# Analytical And Logical Reasoning Test: Quiz!

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The human mind can hold a lot of data and analyze it to form a judgment in a given situation. This being said, it is important for us to have some skills when it comes to reasoning. Take up the test below and get to see just how good you are when it comes to analytical and logical reasoning. All the best!
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• 1.

### Martha is playing marbles. a) Martha is in the marbles team during the summer. b) Martha is in the playground. c) Marbles is played in the playground in summer. d) All the pupils in the playground are playing marbles

• A.

A & B

• B.

B & D

• C.

C & D

• D.

D & A

B. B & D
Explanation
The correct answer is B & D. This means that Martha is in the playground and all the pupils in the playground are playing marbles. This explanation suggests that Martha is playing marbles with the other pupils in the playground.

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• 2.

### John runs faster than Jody. a) Cisco is the champion runner b) John can run further than Cisco c) John can run as fast as Cisco d) Cisco can run faster than Jody

• A.

A & B

• B.

B & D

• C.

C & D

• D.

B & C

C. C & D
Explanation
The given statement "John runs faster than Jody" implies that John's running speed is greater than Jody's. Option C states that "John can run as fast as Cisco", which means that John's running speed is equal to Cisco's. Option D states that "Cisco can run faster than Jody", which means that Cisco's running speed is greater than Jody's. Both options C and D are consistent with the given statement, making them the correct answers.

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• 3.

### Fifty candidates sat for the examination. a) Twenty candidates answered under half the questions b) There were ten failures in the examination c) Over half the questions were answered by thirty candidates d) Forty candidates were successful.

• A.

A & B

• B.

B & D

• C.

A & C

• D.

C & D

B. B & D
Explanation
The correct answer is B & D. This means that there were ten failures in the examination and forty candidates were successful. The information given in the question does not provide any details about the number of candidates who answered under half the questions or the number of candidates who answered over half the questions. Therefore, options A and C cannot be determined based on the given information.

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• 4.

### Onetown is north-east to Threetown. a) Onetown is two miles north of Twotown. b) Twotown is two miles west of Fourtown. c) Threetown is two miles west of Twotown. d) Fourtown is south-east of Onetown.

• A.

A & C

• B.

C & B

• C.

D & B

• D.

A & D

A. A & C
Explanation
Based on the given information that Onetown is north-east to Threetown, we can conclude that Onetown is located to the north and east of Threetown. Looking at the options, option A states that Onetown is two miles north of Twotown, which aligns with the given information. Option C states that Threetown is two miles west of Twotown, which also aligns with the given information. Therefore, options A and C are the correct answers.

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• 5.

### Joan, Emmanuel, Andrew & Angela sit in this order in a row left to right. Janet changes places with Eric and then Eric changes places with Marcus. Whos is at the right end of the row?

• A.

Joan

• B.

Emmanuel

• C.

Andrew

• D.

Angela

D. Angela
Explanation
After Janet changes places with Eric, the order becomes Joan, Emmanuel, Andrew, Angela, Eric. Then, after Eric changes places with Marcus, the order becomes Joan, Emmanuel, Andrew, Angela, Marcus, Eric. Since Eric is now at the right end of the row, the correct answer is Angela.

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• 6.

### A group of friends live in a house divided into one flat per floor. Shawn is in the flat below Claudia & Madeleine is in the flat above Sara. Sara is in the flat below Shawn and Claudia lives with Roger. Peter lives on the top floor. Who is in the bottom flat?

• A.

Sara

• B.

Shawn

• C.

Claudia

• D.

Peter

• E.

A. Sara
Explanation
Sara is in the bottom flat because it is stated that Sara is in the flat below Shawn, and Shawn is in the flat below Claudia. Since Peter lives on the top floor, Madeleine must be in the flat above Sara. Therefore, Sara is in the bottom flat.

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• 7.

### Five cars have a race. The Honda beat the Dodge but couldn't overtake the SmartCar. The Mini failed to overtake the Audi but beat the SmartCar. Which car came last?

• A.

Honda

• B.

Dodge

• C.

SmartCar

• D.

Mini

• E.

Audi

B. Dodge
Explanation
Based on the information given, we can determine the order of the cars in the race. The Honda beat the Dodge, so the Dodge must have come before the Honda. The Honda couldn't overtake the SmartCar, so the SmartCar must have come before the Honda. The Mini failed to overtake the Audi but beat the SmartCar, so the SmartCar must have come before the Mini. Therefore, the Dodge came before the Honda, SmartCar, Mini, and Audi, indicating that it came last in the race.

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• 8.

### Joan can play the piano but not the flute while Neil plays the violin and the flute. Amit plays the violin but not the piano and Sam plays the flute but not the violin. If each child plays two of the three instruments, which one is likely to be similar to Neil?

• A.

Amit

• B.

Joan

• C.

Sam

A. Amit
Explanation
Neil plays the violin and the flute. Amit also plays the violin, so he has one instrument in common with Neil. Joan plays the piano and not the flute, so she does not have any instruments in common with Neil. Sam plays the flute and not the violin, so he also does not have any instruments in common with Neil. Therefore, Amit is the most likely to have an instrument in common with Neil.

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• 9.

### A man drove from Cambridge to Toronto. Shortly after passing through Easter, he stopped for coffee at Brighton which was the halfway point on his journey. Which is the longest distance?

• A.

Cambridge to Easter

• B.

Easter to Toronto

• C.

Brighton to Toronto

• D.

Easter to Broughton

B. Easter to Toronto
Explanation
The longest distance is from Easter to Toronto. This is because the man drove from Cambridge to Easter, and then continued his journey from Easter to Toronto. Since Easter is the halfway point between Cambridge and Toronto, the distance from Easter to Toronto must be greater than the distance from Cambridge to Easter. Therefore, Easter to Toronto is the longest distance among the given options.

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• 10.

### If the plant is operating at the level of 45 % gives the output of 1000 pcs, what would be the efficiency level if it gives 1500 pcs?

67.5%
Explanation
If the plant is operating at 45% efficiency and producing 1000 pcs, we can assume that the efficiency level is directly proportional to the number of pcs produced. So, if the plant is producing 1500 pcs, we can calculate the efficiency level by using a proportion. Cross multiplying, we find that the efficiency level would be (45/100) * 1500 = 67.5%.

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• 11.

### Aldo: … I would stay away from drugs. Tius: Yes, I know. I’ll stay away from it.

• A.

I don’t want to say that

• B.

I wouldn’t say

• C.

If I were you

• D.

I don't think

• E.

Don’t think

C. If I were you
Explanation
The correct answer is "If I were you." In the given conversation, Aldo is giving advice to Tius to stay away from drugs. Tius acknowledges this advice by saying, "Yes, I know. I'll stay away from it." The phrase "If I were you" is commonly used to give advice or make a suggestion based on one's own perspective. In this context, the speaker is implying that if they were in the other person's situation, they would make the same decision or take the same action.

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• 12.

### Nanis: … get persuaded by drug peddlers.  Matias: OK. Don’t worry I won’t.

• A.

Make sure

• B.

Make sure you don't

• C.

I think you should

• D.

Be sure you

• E.

You'd better

B. Make sure you don't
Explanation
In the given conversation, Nanis expresses concern about being persuaded by drug peddlers. Matias responds by saying "OK. Don't worry I won't." This indicates that Matias is assuring Nanis that he will make sure not to get persuaded by drug peddlers. Therefore, the most appropriate suggestion would be "make sure you don't."

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• 13.

### Agung: …. Candra: I’m sorry. I didn’t mean to hit you.

• A.

Thank goodness

• B.

What a relief

• C.

Whew!

• D.

Terrific

• E.

Ouch!

E. Ouch!
Explanation
The correct answer is "Ouch!" because it is the most appropriate response when someone accidentally hits or hurts another person. It indicates that the person who was hit felt pain or discomfort as a result of the incident.

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• 14.

### Iwan: May I go to Malioboro, Mom? Mother: Yes, but don’t forget to be careful of yourself. Iwan: Thanks, Mom. From the dialog above, we know that mother … Iwan to Malioboro.

• A.

Orders

• B.

Forbids

• C.

Avoids

• D.

Allows

• E.

Offers

D. Allows
Explanation
The correct answer is "allows" because the mother gives permission to Iwan to go to Malioboro. This is evident from her response of "Yes" when Iwan asks if he can go.

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• 15.

### Ratna: “ I was able to respond to most of the questions in the  examination.”   Indah: “That’s why because you … yourself well.”

• A.

Were preparing

• B.

Have prepared

• C.

Prepare

• D.

Are preparing

• E.

Is preparing

B. Have prepared
Explanation
Indah suggests that Ratna was able to respond to most of the questions in the examination because she has prepared well.

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• 16.

### Which one is the odd one?

• A.

Lion

• B.

Cow

• C.

Tiger

• D.

Panther

• E.

Bear

• F.

Wolf

B. Cow
Explanation
The correct answer is "Cow" because it is the only herbivorous animal in the given list, while all the other animals mentioned are carnivorous.

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• 17.

### Four of the following five are alike in a certain way and so form a group. Which is the one that does not belong to that group?

• A.

Work:Leisure

• B.

Day:Night

• C.

Expedite: Procrastinate

• D.

Happy:Unhappy

• E.

Frequently:Always

E. Frequently:Always
Explanation
All the other pairs in the options are antonyms or opposites of each other. Work is the opposite of leisure, day is the opposite of night, expedite is the opposite of procrastinate, and happy is the opposite of unhappy. However, frequently and always are not opposites of each other. Therefore, frequently does not belong to the group.

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• 18.

### Four of the following five are alike in a certain way and so form a group. Which is the one that does not belong to that group?

• A.

March

• B.

January

• C.

July

• D.

June

• E.

May

E. May
Explanation
The months March, January, July, and June all have 31 days, while May only has 30 days. Therefore, May is the one that does not belong to the group.

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• 19.

### Four of the following five are alike in a certain way and so form a group. Which is the one that does not belong to that group?

• A.

25-5

• B.

16-4

• C.

144-12

• D.

64-7

• E.

36-6

D. 64-7
Explanation
All the pairs in the given options consist of a number and its square root, except for the pair "64-7". In this pair, 7 is not the square root of 64. Therefore, the pair "64-7" does not belong to the group of pairs formed by a number and its square root.

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• 20.

### Four of the following five are alike in a certain way and so form a group. Which is the one that does not belong to that group?

• A.

28

• B.

42

• C.

35

• D.

21

• E.

65

E. 65
Explanation
The numbers 28, 42, 35, and 21 are all multiples of 7. However, 65 is not a multiple of 7. Therefore, 65 does not belong to the group of numbers that are multiples of 7.

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• 21.

### Four of the following five are alike in a certain way and so form a group. Which is the one that does not belong to that group?

• A.

25--E

• B.

16--D

• C.

144--L

• D.

64--G

• E.

36--F

D. 64--G
Explanation
The numbers in the given options represent the square of a certain number. The letters next to each number are the corresponding letters in the English alphabet. All the numbers except 64 represent perfect squares of a number (5, 4, 12, 6 respectively), while 64 is the only number that does not represent a perfect square. Therefore, 64--G does not belong to the group.

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• 22.

### Which one is different from the rest three?

• A.

Door

• B.

Gate

• C.

Table

• D.

Window

C. Table
Explanation
The three options, Door, Gate, and Window, are all types of openings that allow access or provide a view to the outside. However, a Table is not an opening but rather a piece of furniture used for various purposes such as eating, working, or placing objects. Therefore, Table is different from the rest three options.

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• 23.

### If 'Blue' is called 'Green'. 'Green' is called 'White', 'White' is called 'Red' and 'Red' is called 'Yellow' then what will be the color of milk?

• A.

White

• B.

Green

• C.

Yellow

• D.

Red

• E.

None of these

D. Red
Explanation
If 'Blue' is called 'Green', 'Green' is called 'White', 'White' is called 'Red', and 'Red' is called 'Yellow', then the color of milk would be 'Red'. According to the given code, 'Red' is the color that is called 'Yellow', and since milk is not mentioned in the code, we can assume that it would be called by its original color, which is 'Red'.

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• 24.

### M is towards the south of B. B is towards the west of N. N is towards. Which direction from M?

• A.

North

• B.

East

• C.

North-East

• D.

Cannot be determined

• E.

None of these

C. North-East
Explanation
Based on the given information, M is towards the south of B and B is towards the west of N. Since N's direction is not specified, we cannot determine the exact direction of M. However, based on the given information, we can conclude that M is towards the North-East direction from N. Therefore, the answer is North-East.

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• 25.

### In a certain code, AUDIT is written as 2*67\$, and PUB is written as 8*5. How is BUT written in that code?

• A.

56\$

• B.

5*\$

• C.

57\$

• D.

6*\$

• E.

None of these

B. 5*\$
Explanation
In the given code, each letter is represented by a combination of a number and a symbol. The number represents the position of the letter in the alphabet, and the symbol represents the number of letters in the word. For example, in "AUDIT," A is the 1st letter, U is the 21st letter, D is the 4th letter, I is the 9th letter, and T is the 20th letter. So, "AUDIT" is represented as 2*67\$, where 2 is the position of A in the alphabet and 67 is the number of letters in the word. Applying the same logic to "BUT," B is the 2nd letter, U is the 21st letter, and T is the 20th letter. So, "BUT" is represented as 5*\$.

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• 26.

### How many such pairs of letters are there in the words MERIT each of which has as many letters between them in the word as in the English alphabet?

• A.

None

• B.

One

• C.

Two

• D.

Three

• E.

Four

B. One
Explanation
In the word "MERIT", there is only one pair of letters that have as many letters between them in the word as in the English alphabet, which is "E" and "T". The letter "I" is between them, and there are also two letters ("F" and "G") between "E" and "T" in the English alphabet. Therefore, the answer is one.

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• 27.

### 'Wall' is related to 'Brick' In the same way as 'Book' is related to:

• A.

Page

• B.

Binding

• C.

Novel

• D.

Story

• E.

Author

A. Page
Explanation
The relationship between 'wall' and 'brick' is that a wall is made up of bricks. Similarly, a book is made up of pages. Therefore, the correct answer is 'Page'.

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• 28.

### Four of the following five are alike in a certain way and so form a group. Which is the one that does not belong to that group?

• A.

13

• B.

43

• C.

53

• D.

73

• E.

33

E. 33
Explanation
The numbers 13, 43, 53, and 73 all end with the digit 3, while 33 ends with the digit 3 as well. Therefore, the number 33 belongs to the group and does not stand out as the one that does not belong. Hence, the correct answer is 33.

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• 29.

### If it is possible to form a number that is the perfect square of an even number, using the second and the fourth digits of the number 54867, which of the following is that even number?

• A.

8

• B.

6

• C.

12

• D.

There is no such number

• E.

None of these

A. 8
Explanation
The second and fourth digits of the number 54867 are 4 and 6 respectively. If we form a number using these digits, we get 46. However, 46 is not a perfect square of any even number. Therefore, there is no such number that can be formed using the second and fourth digits of the number 54867 which is a perfect square of an even number. Hence, the correct answer is "There is no such number".

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• 30.

### In a certain code, JUNGLE  is written as ITMFKD. How is NORM written in that code?

• A.

MNQL

• B.

OPSN

• C.

MPQN

• D.

ONSL

• E.

None of these

A. MNQL
Explanation
The code follows a pattern where each letter is shifted four places to the right in the alphabet. Applying this pattern to the letters in "NORM" would result in "RSTQ". However, none of the given options match this pattern. Therefore, the correct answer is "None of these".

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• 31.

### How can many meaningful English words be formed with the letters IEST using each letter only once in each word?

• A.

Two

• B.

Three

• C.

Four

• D.

Five

• E.

None of these

A. Two
Explanation
The correct answer is Two. By rearranging the letters IEST, we can form two meaningful English words: "site" and "ties".

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• 32.

### Varun is older than Jayesh. Dinesh is younger than Haresh. Suresh is older than Varun but younger than Dinesh. Who among them is the oldest?

• A.

Jayesh

• B.

Haresh

• C.

Dinesh

• D.

Cannot be determined

• E.

None of these

B. Haresh
Explanation
Based on the given information, Varun is older than Jayesh, Dinesh is younger than Haresh, and Suresh is older than Varun but younger than Dinesh. However, there is no direct comparison between Haresh and the other individuals. Therefore, it cannot be determined whether Haresh is the oldest or not.

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• 33.

### Four of the following five are alike in a certain way and so form a group. which is the one that does not belong to that group?

• A.

16

• B.

25

• C.

36

• D.

289

• E.

264

E. 264
Explanation
The numbers 16, 25, 36, and 289 are all perfect squares, as their square roots are whole numbers (4, 5, 6, and 17 respectively). However, 264 is not a perfect square as its square root is not a whole number. Therefore, 264 does not belong to the group of perfect squares.

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• 34.

### Four of the following five are alike in a certain way and so form a group. which is the one that does not belong to that group?

• A.

BD

• B.

MO

• C.

QS

• D.

FI

• E.

TV

D. FI
Explanation
The given options consist of pairs of letters. The letters in each pair are consecutive in the English alphabet. However, the pair "FI" does not follow this pattern as "F" and "I" are not consecutive letters. Therefore, "FI" is the one that does not belong to the group.

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• 35.

### Suresh is five ranks below top student Samir in a class of forty students. What is Suresh's rank from the bottom in the class?

• A.

34th

• B.

36th

• C.

33rd

• D.

35th

• E.

None of these

D. 35th
• 36.

### Four of the following five are alike in a certain way and so form a group. which is the one that does not belong to that group?

• A.

Whale

• B.

Crocodile

• C.

Frog

• D.

Snake

• E.

Fish

C. Frog
Explanation
The four animals, whale, crocodile, snake, and fish, all belong to the group of animals that live in water. However, the frog is the odd one out as it is an amphibian and can live both in water and on land.

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• 37.

### How many such digits are there in the number 825647 each of which is as far away from the left end in the number as when they are arranged in the ascending order?

• A.

One

• B.

Two

• C.

Three

• D.

Four

• E.

Five

B. Two
Explanation
There are two digits in the number 825647 that are as far away from the left end in the number as when they are arranged in ascending order. These digits are 2 and 7. When the digits are arranged in ascending order, 2 is the second digit from the left end and 7 is the fifth digit from the left end.

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• 38.

### How many numbers from 1-40 will be left out if all those numbers each of which is exactly divisible by 4 and/ or has 4 as one of the digits are dropped?

• A.

27

• B.

30

• C.

31

• D.

28

• E.

None of these

D. 28
Explanation
If we consider all the numbers from 1 to 40, there are a total of 10 numbers that are exactly divisible by 4 (4, 8, 12, 16, 20, 24, 28, 32, 36, 40) and 9 numbers that have 4 as one of the digits (4, 14, 24, 34, 40). However, the number 24 is counted twice since it satisfies both conditions. Therefore, we need to subtract 1 from the total count. Hence, the number of numbers left out is 10 + 9 - 1 = 18. Since none of the given options is 18, the correct answer is 28.

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• 39.

### Four of the following five are alike in a certain way and so form a group. which is the one that does not belong to that group?

• A.

Violet

• B.

Blue

• C.

Green

• D.

Grey

• E.

Yellow

D. Grey
Explanation
The colors Violet, Blue, Green, and Yellow are all primary or secondary colors, while Grey is a neutral color. Therefore, Grey does not belong to the group of colors that are primary or secondary.

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• 40.

### T says, "m is sitting opposite to me'; R says, 'N is sitting towards the right of  T'. If both of them are right and they are sitting at the four sides of a rectangular table, Who is sitting towards the right of N?

• A.

T

• B.

R

• C.

T or N

• D.

• E.

None of thses

E. None of thses
Explanation
Since T says that M is sitting opposite to him and R says that N is sitting towards the right of T, we can conclude that T and N are sitting opposite to each other. Therefore, there is no one sitting towards the right of N. Hence, the correct answer is "None of these".

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• 41.

### If the consonants in the word DROVE are first arranged alphabetically and the vowels are put in between two alphabetical order, which of the following will be the fourth from the right end after the rearrangement?

• A.

D

• B.

E

• C.

R

• D.

O

• E.

None of these

B. E
Explanation
After arranging the consonants in the word DROVE alphabetically, we get DEROV. The vowels are then placed in between the alphabetical order, resulting in DEREOV. The fourth letter from the right end in this rearrangement is E.

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• 42.

### In a row of twenty-five children facing North, Parkash, When shifted by four places towards his right, becomes tenth from the right end. What was his original position from the left end?

• A.

10th

• B.

8th

• C.

11th

• D.

9th

• E.

None of these

E. None of these
Explanation
Since Parkash, when shifted by four places towards his right, becomes tenth from the right end, we can determine that there are 15 children to the right of Parkash in his original position. This means that Parkash is the 11th child from the right end. However, since the children are facing North, the left and right directions are reversed. Therefore, Parkash's original position from the left end is the 15th child.

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• 43.

### Four of the following five are alike in a certain way and so form a group. Which is the one that does not belong to that group?

• A.

35

• B.

45

• C.

21

• D.

28

• E.

14

B. 45
Explanation
The numbers 35, 21, 28, and 14 are all multiples of 7 (7 x 5, 7 x 3, 7 x 4, and 7 x 2 respectively), while 45 is not a multiple of 7. Therefore, 45 does not belong to the group.

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• 44.

### What should  come next in the following number series?  9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 8 7 6 5 5 4 3 2 1 7 6 5 4 3 2 1?

• A.

8

• B.

5

• C.

6

• D.

2

• E.

None of these

C. 6
Explanation
The number series starts with the numbers 9 to 1 in descending order. After reaching 1, the series starts again with the numbers 8 to 1 in descending order. This pattern continues, with each sequence starting one number lower than the previous one. Therefore, the next number in the series would be 6, as it follows the pattern of the previous sequences.

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• 45.

### M is the brother of K. P is the sister of K. R is the father of P. How is K related to R?

• A.

Son

• B.

Daughter

• C.

Son or daughter

• D.

• E.

None of these

C. Son or daughter
Explanation
Based on the given information, M is the brother of K and P is the sister of K. R is the father of P. Since K is the sibling of M and P, and R is the father of P, it can be concluded that K is either the son or daughter of R. Therefore, the correct answer is son or daughter.

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• 46.

### How many such pairs of letters are there in the word BONDING each of which has as many letters between them in the word as in the English alphabet?

• A.

None

• B.

One

• C.

Two

• D.

Three

• E.

More than three

D. Three
Explanation
In the word BONDING, there are three pairs of letters that have as many letters between them in the word as in the English alphabet. These pairs are "B and G", "O and D", and "N and I". In each of these pairs, there are four letters between them in the word, just like there are four letters between them in the English alphabet (C, D, E, F). Therefore, the correct answer is Three.

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• 47.

### The position of the first and the fifth digit in the number 4 5 3 2 1 8 9 7 are interchanged. Similarly, the positions of the second and the sixth digit are interchanged, and so on. Which of the following will be the third digit from the right end after the rearrangement?

• A.

8

• B.

2

• C.

5

• D.

3

• E.

None of these

C. 5
Explanation
In the given rearrangement, the first and fifth digits are interchanged, the second and sixth digits are interchanged, and so on. So, the new arrangement will be 8 1 3 2 5 4 7 9. The third digit from the right end in this arrangement is 5.

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• 48.

### How many such digits are there in the number 6 2 5 9 1 4 8 3 each of which is as far away from the beginning of the number as when the digits are arranged in ascending order within the number?

• A.

None

• B.

One

• C.

Two

• D.

Three

• E.

More than three

C. Two
Explanation
In the given number, the digits are 6 2 5 9 1 4 8 3. When arranged in ascending order, the digits become 1 2 3 4 5 6 8 9. From the original number, the digits 5 and 6 are as far away from the beginning of the number as when arranged in ascending order. Therefore, there are two such digits in the number.

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• 49.

### Four of the following five are alike in a certain way and so form a group. Which is the one that does not belong to that group?

• A.

MP

• B.

• C.

IL

• D.

QT

• E.

F J

E. F J
Explanation
The letters MP, AD, IL, and QT consist of two consecutive letters in the alphabet. However, F J does not follow this pattern as there is a gap of one letter between F and J. Therefore, F J does not belong to the group.

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• 50.

### How many meaningful English words can be made with the letters A S T E using each letter only once in each word?

• A.

None

• B.

One

• C.

Two

• D.

Three

• E.

More than three

C. Two
Explanation
By rearranging the letters A, S, T, and E, we can form two meaningful English words: "east" and "seat". Each letter is used only once in each word.

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• Current Version
• Mar 22, 2023
Quiz Edited by
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• Aug 31, 2017
Quiz Created by
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