Legal, Ethical And Cultural Considerations Quiz

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Legal, Ethical And Cultural Considerations Quiz - Quiz

Are you a nursing student and need some practice for your coursework? Here is an interesting legal, ethical, and cultural considerations quiz that will help you learn more about legal, ethical, and cultural considerations. Being a nurse is not just about giving care to the ailing; some legal, ethical, and cultural rules must follow while they meet their mandate. Take the quiz and learn interesting facts.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The best explanation of what Title VI of the Civil Rights Act mandates is the freedom to:
    • A. 

      Pick any physician and insurance company despite one’s income.

    • B. 

      Receive free medical benefits as needed within the county of residence.

    • C. 

      Have equal access to all health care regardless of race and religion.

  • 2. 
    Which statement would best explain the role of the nurse when planning care for a culturally diverse population? The nurse will plan care to:
    • A. 

      Include care that is culturally congruent with the staff from predetermined criteria.

    • B. 

      Focus only on the needs of the client, ignoring the nurse’s beliefs and practices.

    • C. 

      Blend the values of the nurse that are for the good of the client and minimize the client’s individual values and beliefs during care.

    • D. 

      Provide care while aware of one’s own bias, focusing on the client’s individual needs rather than the staff’s practices.

  • 3. 
    A retired nurse stops to help in an emergency at the scene of an accident if the injured party files suit and the nurse would probably be covered by:
    • A. 

      Her homeowner's insurance

    • B. 

      Her automobile insurance

    • C. 

      National Care Act

    • D. 

      The Good Samaritan Law

  • 4. 
    Which factor is least significant during assessment when gathering information about cultural practices?
    • A. 

      Which factor is least significant during assessment when gathering information about cultural practices?

    • B. 

      Touch, eye contact

    • C. 

      Bio-cultural needs

    • D. 

      Pain perception, management expectations

  • 5. 
    Obtaining informed consent is the responsibility of:
    • A. 

      The physician

    • B. 

      The RN manager

    • C. 

      The nurse

    • D. 

      The CNA

  • 6. 
    Transcultural nursing implies:
    • A. 

      Working in another culture to practice nursing within their limitations.

    • B. 

      Using a comparative study of cultures to understand similarities and differences across human groups to provide specific individualized care that is culturally appropriate.

    • C. 

      Combining all cultural beliefs into a practice that is a non-threatening approach to minimize cultural barriers for all clients’ equality of care.

    • D. 

      Ignoring all cultural differences to provide best-generalized care to all clients.

  • 7. 
    The nurse notes that an advance directive is in the client's medical record. Which of the following statements represents the best description of guidelines a nurse would follow in this case?
    • A. 

      A durable power of attorney for health care is invoked only when the client has a terminal condition or is in a persistent vegetative state.

    • B. 

      A living will allows an appointed person to make health care decisions when the client is in an incapacitated state.

    • C. 

      A living will is invoked only when the client has a terminal condition or is in a persistent vegetative state.

    • D. 

      The client cannot make changes in the advance directive once the client is admitted into the hospital.

  • 8. 
    What should the nurse do when planning nursing care for a client with a different cultural background? The nurse should:
    • A. 

      Allow the family to provide care during the hospital stay so no rituals or customs are broken.

    • B. 

      Identify how these cultural variables affect the health problem.

    • C. 

      Speak slowly and show pictures to make sure the client always understands.

    • D. 

      Explain how the client must adapt to hospital routines to be effectively cared for while in the hospital.

  • 9. 
    As an advocate for the client, the nurse must make sure that "safe, effective care" is given in conformity with the:
    • A. 

      Nurse Practice Act (NPA).

    • B. 

      American Nursing Association (ANA).

    • C. 

      National Council for Licensure Examinations.

    • D. 

      State Board of Licensure.

  • 10. 
    Ethical principles for professional nursing practice in a clinical setting are guided by the principles of conduct that are written as the:
    • A. 

      American Nurses Association’s (ANA’s) Code of Ethics.

    • B. 

      Nurse Practice Act (NPA) written by state legislation.

    • C. 

      Standards of care from experts in the practice field.

    • D. 

      Good Samaritan laws for civil guidelines.

  • 11. 
    Nurses are bound by a variety of laws. Which of the following descriptions of types of law is correct?
    • A. 

      Statutory law is created by elected legislatures, such as the state legislature that defines the Nurse Practice Act (NPA).

    • B. 

      Regulatory law provides for prevention of harm to the public and punishment when those laws are broken.

    • C. 

      Common law protects the rights of the individual within society to fair and equal treatment.

    • D. 

      Criminal law creates boards that pass rules and regulations to control society.

  • 12. 
    A bioethical issue should be described as:
    • A. 

      The physician’s making all decisions of client management without getting input from the client.

    • B. 

      A research project that included treating all the white men and not treating all the black men to compare the outcomes of specific drug therapy.

    • C. 

      The withholding of food and treatment at the request of the client in a written advance directive given before a client acquired permanent brain damage from an accident.

    • D. 

      After the client gives permission, the physician’s disclosing all information to the family for their support in the management of the client.

  • 13. 
    Eligibility to receive low-income loans or reimbursement for expenses is provided to hospitals that follow safety provisions of service established by:
    • A. 

      Board of Nursing Examiners (BNE)

    • B. 

      Nurse Practice Act (NPA)

    • C. 

      American Nurses Association (ANA)

    • D. 

      Americans With Disabilities Act (ADA)

  • 14. 
    When the nurse described the client as “that nasty old man in 354,” the nurse is exhibiting which ethical dilemma?
    • A. 

      Gender bias and ageism

    • B. 

      HIPPA violation

    • C. 

      Beneficence

    • D. 

      Code of ethics violation

  • 15. 
    The distribution of nurses to areas of “most need” in the time of a nursing shortage is an example of:
    • A. 

      Utilitarianism theory

    • B. 

      Deontological theory

    • C. 

      Justice

    • D. 

      Beneficence

  • 16. 
    Besides the Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations (JACHO), which governing agency regulates hospitals to allow continued safe services to be provided, funding to be received from the government and penalties if guidelines are not followed?
    • A. 

      Board of Nursing Examiners (BNE)

    • B. 

      Nurse Practice Act (NPA)

    • C. 

      American Nurses Association (ANA)

    • D. 

      Americans With Disabilities Act (ADA)

  • 17. 
    When signing a form as a witness, your signature shows that the client:
    • A. 

      Is fully informed and is aware of all consequences.

    • B. 

      Was awake and fully alert and not medicated with narcotics.

    • C. 

      Was free to sign without pressure.

    • D. 

      Understands the language of the form.

    • E. 

      None of the above.

  • 18. 
    Nurses who follow orders that are incomplete or incorrect are the leading cause of litigation in the hospital.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 19. 
    A client has recently been told he has terminal cancer. As the nurse enters the room, he yells, “My eggs are cold, and I’m tired of having my sleep interrupted by noisy nurses!” The nurse may interpret the client’s behavior as:
    • A. 

      An expression of the anger stage of dying.

    • B. 

      An expression of disenfranchised grief.

    • C. 

      The result of maturational loss.

    • D. 

      The result of previous losses.

  • 20. 
    When helping a person through grief work, the nurse knows:
    • A. 

      Coping mechanisms that were effective in the past are often disregarded in response to the pain of a loss.

    • B. 

      A person’s perception of a loss has little to do with the grieving process.

    • C. 

      The sequencing of stages of grief may occur in order, they may be skipped, or they may reoccur.

    • D. 

      Most clients want to be left alone.

  • 21. 
    When caring for a terminally ill client, it is important for the nurse to maintain the client’s dignity. This can be facilitated by:
    • A. 

      Spending time to let clients share their life experiences.

    • B. 

      Decreasing emphasis on attending to the clients’ appearance because it only increases their fatigue.

    • C. 

      Making decisions for clients so they do not have to make them.

    • D. 

      Placing the client in a private room to provide privacy at all times.

  • 22. 
    What are the stages of dying according to Elizabeth Kubler-Ross?
    • A. 

      Numbing; yearning and searching; disorganization and despair; and reorganization.

    • B. 

      Accepting the reality of loss, working through the pain of grief, adjusting to the environment without the deceased, and emotionally relocating the deceased and moving on with life.

    • C. 

      Anticipatory grief, perceived loss, actual loss, and renewal.

    • D. 

      Denial, anger, bargaining, depression, and acceptance.

  • 23. 
    Bereavement may be defined as:
    • A. 

      The emotional response to loss.

    • B. 

      The outward, social expression of loss.

    • C. 

      Postponing the awareness of the reality of the loss.

    • D. 

      The inner feeling and outward reactions of the survivor.

  • 24. 
    A client who had a “Do Not Resuscitate” order passed away. After verifying there is no pulse or respirations, the nurse should next:
    • A. 

      Have family members say goodbye to the deceased.

    • B. 

      Call the transplant team to retrieve vital organs.

    • C. 

      Remove all tubes and equipment (unless organ donation is to take place), clean the body, and position appropriately.

    • D. 

      Call the funeral director to come and get the body.

  • 25. 
    A client’s family member says to the nurse, “The doctor said he will provide palliative care. What does that mean?” The nurse’s best response is:
    • A. 

      “Palliative care is given to those who have less than 6 months to live.”

    • B. 

      “Palliative care aims to relieve or reduce the symptoms of a disease.”

    • C. 

      “The goal of palliative care is to affect a cure of a serious illness or disease.”

    • D. 

      “Palliative care means the client and family take a more passive role and the doctor focuses on the physiological needs of the client. The location of death will most likely occur in the hospital setting.”

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