IV Essentials: Intravenous Therapy Quiz! TrIVia

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IV Essentials: Intravenous Therapy Quiz! TrIVia - Quiz

Welcome to the IV Essentials: Intravenous Therapy Quiz! Are you ready to test your knowledge about the fascinating world of intravenous therapy? Get ready for an engaging, interactive, and exciting trivia challenge that will take you on a journey through the wonders of IV therapy! Intravenous therapy, commonly known as IV therapy, is a medical technique that involves delivering fluids, medications, and nutrients directly into the bloodstream through a vein. It plays a crucial role in modern healthcare, enabling rapid and effective treatment for a wide range of conditions.

Are you familiar with the different types of IV catheters and Read moretheir uses? Can you identify the signs and symptoms of IV complications? Do you know the proper steps for administering IV fluids? Get ready to showcase your expertise! Don't worry if you're not an expert just yet – this quiz is designed to be informative and educational. You'll learn fascinating facts and gain a deeper understanding of the importance of intravenous therapy along the way.

So, grab a seat, buckle up, and prepare yourself for the IV Essentials: Intravenous Therapy Quiz! Let's dive into the world of IV therapy and see how well you can navigate its intricacies. Good luck!


Intravenous Therapy Questions and Answers

  • 1. 

    What is the purpose of valves in veins?

    • A.

      To redirect blood flow to another vein.

    • B.

      To shut off blood flow to stop bleeding.

    • C.

      To prevent backflow of blood as it travels through the body.

    • D.

      To help blood flow more forcefully through the body.

    Correct Answer
    C. To prevent backflow of blood as it travels through the body.
    Explanation
    The purpose of valves in veins is to prevent backflow of blood as it travels through the body. Veins carry blood back to the heart, and the valves ensure that blood flows in one direction, preventing it from flowing backward. This is important because backflow can lead to pooling of blood and inefficient circulation. The valves act as gatekeepers, opening to allow blood to flow forward and closing to prevent it from flowing backward.

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  • 2. 

    What is the best choice of cannula size?

    • A.

      The largest one you feel you can successfully insert in the patient.

    • B.

      The smallest one you can find.

    • C.

      The smallest gauge to accommodate therapy.

    • D.

      The largest gauge your facility has.

    Correct Answer
    C. The smallest gauge to accommodate therapy.
    Explanation
    The best choice of cannula size is the smallest gauge that can accommodate therapy. This is because using a smaller gauge minimizes trauma to the patient's tissues and reduces the risk of complications such as bleeding or infection. Additionally, a smaller gauge cannula may be more comfortable for the patient and easier to insert. Choosing the smallest gauge that still allows for the necessary therapy ensures optimal patient care.

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  • 3. 

    When a patient who needs an IV has cold extremities and few visible or small veins, which of the following techniques is acceptable to help improve the likelihood of a successful IV insertion?

    • A.

      Turn up the heat in the room and return in about an hour when the patient is warmer.

    • B.

      Apply warm packs to the extremity for 5-10 minutes.

    • C.

      Blow warm air on the extremity with a blow dryer for 3-5 minutes.

    • D.

      Allow the tourniquet to remain in place for a few minutes while you prepare your equipment.

    Correct Answer
    B. Apply warm packs to the extremity for 5-10 minutes.
    Explanation
    When a patient has cold extremities and few visible or small veins, applying warm packs to the extremity for 5-10 minutes can help improve blood flow and dilate the veins, making them more visible and easier to access for IV insertion. This technique helps to warm up the extremity and increase the likelihood of a successful IV insertion. Turning up the heat in the room or blowing warm air on the extremity may provide temporary warmth but may not be as effective in improving vein visibility. Allowing the tourniquet to remain in place for a few minutes does not directly address the issue of cold extremities and may not improve vein visibility.

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  • 4. 

    After applying the tourniquet, if the vein feels hard or rope-like, what should you do?

    • A.

      Use it, as it's the best choice for an IV.

    • B.

      Stretch it to prevent rolling.

    • C.

      Select another site.

    • D.

      Have the patient relax his/her fist.

    Correct Answer
    C. Select another site.
    Explanation
    If the vein feels hard or rope-like after applying the tourniquet, it indicates that the vein may not be suitable for an IV insertion. Selecting another site would be the best course of action in order to find a vein that is more suitable for the procedure.

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  • 5. 

    What is the first step in preparing the IV site?

    • A.

      Wash your hands

    • B.

      Put on gloves

    • C.

      Clean the site with an antiseptic

    • D.

      Apply a tourniquet

    Correct Answer
    A. Wash your hands
    Explanation
    The first step in preparing the IV site is to wash your hands. This is important to ensure proper hygiene and prevent the spread of any germs or infections to the patient. By washing your hands, you remove any dirt, bacteria, or other contaminants that may be present on your hands, reducing the risk of introducing them into the IV site. It is a crucial step in maintaining a sterile environment and ensuring the safety of the patient.

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  • 6. 

    What is the second step in preparing the IV site?

    • A.

      Put on gloves

    • B.

      Put on a gown

    • C.

      Put on eye protection

    • D.

      Put on a mask

    Correct Answer
    A. Put on gloves
    Explanation
    The second step in preparing the IV site is to put on gloves. This is important to maintain proper hygiene and prevent the spread of infection. Gloves create a barrier between the healthcare provider's hands and the patient's skin, reducing the risk of contamination. By wearing gloves, the healthcare provider can safely handle equipment and perform procedures without directly touching the patient's site, ensuring a sterile environment.

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  • 7. 

    While in the process of inserting an IV, which of the following is NOT acceptable?

    • A.

      Enter the skin at a 30-40 degree angle

    • B.

      A device may be reused as long as it is in the same site as the original attempt

    • C.

      Enter the skin directly over the vein

    • D.

      Enter the skin slightly adjacent to the vein and direct the needle into the side of the vein wall

    Correct Answer
    B. A device may be reused as long as it is in the same site as the original attempt
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "a device may be reused as long as it is in the same site as the original attempt." Reusing a device for IV insertion is not acceptable as it can increase the risk of infection and contamination. It is important to use a new, sterile device for each IV insertion to ensure patient safety and prevent the spread of infection.

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  • 8. 

    How can you verify that you have entered the vein with the IV catheter?

    • A.

      You will be able to see the catheter through the skin.

    • B.

      You learn through experience where the vein should be located.

    • C.

      You observe a flashback of blood.

    • D.

      You palpate with your non-dominant hand for the "pop" of the vein when the needle enters it.

    Correct Answer
    C. You observe a flashback of blood.
    Explanation
    When inserting an IV catheter, one way to verify that you have entered the vein is by observing a flashback of blood. This means that once the needle punctures the vein, blood will flow back into the catheter, indicating successful placement. This visual confirmation ensures that the catheter is indeed inside the vein and not in the surrounding tissue.

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  • 9. 

    What would be an indication that your IV insertion attempt was not successful?

    • A.

      The insertion site begins to bruise.

    • B.

      The insertion site does not flush easily.

    • C.

      The site swells when fluids are flushed through

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    All of the above options indicate that the IV insertion attempt was not successful. If the insertion site begins to bruise, it suggests that there may have been damage to the surrounding tissues during the insertion process. If the insertion site does not flush easily, it indicates that the catheter may not be properly positioned within the vein or that there may be a blockage. Lastly, if the site swells when fluids are flushed through, it suggests that there may be infiltration or extravasation of fluids into the surrounding tissues, indicating an unsuccessful insertion.

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  • 10. 

    After 2 unsuccessful attempts at insertion of an IV, what is the best thing for a healthcare professional to do?

    • A.

      Call the doctor to tell him you can't get the IV.

    • B.

      Keep trying until you get the IV.

    • C.

      Consult another professional to initiate therapy.

    • D.

      Hydrate the patient with oral fluids and try again in a few hours.

    Correct Answer
    C. Consult another professional to initiate therapy.
    Explanation
    After 2 unsuccessful attempts at insertion of an IV, the best thing for a healthcare professional to do is to consult another professional to initiate therapy. This is because multiple unsuccessful attempts may indicate that the healthcare professional is unable to successfully insert the IV, and it would be best to seek assistance from someone with more expertise in order to ensure the patient receives the necessary therapy in a timely manner.

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  • 11. 

    When securing the hub of the IV cannula to the skin, it is very important to:

    • A.

      Ensure that the tape does not cover the insertion site.

    • B.

      Ensure that the patient is unable to see the insertion site.

    • C.

      Ensure that the extremity is completely immobilized.

    • D.

      Ensure that the cannula is taped to the tubing or saline/heparin lock device.

    Correct Answer
    A. Ensure that the tape does not cover the insertion site.
    Explanation
    When securing the hub of the IV cannula to the skin, it is important to ensure that the tape does not cover the insertion site. This is because covering the insertion site with tape can make it difficult to monitor the site for signs of infection or infiltration. It is necessary to have a clear view of the insertion site to assess for any complications and to ensure proper care and maintenance of the IV cannula.

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  • 12. 

    It is NOT the best choice to use a gauze dressing in which of the following patient care situations?

    • A.

      When the patient is diaphoretic.

    • B.

      With a patient at end of life.

    • C.

      When the IV needs to be viewed routinely.

    • D.

      When there is a lot of moisture on the patient's skin.

    Correct Answer
    C. When the IV needs to be viewed routinely.
    Explanation
    Using a gauze dressing when the IV needs to be viewed routinely is not the best choice because gauze can obstruct the view of the IV site and make it difficult to assess for any signs of infection or complications. In this situation, a transparent or clear dressing would be more appropriate as it allows for easy visualization of the IV site while still providing protection and maintaining a sterile environment.

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  • 13. 

    After flushing a saline/heparin lock device, why is it important to clamp the connection tubing prior to removing the syringe?

    • A.

      Positive pressure prevents backflow of blood into the cannula and can increase patency of your IV.

    • B.

      If you take the syringe out first, you risk contamination of the IV site because the system is no longer closed.

    • C.

      Clamping th tubing prevents blood from coming out of the IV site, preventing the risk of exposure to blood for the professional.

    • D.

      If you do not clamp the tubing first, air may be allowed to enter the tubing and the patient's life may be at risk.

    Correct Answer
    A. Positive pressure prevents backflow of blood into the cannula and can increase patency of your IV.
    Explanation
    When a saline/heparin lock device is flushed, positive pressure is created in the tubing. This positive pressure prevents the backflow of blood into the cannula, which can occur if the connection tubing is not clamped. This backflow of blood can lead to clotting and blockage of the IV, reducing its patency. Therefore, it is important to clamp the connection tubing before removing the syringe to maintain the positive pressure and prevent backflow of blood, thus increasing the patency of the IV.

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  • 14. 

    What information is important to include on the label of the IV dressing?

    • A.

      Date IV was initiated

    • B.

      Time IV was initiated

    • C.

      The initials of the professional who initiated the IV

    • D.

      All of the above

    • E.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    All of the information mentioned on the label of the IV dressing is important. The date and time of IV initiation help in tracking the duration of IV therapy and identifying any potential complications. The initials of the professional who initiated the IV are crucial for accountability and communication purposes among the healthcare team. Including all of this information ensures proper documentation and facilitates continuity of care.

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  • 15. 

    What do you do before leaving the patient's room after initiating IV access?

    • A.

      Wash your hands

    • B.

      Put on gloves

    • C.

      Put on gown

    • D.

      Put on mask

    Correct Answer
    A. Wash your hands
    Explanation
    Before leaving the patient's room after initiating IV access, it is important to wash your hands. This is a crucial step in infection control and helps to prevent the spread of pathogens. By washing your hands, you can remove any potential contaminants and reduce the risk of transmitting infections to yourself or other patients.

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  • 16. 

    What is the final step after completion of a venipuncture?

    • A.

      Report to the doctor

    • B.

      Document your actions and how the procedure was tolerated

    • C.

      Clean up your mess

    Correct Answer
    B. Document your actions and how the procedure was tolerated
    Explanation
    After completing a venipuncture, it is important to document your actions and how the procedure was tolerated. This documentation serves as a record of the procedure and provides valuable information for future reference. It includes details such as the date and time of the venipuncture, the vein used, any complications encountered, and how the patient reacted to the procedure. This documentation ensures accuracy, accountability, and continuity of care, allowing healthcare professionals to monitor the patient's progress and make informed decisions regarding their treatment.

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  • 17. 

    What is the most important step when discontinuing IV therapy?

    • A.

      Ensure the patient isn't bruised.

    • B.

      Inspect the extremity for any signs of edema and apply a warm compress if swelling is noted.

    • C.

      Inspect the condition of the catheter tip and notify the physician immediately if any damage is noted.

    • D.

      Document the date, time and initials of the professional who removed the IV on the patient's band-aid.

    Correct Answer
    C. Inspect the condition of the catheter tip and notify the physician immediately if any damage is noted.
    Explanation
    The most important step when discontinuing IV therapy is to inspect the condition of the catheter tip and notify the physician immediately if any damage is noted. This is crucial because a damaged catheter can lead to complications such as infection or infiltration of medication into the surrounding tissues. By inspecting the catheter tip and notifying the physician, appropriate measures can be taken to address any issues and ensure the patient's safety and well-being.

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  • 18. 

    It is not necessary to wear gloves when discontinuing an IV since there is no risk of exposure to blood or body fluids.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    When discontinuing an IV, there is a risk of exposure to blood or body fluids, especially if the IV site is not properly cleaned or if the patient has a bloodborne infection. Wearing gloves is essential to protect oneself from potential contamination and to maintain proper infection control protocols. Therefore, the statement that it is not necessary to wear gloves when discontinuing an IV is false.

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  • 19. 

    In order to prevent needle sticks and exposure to HIV and other bloodborne pathogens, it is of utmost importance that healthcare professionals dispose of all used IV catheters and cannulas in the proper containers.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Healthcare professionals need to dispose of used IV catheters and cannulas in proper containers to prevent needle sticks and exposure to bloodborne pathogens like HIV. This is crucial for the safety of both the professionals and patients. By disposing of these items correctly, the risk of accidental needle sticks and transmission of infections can be minimized. Therefore, the statement "In order to prevent needle sticks and exposure to HIV and other bloodborne pathogens, it is of utmost importance that healthcare professionals dispose of all used IV catheters and cannulas in the proper containers" is true.

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  • 20. 

    What is the primary function of veins?

    • A.

      To carry blood from the body to the heart.

    • B.

      To carry blood from the heart to the body.

    • C.

      To carry blood from the lungs to the body.

    • D.

      To carry oxygenated blood to the body.

    Correct Answer
    A. To carry blood from the body to the heart.
    Explanation
    Veins are blood vessels that carry blood back to the heart from the body. They have one-way valves that prevent the backward flow of blood and rely on muscle contractions to help propel the blood towards the heart. This function is essential for maintaining proper circulation and ensuring that deoxygenated blood is returned to the heart to be reoxygenated.

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  • 21. 

    What is the first step in the insertion of a peripheral IV line or saline lock?

    • A.

      Get permission from the patient/family member.

    • B.

      Obtain a physician's order.

    • C.

      Clean the insertion site with an antiseptic.

    • D.

      Educate the patient about the need for IV access.

    Correct Answer
    B. Obtain a physician's order.
    Explanation
    The first step in the insertion of a peripheral IV line or saline lock is to obtain a physician's order. This is necessary to ensure that the procedure is authorized by a medical professional and is appropriate for the patient's condition. Obtaining a physician's order also helps to ensure that the correct type and size of IV catheter is used, as well as any specific instructions or precautions that may be necessary. Once the physician's order is obtained, the healthcare provider can proceed with the other steps of the insertion process, such as cleaning the insertion site with an antiseptic.

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  • 22. 

    When is the ideal time to use a winged infusion set (butterfly needle)?

    • A.

      With agitated patients

    • B.

      For long-term therapy

    • C.

      For patients with fragile veins

    • D.

      For IV push drugs

    Correct Answer
    C. For patients with fragile veins
    Explanation
    The ideal time to use a winged infusion set (butterfly needle) is for patients with fragile veins. This is because the butterfly needle has a smaller gauge and a shorter length, which reduces the risk of causing damage or discomfort to the patient's veins. Using a butterfly needle can make the process of inserting the needle and withdrawing blood or administering medication easier and less painful for patients with fragile veins.

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  • 23. 

    In which of the following circumstances would one choose an over-the-needle catheter over a winged infusion set for IV insertion?

    • A.

      A patient who is scheduled for knee replacement surgery tomorrow.

    • B.

      A patient who needs a CT scan with infusion.

    • C.

      A child who is getting a tonsillectomy today.

    • D.

      An infant who needs antibiotic therapy for possible sepsis.

    Correct Answer
    D. An infant who needs antibiotic therapy for possible sepsis.
    Explanation
    An over-the-needle catheter would be chosen over a winged infusion set for IV insertion in the case of an infant who needs antibiotic therapy for possible sepsis. This is because an over-the-needle catheter provides better stability and control during insertion, which is important when dealing with delicate veins in infants. The catheter also allows for the administration of larger volumes of fluids or medications, which may be necessary in the treatment of sepsis. The other options, such as knee replacement surgery, CT scan, or tonsillectomy, do not require the same level of precision or volume administration as the treatment of sepsis in an infant.

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  • 24. 

    If a patient is expected to need multiple IVs or an extended hospitalization, where is it best to choose for the first IV?

    • A.

      Antecubital fossa

    • B.

      Non-dominant hand

    • C.

      Dominant forearm

    • D.

      It doesn't matter where the first IV is placed.

    Correct Answer
    A. Antecubital fossa
    Explanation
    The antecubital fossa is the best location to choose for the first IV because it is a convenient and easily accessible site for venipuncture. It is located in the bend of the arm, where the veins are large and close to the surface, making it easier to insert the IV needle and administer fluids or medications. Additionally, the antecubital fossa is less prone to movement compared to other areas like the hand or forearm, reducing the risk of dislodgement or complications. Therefore, selecting the antecubital fossa for the first IV is the most practical and efficient choice.

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  • 25. 

    Which of the following veins should be avoided when initiating an IV?

    • A.

      Lower extremities of a diabetic patient.

    • B.

      Previously used veins and sclerotic veins.

    • C.

      Veins in the affected arm of a woman with a mastectomy.

    • D.

      Veins in the arm of a dialysis AV fistula.

    Correct Answer
    D. Veins in the arm of a dialysis AV fistula.
    Explanation
    Veins in the arm of a dialysis AV fistula should be avoided when initiating an IV because the AV fistula is a surgically created connection between an artery and a vein that is used for dialysis. The AV fistula is essential for the dialysis process and should not be compromised by inserting an IV needle into the vein.

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  • 26. 

    When preparing to insert the needle into the skin, the bevel should be:

    • A.

      Down

    • B.

      Up

    • C.

      It doesn't matter.

    Correct Answer
    B. Up
    Explanation
    When preparing to insert the needle into the skin, the bevel should be up. This is because the bevel is the slanted opening at the tip of the needle, and when it is facing up, it allows for easier penetration into the skin. This positioning also helps to minimize tissue damage and provides a smoother insertion. Placing the bevel up also ensures that the medication or fluid being administered is properly delivered into the intended area.

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  • 27. 

    What step would you take if you have attempted IV access and are unsure of proper placement?

    • A.

      Remove the catheter and try again.

    • B.

      Attempt to flush the catheter.

    • C.

      Pull the catheter back a few millimeters and check for blood return

    • D.

      Go ahead and begin IV infusion.

    Correct Answer
    C. Pull the catheter back a few millimeters and check for blood return
    Explanation
    If you have attempted IV access and are unsure of proper placement, pulling the catheter back a few millimeters and checking for blood return is the appropriate step to take. This is because if the catheter is not properly placed within a vein, there may not be any blood return when it is pulled back slightly. Checking for blood return helps to ensure that the catheter is in the correct position before proceeding with IV infusion.

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  • 28. 

    When using a transparent semi-permeable membrane dressing on an IV site, it is important to avoid:

    • A.

      Cleansing the site before applying the dressing

    • B.

      Smoothing the dressing from the center to the edges

    • C.

      Applying tape around the edges of the dressing

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    When using a transparent semi-permeable membrane dressing on an IV site, it is important to avoid cleansing the site before applying the dressing because it can disrupt the integrity of the skin and increase the risk of infection. Smoothing the dressing from the center to the edges should also be avoided as it can cause wrinkles or bubbles, which may compromise the adherence of the dressing and create a potential site for bacteria to enter. Applying tape around the edges of the dressing should be avoided as well because it can cause skin irritation and damage when removing the tape. Therefore, all of the above options should be avoided when using a transparent semi-permeable membrane dressing on an IV site.

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  • 29. 

    A transparent semi-permeable dressing applied over gauze is considered a gauze dressing and should be changed every 48 hours.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    A transparent semi-permeable dressing is not considered a gauze dressing. It is a different type of dressing that allows for visualization of the wound while still providing a barrier to protect it. These dressings are typically designed to be left in place for longer periods, usually up to 7 days, before changing. Therefore, the statement that it should be changed every 48 hours is incorrect.

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  • 30. 

    Which of the following materials are necessary when preparing to start an IV?

    • A.

      Gloves, gown, and eye protection.

    • B.

      IV start kit, IV catheter, and saline flush.

    • C.

      Gown, IV start kit, and mask.

    • D.

      Mask, primed saline or heparin lock, and gloves.

    Correct Answer
    B. IV start kit, IV catheter, and saline flush.
    Explanation
    When preparing to start an IV, it is necessary to have an IV start kit, IV catheter, and saline flush. An IV start kit contains all the necessary equipment for starting an IV, including a tourniquet, antiseptic solution, and dressings. The IV catheter is the needle that is inserted into the vein to administer fluids or medications. The saline flush is used to flush the catheter and ensure it is properly functioning. Gloves, gown, eye protection, and mask may be used for personal protection, but they are not specific to starting an IV.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 30, 2024
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Jun 27, 2011
    Quiz Created by
    Mayim Wiens
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