

  • 3. 
    3. A physician refers a patient rehabilitating from an intertrochanteric fracture to physical therapy. On the referral form the physician specifies the use of continuous ultrasound at 2.4 W/cm2 over the fracture site. The most appropriate therapist action is to:
    • A. 

      Treat the patient as indicated on the referral form.

    • B. 

      Request that the patient obtain a new referral from the physician.

    • C. 

      Use another more acceptable modality.

    • D. 

      Contact the referring physician.

  • 4. 
    4. As part of a total quality management program, a physical therapy department decides to collect patient satisfaction data. The most appropriate initial action is to:
    • A. 

      Identify appropriate statistical techniques to analyze the data.

    • B. 

      Design a questionnaire for therapists

    • C. 

      Design a patient satisfaction survey.

    • D. 

      Modify patient care standards based on the collected data.

  • 5. 
    5. A therapist treats a 26-year-old male with complete C6 tetraplegia. During treatment the patient makes a culturally insensitive remark that the therapist feels is offensive. The most appropriate therapist action is to:
    • A. 

      Document the incident in the medical record.

    • B. 

      Transfer the patient to another therapist’s schedule.

    • C. 

      Discharge the patient from physical therapy.

    • D. 

      Inform the patient that the remark was offensive and continue with treatment

  • 6. 
    6. An employee with a disclosed disability informs her employer that she is unable to perform an essential function of her job unless her workstation is modified. Which of the following would provide the employer with a legitimate reason for not granting the employee’s request?
    • A. 

      The accommodation would cost hundreds of dollars.

    • B. 

      The accommodation would require an expansion of the employee’s present workstation.

    • C. 

      The accommodation would fundamentally alter the operation of the business.

    • D. 

      The accommodation would not address the needs of other employees.

  • 7. 
    A group of health care professionals participate in a family conference for a patient with a spinal cord injury. During the conference one of the participants summarizes the patient’s progress with bathing and dressing activities. This type of information is typically conveyed by a/an:
    • A. 

      Nurse.

    • B. 

      2. Physical therapist.

    • C. 

      Occupational therapist.

    • D. 

      Case manager.

  • 8. 
    A therapist is treating a patient status post left knee replacement with goals of general conditioning and independence for household mobility. Which component of the patient’s treatment program would be the most appropriate to delegate to a physical therapy aide?
    • A. 

      Stair training

    • B. 

      Progressive gait training with a straight cane

    • C. 

      Patient education regarding the surgical procedure

    • D. 

      Ambulation with a walker for endurance

  • 9. 
    A complete medical history should be conducted on all patients prior to initiating treatment. Questions asked during the patient history should not lead the patient. Which of the following questions would not be considered leading?
    • A. 

      Does this increase your pain?

    • B. 

      Does this alter your pain in any way?

    • C. 

      Does your pair increase at night?

    • D. 

      Does your pain decrease with activity?

  • 10. 
    There are many guidelines that are useful for clinicians attempting to avoid unnecessary litigation. Which of the following would be considered the most essential?
    • A. 

      Conduct a thorough initial examination.

    • B. 

      Instruct patients carefully in all exercise activities.

    • C. 

      Keep the referring physician informed.

    • D. 

      Maintain accurate and timely documentation.

  • 11. 
    An attorney contacts you by phone and requests specific information on a patient he claims to represent. Questions asked include the extent of the patient’s disability and her willingness to return to work. The most appropriate response would be to:
    • A. 

      Answer the questions asked by the attorney.

    • B. 

      Refer the attorney to the supervising physical therapist.

    • C. 

      Tell the attorney not to bother you at work.

    • D. 

      Instruct the attorney to complete the necessary paperwork and a copy of the patient’s physical therapy records will be sent.

  • 12. 
    S.O.A.P. notes are a common form of documentation in a variety of health care settings. Which of the following would not be found in the objective section of a S.O.A.P. note?
    • A. 

      Measurement of pertinent changes in mental status.

    • B. 

      Description of present treatment.

    • C. 

      Vital sign measurements.

    • D. 

      Short and long term goals.

  • 13. 
    A male therapist prepares to treat a female patient using a soft tissue massage technique. The therapist would like to ensure that the patient does not misinterpret the purpose of the treatment technique. The most appropriate action is to:
    • A. 

      Transfer the patient to another therapist’s schedule.

    • B. 

      Request a female staff member to be present during treatment.

    • C. 

      Select another less invasive technique.

    • D. 

      Discharge the patient from physical therapy.

  • 14. 
    14. A therapist treating a patient overhears two of his colleagues discussing another patient’s case in the charting area. The therapist is concerned that his patient may overhear the same conversation. The most appropriate action is to:
    • A. 

      Discuss the situation with the director of rehabilitation.

    • B. 

      Confront the therapist and ask them if their behavior is professional

    • C. 

      move the patient away from the charting area.

    • D. 

      Inform the therapists that their conversation may be audible to patients.

  • 15. 
    A patient nears discharge from a rehabilitation hospital after completing three months of therapy. The patient has made significant progress in his rehabilitation, however expresses concern that his previous employer may not want him to return to work due to his injury. The most appropriate action is to:
    • A. 

      Explain to the patient that to return to work after a serious injury is very difficult.

    • B. 

      Inform the patient of his rights according to the Americans with Disabilities Act.

    • C. 

      Request that the patient consider vocational retraining.

    • D. 

      Refer the patient to a psychologist to assist with the transition back to work.

  • 16. 
    A therapist completes a family training session with a patient rehabilitating from a spinal cord injury. During the training the family asks a question regarding the functional ability of the patient following rehabilitation. The most appropriate therapist response is to:
    • A. 

      Explain to the family that it is difficult to predict since all patients’ progress differently.

    • B. 

      Provide information on the expected prognosis based on the nature and severity of the injury.

    • C. 

      Refer the family to the director of rehabilitation.

    • D. 

      Refer the family to the patient’s referring physician.

  • 17. 
    A 32-year-old male of Portuguese descent is referred to physical therapy for instruction in a home exercise program. The physician referral indicates the patient is approved for one visit. What is the likelihood the patient will comprehend the home exercise program in the allotted time?
    • A. 

      The patient will require external assistance as the use of an interpreter to comprehend the home exercise program.

    • B. 

      The patient will comprehend the home exercise program.

    • C. 

      The patient will not be able to comprehend the home exercise program.

    • D. 

      The therapist can not make a prediction based on the supplied information.

  • 18. 
     A physical therapist and a physical therapist assistant are employed in a skilled nursing facility.  Which of the following activities would be appropriate for the physical therapist assistant?
    • A. 

      Fitting of an assistive device.

    • B. 

      Development of a plan of care.

    • C. 

      Reexamination of a patient.

    • D. 

      Establishment of a discharge plan.

  • 19. 
    A physical therapist assistant is growing more and more disenchanted with her current job because she is responsible for an unfair proportion of the current patient load.  An appropriate response to this situation would be:
    • A. 

      Explain your present situation to the board of directors.

    • B. 

      Confront other staff members and inform them that you are being treated unfairly.

    • C. 

      Communicate directly with the supervising therapist and relay your concerns.

    • D. 

      Refrain from addressing the topic since you will be labeled as a troublemaker.

  • 20. 
    A patient eight weeks status post right total hip replacement loses his balance and falls to the ground.  The patient is visibly shaken by the fall, but insists that he is uninjured.  The therapist examines the right hip and although active motion elicits pain, all other findings are inconclusive.  The therapist should:
    • A. 

      Continue with the current treatment so the patient does not focus on the incident.

    • B. 

      Notify the supervising therapist.

    • C. 

      Contact the director of rehabilitation.

    • D. 

      Document the incident and gradually resume prior treatment.

  • 21. 
    Health maintenance organizations have been more successful than the majority of private health insurance companies in controlling escalating medical costs.  The primary method used by health maintenance organizations to contain medical costs is:
    • A. 

      Increasing premiums to discourage the unnecessary use of health care.

    • B. 

      Restricting the duration of physical therapy services.

    • C. 

      Limiting services to specific health care providers.

    • D. 

      Having the providers of care share in some of the financial risk.

  • 22. 
    In what section of a S.O.A.P. note would the following entry belong?  Patient is not functional in activities of daily living due to lower extremity muscle weakness.  Wife is unable to care for spouse at present level of functioning.  
    • A. 

      Subjective

    • B. 

      Objective

    • C. 

      Assessment

    • D. 

      Plan

  • 23. 
    A health care provider negotiates with an insurance company to provide health care services.  As part of the agreement, the insurance company agrees to pay the health care provider a predetermined amount for each member in the plan on an annual basis.  This type of  arrangement is best termed:
    • A. 

      Capitation

    • B. 

      Fee for service

    • C. 

      Case pricing

    • D. 

      Negotiated compensation

  • 24. 
    A patient ambulating with crutches trips over an object on the floor and falls to the round.  The patient appears to be uninjured, however complains of diffuse pain in the involved knee.  The most formal mechanism to document the patient’s fall is to:
    • A. 

      Send a memo to the director or rehabilitation.

    • B. 

      Write a letter to the patient’s insurance company.

    • C. 

      Complete an incident report.

    • D. 

      Dictate a letter to the referring physician.

  • 25. 
    The parents of a patient with a C4 spinal cord injury request projected outcome information on their 18-year-old son.  The most appropriate health care professional to answer the parents’ question is the:
    • A. 

      Primary nurse

    • B. 

      Physiatrist

    • C. 

      Case manager

    • D. 

      Social worker

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