SBI PO Recruitment Exam 2013: Reasoning Interactive Free Practice Set

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| By Tanmay Shankar
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Tanmay Shankar
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SBI PO Recruitment Exam 2013: Reasoning Interactive Free Practice Set - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    How many such digits are there in the number 4735281 each of which is as far away from the beginning of the number as when the digits are rearranged in ascending order?

    • A.

      None

    • B.

      One

    • C.

      Two

    • D.

      Three

    • E.

      More than three

    Correct Answer
    C. Two
    Explanation
    In order for a digit to be as far away from the beginning of the number as when the digits are rearranged in ascending order, it should be in its correct position in the ascending order. In the given number 4735281, the digits in their correct ascending order would be 1234578. Comparing the two sequences, we can see that the digits 3 and 8 are in their correct positions, so there are two such digits.

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  • 2. 

    If ‘P’ denotes ‘×’, ‘Q’ denotes ‘÷’, ‘R’ denotes ‘+’; and ‘S’ denotes ‘–‘; then 9 P 27 Q 3 S 54 R 18 is equal to

    • A.

      45

    • B.

      48

    • C.

      46

    • D.

      49

    • E.

      None of these

    Correct Answer
    B. 48
    Explanation
    The given expression can be simplified as follows: 9 P 27 Q 3 S 54 R 18 = 9 × 27 ÷ 3 - 54 + 18 = 243 ÷ 3 - 54 + 18 = 81 - 54 + 18 = 27 + 18 = 45. Therefore, the correct answer is 45.

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  • 3. 

    Ram correctly remembers that his mother’s birthday is after 8th July but before 12th July whereas his sister correctly remembers that her mother’s birthday is after 10th July but before 16th July. On which day in July was definitely their mother’s birthday?

    • A.

      9th

    • B.

      10th

    • C.

      11th

    • D.

      12th

    • E.

      10th or 11th

    Correct Answer
    A. 9th
    Explanation
    Based on Ram's statement, his mother's birthday is after 8th July but before 12th July. Based on his sister's statement, their mother's birthday is after 10th July but before 16th July. The only date that satisfies both statements is 11th July, as it is after 8th July and after 10th July. Therefore, their mother's birthday is definitely on the 11th of July.

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  • 4. 

    How many such pair of letters is there in the word ECONOMICS each of which has as many letters between them in the word as in the English alphabet?

    • A.

      None

    • B.

      One

    • C.

      Two

    • D.

      Three

    • E.

      More than three

    Correct Answer
    D. Three
    Explanation
    In the word "ECONOMICS", there are three pairs of letters that have as many letters between them in the word as in the English alphabet. These pairs are "C" and "E", "C" and "I", and "C" and "S". In each of these pairs, there are two letters between them in the word, which corresponds to the two letters between them in the English alphabet (D and F, D and H, and D and U, respectively). Therefore, the answer is three.

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  • 5. 

    In a certain code ‘GATE’ is written as ‘1234’ and ‘CREAM’ is written as ‘56427’. How is TARGET written in that code?

    • A.

      326145

    • B.

      326413

    • C.

      326431

    • D.

      Data inadequate

    • E.

      None of these

    Correct Answer
    E. None of these
  • 6. 

    How many meaningful English words can be made with the letters ‘AEMT’ using each letter only once in each word?

    • A.

      None

    • B.

      One

    • C.

      Two

    • D.

      Three

    • E.

      More than three

    Correct Answer
    B. One
    Explanation
    The given letters 'AEMT' can only form one meaningful English word, which is "mate".

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  • 7. 

    Four of the following five are alike in a certain way and so form a group. Which is the one that does not belong to that group?

    • A.

      81

    • B.

      73

    • C.

      63

    • D.

      51

    • E.

      39

    Correct Answer
    D. 51
    Explanation
    The numbers 81, 73, 63, and 39 are all multiples of 9, while 51 is not. Therefore, the number 51 does not belong to the group of numbers that are multiples of 9.

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  • 8. 

    In a certain code ‘MOBILE’ is written as ‘ELNLYR’. How is ‘GOOGLE’ written in that code?

    • A.

      ELTLLT

    • B.

      ELLTTL

    • C.

      TLLTOV

    • D.

      VOTLLT

    • E.

      OVTLLT

    Correct Answer
    C. TLLTOV
    Explanation
    The given code follows a pattern where each letter in the word is replaced by the letter that is two positions ahead in the English alphabet. Applying the same pattern to the word "GOOGLE", each letter will be replaced by the letter that is two positions ahead. Thus, "G" becomes "I", "O" becomes "Q", "O" becomes "Q", "G" becomes "I", "L" becomes "N", and "E" becomes "G". Therefore, the word "GOOGLE" is written as "TLLTOV" in that code.

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  • 9. 

    If A + B means A is the sister of B; A – B means A is the brother of B; A × B means A is the daughter of B, Which of the following shows the relation that E is the maternal uncle of D?

    • A.

      D + F × E

    • B.

      D – F × E

    • C.

      D × F – E

    • D.

      D + F – E

    • E.

      None of these

    Correct Answer
    E. None of these
    Explanation
    None of the given options show the relation that E is the maternal uncle of D. The options only include combinations of addition, subtraction, and multiplication, but there is no option that represents the relationship of being a maternal uncle.

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  • 10. 

    A + B means A is the father of B; A – B means A is the wife of B; A x B means A is the brother of B; A ÷ B  means A is the daughter of B. If P ÷ R + S + Q, which of the following is true?

    • A.

      P is the daughter of Q

    • B.

      Q is the aunt of P

    • C.

      P is the aunt of Q

    • D.

      P is the mother of Q

    • E.

      None of these

    Correct Answer
    A. P is the daughter of Q
    Explanation
    The given expression "P ÷ R + S + Q" can be interpreted as "P is the daughter of R, who is the father of S, who is the brother of Q." Therefore, P is the daughter of Q.

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  • 11. 

    Directions for the Questions: Refer to the data below and answer the questions that follow. 8 people P, Q, R, S, T, U, V, & W are sitting around a circular table facing the center. P is sitting in between U & V. V is opposite Q Q is sitting to the left of T, who is opposite P R is sitting in between Q & U W is sitting to the right of T Who is sitting to the immediate left of S?

    • A.

      T

    • B.

      Q

    • C.

      V

    • D.

      W

    • E.

      P

    Correct Answer
    C. V
    Explanation
    V is sitting opposite Q, and Q is sitting to the left of T. Therefore, V is sitting to the immediate left of S.

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  • 12. 

    Directions for the Questions: Refer to the data below and answer the questions that follow. 8 people P, Q, R, S, T, U, V, & W are sitting around a circular table facing the center. P is sitting in between U & V. V is opposite Q Q is sitting to the left of T, who is opposite P R is sitting in between Q & U W is sitting to the right of T Which pair is sitting opposite to each other?

    • A.

      R & S

    • B.

      P & U

    • C.

      V & T

    • D.

      W & P

    • E.

      U & T

    Correct Answer
    D. W & P
    Explanation
    W and P are sitting opposite to each other. This can be determined by analyzing the given information. P is sitting in between U and V, and Q is sitting to the left of T, who is opposite P. R is sitting in between Q and U. Since W is sitting to the right of T, it can be concluded that W and P are sitting opposite to each other.

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  • 13. 

    Directions for the Questions: Refer to the data below and answer the questions that follow. 8 people P, Q, R, S, T, U, V, & W are sitting around a circular table facing the center. P is sitting in between U & V. V is opposite Q Q is sitting to the left of T, who is opposite P R is sitting in between Q & U W is sitting to the right of T Who is sitting three places to the right of R?

    • A.

      T

    • B.

      V

    • C.

      Q

    • D.

      U

    • E.

      W

    Correct Answer
    B. V
    Explanation
    R is sitting in between Q and U, and V is opposite Q. Therefore, V is sitting three places to the right of R.

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  • 14. 

    Directions for the Questions: Refer to the data below and answer the questions that follow. 8 people P, Q, R, S, T, U, V, & W are sitting around a circular table facing the center. P is sitting in between U & V. V is opposite Q Q is sitting to the left of T, who is opposite P R is sitting in between Q & U W is sitting to the right of T In which combination is the first person sitting to the immediate left of the second person?

    • A.

      TQ

    • B.

      UP

    • C.

      VS

    • D.

      WS

    • E.

      None of these

    Correct Answer
    A. TQ
    Explanation
    TQ is the combination in which the first person (T) is sitting to the immediate left of the second person (Q).

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  • 15. 

    Directions for the Questions: Refer to the data below and answer the questions that follow. 8 people P, Q, R, S, T, U, V, & W are sitting around a circular table facing the center. P is sitting in between U & V. V is opposite Q Q is sitting to the left of T, who is opposite P R is sitting in between Q & U W is sitting to the right of T If Q & S interchange their positions, then who is sitting to the immediate left of S?

    • A.

      R

    • B.

      W

    • C.

      T

    • D.

      V

    • E.

      P

    Correct Answer
    E. P
    Explanation
    P is sitting in between U and V. V is opposite Q. Q is sitting to the left of T, who is opposite P. R is sitting in between Q and U. W is sitting to the right of T. If Q and S interchange their positions, then S will be sitting in between R and U. Therefore, the person sitting to the immediate left of S would be R.

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  • 16. 

    Directions for the Questions: Refer to the data below and answer the questions that follow. Seven people C, D, E, F, G, H, & I are standing in a row facing north not necessarily in the same order. F is not at the extreme ends, but is second from the east end. D is two places to the left of H, who is at one of the extreme ends. G is to the immediate right of E and C is not at the extreme end. I is sitting in the centre. Who are at extreme ends?

    • A.

      E & F

    • B.

      F & G

    • C.

      E & D

    • D.

      E & H

    • E.

      D & G

    Correct Answer
    D. E & H
    Explanation
    E and H are at the extreme ends because H is at one of the extreme ends and D is two places to the left of H. Since F is not at the extreme ends and is second from the east end, it can be concluded that E is at the other extreme end.

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  • 17. 

    Directions for the Questions: Refer to the data below and answer the questions that follow. Seven people C, D, E, F, G, H, & I are standing in a row facing north not necessarily in the same order. F is not at the extreme ends, but is second from the east end. D is two places to the left of H, who is at one of the extreme ends. G is to the immediate right of E and C is not at the extreme end. I is sitting in the centre. Who is to the immediate right of I?

    • A.

      D

    • B.

      C

    • C.

      F

    • D.

      G

    • E.

      H

    Correct Answer
    A. D
    Explanation
    Based on the given information, we know that F is second from the east end, so F cannot be to the immediate right of I. D is two places to the left of H, who is at one of the extreme ends, so D cannot be to the immediate right of I. G is to the immediate right of E, so G cannot be to the immediate right of I. C is not at the extreme end, so C cannot be to the immediate right of I. Therefore, the only option left is D, so D is to the immediate right of I.

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  • 18. 

    Directions for the Questions: Refer to the data below and answer the questions that follow. Seven people C, D, E, F, G, H, & I are standing in a row facing north not necessarily in the same order. F is not at the extreme ends, but is second from the east end. D is two places to the left of H, who is at one of the extreme ends. G is to the immediate right of E and C is not at the extreme end. I is sitting in the centre. F is standing between:

    • A.

      D & I

    • B.

      D & H

    • C.

      E & C

    • D.

      E & F

    • E.

      G & I

    Correct Answer
    B. D & H
    Explanation
    Based on the given information, we can determine the positions of some of the people. F is second from the east end, so F cannot be at the extreme ends. H is at one of the extreme ends, and D is two places to the left of H. Therefore, the only possible arrangement is D, H, F. Thus, F is standing between D and H.

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  • 19. 

    Directions for the Questions: Refer to the data below and answer the questions that follow. Seven people C, D, E, F, G, H, & I are standing in a row facing north not necessarily in the same order. F is not at the extreme ends, but is second from the east end. D is two places to the left of H, who is at one of the extreme ends. G is to the immediate right of E and C is not at the extreme end. I is sitting in the centre. Which of the following statements is definitely true?

    • A.

      I is to the immediate right of D

    • B.

      D is between G & I

    • C.

      C is 3rd from the west end

    • D.

      D is two places to the left of F

    • E.

      C & D are neighbours

    Correct Answer
    C. C is 3rd from the west end
    Explanation
    Based on the given information, we can determine the positions of some of the people in the row. F is second from the east end, so F cannot be at the extreme ends. H is at one of the extreme ends, and D is two places to the left of H. Therefore, D cannot be at the extreme ends either. G is to the immediate right of E, so G and E must be next to each other. C is not at the extreme end, so C cannot be next to D. Since I is sitting in the center, it is not possible for I to be to the immediate right of D. Therefore, the only statement that is definitely true is that C is 3rd from the west end.

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  • 20. 

    Directions for the Questions: Refer to the data below and answer the questions that follow. Seven people C, D, E, F, G, H, & I are standing in a row facing north not necessarily in the same order. F is not at the extreme ends, but is second from the east end. D is two places to the left of H, who is at one of the extreme ends. G is to the immediate right of E and C is not at the extreme end. I is sitting in the centre. Which of the following are neighbors?

    • A.

      F & I

    • B.

      G & I

    • C.

      E & C

    • D.

      H & G

    • E.

      None of these

    Correct Answer
    E. None of these
    Explanation
    Since F is not at the extreme ends and is second from the east end, it means that F cannot be at the extreme ends and must be in the middle. Since I is sitting in the center, F and I cannot be neighbors. Similarly, G is to the immediate right of E, so G and I cannot be neighbors. Also, C is not at the extreme end, so E and C cannot be neighbors. Finally, D is two places to the left of H, who is at one of the extreme ends, so H and G cannot be neighbors. Therefore, none of the given pairs are neighbors.

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  • 21. 

    Directions for the Questions: Read the following information and choose the right alternate for the questions given afterwards. The sports week of an institute was organized from 11th to 18th of a month, 11th being a Wednesday. During that period six games– Cricket, Badminton, Tennis, Volleyball, Hockey and Football were played, one game on each day. Further information is: Hockey was not played on the closing day, i.e., on 18th. Tennis was played on the previous day of Cricket. Football was not played either on Wednesday or Saturday. No game was played on Thursday and Sunday. Volleyball was played on Monday. There was a gap of two days between Cricket and Football. The sports week started with which game?

    • A.

      Tennis

    • B.

      Cricket

    • C.

      Volleyball

    • D.

      Hockey

    • E.

      None of these

    Correct Answer
    E. None of these
  • 22. 

    Directions for the Questions: Read the following information and choose the right alternate for the questions given afterwards. The sports week of an institute was organized from 11th to 18th of a month, 11th being a Wednesday. During that period six games– Cricket, Badminton, Tennis, Volleyball, Hockey and Football were played, one game on each day. Further information is: Hockey was not played on the closing day, i.e., on 18th. Tennis was played on the previous day of Cricket. Football was not played either on Wednesday or Saturday. No game was played on Thursday and Sunday. Volleyball was played on Monday. There was a gap of two days between Cricket and Football. How many days’ gap is there between Hockey and Football?

    • A.

      Three

    • B.

      Four

    • C.

      Five

    • D.

      Two

    • E.

      None of these

    Correct Answer
    C. Five
    Explanation
    There are a total of 8 days between the 11th and the 18th. We know that Cricket and Football have a gap of two days between them, so they cannot be played on consecutive days. Since Football is not played on Wednesday or Saturday, it must be played on the 13th or 14th. Therefore, Hockey must be played on the 18th. This means that there are 5 days between Hockey and Football.

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  • 23. 

    Directions for the Questions: Read the following information and choose the right alternate for the questions given afterwards. The sports week of an institute was organized from 11th to 18th of a month, 11th being a Wednesday. During that period six games– Cricket, Badminton, Tennis, Volleyball, Hockey and Football were played, one game on each day. Further information is: Hockey was not played on the closing day, i.e., on 18th. Tennis was played on the previous day of Cricket. Football was not played either on Wednesday or Saturday. No game was played on Thursday and Sunday. Volleyball was played on Monday. There was a gap of two days between Cricket and Football. Which pair of games was played on Wednesday?

    • A.

      Hockey and Badminton

    • B.

      Hockey and Cricket

    • C.

      Cricket and Tennis

    • D.

      Cannot be determined

    • E.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. Hockey and Badminton
    Explanation
    On the closing day, which is the 18th, Hockey was not played. It is also mentioned that Football was not played on Wednesday. Since the 18th is not a Wednesday, Hockey must have been played on Wednesday. Therefore, the pair of games played on Wednesday is Hockey and Badminton.

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  • 24. 

    Directions for the Questions: Read the following information and choose the right alternate for the questions given afterwards. The sports week of an institute was organized from 11th to 18th of a month, 11th being a Wednesday. During that period six games– Cricket, Badminton, Tennis, Volleyball, Hockey and Football were played, one game on each day. Further information is: Hockey was not played on the closing day, i.e., on 18th. Tennis was played on the previous day of Cricket. Football was not played either on Wednesday or Saturday. No game was played on Thursday and Sunday. Volleyball was played on Monday. There was a gap of two days between Cricket and Football. Which game exactly precedes Volleyball?

    • A.

      Hockey

    • B.

      Football

    • C.

      Cricket

    • D.

      Table-Tennis

    • E.

      None of these

    Correct Answer
    D. Table-Tennis
  • 25. 

    Directions for the Questions: Read the following information and choose the right alternate for the questions given afterwards. The sports week of an institute was organized from 11th to 18th of a month, 11th being a Wednesday. During that period six games– Cricket, Badminton, Tennis, Volleyball, Hockey and Football were played, one game on each day. Further information is: Hockey was not played on the closing day, i.e., on 18th. Tennis was played on the previous day of Cricket. Football was not played either on Wednesday or Saturday. No game was played on Thursday and Sunday. Volleyball was played on Monday. There was a gap of two days between Cricket and Football. Tennis follows which game?

    • A.

      Hockey

    • B.

      Cricket

    • C.

      Tennis

    • D.

      None of these

    • E.

      Cannot be determine

    Correct Answer
    B. Cricket
    Explanation
    According to the given information, Hockey was not played on the closing day, so it cannot be the game that follows Tennis. Football was not played on Wednesday or Saturday, so it cannot be the game that follows Tennis. No game was played on Thursday and Sunday, so Tennis cannot be played on those days. Volleyball was played on Monday, so it cannot be the game that follows Tennis. There was a gap of two days between Cricket and Football, so Cricket must be played two days before Football. Therefore, the game that follows Tennis is Cricket.

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  • 26. 

    Directions for the Questions: Refer to the data below and answer the questions that follow. A training college has to conduct to refresher course for teachers of seven different subjects— Chemistry, Botany, Physics, Zoology, Economics, Geography and Mathematics from 2nd July to 9th July. Course should start with Botany. 3rd July, being Sunday, should be a holiday. Geography subject should be on the previous day of the Mathematics subject. Course should end with Chemistry subject. Physics should be immediately after holiday. There should be a gap of one day between Economics and Mathematics. There should be a gap of two days between Zoology and Economics. Which subject will be on Tuesday?

    • A.

      Chemistry

    • B.

      Mathematics

    • C.

      Economics

    • D.

      Botany

    • E.

      None of these

    Correct Answer
    A. Chemistry
    Explanation
    The subject that will be on Tuesday is Chemistry. According to the given conditions, the course should start with Botany and Physics should be immediately after the holiday. Since 3rd July is a holiday, the subject on Tuesday, which is the day after the holiday, will be Chemistry.

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  • 27. 

    Directions for the Questions: Refer to the data below and answer the questions that follow. A training college has to conduct to refresher course for teachers of seven different subjects— Chemistry, Botany, Physics, Zoology, Economics, Geography and Mathematics from 2nd July to 9th July. Course should start with Botany. 3rd July, being Sunday, should be a holiday. Geography subject should be on the previous day of the Mathematics subject. Course should end with Chemistry subject. Physics should be immediately after holiday. There should be a gap of one day between Economics and Mathematics. There should be a gap of two days between Zoology and Economics. Mathematics is taught on which day?

    • A.

      Wednesday

    • B.

      Friday

    • C.

      Saturday

    • D.

      Thursday

    • E.

      Cannot be determined

    Correct Answer
    E. Cannot be determined
    Explanation
    The given information does not provide any specific details about the day on which Mathematics is taught. We know that Botany is the first subject and Chemistry is the last subject, but we do not have any information about the order of the subjects in between. Therefore, it is not possible to determine the day on which Mathematics is taught based on the given information.

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  • 28. 

    Directions for the Questions: Refer to the data below and answer the questions that follow. A training college has to conduct to refresher course for teachers of seven different subjects— Chemistry, Botany, Physics, Zoology, Economics, Geography and Mathematics from 2nd July to 9th July. Course should start with Botany. 3rd July, being Sunday, should be a holiday. Geography subject should be on the previous day of the Mathematics subject. Course should end with Chemistry subject. Physics should be immediately after holiday. There should be a gap of one day between Economics and Mathematics. There should be a gap of two days between Zoology and Economics. Which subject precedes Chemistry?

    • A.

      Economics

    • B.

      Mathematics

    • C.

      Physics

    • D.

      Botany

    • E.

      None of these

    Correct Answer
    D. Botany
    Explanation
    The given information states that the course should start with Botany and end with Chemistry. Since Botany is the first subject, it must precede Chemistry. Therefore, the correct answer is Botany.

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  • 29. 

    Directions for the Questions: Refer to the data below and answer the questions that follow. A training college has to conduct to refresher course for teachers of seven different subjects— Chemistry, Botany, Physics, Zoology, Economics, Geography and Mathematics from 2nd July to 9th July. Course should start with Botany. 3rd July, being Sunday, should be a holiday. Geography subject should be on the previous day of the Mathematics subject. Course should end with Chemistry subject. Physics should be immediately after holiday. There should be a gap of one day between Economics and Mathematics. There should be a gap of two days between Zoology and Economics. How many days gap is there between Geography and Physics?

    • A.

      One

    • B.

      Two

    • C.

      Three

    • D.

      No gap

    • E.

      None of these

    Correct Answer
    C. Three
    Explanation
    There are three days gap between Geography and Physics. According to the given conditions, the course starts with Botany, so Botany is on 2nd July. Since 3rd July is a Sunday, it is a holiday. Therefore, Geography will be on 4th July. The subject immediately after the holiday is Physics, so Physics will be on 5th July. Hence, there is a gap of three days between Geography and Physics.

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  • 30. 

    Directions for the Questions: In each of the questions below are given four statements followed by some conclusions. Take the given statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance with commonly known facts. Read all the conclusions and then decide which of the given conclusions logically follows from the given statements. Statements: I Some pearls are diamonds. II Some diamonds are sapphires. III All sapphires are emeralds. IV All emeralds are topaz. Conclusions: I Some topaz are sapphires. II Some emeralds are diamonds. III Some sapphires are pearls.

    • A.

      Only I and II follow

    • B.

      Only III follows

    • C.

      Only II follows

    • D.

      Only I follows

    • E.

      None follows

    Correct Answer
    D. Only I follows
    Explanation
    The conclusion "Some topaz are sapphires" logically follows from the given statements. According to statement III, all sapphires are emeralds. According to statement IV, all emeralds are topaz. Therefore, it can be inferred that there must be some topaz that are sapphires.

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  • 31. 

    Directions for the Questions: In each of the questions below are given four statements followed by some conclusions. Take the given statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance with commonly known facts. Read all the conclusions and then decide which of the given conclusions logically follows from the given statements. Statements: I All chairs are tables. II Some tables are sofas. III All sofas are beds. IV Some beds are couches. Conclusions: I Some couches are sofas. II Some beds are tables. III Some sofas are chairs.

    • A.

      Only I and II follow

    • B.

      Only III follows

    • C.

      Only II follows

    • D.

      Only I follows

    • E.

      None follows

    Correct Answer
    B. Only III follows
    Explanation
    The given conclusion states that "Some sofas are chairs". This conclusion follows from the given statements because statement III states that "All sofas are beds" and statement I states that "All chairs are tables". Therefore, it is possible for some sofas to be chairs, as there could be a scenario where a chair is also a sofa.

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  • 32. 

    Directions for the Questions: In each of the questions below are given four statements followed by some conclusions. Take the given statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance with commonly known facts. Read all the conclusions and then decide which of the given conclusions logically follows from the given statements. Statements: I All triangles are ovals II All ovals are circles III Some circles are squares IV Some squares are rectangles Conclusions: I Some rectangles are ovals II Some circles are triangles III Some squares are triangles

    • A.

      None follows

    • B.

      Only I follows

    • C.

      Only II follows

    • D.

      Only III follows

    • E.

      Only I and II follow

    Correct Answer
    C. Only II follows
    Explanation
    The given statements state that all triangles are ovals, all ovals are circles, some circles are squares, and some squares are rectangles. Conclusion II states that some circles are triangles. This conclusion can be logically deduced from the given statements because if all triangles are ovals, and all ovals are circles, then it is possible for some circles to be triangles. Therefore, only conclusion II follows.

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  • 33. 

    Directions for the Questions: In each of the questions below are given four statements followed by some conclusions. Take the given statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance with commonly known facts. Read all the conclusions and then decide which of the given conclusions logically follows from the given statements. Statements: I All wrenches are hammers II No hammer is screw III Some screws are nails IV All nails are nuts Conclusions: I Some nuts are hammers II No nut is hammer III Some screws are wrenches

    • A.

      Only I follows

    • B.

      Only II follows

    • C.

      Only III follows

    • D.

      Only either I or II follows

    • E.

      Only either I or II and III follow

    Correct Answer
    B. Only II follows
    Explanation
    The given statements state that all wrenches are hammers, no hammer is a screw, some screws are nails, and all nails are nuts. Conclusion II states that no nut is a hammer. This conclusion can be logically inferred from the given statements because it is stated that no hammer is a screw, and all nails are nuts. Therefore, it can be concluded that no nut is a hammer.

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  • 34. 

    Directions for the Questions: In each of the questions below are given four statements followed by some conclusions. Take the given statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance with commonly known facts. Read all the conclusions and then decide which of the given conclusions logically follows from the given statements. Statements: I Some plates are knives II All knives are forks III Some forks are spoons IV All spoons are bowls Conclusions: I Some bowls are forks II Some spoons are knives III Some forks are plates

    • A.

      Only I and II follow

    • B.

      Only I and III follow

    • C.

      Only II and III follow

    • D.

      All I, II and III follow

    • E.

      None of these

    Correct Answer
    E. None of these
  • 35. 

    Directions for the Questions: In each of the questions below are given four statements followed by some conclusions. Take the given statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance with commonly known facts. Read all the conclusions and then decide which of the given conclusions logically follows from the given statements. Statements: I All roses are sunflowers II Some sunflowers are lilies III Some lilies are poppies IV No poppy is pansy Conclusions: I Some roses are lilies II No sunflower is pansy III No lily is pansy IV Some sunflowers are pansy

    • A.

      Only II follows

    • B.

      Only II & III follow

    • C.

      Only either II or IV follows

    • D.

      Only III follows

    • E.

      None of these

    Correct Answer
    A. Only II follows
    Explanation
    The given statements establish the following relationships: some sunflowers are lilies, some lilies are poppies, and no poppy is a pansy. From these statements, we can conclude that no sunflower is a pansy (II). However, there is no direct relationship between roses and lilies, so we cannot conclude that some roses are lilies (I). Similarly, there is no direct relationship between lilies and pansies, so we cannot conclude that no lily is a pansy (III). Finally, there is no information provided about the relationship between sunflowers and pansies, so we cannot conclude that some sunflowers are pansies (IV). Therefore, only conclusion II follows.

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  • 36. 

    Directions for the Questions: Each question is followed by two statements I and II. Mark the answer. Mary has Rs. 4 in 50-paisa and one-rupee coins. How many 50-paisa coins does she have? I She has less 50-paisa coins than one-rupee coins II She has a total of 5 coins

    • A.

      If statement (I) ALONE is sufficient to answer the question but statement (II) alone is not sufficient

    • B.

      If statement (II) ALONE is sufficient to answer the question but statement (I) alone not sufficient

    • C.

      If BOTH statements TOGETHER are sufficient, but NEITHER statement ALONE is sufficient

    • D.

      If EACH statement ALONE is sufficient to answer the question

    • E.

      If the statements (I) and (II) TOGETHER are NOT sufficient to answer the question

    Correct Answer
    B. If statement (II) ALONE is sufficient to answer the question but statement (I) alone not sufficient
    Explanation
    Statement (II) alone is sufficient to answer the question because it tells us that Mary has a total of 5 coins. Since we know that Mary has Rs. 4 in 50-paisa and one-rupee coins, and the total number of coins is 5, we can conclude that she must have 5 - 1 = 4 one-rupee coins and 1 50-paisa coin. Therefore, Mary has 1 50-paisa coin. Statement (I) is not necessary to determine the number of 50-paisa coins.

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  • 37. 

    Directions for the Questions: Each question is followed by two statements I and II. Mark the answer. Sonal made 5 deposits to his savings account. What w the total of the deposits? I The average of the deposits was $75 II The largest deposit was $110 and the smallest deposit was $35

    • A.

      If statement (I) ALONE is sufficient to answer the question but statement (II) alone is not sufficient

    • B.

      If statement (II) ALONE is sufficient to answer the question but statement (I) alone not sufficient

    • C.

      If BOTH statements TOGETHER are sufficient, but NEITHER statement ALONE is sufficient

    • D.

      If EACH statement ALONE is sufficient to answer the question

    • E.

      If the statements (I) and (II) TOGETHER are NOT sufficient to answer the question

    Correct Answer
    C. If BOTH statements TOGETHER are sufficient, but NEITHER statement ALONE is sufficient
    Explanation
    From statement I, we know that the average of the deposits is $75. However, we do not have any information about the individual deposits or the total number of deposits.

    From statement II, we know that the largest deposit is $110 and the smallest deposit is $35. However, we still do not have any information about the total number of deposits or the other deposits made.

    By combining both statements, we know that there are at least 5 deposits (since the average is calculated based on the sum of all deposits divided by the total number of deposits) and the range of the deposits is $110 - $35 = $75. However, we still do not have the exact values of each deposit.

    Therefore, both statements together are sufficient to determine that the total of the deposits, but neither statement alone is sufficient.

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  • 38. 

    Directions for the Questions: Each question is followed by two statements I and II. Mark the answer. Three consecutive integers X, Y and Z are not necessarily in that order. Which is the highest number? I The average of X and Y is Z II X is greater than Y

    • A.

      If statement (I) ALONE is sufficient to answer the question but statement (II) alone is not sufficient

    • B.

      If statement (II) ALONE is sufficient to answer the question but statement (I) alone not sufficient

    • C.

      If BOTH statements TOGETHER are sufficient, but NEITHER statement ALONE is sufficient

    • D.

      If EACH statement ALONE is sufficient to answer the question

    • E.

      If the statements (I) and (II) TOGETHER are NOT sufficient to answer the question

    Correct Answer
    A. If statement (I) ALONE is sufficient to answer the question but statement (II) alone is not sufficient
    Explanation
    From statement (I), we know that the average of X and Y is Z. Since Z is the average, it must be in between X and Y. Therefore, Z is the highest number.

    Statement (II) alone does not provide any information about the relationship between X, Y, and Z. Therefore, it is not sufficient to answer the question.

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  • 39. 

    Directions for the Questions: Each question is followed by two statements I and II. Mark the answer. Is p = m? ‘p’ and ‘m’ are real numbers? I p2 = m2 II p3 = m3

    • A.

      If statement (I) ALONE is sufficient to answer the question but statement (II) alone is not sufficient

    • B.

      If statement (II) ALONE is sufficient to answer the question but statement (I) alone not sufficient

    • C.

      If BOTH statements TOGETHER are sufficient, but NEITHER statement ALONE is sufficient

    • D.

      If EACH statement ALONE is sufficient to answer the question

    • E.

      If the statements (I) and (II) TOGETHER are NOT sufficient to answer the question

    Correct Answer
    E. If the statements (I) and (II) TOGETHER are NOT sufficient to answer the question
  • 40. 

    Directions for the Questions: Each question is followed by two statements I and II. Mark the answer. How long did the secretary’s speech last? I He spoke at an average of 50 words per minute II He would have spoken for 10 minutes extra, had his speech rate been 4 words per minute

    • A.

      If statement (I) ALONE is sufficient to answer the question but statement (II) alone is not sufficient

    • B.

      If statement (II) ALONE is sufficient to answer the question but statement (I) alone not sufficient

    • C.

      If BOTH statements TOGETHER are sufficient, but NEITHER statement ALONE is sufficient

    • D.

      If EACH statement ALONE is sufficient to answer the question

    • E.

      If the statements (I) and (II) TOGETHER are NOT sufficient to answer the question

    Correct Answer
    D. If EACH statement ALONE is sufficient to answer the question
    Explanation
    Statement I tells us that the secretary spoke at an average of 50 words per minute. If we know the total number of words in his speech, we can divide it by 50 to determine how long the speech lasted. Therefore, statement I alone is sufficient to answer the question.

    Statement II tells us that the secretary would have spoken for 10 minutes extra if his speech rate had been 4 words per minute. This information alone does not give us the total duration of the speech, as we do not know the actual speech rate. Therefore, statement II alone is not sufficient to answer the question.

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  • 41. 

    Directions for the Questions: Each of the following questions consists of a statement followed by two arguments I and II. Give answer as Statement: Should there be compulsory medical examination of both the man and the woman before they marry each other? Arguments: I No. This is an intrusion to the privacy of an individual and hence cannot be tolerated II Yes. This will substantially reduce the risk of giving birth to children with serious ailments

    • A.

      If only argument I is strong

    • B.

      If only argument II is strong

    • C.

      If either I or II is strong

    • D.

      If neither I nor II is strong and

    • E.

      If both I and II are strong

    Correct Answer
    C. If either I or II is strong
    Explanation
    Argument I states that compulsory medical examination before marriage is an intrusion to privacy and cannot be tolerated. This argument is valid as it highlights the importance of individual privacy rights. Argument II suggests that compulsory medical examination can reduce the risk of giving birth to children with serious ailments. This argument is also valid as it emphasizes the potential benefits of such examinations. Therefore, either argument I or II can be considered strong, making the answer "if either I or II is strong".

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  • 42. 

    Directions for the Questions: Each of the following questions consists of a statement followed by two arguments I and II. Give answer as Statement: Should cutting of trees be banned altogether? Arguments: I Yes. It is very much necessary to do so to restore ecological balance II No. A total ban would harm timber based industries

    • A.

      If only argument I is strong

    • B.

      If only argument II is strong

    • C.

      If either I or II is strong

    • D.

      If neither I nor II is strong and

    • E.

      If both I and II are strong

    Correct Answer
    D. If neither I nor II is strong and
    Explanation
    Neither argument I nor argument II is strong. Argument I states that cutting trees should be banned to restore ecological balance, but it does not provide any evidence or reasoning to support this claim. Argument II states that a total ban on cutting trees would harm timber-based industries, but it does not consider the potential negative impact on the environment. Therefore, neither argument is strong enough to support the statement.

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  • 43. 

    Directions for the Questions: Each of the following questions consists of a statement followed by two arguments I and II. Give answer as Statement: Can pollution be controlled? Arguments: I Yes. If everyone realizes the hazards it may create and cooperates to get rid of it, pollution may be controlled II No. The crowded highways, factories and industries and an ever¬growing population eager to acquire more and more land for constructing houses are beyond control

    • A.

      If only argument I is strong

    • B.

      If only argument II is strong

    • C.

      If either I or II is strong

    • D.

      If neither I nor II is strong and

    • E.

      If both I and II are strong

    Correct Answer
    B. If only argument II is strong
    Explanation
    The statement presents two arguments regarding whether pollution can be controlled. Argument I suggests that pollution can be controlled if everyone recognizes its hazards and works together to eliminate it. Argument II argues that pollution cannot be controlled due to factors such as crowded highways, factories, an ever-growing population, and the desire for more land. The correct answer is "if only argument II is strong" because argument II provides valid reasons why pollution may be beyond control, while argument I does not address these specific challenges.

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  • 44. 

    Directions for the Questions: Each of the following questions consists of a statement followed by two arguments I and II. Give answer as Statement: Should there be reservation of seats and posts on communal basis? Arguments: I Yes. It will check most of the intercommunal biases II No. Qurs is a secular state

    • A.

      If only argument I is strong

    • B.

      If only argument II is strong

    • C.

      If either I or II is strong

    • D.

      If neither I nor II is strong and

    • E.

      If both I and II are strong

    Correct Answer
    A. If only argument I is strong
    Explanation
    Argument I suggests that reservation on a communal basis will help to reduce intercommunal biases. This implies that by providing reservation to different communities, it can create a more balanced representation and opportunities for marginalized communities, thereby reducing biases and promoting social equality. This argument supports the idea of reservation on a communal basis. Argument II states that Qurs is a secular state, implying that reservation on a communal basis goes against the principles of secularism. However, this argument does not directly address the effectiveness or necessity of reservation as a means to address intercommunal biases. Therefore, argument I is the only strong argument.

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  • 45. 

    Directions for the Questions: Each of the following questions consists of a statement followed by two arguments I and II. Give answer as Statement: Should there be students' union in college/university? Arguments: I No. This will create a political atmosphere in the campus II Yes. It is very necessary. Students are future political leaders

    • A.

      If only argument I is strong

    • B.

      If only argument II is strong

    • C.

      If either I or II is strong

    • D.

      If neither I nor II is strong and

    • E.

      If both I and II are strong

    Correct Answer
    E. If both I and II are strong
    Explanation
    Both arguments I and II are strong. Argument I states that having a students' union in college/university will create a political atmosphere in the campus. This suggests that the presence of a students' union may lead to the formation of political groups and activities, which can have both positive and negative consequences. Argument II states that having a students' union is very necessary as students are future political leaders. This implies that a students' union can provide a platform for students to develop leadership skills and engage in political activities, which can contribute to their future roles as political leaders.

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  • 46. 

    Directions for the Questions: In each question below given is a statement followed by two courses of action numbered I and II. Assume everything in the statement to be true and on the basis of the information given in the statement, decide which of the suggested courses of action logically follow. Mark your answer as: There has been an unprecedented increase in the number of requests for berths in most of the long distance trains during the current holiday season. I The railway authority should immediately increase the capacity in each of these trains by attaching additional coaches II The people seeking accommodation should be advised to make their travel plan after the holiday

    • A.

      If only I follows

    • B.

      If only II follows

    • C.

      If either I or II follows

    • D.

      If neither I nor II follows and

    • E.

      If both I and II follow

    Correct Answer
    B. If only II follows
    Explanation
    The statement mentions that there has been an unprecedented increase in the number of requests for berths in long distance trains during the current holiday season. Course of action I suggests that the railway authority should immediately increase the capacity in each of these trains by attaching additional coaches. However, this course of action is not necessary as it does not address the root cause of the issue, which is the increase in the number of requests for berths. Course of action II suggests advising the people seeking accommodation to make their travel plans after the holiday. This course of action is logical as it addresses the issue by suggesting an alternative time for travel when there may be fewer requests for berths. Therefore, only II follows.

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  • 47. 

    Directions for the Questions: In each question below given is a statement followed by two courses of action numbered I and II. Assume everything in the statement to be true and on the basis of the information given in the statement, decide which of the suggested courses of action logically follow. Mark your answer as: Most of those who study in premier engineering colleges in India migrate to developed nations for better prospects in their professional pursuits. I All the students joining these colleges should be asked to sign a bond at the time of admission to the effect that they will remain in India at least for ten years after they complete education II All those students who desire to settle in the developed nations should be asked to pay entire cost of their education which the government subsidises

    • A.

      If only I follows

    • B.

      If only II follows

    • C.

      If either I or II follows

    • D.

      If neither I nor II follows and

    • E.

      If both I and II follow

    Correct Answer
    C. If either I or II follows
    Explanation
    The statement suggests that most students from premier engineering colleges in India migrate to developed nations for better prospects. Based on this information, Course of Action I suggests that all students joining these colleges should be asked to sign a bond to remain in India for at least ten years after completing their education. This is a logical course of action as it aims to retain talent in the country and prevent brain drain. Course of Action II suggests that students who desire to settle in developed nations should be asked to pay the entire cost of their education, which the government subsidizes. This is also a logical course of action as it ensures that those who benefit from government subsidies take responsibility for their education and future plans. Therefore, either Course of Action I or II can logically follow.

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  • 48. 

    Directions for the Questions: In each question below given is a statement followed by two courses of action numbered I and II. Assume everything in the statement to be true and on the basis of the information given in the statement, decide which of the suggested courses of action logically follow. Mark your answer as: The car dealer found that there was a tremendous response for the new XYZ's car-booking with long queues of people complaining about the duration of business hours and arrangements. I People should make their arrangement of lunch and snacks while going for car XYZ's booking and be ready to spend several hours II Arrangement should be made for more booking desks and increased business hours to serve more people in less time

    • A.

      If only I follows

    • B.

      If only II follows

    • C.

      If either I or II follows

    • D.

      If neither I nor II follows and

    • E.

      If both I and II follow

    Correct Answer
    E. If both I and II follow
    Explanation
    The car dealer found that there was a tremendous response for the new XYZ's car-booking with long queues of people complaining about the duration of business hours and arrangements. It can be inferred that both courses of action logically follow. Course of action I suggests that people should make their own arrangements for lunch and snacks while going for car XYZ's booking and be ready to spend several hours. This is because the statement mentions that there are long queues and complaints about the duration of business hours, indicating that the waiting time is significant. Course of action II suggests that arrangements should be made for more booking desks and increased business hours to serve more people in less time. This is because the statement mentions that there are long queues of people, indicating that the current capacity and business hours are not sufficient to handle the demand. Therefore, both courses of action are logical.

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  • 49. 

    Directions for the Questions: In each question below given is a statement followed by two courses of action numbered I and II. Assume everything in the statement to be true and on the basis of the information given in the statement, decide which of the suggested courses of action logically follow. Mark your answer as: The Meteorology Department has forecast that a severe cyclonic storm would hit coastal Andhra Pradesh and Orissa in the next forty-eight hours. I The local administration should advise the fishermen not to go to dangerous area in the sea II The local administration should alert the people of coastal areas of these two states and they should be prepared to shift to safer places

    • A.

      If only I follows

    • B.

      If only II follows

    • C.

      If either I or II follows

    • D.

      If neither I nor II follows and

    • E.

      If both I and II follow

    Correct Answer
    A. If only I follows
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "if only I follows" because in the given statement, the Meteorology Department has forecasted a severe cyclonic storm. In order to ensure the safety of the fishermen, the local administration should advise them not to go to dangerous areas in the sea. This course of action is logical and directly addresses the potential danger posed by the cyclonic storm. However, there is no mention of alerting the people of coastal areas or the need to shift to safer places, so course of action II does not follow.

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  • 50. 

    Directions for the Questions: In each question below given is a statement followed by two courses of action numbered I and II. Assume everything in the statement to be true and on the basis of the information given in the statement, decide which of the suggested courses of action logically follow. Mark your answer as: The Committee has criticized the Institute for its failure to implement a dozen of regular programmes despite an increase in the staff strength and not drawing up a firm action plan for studies and research. I The broad objectives of the Institute should be redefined to implement a practical action plan II The Institute should give a report on reasons for not having implemented the planned programmes

    • A.

      If only I follows

    • B.

      If only II follows

    • C.

      If either I or II follows

    • D.

      If neither I nor II follows and

    • E.

      If both I and II follow

    Correct Answer
    D. If neither I nor II follows and
    Explanation
    Neither course of action follows because both options are not addressing the specific issues mentioned in the statement. Option I suggests redefining the broad objectives of the Institute, which is not directly related to the failure to implement regular programs and the lack of a firm action plan. Option II suggests giving a report on the reasons for not implementing the planned programs, which is also not directly addressing the issues mentioned. Therefore, neither option logically follows based on the given information.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 20, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Mar 01, 2013
    Quiz Created by
    Tanmay Shankar
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