IV Therapy Extended Scope

20 Questions | Total Attempts: 442

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Therapy Quizzes & Trivia

What is IV therapy? Have you ever undergone this kind of therapy or came across this term before? Well, worry no more as this quiz is meant to test and advance your knowledge on the subject. Get at least 80%.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    In a fluid used for IV therapy, the sterile water into which electrolytes, proteins, or other materials are dissolved is referred to as the
    • A. 

      Tonicity.

    • B. 

      Solvent.

    • C. 

      Solute.

    • D. 

      Concentration.

  • 2. 
    .All IV fluids have the same impact within the body.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 3. 
    Which of the following are types of IV solutions?
    • A. 

      Colloids

    • B. 

      Crystalloids

    • C. 

      Blood

    • D. 

      All of the above are types of IV solutions

  • 4. 
    An IV solution contains the electrolyte sodium. Which of the following statements is true concerning the sodium?
    • A. 

      The sodium is the solution.

    • B. 

      The sodium is the solute.

    • C. 

      The sodium is the solvent.

    • D. 

      All of the above are true concerning the sodium.

  • 5. 
    You are administering an IV solution that contains large proteins and molecules. As such, what category of IV solution are you administering?
    • A. 

      Extravascular solution

    • B. 

      Crystalloid solution

    • C. 

      Colloid solution

    • D. 

      Hypotonic crystalloid solution

  • 6. 
    A crystalloid solution typically contains sterile water and ____________.
    • A. 

      Proteins

    • B. 

      blood

    • C. 

      Oxygen crystals

    • D. 

      Electrolytes

  • 7. 
    . Which of the following best describes a hypertonic solution?
    • A. 

      Concentration higher than the body plasma

    • B. 

      Concentration lower than the body plasma

    • C. 

      Contains less electrolytes than the body plasma

    • D. 

      Contains more oxygen crystals than the body plasma

  • 8. 
    Identify the crystalloid solution.
    • A. 

      Hetastarch

    • B. 

      Lactated Ringer’s

    • C. 

      Blood

    • D. 

      Oxygen-carrying solution

  • 9. 
    The tonicity of an IV solution is described as
    • A. 

      The amount of oxygen that it can carry to the cells.

    • B. 

      The type of water contained within the solution.

    • C. 

      The concentration of the solution as compared with the body plasma.

    • D. 

      The amount of blood contained within the solution.

  • 10. 
    The most commonly used fluids for prehospital IV therapy are
    • A. 

      Colloids, crystalloids, and blood

    • B. 

      Lactated Ringer’s, blood, and 5% dextrose in water (D5W)

    • C. 

      Blood, 5% dextrose in water (D5W), and sterile water

    • D. 

      Normal saline solution and lactated Ringer’s

  • 11. 
    As long as an isotonic solution is used, it makes no significant difference if the solution contains glucose molecules instead of electrolytes.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 12. 
    Osmosis is the movement of water from an area of high concentration of molecules and/or electrolytes to an area containing less of a concentration of molecules and/or electrolytes.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 13. 
    The most commonly administered IV fluid given prehospitally is a colloid solution.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 14. 
    Which of the following IV solutions contain potassium
    • A. 

      D5W

    • B. 

      0.9 NS

    • C. 

      D5 0.45 NS

    • D. 

      LR

  • 15. 
    Signs of fluid overload include:
    • A. 

      Bradycardia, elevated blood pressure and respiratory distress

    • B. 

      Tachycardia, elevated blood pressure and respiratory distress

    • C. 

      Tachycardia, decreased blood pressure and respiratory distress

    • D. 

      Bradycardia, elevated blood pressure and wheezing

  • 16. 
    Infusion of large amounts of ______ IV fluids can result in hemodilution
    • A. 

      Hypotonic

    • B. 

      Hypertonic

    • C. 

      Isotonic

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 17. 
    IV fluids are administered to:
    • A. 

      Provide volume replacement

    • B. 

      Provide a route for medication administration

    • C. 

      Provide electrolytes

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 18. 
    When ___ solutions are adminstered to a normally hydrated patient, they will cause a movement of fluid from the intravascular space into the interstitial space and intracellular compartment.
    • A. 

      Isotonic

    • B. 

      Hypertonic

    • C. 

      Hypotonic

  • 19. 
    It is important to read the label on every IV bag because
    • A. 

      Different IV solutions are packaged similarly

    • B. 

      The label contains the expiraton date of the IV fluid

    • C. 

      The name of the IV solution is on the label

    • D. 

      All of the above are reasons why the the label should be read on every IV bag