An Introduction To Ethical Theories For Application To Nursing Practice

13 Questions | Total Attempts: 240

SettingsSettingsSettings
Please wait...
An Introduction To Ethical Theories For Application To Nursing Practice

NOTE: The content for this quiz was developed from "Appendix A - Flow Tree: Introduction to Ethical Theories for Application to Nursing Practice" which can be found in the " Philosophical Concepts in Teaching Learning" group assignment. Please see individual questions for direct references, and reference list located at the end of quiz.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    What is Moral Philosophy? (Choose all that apply) 
    • A. 

      The examination of beliefs and assumptions

    • B. 

      The nature of certain values

    • C. 

      Includes discussion of good or bad

  • 2. 
    Ethical Theory offers a formal process for applying moral philosophy.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 3. 
    Nurses engaging in compassionate care through their speech, and body language are examples of virtue ethics.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 4. 
    What is virtue ethics?
    • A. 

      The rightness or wrongness of an act

    • B. 

      Individuals actions are based on a certain degree of moral virtue

    • C. 

      Recognition that all are equal and can make autonomous decisions

  • 5. 
    What is deontology? (Choose all that apply)
    • A. 

      The rightness or wrongness of an act depends upon the nature of the act rather than its consequences

    • B. 

      Recognition that all are equal and can make autonomous decisions

    • C. 

      Nursing actions are motivated by self-interest and not duty

  • 6. 
    Nurses providing care using appropriate safety precautions during an outbreak such as SARS is an example of?
    • A. 

      Deontology

    • B. 

      Virtue Ethics

    • C. 

      Utilitarianism

  • 7. 
    What is Utilitarianism? (Choose all that apply)
    • A. 

      An action is judged good or bad in relation to the consequences

    • B. 

      Always looking forward and assessing potential outcomes

    • C. 

      Overall good is maximized by following rules in all situation (i.e. being truthful)

  • 8. 
    To make decisions about ethical situations, nurses need to be aware of their own personal values.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 9. 
    According to the CNO, the Ethical Values that are important in providing nursing care are? (Choose all that apply)
    • A. 

      Client well-being and client choice

    • B. 

      Privacy, confidentiality, and respect for life

    • C. 

      Maintaining commitments, truthfulness, and fairness

  • 10. 
    You are caring for a client Mr. M who has dialysis 3 times per week. He tells you today that he no longer wishes to have his dialysis treatment any longer. As his nurse who provides his care during all his dialysis treatment, you know that if Mr. M does not have his dialysis treatment, he will not survive, and this goes against what you believe to be in his best interest. How can you continue to provide care for Mr. M while respecting his choice. (Choose all that apply)
    • A. 

      Respecting Mr. .M's. wishes

    • B. 

      Telling Mr. M that the doctor has decided his plan of care and you need to follow the doctor's orders

    • C. 

      Exploring his rationale for his decision

    • D. 

      Seek assistance from the health care team

  • 11. 
    You are a nurse who has worked in a high acuity department for many years. There have been many cutbacks recently, and nursing hours have been cut. The manager, and clinical leader have made the decision to increase the patient load for nurses from 5:1 to  8:1. As a senior nurse in the department a number of your new grad nursing colleagues have come to you and complained about the difficulty they are having proving safe care for 8 patients at one time, and their fear that they will make mistakes. What can you do when faced with this ethical situation to maintain a commitment to your department, colleagues and to ensure safety of the patients? (select all that apply)
    • A. 

      Contribute to positive team functioning and provide support to each other

    • B. 

      Explore solutions that will meet the needs of the clients, the nurses, and the department

    • C. 

      Make the manager/clinical leader aware of concerns in the department

    • D. 

      Advocate for nursing input into policies relating to client care

  • 12. 
    As a nurse in a busy ER department you and a few of your co-workers have noticed a trend where clients presenting with mental concerns, are not being assessed by the ER physicians but are being passed over for clients with other concerns such as chest pain, or abdominal pain. The patients with mental health concerns are being placed in a quiet room or locked room and are asked to wait for hours before care is provided.  What can you do to address this ethical situation?
    • A. 

      Understand that some groups in society are systematically disadvantaged which leads to diminished health

    • B. 

      The client has to wait until the ER physician is ready as the ER physician determines the order the patients are seen

    • C. 

      Collaborate with the other health care team members (MD, charge nurse, manager) and advocate for changes to unethical practices

  • 13. 
    References Alligood, M. R., & Tomey, A. M. (2002). Nursing Theory: Utilization & Application (3rd ed.). Missouri: Mosby Andrews, M. M., & Boyle, J.S. (2002). Transcultural concepts in nursing care. Journal of Transcultural Nursing, 13(3), 178-80. Burkhardt, M. A., Nathaniel, A. K., & Walton, N. A. (2010). Ethical theory. Ethics and issues in contemporary nursing (1st ed.). Toronto, ON: Nelson Canadian Nurses Association (CNA). (2008). Code of ethics for registered nurses. Retrieved from http://www2.cna-aiic.ca/cna/documents/pdf/publications/Code_of_Ethics_2008_e.pdf Caring Science (Definitions, Processes, Theory). (2012). Retrieved November 1, 2013, from             http://watsoncaringscience.org/about-us/caring-science-definitions-processes-theory/ Christie, T., Groarke, L., & Sweet, W. (2007). Virtue ethics as an alternative to deontological and consequential reasoning in the harm reduction debate. International Journal of Drug Policy, 19, 52-58. College of Nurses of Ontario. (2006). Practice Standard: Therapeutic relationships revised. Retrieved from http://www.cno.org/Global/docs/prac/41033_Therapeutic.pdf College of Nurses of Ontario (CNO). (2009). Practice Standard: Ethics. Retrieved from http://www.cno.org/Global/docs/prac/41034_Ethics.pdf College of Nurses of Ontario. (2009). Practice Standard: Culturally sensitive care. Retrieved from http://www.cno.org/Global/docs/prac/41040_CulturallySens.pdf College of Nurses of Ontario. (2002). Practice standards: Professional Standards, Revised. Retrieved from http://www.cno.org/Global/docs/prac/41006_ProfStds.pdf Costa, D. S. J., Mullan, B. A., Kothe, E. J., & Butow, P. (2010). A web-based formative assessment tool for Masters students: A pilot study. Computers & Education, 54, 1248-1253. doi:10.1016/j.compedu.2009.11.011 Kuhl, D. (2002). What dying people want practical wisdom for the end of life. Toronto: Doubleday. Leininger, M. (2002). Culture Care Theory: A Major Contribution to Advance Transcultural Nursing Knowledge and Practices. Journal of Transcultural Nursing, 13(3), 189- 192. Martin, D. J. (1994). Concept mapping as an aid to lesson planning: a longitudinal study. Journal of Elementary Science Education, 6(2), 11-30. Mitchell, G. H., Jonas-Simpson, C. M., & Cross, N. (2013). Innovative nursing education: interrelating narrative, conceptual learning, reflection, and complexity science. Journal of Nursing Education and Practice, 3(4), 30-39. doi:10.5430/jnep.v3n4p30 Olsen, N. C. (2013). Self-reflection: Foundation for meaningful nursing practice. Reflections On Nursing Leadership, 39(2), 1-4. Parker, M. E., & Smith, M. C. (Eds.). (2010). Nursing Theories and Nursing Practice (3rd ed.). Philadelphia: F. A. Davis Company. Registered Nurses’ Association of Ontario. (2002). Establishing Therapeutic Relationships. Retrieved from http://rnao.ca/bpg/guidelines/establishing-therapeutic-relationships Registered Nurses' Association of Ontario. (2006). Establishing Therapeutic Relationships Supplement. Retrieved November 1, 2013, from http://rnao.ca/sites/rnaoca/files/storage/related/943_BPG_TR_Supplement.pdf   Suliman, W. A., Welmann, E., Omer, T., & Thomas, L. (2009). Applying Watson’s nursing theory to assess patient perceptions of being cared for in a multicultural environment. Journal of Nursing Research, 17(4), 293-300. doi:10.1097/JNR.0b013e3181c122a3 Tomey, A. M., & Alligood, M. R. (2006). Nursing theorists and their work. (6th ed.) Philadelphia. PA: Mosby. Tuckett, A. G. (1998). An Ethic of the Fitting: a Conceptual Framework for Nursing Practice. Nursing Enquiry, 5, 220-227.      
Back to Top Back to top