Conflicts of Interest in Human Subjects Research Quiz

By Amit Mangal
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Conflicts Of Interest In Human Subjects Research Quiz - Quiz

Play this informative quiz on Conflicts of Interest in Human Subjects Research and see how much you know about it. The quiz provides you with an opportunity to learn a lot about the topic. A financial conflict of interest in research is when a researcher's professional judgment in the planning, carrying out, or reporting of the research is threatened by or appears to be threatened by financial considerations. Play the quiz to know more. All the best!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What are the management controls that are included in a research study (such as independent data analysis) called?

    • A.

      Inherent controls

    • B.

      External Controls

    • C.

      Both 1 and 2

    • D.

      Neither 1 nor 2

    Correct Answer
    A. Inherent controls
    Explanation
    In a research study, management controls that are included, such as independent data analysis, are referred to as inherent controls. These controls are built into the research design and methodology to ensure the accuracy, reliability, and validity of the data collected and analyzed. They help to minimize potential biases and errors that could affect the study's findings and conclusions. External controls, on the other hand, refer to controls that are imposed from outside the research study, such as regulatory requirements or industry standards. Since the correct answer includes only inherent controls, the answer is "Inherent controls."

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  • 2. 

    Which party is required to declare material financial interests under PHS regulations regarding financial conflicts of interest?

    • A.

      Examiner

    • B.

      Subject

    • C.

      Researcher

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. Researcher
    Explanation
    Under PHS regulations regarding financial conflicts of interest, researchers are required to declare material financial interests. This is because researchers are directly involved in conducting the research and may have financial interests that could potentially bias their findings or affect the integrity of the research. By requiring researchers to declare their financial interests, it helps to ensure transparency and maintain the credibility of the research.

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  • 3. 

    The management plan for COI seeks to:

    • A.

      When a COI is disclosed, provide procedures or additional steps to be taken to maximize the risk of bias.

    • B.

      When a COI is disclosed,  but does not provide procedures or additional steps to be taken to reduce the risk of bias.

    • C.

      When a COI is not disclosed, provide procedures or additional steps to be taken to reduce the risk of bias.

    • D.

      When a COI is disclosed, provide procedures or additional steps to be taken to reduce the risk of bias.

    Correct Answer
    D. When a COI is disclosed, provide procedures or additional steps to be taken to reduce the risk of bias.
    Explanation
    The management plan for COI seeks to provide procedures or additional steps to be taken when a COI is disclosed in order to reduce the risk of bias. This means that when a conflict of interest is made known, the plan aims to establish measures that can be implemented to mitigate any potential bias that may arise as a result of the conflict. By doing so, the plan ensures that transparency and fairness are maintained in decision-making processes.

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  • 4. 

    The FDA rules guiding the disclosure of certain COIs demand:

    • A.

      Disclosure of financial conflicts of interest (COI) for examiners who conducted clinical studies by applicants submitting marketing applications

    • B.

      Disclosure of strategic  conflicts of interest (COI) for researchers who conducted clinical studies by applicants submitting marketing applications

    • C.

      Hiding of financial conflicts of interest (COI) from researchers who conducted clinical studies by applicants submitting marketing applications

    • D.

      Disclosure of financial conflicts of interest (COI) for researchers who conducted clinical studies by applicants submitting marketing applications

    Correct Answer
    D. Disclosure of financial conflicts of interest (COI) for researchers who conducted clinical studies by applicants submitting marketing applications
    Explanation
    The FDA rules require the disclosure of financial conflicts of interest (COI) for researchers who conducted clinical studies. This means that applicants who submit marketing applications must disclose any financial conflicts of interest that the researchers involved in the studies may have had. This ensures transparency and allows for a thorough evaluation of the potential biases that may have influenced the results of the studies.

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  • 5. 

    A researcher may have a COI if they serve on the advisory board of a company that funds their study because:

    • A.

      It may be difficult for the researcher to appear neutral, as the researcher may have an interest in the research's success.

    • B.

      It is easy for the researcher to appear neutral, as the researcher may have an interest in the research's success.

    • C.

      Both 1 and 2

    • D.

      Neither 1 nor 2

    Correct Answer
    A. It may be difficult for the researcher to appear neutral, as the researcher may have an interest in the research's success.
    Explanation
    A researcher may have a conflict of interest if they serve on the advisory board of a company that funds their study because it may be difficult for the researcher to appear neutral. This is because the researcher may have a personal interest in the success of the research, which could potentially bias their findings or interpretation of the results.

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  • 6. 

    You get a call from a researcher saying he wants to apply for funding for a human subjects research project at the NIH. In order to comply with the PHS regulation, he needs to know when he and his study team must make COI disclosures.

    • A.

      Only after the submission

    • B.

      No later than the time of proposal submission

    • C.

      Both 1 and 2

    • D.

      Neither 1 nor 2

    Correct Answer
    B. No later than the time of proposal submission
    Explanation
    The researcher must make COI (conflict of interest) disclosures no later than the time of proposal submission in order to comply with the PHS (Public Health Service) regulation. This means that the researcher and his study team must disclose any potential conflicts of interest they may have before submitting their research project for funding at the NIH (National Institutes of Health). Making these disclosures ensures transparency and allows for appropriate evaluation of any potential biases or influences on the research.

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  • 7. 

    Conflicts of interest might arise during the peer review process because of the reviewers chosen for a project that might be published.

    • A.

      There may be bias by the peer reviewer as to the area of research

    • B.

      There may be bias by the examiner as to the area of research

    • C.

      Both 1 and 2

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. There may be bias by the peer reviewer as to the area of research
    Explanation
    During the peer review process, conflicts of interest can arise if the chosen reviewers have a bias towards a specific area of research. This bias may result in a skewed evaluation of the project, potentially leading to unfair judgments or recommendations. Therefore, the presence of bias by the peer reviewer towards the area of research can be a significant factor in conflicts of interest during the peer review process.

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  • 8. 

    Any Institutional Evaluation Board (IRB) member who might have a potential conflict of interest (COI) with a study under review should:

    • A.

      Recuse themselves from voting and disclose any potential conflicts of interest (COI) that they may have

    • B.

      Provide themselves from voting and disclose any potential conflicts of interest (COI) that they may have

    • C.

      Both 1 and 2

    • D.

      Neither 1 nor 2

    Correct Answer
    A. Recuse themselves from voting and disclose any potential conflicts of interest (COI) that they may have
    Explanation
    Any Institutional Evaluation Board (IRB) member who might have a potential conflict of interest (COI) with a study under review should recuse themselves from voting and disclose any potential conflicts of interest (COI) that they may have. This ensures transparency and maintains the integrity of the evaluation process. By recusing themselves, they remove any bias that could potentially influence their decision-making. Disclosing their potential conflicts of interest allows the other members of the board to assess the situation and make an informed decision.

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  • 9. 

    COI stand for?

    • A.

      Conflict of Intertext

    • B.

      Conflict Of Interest

    • C.

      Consumer of Interest

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. Conflict of Intertext
    Explanation
    COI stands for Conflict of Interest, which refers to a situation where a person or organization has multiple interests that could potentially compromise their ability to act impartially or in the best interest of others. This term is commonly used in various fields such as business, politics, and journalism to address and manage potential conflicts between personal interests and professional responsibilities. "Conflict of Intertext" and "Consumer of Interest" are not recognized or commonly used terms, so they are not the correct answers.

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  • 10. 

    The management plan for COI seeks to:

    • A.

      Disclosed only COI

    • B.

      When a COI is disclosed, provide procedures or additional steps to be taken to reduce the risk of bias.

    • C.

      Both 1 and 2

    • D.

      Neither 1 nor 2

    Correct Answer
    B. When a COI is disclosed, provide procedures or additional steps to be taken to reduce the risk of bias.
    Explanation
    The management plan for COI seeks to reduce the risk of bias when a conflict of interest is disclosed by providing procedures or additional steps to be taken. This means that when a conflict of interest is identified, the plan includes specific actions to be implemented in order to minimize any potential bias that may arise from the conflict. By doing so, the plan aims to ensure fairness and integrity in decision-making processes.

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Amit Mangal |Content Moderator
Amit, a Senior Quiz Moderator at ProProfs.com, utilizes his profound content expertise to design captivating and precise quizzes. His unwavering commitment to maintaining quiz excellence resonates seamlessly with ProProfs.com's vision of fostering knowledge enhancement. Amit holds a strong background in creating quizzes on history, politics, current affairs, etc.

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  • Current Version
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    Quiz Edited by
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  • Nov 29, 2022
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