# Logical Reasoning Test: Ultimate Quiz

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Ashwin
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Questions: 20 | Attempts: 1,945  Settings  Are you ready for this logical reasoning test? An analytical thinker considers different angles before they settle on a decision. They do not give up when they can’t first see the answer but instead look twice or thrice until they get the best solution to a situation. How about you take up the quiz below and see if you have a logical thinker or need to work on it? All the best!

• 1.

### Statements: Some dogs are bags No bag is a lion All rooms are lions ​Conclusions: I. Some rooms are bags ii. Some dogs are lions iii. Some rooms are dogs

• A.

Only i

• B.

Only ii

• C.

All follow

• D.

None follows

D. None follows
Explanation
The given statements state that some dogs are bags, no bag is a lion, and all rooms are lions. From these statements, we cannot conclude that some rooms are bags (conclusion i) because there is no direct connection between rooms and bags. Similarly, we cannot conclude that some dogs are lions (conclusion ii) because there is no overlap between dogs and lions in the given statements. Lastly, we cannot conclude that some rooms are dogs (conclusion iii) because there is no mention of a relationship between rooms and dogs. Therefore, none of the conclusions follow from the given statements.

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• 2.

### BOQD : ERTG :: ANPC : ?

• A.

DQSF

• B.

FSHU

• C.

SHFU

• D.

DSQF

A. DQSF
Explanation
In the given analogy, each letter in the first pair is shifted three positions forward in the alphabet to get the corresponding letter in the second pair. Applying the same logic, each letter in the third pair should be shifted three positions forward to get the missing letter in the fourth pair. Therefore, the missing letter is 'D' and the correct answer is DQSF.

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• 3.

### Find the odd man out. 30, -5, -45, -90, -145, -195, -225

• A.

-5

• B.

-145

• C.

-195

• D.

-225

B. -145
Explanation
The given sequence is a pattern of decreasing numbers. Starting from 30, each subsequent number is obtained by subtracting a certain value. The pattern is as follows: subtract 35 to get -5, subtract 40 to get -45, subtract 45 to get -90, subtract 50 to get -145, subtract 55 to get -195, and subtract 60 to get -225. Therefore, the number -145 does not follow this pattern and is the odd one out.

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• 4.

### 5:24 :: 8: ?

• A.

62

• B.

63

• C.

64

• D.

65

B. 63
Explanation
In the given question, the pattern between the numbers seems to be that the first number is multiplied by 5 and then subtracted by 4 to get the second number. Applying this pattern, 5 multiplied by 5 is 25, and subtracting 4 gives 21. Similarly, 8 multiplied by 5 is 40, and subtracting 4 gives 36. Therefore, the missing number is 36, which is the correct answer.

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• 5.

### If BLACK is coded as DNCEM, then ORANGE is coded as:

• A.

QTCOIG

• B.

PSBOHF

• C.

PSCOHF

• D.

QTCPIG

D. QTCPIG
Explanation
The letters in the word "BLACK" are shifted forward by one position in the alphabet to get the coded word "DNCEM". Applying the same pattern, the letters in the word "ORANGE" should be shifted forward by one position in the alphabet. This results in the coded word "QTCPIG".

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• 6.

### Mayank traveled a distance of 80m towards North. Then he turns right and travels 65m, then again turns northwards and travels 45m. He further travels by turning 45 degrees clockwise. Towards which direction is he running now?

• A.

North-east

• B.

North

• C.

South-West

• D.

South

A. North-east
Explanation
Mayank initially travels 80m towards North. Then, he turns right and travels 65m, which means he is now moving towards the East. After that, he turns northwards and travels 45m, so he is now moving towards the North-East direction. Finally, he further travels by turning 45 degrees clockwise, which means he is still moving towards the North-East direction. Therefore, the correct answer is North-east.

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• 7.

### Find the next number in the series: 20, 22, 26, 32,__

• A.

34

• B.

40

• C.

36

• D.

38

B. 40
Explanation
The series follows a pattern of increasing the previous number by a certain amount. In this case, the pattern is to add 2, then add 4, then add 6, and so on. Starting with 20, adding 2 gives 22, then adding 4 gives 26, and adding 6 gives 32. Therefore, the next number in the series would be 32 + 8, which equals 40.

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• 8.

### Pick the odd man out.

• A.

DFK

• B.

TWZ

• C.

PRW

• D.

EGL

B. TWZ
Explanation
The letters in each group are in alphabetical order, but in the group TWZ, the letters are not in alphabetical order. Therefore, TWZ is the odd man out.

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• 9.

### From a point, Shailu starts walking towards North, and after walking 20 meters, she turns to the right and walks 10 meters, then she turns to the right again and walks 20m. Then she turns to her left and walks 10 m and finally turns to the left and walks 20m. In which direction is she with reference to the starting point?

• A.

North

• B.

North-East

• C.

South

• D.

East

B. North-East
Explanation
Shailu starts walking towards North and then makes a series of right and left turns. After walking 20 meters towards North, she turns right and walks 10 meters towards East. Then she turns right again and walks 20 meters towards South. Finally, she turns left and walks 10 meters towards East. Therefore, she is now in the North-East direction with reference to the starting point.

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• 10.

### 1) Five men P, Q, R, S and T read a newspaper 2) The one who reads first gives it to R 3) The one who reads last has taken it from P 4) T was not the first or last to read 5) There were two readers between Q and P Who did Q pass the newspaper to?

• A.

R

• B.

T

• C.

P

• D.

S

A. R
Explanation
Q passed the newspaper to R. This can be inferred from statement 2, which states that the person who reads first gives it to R. Since Q is not the first or last to read (as stated in statement 4), it can be concluded that Q passed the newspaper to R.

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• 11.

### 1) Five men P, Q, R, S and T read a newspaper 2) The one who reads first gives it to R 3) The one who reads last has taken it from P 4) T was not the first or last to read 5) There were two readers between Q and P Who read the news paper last?

• A.

Q

• B.

S

• C.

None of the above

• D.

Cannot be determined

B. S
Explanation
Based on the given information, we can determine that T was not the first or last to read the newspaper. Also, the person who reads last has taken it from P. Since there were two readers between Q and P, and T is not the last reader, it can be concluded that S must be the last reader. Therefore, the correct answer is S.

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• 12.

### 1) Five men P, Q, R, S and T read a newspaper2) The one who reads first gives it to R 3) The one who reads last has taken it from P 4) T was not the first or last to read 5) There were two readers between Q and P Who read the news paper before S?

• A.

Q

• B.

R

• C.

T

• D.

P

D. P
Explanation
Based on the given information, we know that the person who reads last takes the newspaper from P. Since S is not the last person to read, it means that S takes the newspaper from someone else. Additionally, there are two readers between Q and P. Therefore, the order of reading must be Q, R, S, T, P. Hence, P reads the newspaper before S.

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• 13.

### 1) Five men P, Q, R, S and T read a newspaper2) The one who reads first gives it to R3) The one who reads last has taken it from P4) T was not the first or last to read5) There were two readers between Q and PWho read the newspaper first?

• A.

S

• B.

Q

• C.

• D.

R

B. Q
Explanation
Based on the given information, we know that the person who reads first gives the newspaper to R, and the person who reads last takes it from P. We also know that T was neither the first nor the last to read. Since there are two readers between Q and P, and Q cannot be the first or last reader, the only possibility is that Q reads the newspaper first. Therefore, the correct answer is Q.

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• 14.

### One morning Megha and Sonam were talking to each other in a park.They were standing face to face. If Sonam's shadow fell exactly to right of Megha, then in which direction was Megha facing?

• A.

North

• B.

South

• C.

East

• D.

West

B. South
Explanation
Since Sonam's shadow fell exactly to the right of Megha, it means that the sun was in the west. In the morning, the sun rises in the east, so if Sonam's shadow is to the right of Megha, Megha must be facing south.

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• 15.

### Arrange the words given below in a meaningful sequence.1. Probation      2. Interview       3. Selection        4. Appointment                               5. Advertisement            6. Application

• A.

5, 6, 3, 2, 4, 1

• B.

5, 6, 4, 2, 3, 1

• C.

5, 6, 2, 3, 4, 1

• D.

6, 5, 4, 2, 3, 1

C. 5, 6, 2, 3, 4, 1
Explanation
The correct sequence is 5, 6, 2, 3, 4, 1. The logical order of events in a typical job application process is as follows: 5) Advertisement - the job opening is announced, 6) Application - interested candidates submit their applications, 2) Interview - selected candidates are called for an interview, 3) Selection - the most suitable candidate is chosen, 4) Appointment - the selected candidate is offered the job, and 1) Probation - the newly appointed employee undergoes a probationary period to assess their performance.

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• 16.

### Statements:All papers are whiteSome whites are dullConclusions:i. No dull is a whiteii. Some whites are dull

• A.

Only i follow

• B.

Both i and ii follow

• C.

Either i or ii follow

• D.

Neither i nor ii follow

C. Either i or ii follow
Explanation
The conclusion "Either i or ii follow" means that either conclusion i or conclusion ii can be inferred from the given statements. In this case, both conclusions can be inferred. Conclusion i can be inferred from the first statement "All papers are white" as it implies that no dull is a white. Conclusion ii can be inferred from the second statement "Some whites are dull" as it directly states that some whites are dull. Therefore, either i or ii follow.

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• 17.

### Mannat drives his truck from point 1 and takes it 20 km North, from where he turns right and drives 30 km. Thenhe turns right again and drives for another 20 km and reaches point 2. In what direction did he drive once he took the second turn?

• A.

South

• B.

North

• C.

North-West

• D.

South-West

A. South
Explanation
Mannat initially drives 20 km North from point 1. Then, he takes a right turn and drives 30 km, which means he is now driving East. After that, he takes another right turn and drives for 20 km, which means he is now driving South. Therefore, the direction in which he drives once he took the second turn is South.

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• 18.

### Six friends P, Q, R, S, T and U are sitting in two rows, three in each.T is not at the end of any row.S is second to the left of U.R, the neighbor of T, is sitting diagonally opposite to S.Q is the neighbor of U.Which pairs are in the same row?

• A.

PQ

• B.

RQ

• C.

TS

• D.

SQ

D. SQ
Explanation
S and Q are in the same row. This can be determined from the given information that S is second to the left of U and Q is the neighbor of U. Since T is not at the end of any row, it can be inferred that T is in the opposite row from S and Q. Therefore, the pair SQ must be in the same row.

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• 19.

### Six friends P, Q, R, S, T and U are sitting in two rows, three in each.T is not at the end of any row.S is second to the left of U.R, the neighbor of T, is sitting diagonally opposite to S.Q is the neighbor of U.Who is facing S?

• A.

Q

• B.

P

• C.

T

• D.

R

B. P
Explanation
P is facing S. This can be determined by considering the given information. T is not at the end of any row, so T must be sitting in the middle of a row. S is second to the left of U, so S must be sitting to the left of U. R, the neighbor of T, is sitting diagonally opposite to S. Therefore, R must be sitting in the same row as S but on the opposite end. The only remaining position in that row is the one facing S, which is occupied by P. Therefore, P is facing S.

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• 20.

### Six friends P, Q, R, S, T and U are sitting in two rows, three in each.T is not at the end of any row.S is second to the left of U.R, the neighbor of T, is sitting diagonally opposite to S.Q is the neighbor of U.Which pair is sitting diagonally opposite to each other?

• A.

PT

• B.

PS

• C.

PU

• D.

UQ Back to top