A solution that has the same concentration of sodium as does the cell.
The natural tendency for substances to flow from an area of higher concentration to an area of lower concentration.
A solution that has a higher concentration of potassium than does the cell.
A solution that has a lower concentration of sodium than the cell.
½ amp of D50 plus ½ amp normal saline
8 mL normal saline plus 2 mL of D50
1 full amp of D50
¾ amp of D50 plus ¼ amp of normal saline
Jugular vein distention
Reaction to Rh factor
Patient appears to bounce back to normal
Development of postural hypotension
Pale, cool, clammy skin
750 mL blood loss
Slow the IV rate
Discontinue the IV and remove the solution
Leave the catheter in place
Monitor ABCs and vital signs
Use a varicose vein
Use a small gauge catheter
Monitor closely to prevent fluid overloads
Avoid the use of tape
An increase in H+, acidosis
An increase in CO2, acidosis
A decrease in H+, alkalosis
A decrease in CO2, acidosis
Avoid areas that have a round appearance
Avoid areas where the vein crosses over joints
Generally use large, protruding veins
Avoid veins that appear firm when palpated