Intravenous Therapy For Prehospital Providers - 30 Mins - EMT-p

13 Questions | Total Attempts: 420

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EMT Quizzes & Trivia

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which of the following is not an electrolyte that plays an important role in the body?
    • A. 

      Bicarbonate

    • B. 

      Calcium

    • C. 

      Sodium

    • D. 

      Hydrogen

  • 2. 
    A hypotonic solution such as D5W may be needed for a patient on dialysis when diuretic therapy dehydrates the cells.
    • A. 

      TRUE

    • B. 

      FALSE

  • 3. 
    Which of the following describes the term “isotonic?”
    • A. 

      A solution that has the same concentration of sodium as does the cell.

    • B. 

      The natural tendency for substances to flow from an area of higher concentration to an area of lower concentration.

    • C. 

      A solution that has a higher concentration of potassium than does the cell.

    • D. 

      A solution that has a lower concentration of sodium than the cell.

  • 4. 
    Indicate which of the following is the correct dosage administration of D50 for a child.
    • A. 

      ½ amp of D50 plus ½ amp normal saline

    • B. 

      8 mL normal saline plus 2 mL of D50

    • C. 

      1 full amp of D50

    • D. 

      ¾ amp of D50 plus ¼ amp of normal saline

  • 5. 
    What problem do the following signs indicate? ·fever ·allergic reaction ·acute, sharp lower back pain ·hemolytic reaction ·cyanosis
    • A. 

      Jugular vein distention

    • B. 

      Reaction to Rh factor

    • C. 

      Transfusion reaction

    • D. 

      Metabolic acidosis

  • 6. 
    Which of the following is a sign of the progressive phase of shock?
    • A. 

      Patient appears to bounce back to normal

    • B. 

      Development of postural hypotension

    • C. 

      Pale, cool, clammy skin

    • D. 

      750 mL blood loss

  • 7. 
    Which of the following should not be done in the event of an allergic reaction to an IV medication?
    • A. 

      Slow the IV rate

    • B. 

      Discontinue the IV and remove the solution

    • C. 

      Leave the catheter in place

    • D. 

      Monitor ABCs and vital signs

  • 8. 
    When administering IV therapy to a geriatric patient, you should:
    • A. 

      Use a varicose vein

    • B. 

      Use a small gauge catheter

    • C. 

      Monitor closely to prevent fluid overloads

    • D. 

      Avoid the use of tape

  • 9. 
    “If a patient’s respiratory rate is too high, __________ is likely to develop.”
    • A. 

      Hypokalemia

    • B. 

      Acidosis

    • C. 

      Hypercalcemia

    • D. 

      Alkalosis

  • 10. 
    “Decreased urine output leads to __________, which leads to an increase in HCO3-, which leads to __________.”
    • A. 

      An increase in H+, acidosis

    • B. 

      An increase in CO2, acidosis

    • C. 

      A decrease in H+, alkalosis

    • D. 

      A decrease in CO2, acidosis

  • 11. 
    2 mL of isotonic crystalloid solution are needed to replace 1 mL of patient blood.
    • A. 

      TRUE

    • B. 

      FALSE

  • 12. 
    If a hematoma appears to be controlled and the flow of the IV is not affected, monitor the IV site and leave the line in place.
    • A. 

      TRUE

    • B. 

      FALSE

  • 13. 
    In selecting an IV site, you should:
    • A. 

      Avoid areas that have a round appearance

    • B. 

      Avoid areas where the vein crosses over joints

    • C. 

      Generally use large, protruding veins

    • D. 

      Avoid veins that appear firm when palpated