Wine 101, Part III- Tasting Wine

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Wine 101, Part III- Tasting Wine - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What is 'Blind Tasting?'

    • A.

      Tasting wine without knowing what it is ahead of time.

    • B.

      Tasting wine while wearing a blindfold, to ensure that visual factors don't cloud your intital impression.

    • C.

      Identifying a wine only by listening to it.

    • D.

      A method of ordering where the waiter gives you something that may (or may not) be wine.

    Correct Answer
    A. Tasting wine without knowing what it is ahead of time.
    Explanation
    Blind tasting refers to the act of tasting wine without any prior knowledge or information about the wine. This means that the taster does not know the type of wine, the grape variety, the region it comes from, or any other details that could influence their perception. The purpose of blind tasting is to evaluate the wine solely based on its taste, aroma, and other sensory characteristics, without any bias or preconceived notions. By removing the element of expectation, blind tasting allows for a more objective assessment of the wine's quality and characteristics.

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  • 2. 

    What is the difference between a 'vertical' and a 'horizontal' tasting? 

    • A.

      Vertical tastings showcase two or more consecutive vintages of the same wine; horizontal tastings showcase two or more wines from the same vintage.

    • B.

      Vertical tastings showcase two or more wines from the same vintage; Horizontal tastings showcase two or more consecutive vintagesof the same wine.

    • C.

      Vertical and horizontal refer to the position of the glass when tasting the wines.

    • D.

      'Vertical' and 'horizontal' merely indicate how the bottles used in a blind tasting have been cellared [side note: 'horiztonal' is always the better tasting to go to.]

    Correct Answer
    A. Vertical tastings showcase two or more consecutive vintages of the same wine; horizontal tastings showcase two or more wines from the same vintage.
    Explanation
    Vertical tastings showcase two or more consecutive vintages of the same wine, while horizontal tastings showcase two or more wines from the same vintage. In a vertical tasting, the focus is on comparing the differences between different vintages of the same wine, allowing tasters to understand how the wine evolves over time. On the other hand, a horizontal tasting allows tasters to compare different wines from the same vintage, highlighting the variations between different producers or vineyards within the same year.

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  • 3. 

    What is a wine flight? 

    • A.

      A succession of wine pours, designed and put into an particular order to showcase their quatities to the consumer in a comparative tasting format.

    • B.

      Any flight you take where they offer complementary blush wine to all passengers.

    • C.

      An industry term for the moment of intense thoughtfulness that usually occurs right after tasting the wine for the first time.

    • D.

      Two or more wines blended into one glass to create a 'wine-cocktail.' [note: no other ingredients, including grape based spirits, are allowed in the mixture.]

    Correct Answer
    A. A succession of wine pours, designed and put into an particular order to showcase their quatities to the consumer in a comparative tasting format.
    Explanation
    A wine flight refers to a series of wine pours that are carefully selected and arranged in a specific order. The purpose of a wine flight is to allow the consumer to compare and appreciate the different qualities of the wines being served. Each wine is presented one after another, allowing the consumer to taste and analyze them side by side. This format helps to enhance the tasting experience and allows the consumer to understand the nuances and characteristics of each wine in relation to the others.

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  • 4. 

    What does it mean if a wine is 'corked?'

    • A.

      The wine smells 'muted,' 'moldy,' or 'musty.'

    • B.

      The wine has tiny bits of cork dust floating in it.

    • C.

      The wine is ready to be served, but not yet opened.

    • D.

      'corked' is a made up term used to make the speaker sound like they know something.

    Correct Answer
    A. The wine smells 'muted,' 'moldy,' or 'musty.'
    Explanation
    If a wine is described as 'corked,' it means that the wine smells 'muted,' 'moldy,' or 'musty.' This is a common term used in the wine industry to describe a fault in the wine caused by a contaminated cork. The cork may have been tainted with a compound called trichloroanisole (TCA), which can give the wine an unpleasant aroma and affect its flavor. This is considered a flaw and can greatly diminish the enjoyment of the wine.

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  • 5. 

    Why is there different sized glassware for different wines? 

    • A.

      Different sized glassware allows the proper amount of surface area to be exposed for each variety, and is also shaped to better capture the aroma and palate experience of different wine-styles.

    • B.

      Because different glassware companies are headquartered in different countries, cultural aesthetics mandate different end-designs.

    • C.

      Some wines, due to their higher alcohol-by-volume content, are actually too heavy for certain styles of glassware; as a result, larger glasses with thick stems were designed to support them.

    • D.

      The premise of this question is flawed: all glassware is the same.

    Correct Answer
    A. Different sized glassware allows the proper amount of surface area to be exposed for each variety, and is also shaped to better capture the aroma and palate experience of different wine-styles.
    Explanation
    Different sized glassware allows the proper amount of surface area to be exposed for each variety, and is also shaped to better capture the aroma and palate experience of different wine-styles. This is because different wines have different characteristics and flavors that are best appreciated when the wine is served in the appropriate glass. The size and shape of the glass can enhance the wine's bouquet, direct the wine to specific areas of the tongue, and allow the wine to breathe properly. Therefore, having different sized glassware ensures that each wine is served in the most optimal way to enhance its unique qualities.

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  • 6. 

    Why do we swirl wine before tasting it? 

    • A.

      To volatize the aromatic compounds, making it easier to smell what the wine has to offer.

    • B.

      To mix up the sediment and evenly distribute it in the glass, so that we percieve the optimal textural sensation as well as aromatic.

    • C.

      Simply to look sophisticated.

    • D.

      Though it has no actual effect on the perception of the wine, the 'swirl' is based heavily in Napoleonic tradition, and has become a common custom as a result.

    Correct Answer
    A. To volatize the aromatic compounds, making it easier to smell what the wine has to offer.
    Explanation
    Swirling wine before tasting it helps to volatize the aromatic compounds, which means it releases the compounds into the air, making it easier to smell the aromas of the wine. This enhances the overall tasting experience by allowing the taster to fully appreciate the different scents and flavors that the wine has to offer.

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  • 7. 

    How can you tell if a wine is oxidized? 

    • A.

      The wine will have a pronounced loss of it's typical color, flavor and aroma, as well as a slightly nutty smell.

    • B.

      The wine has started to bubble and behave as if carbonated.

    • C.

      The rim of the wine appears to be bright magenta, when held over a white backdrop.

    • D.

      The wine has more sediement than usual at the base of the bottle.

    Correct Answer
    A. The wine will have a pronounced loss of it's typical color, flavor and aroma, as well as a slightly nutty smell.
    Explanation
    If a wine is oxidized, it will have a pronounced loss of its typical color, flavor, and aroma. Additionally, it may have a slightly nutty smell.

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  • 8. 

    When tasting multiple wines in one sitting, you better retain your ability to discern tastes & flavors by spitting the wine instead of swallowing. 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    When tasting multiple wines in one sitting, spitting the wine instead of swallowing allows you to retain your ability to discern tastes and flavors. This is because swallowing the wine can lead to intoxication, which can impair your senses and make it difficult to accurately evaluate each wine. By spitting, you can continue to taste and analyze the wines without the negative effects of alcohol.

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  • 9. 

    What is tannin? 

    • A.

      An astringent, bitter, organic compound found in wine that causes a 'dry' sensation in your mouth.

    • B.

      The flavor of blackcurrant and tobacco combined.

    • C.

      An added coloring compound that gives orange wines their 'orange/copper' hue.

    • D.

      The unit of measure winemakers use to rate/quantify the total acidity of a wine.

    Correct Answer
    A. An astringent, bitter, organic compound found in wine that causes a 'dry' sensation in your mouth.
    Explanation
    Tannin is an astringent, bitter, organic compound found in wine that causes a 'dry' sensation in your mouth.

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  • 10. 

    What effect does the acidity in a wine have on your mouth? 

    • A.

      It causes you to salivate.

    • B.

      It causes your mouth to feel dried-out.

    • C.

      It causes a bitter sensation.

    • D.

      It causes you to swallow faster.

    Correct Answer
    A. It causes you to salivate.
    Explanation
    The acidity in a wine causes you to salivate. When you consume a wine with high acidity, it stimulates your salivary glands, leading to an increase in saliva production. This can enhance the overall taste experience by adding freshness and liveliness to the wine. Additionally, the increased salivation can help to balance out other flavors and textures in the wine, making it more enjoyable to drink.

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  • 11. 

    What does the term 'typicity' refer to? 

    • A.

      An archetypal wine style and flavor profile that a consumer can expect from a particular wine region or varietal.

    • B.

      The font-type used to comunicate the style of the wine on the label.

    • C.

      Typicity means the exact same thing as the French word "terroir."

    • D.

      The seasonal swings in wine sales; all wines are grouped into 4 'seasonal typicities.'

    Correct Answer
    A. An archetypal wine style and flavor profile that a consumer can expect from a particular wine region or varietal.
    Explanation
    Typicity refers to the archetypal wine style and flavor profile that a consumer can expect from a particular wine region or varietal. It signifies the characteristic traits and qualities that are typically associated with a specific wine, allowing consumers to have certain expectations when choosing a wine from that region or made from a particular grape variety.

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  • 12. 

    What is a good metaphor for the 'body' of a wine? 

    • A.

      Milk. Light bodied wines could be thought of as 1% milk, medium bodied wines as 2% milk, and full bodied wines as whole milk.

    • B.

      Different Boxing classes; light bodied wines are featherweights, medium bodied wines are welterweights, and full bodied wines are heavyweights.

    • C.

      Sandpaper; light bodied wines can be thought of as 80 grit sandpaper, medium bodied wines are more like 150 grit, and full bodied wines are equivalent to 240 grit.

    • D.

      Pork Products: light bodied wines have the equivalent fat content of a pork loin, medium bodied wines have the fat content of a ham hock, and full bodied wines have the fatty richness of porkbelly/thick cut bacon.

    Correct Answer
    A. Milk. Light bodied wines could be thought of as 1% milk, medium bodied wines as 2% milk, and full bodied wines as whole milk.
    Explanation
    The metaphor of comparing the body of a wine to milk is a good explanation because it effectively conveys the concept of different levels of richness and weight in wines. Just as milk comes in different fat percentages, wines can be categorized into light, medium, and full-bodied based on their richness and texture. This metaphor helps to simplify the understanding of wine body by relating it to a familiar everyday item.

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  • 13. 

    What does the term 'terroir' refer to? 

    • A.

      The combination of soil, microclimate, aspect, water retention, native-yeasts, and traditional viticultural practices that give a wine a sense of 'place.'

    • B.

      The 'barn-like' aroma that people don't care for.

    • C.

      The sense of dread a consumer has when they realize the wine they ordered has been completely consumed.

    • D.

      Terroir is a marketing gimmick coined in mid-50's France to revitalize their flagging Bordeaux sales.

    Correct Answer
    A. The combination of soil, microclimate, aspect, water retention, native-yeasts, and traditional viticultural practices that give a wine a sense of 'place.'
    Explanation
    Terroir refers to the combination of soil, microclimate, aspect, water retention, native-yeasts, and traditional viticultural practices that give a wine a sense of 'place.' It encompasses all the environmental factors that contribute to the unique characteristics and flavors of a wine, reflecting the specific geographic location where the grapes are grown. This term is widely used in the wine industry to highlight the importance of terroir in the quality and identity of a wine.

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  • 14. 

    If you chill a white wine down to below room temperature, which of the following effect (or effects) will it have on the wine? 

    • A.

      Increased perceived acidity.

    • B.

      Decreased perceived acidity.

    • C.

      Increased aromatics

    • D.

      Decreased aromatics

    • E.

      Increased concentration of residual sugar

    • F.

      Decreased concentration of residual sugar

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Increased perceived acidity.
    D. Decreased aromatics
    Explanation
    Chilling a white wine down to below room temperature can have the effect of increasing the perceived acidity. This is because colder temperatures can enhance the perception of acidity in the wine. On the other hand, it can also decrease the aromatics of the wine. Lower temperatures can suppress the volatile compounds responsible for the wine's aromas, resulting in a less aromatic experience.

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  • 15. 

    If you chill a red wine down to below room temperature, which of the following effect (or effects) will it have on the wine? 

    • A.

      Increased percieved acidity.

    • B.

      Decreased percieved acidity.

    • C.

      Increased aromatics

    • D.

      Decreased aromatics

    • E.

      Increased perception of tannin

    • F.

      Decreased perception of tannin

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Increased percieved acidity.
    D. Decreased aromatics
    E. Increased perception of tannin
    Explanation
    Chilling a red wine down to below room temperature can have the following effects on the wine: increased perceived acidity, decreased aromatics, and increased perception of tannin.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 20, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Nov 17, 2013
    Quiz Created by
    PurpleSeattle

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