Aptitude Test Logical & Reasoning.

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| By Sumedh Mohite
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Sumedh Mohite
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Quizzes Created: 1 | Total Attempts: 178
Questions: 60 | Attempts: 178

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Aptitude Test Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Look at this series: 5.2, 4.8, 4.4, 4, . . . What number should come next? Which one do you like?

    • A.

      3

    • B.

      3.3

    • C.

      3.5

    • D.

      3.6

    Correct Answer
    D. 3.6
  • 2. 

     2 8 14 20 26 32 38 

    • A.

       2 46 

    • B.

      44 50 

    • C.

      42 48

    • D.

      40 42

    • E.

      32 26

    Correct Answer
    B. 44 50 
    Explanation
    The pattern in the given sequence is that each number is obtained by adding 6 to the previous number. Starting with 2, we add 6 repeatedly to get the next numbers: 2+6=8, 8+6=14, 14+6=20, and so on. Therefore, the next two numbers in the sequence would be 38+6=44 and 44+6=50.

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  • 3. 

     8 12 9 13 10 14 11 

    • A.

       14 11 

    • B.

      15 12

    • C.

      8 15 

    • D.

      15 19

    • E.

      8 5

    Correct Answer
    B. 15 12
    Explanation
    The given sequence follows a pattern of adding 4 to the first number and subtracting 3 from the second number alternately. Starting with 8 and 12, we add 4 to 8 to get 12 and subtract 3 from 12 to get 9. Then, we add 4 to 9 to get 13 and subtract 3 from 13 to get 10. This pattern continues with 14 and 11. Therefore, the next two numbers in the sequence would be 15 and 12.

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  • 4. 

     Look at this series: 83, 73, 93, 63, __, 93, 43, . . . What number should fill the blank? 

    • A.

       33 

    • B.

      53

    • C.

      73

    • D.

      93

    Correct Answer
    B. 53
    Explanation
    In this series, the pattern is that the first number decreases by 10, the second number increases by 20, the third number decreases by 30, and so on. Following this pattern, the missing number should be 53, as it is obtained by decreasing 63 by 10.

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  • 5. 

     SCD TEF UGH ________ WKL 

    • A.

       CMN 

    • B.

       UJI 

    • C.

       VIJ 

    • D.

       IJT

    Correct Answer
    C.  VIJ 
    Explanation
    The pattern in the given letters is that each letter is the second letter of the previous three letters. SCD is followed by TEF, where T is the second letter of SCD, E is the second letter of TEF, and F is the second letter of UGH. Following this pattern, the next three letters should be UGH, where U is the second letter of UGH, G is the second letter of WKL, and H is the second letter of CMN. Therefore, the correct answer is VIJ, where V is the second letter of UGH, I is the second letter of VIJ, and J is the second letter of IJT.

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  • 6. 

     Which word does NOT belong with the others? 

    • A.

       book 

    • B.

       index 

    • C.

       glossary 

    • D.

       chapter

    Correct Answer
    A.  book 
    Explanation
    The word "book" does not belong with the others because it is the only word that is a general term for a written or printed work, whereas the other words are specific sections or parts of a book.

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  • 7. 

    Which word does NOT belong with the others? 

    • A.

       aorta 

    • B.

      Heart

    • C.

      Liver

    • D.

      Stomach

    Correct Answer
    A.  aorta 
    Explanation
    The word "aorta" does not belong with the others because it is a blood vessel, while the other words refer to organs in the human body.

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  • 8. 

    “A ______ could not exist without ______.”Put the underlined word in the first blank.Try each of the answer choices in the second blank to see which choice is most logical. Monopoly 

    • A.

       corrupt 

    • B.

       exclusive 

    • C.

       rich 

    • D.

       gigantic

    Correct Answer
    B.  exclusive 
    Explanation
    A monopoly could not exist without exclusivity. A monopoly refers to a situation where a single company or entity has exclusive control over a particular product or service, effectively eliminating competition. Without exclusivity, there would be no monopoly.

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  • 9. 

    Find the word that names a necessary part of the underlined word.  knowledge 

    • A.

       school 

    • B.

       teacher 

    • C.

       textbook 

    • D.

       learning

    Correct Answer
    D.  learning
    Explanation
    Learning is a necessary part of knowledge. In order to gain knowledge, one must engage in the process of learning. Without learning, knowledge cannot be acquired or developed. Therefore, learning is an essential component of knowledge.

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  • 10. 

    “A ______ could not exist without ______.” Put the underlined word in the first blank. Try each of the answer choices in the second blank to see which choice is most logical.  vibration 

    • A.

       motion 

    • B.

      Electricity

    • C.

      Science

    • D.

      Sound

    Correct Answer
    A.  motion 
    Explanation
    Motion could not exist without vibration. When an object is in motion, it is constantly vibrating or oscillating in some way. Therefore, motion is a necessary condition for the existence of vibration.

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  • 11. 

    Find out which of the answer choices completes the same relationship with the third word.   Secretly is to openly as silently is to

    • A.

       scarcely. 

    • B.

       impolitely. 

    • C.

       noisily. 

    • D.

       quietly.

    Correct Answer
    C.  noisily. 
    Explanation
    The relationship between "secretly" and "openly" is that they are antonyms, meaning they have opposite meanings. "Secretly" means to do something in a concealed or hidden manner, while "openly" means to do something in a transparent or public manner. Similarly, the relationship between "silently" and "noisily" is that they are antonyms. "Silently" means to do something without making any sound, while "noisily" means to do something with a lot of noise. Therefore, "noisily" completes the same relationship with the third word "silently".

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  • 12. 

    Find the word that completes the bottom row of words. carpenter     saw     nails __________________________________________ pediatrician   stethoscope     _______ 

    • A.

      Thermometer 

    • B.

      Baby 

    • C.

      Doctor 

    • D.

      Illness

    Correct Answer
    A. Thermometer 
    Explanation
    The bottom row of words consists of items related to a pediatrician or a doctor who specializes in treating children. The missing word should also be related to this context. Out of the given options, "thermometer" is the most appropriate choice as it is a medical instrument commonly used by doctors, including pediatricians, to measure body temperature. The other options, such as "baby," "doctor," and "illness," are more general and do not specifically relate to the role of a pediatrician or the context of the given words.

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  • 13. 

    Find the pair that has a similar relationship. BINDING : BOOK 

    • A.

      Criminal : gang

    • B.

      Display : museum

    • C.

      Artist : carpenter

    • D.

      Nail : hammer

    • E.

      Frame : picture

    Correct Answer
    E. Frame : picture
    Explanation
    The relationship between "frame" and "picture" is that a frame is used to enclose and display a picture. Similarly, the relationship between "binding" and "book" is that a binding is used to enclose and protect a book. Both pairs have a similar relationship of one item being used to enclose or protect another.

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  • 14. 

    Choose the pair that best represents a similar relationship to the one expressed in the original pair of words.  JAUNDICE : LIVER 

    • A.

      Rash : skin

    • B.

      Dialysis : kidney

    • C.

      Smog : lung

    • D.

      Valentine : heart

    • E.

      Imagination : brain

    Correct Answer
    A. Rash : skin
    Explanation
    The original pair of words, jaundice : liver, represents a relationship where jaundice is a condition or symptom that affects the liver. Similarly, rash is a condition or symptom that affects the skin, making the pair rash : skin the best representation of a similar relationship.

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  • 15. 

    Here are some words translated from an artificial language.  
    • granamelke means big tree.
    • pinimelke means little tree.
    • melkehoon means tree house.
    Which word could mean “big house”? 

    • A.

      Granahoon 

    • B.

      Pinishur 

    • C.

      Pinihoon 

    • D.

      Melkegrana

    Correct Answer
    A. Granahoon 
    Explanation
    The word "granahoon" could mean "big house" because "grana" translates to "big" and "hoon" translates to "house" in the given artificial language.

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  • 16. 

    When you discover what a word element means in English,write it down.Then, look for the word elements that appear both on the list and in the answer choices.  Here are some words translated from an artificial language.  
    • morpirquat means birdhouse
    • beelmorpir means bluebird
    • beelclak means bluebell
    Which word could mean “houseguest”? 

    • A.

      Morpirhunde 

    • B.

      Beelmoki 

    • C.

      Quathunde 

    • D.

      Clakquat

    Correct Answer
    C. Quathunde 
    Explanation
    Based on the given information, we can determine the meanings of the word elements in the artificial language. "morpir" means birdhouse, "beel" means blue, and "clak" means bell. The word "quathunde" contains the word element "quat," which does not appear in the list of translated words. Therefore, "quathunde" is the most likely word to mean "houseguest" in the artificial language.

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  • 17. 

    Read each definition and all four choices carefully,and find the answer that provides the best example of the given definition. Answer each question solely on the basis of the definition given.  Violating an Apartment Lease occurs when a tenant does something prohibited by the legally binding document that he or she has signed with a landlord. Which situation below is the best example of Violating an Apartment Lease? 

    • A.

      Tim has decided to move to another city, so he calls his landlord to tell him that he is not interested in renewing his lease when it expires next month. 

    • B.

       Valerie recently lost her job and, for the last three months, has neglected to pay her landlord the monthly rent they agreed upon in writing when she moved into her apartment eight months ago. 

    • C.

       Mark writes a letter to his landlord that lists numerous complaints about the apartment he has agreed to rent for two years.

    • D.

       Leslie thinks that her landlord is neglecting the building in which she rents an apartment. She calls her attorney to ask for advice.

    Correct Answer
    B.  Valerie recently lost her job and, for the last three months, has neglected to pay her landlord the monthly rent they agreed upon in writing when she moved into her apartment eight months ago. 
    Explanation
    Valerie recently lost her job and has not been paying her monthly rent for the past three months, which is a clear violation of the apartment lease. The lease agreement is a legally binding document that states the tenant's obligation to pay rent on time. By failing to fulfill this obligation, Valerie is violating the terms of the lease.

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  • 18. 

    Question presents a situation and asks you to make a judgment regarding that particular circumstance. Answer each one solely on the basis of the information given.  The school principal has received complaints from parents about bullying in the school yard during recess. He wants to investigate and end this situation as soon as possible, so he has asked the recess aides to watch closely. Which situation should the recess aides report to the principal?   

    • A.

      A girl is sitting glumly on a bench reading a book and not interacting with her peers. 

    • B.

       Four girls are surrounding another girl and seem to have possession of her backpack. 

    • C.

       Two boys are playing a one-on-one game of basketball and are arguing over the last basket scored. 

    • D.

       Three boys are huddled over a handheld video game, which isn’t supposed to be on school grounds.

    Correct Answer
    B.  Four girls are surrounding another girl and seem to have possession of her backpack. 
    Explanation
    The situation that the recess aides should report to the principal is when four girls are surrounding another girl and seem to have possession of her backpack. This situation indicates a potential case of bullying, as the girl may be being targeted or harassed by the group of girls. It is important for the principal to be aware of this situation so that appropriate action can be taken to address the bullying and ensure the safety and well-being of all students.

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  • 19. 

     Item in this set, you will be given a short, informational paragraph and four answer choices. Look for the statement that must be true according to the given information. The best way to approach this problem is to read the answer choices in turn, going back each time to look for that exact information in the short passage  When they heard news of the hurricane, Maya and Julian decided to change their vacation plans. Instead of traveling to the island beach resort, they booked a room at a fancy new spa in the mountains. Their plans were a bit more expensive, but they’d heard wonderful things about the spa and they were relieved to find availability on such short notice.   

    • A.

       Maya and Julian take beach vacations every year. 

    • B.

       The spa is overpriced. 

    • C.

       It is usually necessary to book at least six months in advance at the spa. 

    • D.

      Maya and Julian decided to change their vacation plans because of the hurricane.

    Correct Answer
    D. Maya and Julian decided to change their vacation plans because of the hurricane.
    Explanation
    Maya and Julian decided to change their vacation plans because of the hurricane. This is evident from the passage where it states that "When they heard news of the hurricane, Maya and Julian decided to change their vacation plans." The other statements are not supported by the given information. There is no mention of Maya and Julian taking beach vacations every year, the passage does not indicate that the spa is overpriced, and there is no information about the usual booking requirements at the spa.

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  • 20. 

    Each problem consists of three statements.Based on the first two statements,the third statement may be true,false, or uncertain. Logic problems may appear daunting at first. However, solving these problems can be done in the most straightforward way.Simply translate the abstract relationships in the questions into real-world relationships, so you can see the facts more clearly. For example, if the problem is comparing the ages of three people, make a chart and list the names of the people and their possible ages according to the information given.Or,create a diagram using symbols to represent phrases like “older than”or “greater than.” Mara runs faster than Gail. Lily runs faster than Mara. Gail runs faster than Lily. If the first two statements are true, the third statement is   

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    • C.

      Uncertain

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    If Mara runs faster than Gail and Lily runs faster than Mara, it is not possible for Gail to run faster than Lily. Therefore, the third statement contradicts the first two statements and is false.

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  • 21. 

    The questions ask you to determine the direction of a particular place in relation to other places. For these problems, instead of making a chart or grid,draw a very simple map and label North, South,East,and West to help you see where the places are located in relation to each other.  All spotted Gangles have long tails. Short-haired Gangles always have short tails. Long-tailed Gangles never have short hair. If the first two statements are true, the third statement is 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    • C.

      Uncertain

    Correct Answer
    C. Uncertain
    Explanation
    The third statement is uncertain because it doesn't provide enough information to determine its truthfulness. The first two statements establish a correlation between tail length and hair length in Gangles, but the third statement doesn't provide any information about the relationship between tail length and hair length. Therefore, we cannot determine whether long-tailed Gangles can have short hair or not based on the given information.

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  • 22. 

    “true-false-uncertain”problems. Remember, the best way to answer questions like this is usually to draw a quick diagram or take notes. Three pencils cost the same as two erasers. Four erasers cost the same as one ruler. Pencils are more expensive than rulers. If the first two statements are true, the third statement is 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    • C.

      Uncertain

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The first two statements state that three pencils cost the same as two erasers and four erasers cost the same as one ruler. From these statements, we can conclude that the price of pencils is equal to the price of two-thirds of an eraser, and the price of erasers is equal to the price of one-fourth of a ruler. However, there is no direct comparison between the price of pencils and rulers. Therefore, we cannot determine if pencils are more expensive than rulers based on the given information. Hence, the third statement is false.

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  • 23. 

    Choose your answer based solely on the information given in the first three facts. Fact 1: Islands are surrounded by water. Fact 2: Maui is an island. Fact 3: Maui was formed by a volcano. If the first three statements are facts, which of the following statements must also be a fact? I. Maui is surrounded by water. II. All islands are formed by volcanoes. III. All volcanoes are on islands.   

    • A.

      I only

    • B.

      III only

    • C.

       I and II only

    • D.

      None of the statements is a known fact.

    Correct Answer
    A. I only
    Explanation
    Based on the given facts, it is a known fact that Maui is an island and islands are surrounded by water. Therefore, statement I, which states that Maui is surrounded by water, must also be a fact. However, statement II, which states that all islands are formed by volcanoes, cannot be determined as a fact based solely on the given information. Statement III, which states that all volcanoes are on islands, also cannot be determined as a fact based solely on the given information. Therefore, the correct answer is I only.

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  • 24. 

     In a four-day period—Monday through Thursday—each of the following temporary office workers worked only one day, each a different day. Ms. Johnson was scheduled to work on Monday, but she traded with Mr. Carter, who was originally scheduled to work on Wednesday. Ms. Falk traded with Mr. Kirk, who was originally scheduled to work on Thursday. After all the switching was done, who worked on Tuesday?   

    • A.

       Mr. Carter 

    • B.

      Ms. Falk

    • C.

      Ms. Johnson

    • D.

      Mr. Kirk

    Correct Answer
    D. Mr. Kirk
    Explanation
    After all the switching was done, Ms. Johnson traded with Mr. Carter, who was originally scheduled to work on Wednesday. Ms. Falk traded with Mr. Kirk, who was originally scheduled to work on Thursday. Therefore, Mr. Kirk worked on Tuesday.

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  • 25. 

    At a small company, parking spaces are reserved for the top executives:CEO,president,vice president, secretary, and treasurer—with the spaces lined up in that order.The parking lot guard can tell at a glance if the cars are parked correctly by looking at the color of the cars. The cars are yellow,green,purple,red,and blue,and the executives’ names are Alice, Bert, Cheryl, David, and Enid. ■ The car in the first space is red. ■ A blue car is parked between the red car and the green car. ■ The car in the last space is purple. ■ The secretary drives a yellow car. ■ Alice’s car is parked next to David’s. ■ Enid drives a green car. ■ Bert’s car is parked between Cheryl’s and Enid’s. ■ David’s car is parked in the last space. Who is the CEO? ? ?

    • A.

      Alice 

    • B.

      Bert 

    • C.

      Cheryl 

    • D.

      David 

    • E.

      Enid

    Correct Answer
    C. Cheryl 
    Explanation
    Cheryl is the CEO because the car in the first space is red and Cheryl's car is parked between Bert's and Enid's. Since the CEO's parking space is the first one, and Cheryl's car is the one parked in the first space, Cheryl must be the CEO.

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  • 26. 

    The six top songs (not in order) of 1968 were: “People Got to Be Free”by The Rascals “Sittin’ on the Dock of the Bay”by Otis Redding “Honey”by Bobby Goldsboro “Sunshine of Your Love”by Cream “Love Is Blue”by Paul Mauriat & His Orchestra “Hey Jude”by The Beatles Here are some rules about the order of the songs: ■ The Beatles and Cream do not appear next to each other on the list. ■ The number 1 song is not “Love Is Blue.” ■ The songs by individual artists are numbers 3 and 4. ■ The Rascals appear right before Cream and right after Otis Redding. Which of the following is the correct order of songs?  

    • A.

       “Honey,”“Love Is Blue,”“People Got to Be Free,”“Sunshine of Your Love,”“Sittin’ on the Dock of the Bay,”“Hey Jude”

    • B.

       “Love Is Blue,”“Hey Jude,”“Honey,”“Sittin’ on the Dock of the Bay,”“People Got to Be Free,”“Sunshine of Your Love” 

    • C.

       “Sunshine of Your Love,”“People Got to Be Free,”“Sittin’ on the Dock of the Bay,” “Honey,”“Love Is Blue,”“Hey Jude”

    • D.

       “Hey Jude,”“Love Is Blue,”“Honey,”“Sittin’ on the Dock of the Bay,”“People Got to Be Free,”“Sunshine of Your Love” 

    • E.

       “Honey,”“Sittin’ on the Dock of the Bay,” “Hey Jude,”“Sunshine of Your Love,” “People Got to Be Free,”“Love Is Blue”

    Correct Answer
    D.  “Hey Jude,”“Love Is Blue,”“Honey,”“Sittin’ on the Dock of the Bay,”“People Got to Be Free,”“Sunshine of Your Love” 
    Explanation
    The correct order of songs is "Hey Jude," "Love Is Blue," "Honey," "Sittin' on the Dock of the Bay," "People Got to Be Free," "Sunshine of Your Love." This order satisfies all the given rules: The Beatles and Cream do not appear next to each other, the number 1 song is not "Love Is Blue," the songs by individual artists are numbers 3 and 4, and The Rascals appear right before Cream and right after Otis Redding.

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  • 27. 

    Five cities all got more rain than usual this year. The five cities are: Last Stand, Mile City, New Town, Olliopolis, and Polberg. The cities are located in five different areas of the country: the mountains,the forest,the coast,the desert,and in a valley. The rainfall amounts were: 12 inches, 27 inches, 32 inches, 44 inches, and 65 inches. ■ The city in the desert got the least rain;the city in the forest got the most rain. ■ New Town is in the mountains. ■ Last Stand got more rain than Olliopolis. ■ Mile City got more rain than Polberg,but less rain than New Town. ■ Olliopolis got 44 inches of rain. ■ The city in the mountains got 32 inches of rain;the city on the coast got 27 inches of rain.  How much rain did Mile City get???????  

    • A.

       12 inches 

    • B.

      27 inches

    • C.

      32 inches

    • D.

      44 inches

    • E.

       65 inches

    Correct Answer
    B. 27 inches
    Explanation
    Mile City got 27 inches of rain. This can be determined from the given information that Mile City got more rain than Polberg, but less rain than New Town. Since New Town got 32 inches of rain, Mile City must have received less than that but more than Polberg. The only option that fits this criteria is 27 inches.

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  • 28. 

    Five roommates—Randy, Sally, Terry, Uma, and Vernon—each do one housekeeping task— mopping, sweeping, laundry, vacuuming, or dusting—one day a week, Monday through Friday. ■ Vernon does not vacuum and does not do his task on Tuesday. ■ Sally does the dusting,and does not do it on Monday or Friday. ■ The mopping is done on Thursday. ■ Terry does his task, which is not vacuuming, on Wednesday. ■ The laundry is done on Friday, and not by Uma. ■ Randy does his task on Monday What day is the vacuuming done?????  

    • A.

      Monday

    • B.

      Tuesday

    • C.

      Wednesday

    • D.

      Thursday

    • E.

      Friday

    Correct Answer
    B. Tuesday
    Explanation
    Based on the given information, we can deduce the following:
    - Vernon does not vacuum and does not do his task on Tuesday.
    - Sally does the dusting, and does not do it on Monday or Friday.
    - The mopping is done on Thursday.
    - Terry does his task, which is not vacuuming, on Wednesday.
    - The laundry is done on Friday, and not by Uma.
    - Randy does his task on Monday.

    Since Vernon does not vacuum and does not do his task on Tuesday, and Randy does his task on Monday, the only remaining option for vacuuming is Tuesday. Therefore, vacuuming is done on Tuesday.

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  • 29. 

    Today’s high school students spend too much time thinking about trivial and distracting matters such as fashion. Additionally, they often dress inappropriately on school grounds. Rather than spending time writing another detailed dress policy, we should make school uniforms mandatory. If students were required to wear uniforms, it would increase a sense of community and harmony in our schools and it would instill a sense of discipline in our students. Another positive effect would be that teachers and administrators would no longer have to act as clothing police, freeing them up to focus on more important issues. This paragraph best supports the statement that 

    • A.

       inappropriate clothing leads to failing grades.

    • B.

       students who wear school uniforms get into better colleges. 

    • C.

       teachers and administrators spend at least 25% of their time enforcing the dress code. 

    • D.

       students are not interested in being part of a community. 

    • E.

       school uniforms should be compulsory for high school students.

    Correct Answer
    E.  school uniforms should be compulsory for high school students.
    Explanation
    The paragraph suggests that making school uniforms mandatory would have several positive effects, including increasing a sense of community and harmony in schools, instilling discipline in students, and allowing teachers and administrators to focus on more important issues instead of enforcing dress codes. This supports the statement that school uniforms should be compulsory for high school students.

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  • 30. 

    During colonial times in America, juries were encouraged to ask questions of the parties in the courtroom. The jurors were, in fact, expected to investigate the facts of the case themselves. If jurors conducted an investigation today, we would throw out the case. This paragraph best supports the statement that   

    • A.

       juries are less important today than they were in colonial times

    • B.

       jurors today are less interested in court cases than they were in colonial times. 

    • C.

       courtrooms today are more efficient than they were in colonial times.

    • D.

       jurors in colonial times were more informed than jurors today. 

    • E.

       the jury system in America has changed since colonial times.

    Correct Answer
    E.  the jury system in America has changed since colonial times.
    Explanation
    The paragraph states that during colonial times, juries were expected to investigate the facts of the case themselves, which is no longer the case today. This implies that the jury system in America has changed since colonial times, as jurors are no longer encouraged to conduct investigations.

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  • 31. 

    By the time they reach adulthood, most people can perform many different activities involving motor skills. Motor skills involve such diverse tasks as riding a bicycle, threading a needle, and cooking a dinner. What all these activities have in common is their dependence on precision and timing of muscular movement. This paragraph best supports the statement that 

    • A.

       most adults have not refined their motor skills. 

    • B.

       all adults know how to ride a bicycle.

    • C.

       refined motor skills are specifically limited to adults. 

    • D.

       children perform fewer fine motor activities in a day than adults do. 

    • E.

       threading a needle is a precise motor skill.

    Correct Answer
    E.  threading a needle is a precise motor skill.
    Explanation
    The paragraph states that activities involving motor skills, such as threading a needle, require precision and timing of muscular movement. This supports the statement that threading a needle is a precise motor skill.

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  • 32. 

    Some groups want to outlaw burning the flag. They say that people have fought and died for the flag and that citizens ofthe United States ought to respect that.But I say that respect cannot be legislated. Also, most citizens who have served in the military did not fight for the flag,they fought for what the flag represents.Among the things the flag represents is freedom of speech, which includes,I believe,the right for a citizen to express displeasure with the government by burning the flag in protest. Which of the following, if true, would weaken the speaker’s argument?  

    • A.

       An action is not considered a part of freedom of speech. 

    • B.

       People who burn the flag usually commit other crimes as well. 

    • C.

       The flag was not recognized by the government until 1812. 

    • D.

       State flags are almost never burned. 

    • E.

       Most people are against flag burning.

    Correct Answer
    A.  An action is not considered a part of freedom of speech. 
    Explanation
    The speaker argues that burning the flag is protected under freedom of speech. If it is true that an action is not considered a part of freedom of speech, it weakens the speaker's argument because it suggests that flag burning may not be protected and therefore can be outlawed.

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  • 33. 

    Answer questions on the basis of the information below Giving children computers in grade school is a waste of money and teachers’ time. These children are too young to learn how to use computers effectively and need to spend time on learning the basics, like arithmetic and reading. After all, a baby has to crawl before she can walk. Which of the following, if true, would strengthen the speaker’s argument? 

    • A.

       studies showing computers are expensive 

    • B.

       research on the effect of computer games on children 

    • C.

       examples of high school students who use computers improperly

    • D.

       proof that the cost of computers is coming down 

    • E.

       evidence that using computers makes learning to read difficult

    Correct Answer
    E.  evidence that using computers makes learning to read difficult
    Explanation
    The given answer strengthens the speaker's argument by providing evidence that using computers makes learning to read difficult. This supports the idea that children should focus on learning the basics, like arithmetic and reading, rather than using computers at a young age.

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  • 34. 

    Answer questions on the basis of the information below. Frances : Studies show that eating a healthy breakfast improves young children’s ability to learn. However,it is not the responsibility of the schools to provide this meal; it is the responsibility of each child’s parents. Lars : Although it would be nice if the schools could provide each child with a healthy breakfast, the cost of doing that takes money away from other,more important learning resources,such as the purchase of new computers.In the long run, children learn more when the schools concentrate on the services they traditionally provide and the parents do what they are supposed to do. What main assumption underlies each statement? 

    • A.

       As teachers become more scarce, schools will have to learn to be more cost-effective in recruiting new teachers. 

    • B.

       In the information age,the equipment schools must purchase for their students is getting more expensive.

    • C.

      The study about students and breakfast is inconclusive at best, and more studies should be conducted to find out if school breakfasts are healthy. 

    • D.

       Schools have never had the responsibility for supplying students with breakfast; rather, they spend their money on teachers, books, and other tangibles of education

    • E.

       Parents are not assuming enough responsibility for their children’s education and should become more involved in school issues.

    Correct Answer
    D.  Schools have never had the responsibility for supplying students with breakfast; rather, they spend their money on teachers, books, and other tangibles of education
    Explanation
    The main assumption underlying Frances' statement is that schools have never had the responsibility for supplying students with breakfast. Instead, schools prioritize spending their money on teachers, books, and other tangibles of education. This assumption suggests that it is the parents' responsibility to provide a healthy breakfast for their children, not the schools.

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  • 35. 

    Look at this series: 21, 9, 21, 11, 21, 13, . . . What number should come next?   

    • A.

      14

    • B.

      15

    • C.

      21

    • D.

      23

    Correct Answer
    C. 21
    Explanation
    The pattern in the series is that the number 21 is repeated after every odd number. Starting from 21, the pattern alternates between subtracting 12 and adding 2. Therefore, the next number in the series should be 21.

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  • 36. 

     10 20 25 35 40 50 55 

    • A.

       70 65

    • B.

       60 70 

    • C.

       60 75 

    • D.

       60 65 

    • E.

       65 70

    Correct Answer
    D.  60 65 
    Explanation
    The given sequence is a pattern of numbers where each number is either increased or decreased by a certain value to obtain the next number. In this case, the pattern seems to be increasing by 5 and then decreasing by 10 repeatedly. The numbers 60 and 65 fit this pattern as they are obtained by increasing 55 by 5 and then decreasing 70 by 5. Therefore, the answer is 60 65.

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  • 37. 

    Look at this series: 83, 73, 93, 63, ________, 93, 43, . . . What number should fill the blank?

    • A.

      33

    • B.

      53

    • C.

      73

    • D.

      93

    Correct Answer
    B. 53
    Explanation
    In this series, the pattern alternates between subtracting 10 and adding 20 to the previous number. Starting with 83, we subtract 10 to get 73, then add 20 to get 93, then subtract 10 to get 63. The pattern continues, so the next number should be obtained by adding 20 to 63, resulting in 83. However, this number is not given as an option. The closest option is 53, which is obtained by subtracting 30 from 83.

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  • 38. 

    QPO NML KJI  ___________  EDC 

    • A.

      HGF 

    • B.

      CAB 

    • C.

      JKL 

    • D.

      GHI

    Correct Answer
    A. HGF 
    Explanation
    The pattern in the given sequence is that each letter in the first column is moved three positions backwards in the alphabet to get the corresponding letter in the second column. Therefore, the correct answer will be the letters HGF, which are three positions backwards from KJI.

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  • 39. 

    Which word does NOT belong with the others? 

    • A.

      Parsley 

    • B.

      Basil 

    • C.

      Dill 

    • D.

      Mayonnaise

    Correct Answer
    D. Mayonnaise
    Explanation
    The word "mayonnaise" does not belong with the others because it is not a herb or spice like the rest of the words. Parsley, basil, and dill are all commonly used herbs in cooking, while mayonnaise is a condiment made from eggs and oil.

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  • 40. 

    Which word does NOT belong with the others? 

    • A.

      Guitar 

    • B.

      flute 

    • C.

      Violin 

    • D.

      Cello

    Correct Answer
    B. flute 
    Explanation
    The word "flute" does not belong with the others because it is the only woodwind instrument listed, while the others are all string instruments.

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  • 41. 

    Which word does NOT belong with the others? 

    • A.

      Tire 

    • B.

      Steering wheel

    • C.

      Engine 

    • D.

      Car

    Correct Answer
    D. Car
    Explanation
    The word "car" does not belong with the others because it is the category or group that includes the other three words. The other words, tire, steering wheel, and engine, are all parts or components of a car.

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  • 42. 

    Which word does NOT belong with the others? 

    • A.

      Noun 

    • B.

      Preposition 

    • C.

      Punctuation 

    • D.

      Adverb

    Correct Answer
    C. Punctuation 
    Explanation
    The word "punctuation" does not belong with the others because it is not a part of speech like the other three options. Noun, preposition, and adverb are all types of words, whereas punctuation refers to the marks used in writing to separate sentences and clarify meaning.

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  • 43. 

    Which word does NOT belong with the others?   

    • A.

      Triangle 

    • B.

      Circle 

    • C.

      Oval 

    • D.

      Sphere

    Correct Answer
    A. Triangle 
    Explanation
    The word "triangle" does not belong with the others because it is the only word that represents a two-dimensional shape, while the others represent three-dimensional shapes.

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  • 44. 

    “A ______ could not exist without ______.”Put the underlined word in the first blank.Try each of the answer choices in the second blank to see which choice is most logical.       Desert

    • A.

      Cactus 

    • B.

      Arid 

    • C.

      Oasis 

    • D.

      flat

    Correct Answer
    B. Arid 
    Explanation
    A desert could not exist without an arid climate. Deserts are characterized by their lack of rainfall and dry conditions, which is what makes them arid. Without an arid climate, there would not be the necessary conditions for a desert to form and sustain its unique ecosystem.

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  • 45. 

    “A ______ could not exist without ______.”Put the underlined word in the first blank.Try each ofthe answer choices in the second blank to see which choice is most logical.     Diploma

    • A.

      Principal 

    • B.

      Curriculum 

    • C.

      Employment 

    • D.

      Graduation

    Correct Answer
    D. Graduation
    Explanation
    Graduation could not exist without diploma. Graduation is the act of receiving or conferring a diploma, so it is logical to say that graduation cannot happen without a diploma.

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  • 46. 

    “A ______ could not exist without ______.”Put the underlined word in the first blank.Try each of the answer choices in the second blank to see which choice is most logical.       Gala

    • A.

      Celebration 

    • B.

      Tuxedo 

    • C.

      Appetizer 

    • D.

      Orator

    Correct Answer
    A. Celebration 
    Explanation
    A celebration could not exist without a gala.

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  • 47. 

    Find the word that names a necessary part of the underlined word.         Infirmary

    • A.

      Surgery 

    • B.

      Disease 

    • C.

      Patient 

    • D.

      Receptionist

    Correct Answer
    C. Patient 
    Explanation
    The word "patient" is a necessary part of the word "infirmay" because an infirmary is a place where patients receive medical treatment and care. Without patients, there would be no need for an infirmary.

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  • 48. 

    Find the word that names a necessary part of the underlined word.           Town 

    • A.

      Residents 

    • B.

      Skyscrapers 

    • C.

      Parks 

    • D.

      Libraries

    Correct Answer
    A. Residents 
    Explanation
    The word "residents" is a necessary part of the word "town" because a town is made up of the people who live in it. Without residents, there would be no town.

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  • 49. 

    Try to use the same sentence to find out which of the answer choices completes the same relationship with the third word. Window is to pane as book is to 

    • A.

      Novel

    • B.

      Glass

    • C.

      Cover

    • D.

      Page

    Correct Answer
    D. Page
    Explanation
    The relationship between "window" and "pane" is that a pane is a part or component of a window. Similarly, a "page" is a part or component of a book. The other answer choices do not complete the same relationship as they are not parts or components of a book.

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  • 50. 

    Try to use the same sentence to find out which of the answer choices completes the same relationship with the third word. Yard is to inch as quart is to _______________

    • A.

      Gallon

    • B.

      Ounce

    • C.

      Milk

    • D.

      Liquid

    Correct Answer
    B. Ounce
    Explanation
    The relationship between yard and inch is that yard is a larger unit of measurement than inch. Similarly, quart is a larger unit of measurement than ounce. Therefore, the correct answer is ounce.

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