Quiz No. 2 Introduction To Economic Evaluations II

10 Questions | Total Attempts: 81

SettingsSettingsSettings
Economics Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    What type of question is a pragmatic randomized controlled clinical trial intended to answer?
    • A. 

      An efficacy question

    • B. 

      An effectiveness question

    • C. 

      An efficiency question

    • D. 

      An equity question

  • 2. 
    What type of question is a traditional randomized controlled clinical trial intended to answer?
    • A. 

      An efficacy question

    • B. 

      An effectiveness question

    • C. 

      An efficiency question

    • D. 

      An equity question

  • 3. 
    What type of question is a cost-effectiveness study intended to answer?
    • A. 

      An efficacy question

    • B. 

      An effectiveness question

    • C. 

      An efficiency question

    • D. 

      An equity question

  • 4. 
    In what situations is it advisable to use a measure of compound benefit in an economic evaluation?
    • A. 

      When interventions have multiple relevant consequences

    • B. 

      When interested in obtaining a result that is comparable to unrelated alternatives that do not share consequences

    • C. 

      When survival as well as quality of life or the disability that survival entails are relevant

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 5. 
    Which of the following statements is correct with regard to DALYs?
    • A. 

      They only consider premature deaths due to a condition.

    • B. 

      They are the sum of the costs of treatment of a condition.

    • C. 

      They express the number of life years lost due to disease, disability or premature death.

    • D. 

      They express life years adjusted for quality of life.

    • E. 

      All of the above

  • 6. 
    The time horizon of an economic evaluation of vaccines that measure results in DALY should be the entire life expectancy of the subjects.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 7. 
    The importance of discounting in economic evaluations is that inflation should be incorporated in this type of studies.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 8. 
    Which of the following aspects will influence the results of an economic evaluation through its influence on the discounting process?
    • A. 

      The time horizon

    • B. 

      The discount rate

    • C. 

      Differences in the time/year in which interventions compared are conducted

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 9. 
    Read the following statement from a hypothetical study conducted in a country with a per capita GDP of $4,000. Then answer questions 9 and 10. The cost-effectiveness of the pneumococcal vaccine ranged from $5,000 to $15,000 per DALY averted when the uncertainty associated with the incidence of pneumonia in the population (mean: 5 per thousand; range based on a 95% CI 3 to 7 per thousand) was evaluated. What is being reported in this paragraph?
    • A. 

      The main results

    • B. 

      Deterministic sensitivity analysis

    • C. 

      Structural sensitivity analysis

    • D. 

      Probabilistic sensitivity analysis

  • 10. 
    What conclusion can be inferred from this paragraph regarding the new technology?
    • A. 

      It is not cost-effective.

    • B. 

      It is very cost-effective.

    • C. 

      No conclusions can be drawn due to uncertainty.

    • D. 

      It is cost-effective despite the uncertainty.

    • E. 

      It is not cost-effective.

Back to Top Back to top