NLE Practice Test 3a - Pt. 4

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| By C23lemon
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NLE Practice Test 3a - Pt. 4 - Quiz


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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Halfway through the administration of a unit of blood, a client complains of lumbar pain. The nurse should:

    • A.

      Obtain vita! signs

    • B.

      Stop the transfusion

    • C.

      Assess the pain further

    • D.

      Increase the flow of normal saline

    Correct Answer
    B. Stop the transfusion
    Explanation
    If a client complains of lumbar pain halfway through the administration of a unit of blood, it is important to stop the transfusion. Lumbar pain could be a sign of a transfusion reaction or an adverse event related to the blood transfusion. Stopping the transfusion allows the nurse to assess the client's condition further and take appropriate actions to address any potential complications.

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  • 2. 

    A client comes to the clinic complaining of weight loss, fatigue, and a low-grade fever. Physical examination reveals a slight enlargement of the cervical lymph nodes. To assess possible causes for the fever, it would be most appropriate for the nurse to initially ask:

    • A.

      "Have you bee sexually active lately?"

    • B.

      "Do you have a sore throat at the present time?"

    • C.

      "Have you been exposed recently to anyone with an infection?"

    • D.

      "When did you first notice that your temperature had gone up?"

    Correct Answer
    D. "When did you first notice that your temperature had gone up?"
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "When did you first notice that your temperature had gone up?" This question is the most appropriate because it directly addresses the client's complaint of a low-grade fever. By asking when the client first noticed the increase in temperature, the nurse can gather information about the duration and progression of the fever, which can help in assessing possible causes. The other options are not as relevant to the client's symptoms and may not provide as much useful information in determining the cause of the fever.

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  • 3. 

      The nursing staff has a team conference on AIDS and discusses the routes of transmission of the human immunodeficiency virus (HSV). The discussion reveals that an individual has no risk of exposure to HIV when that individual;

    • A.

      Has intercourse with just the spouse

    • B.

      Makes a donation of a pint of whole blood

    • C.

      Limits sexual contact to those without HIV antibodies

    • D.

      Uses a'condom each time there is a sexual intercourse

    Correct Answer
    B. Makes a donation of a pint of whole blood
    Explanation
    Making a donation of a pint of whole blood does not put an individual at risk for exposure to HIV because blood donation centers follow strict screening procedures to ensure that donated blood is free from HIV and other infectious diseases.

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  • 4. 

    The knows that a positive diagnosis for HIV infection is made based on;  

    • A.

      A history of high-risk sexual behaviors

    • B.

      Positive ELISA and Western blot tests

    • C.

      Evidence of extreme weight loss and high fever

    • D.

      Identification of an associated opportunistic infection

    Correct Answer
    B. Positive ELISA and Western blot tests
    Explanation
    A positive diagnosis for HIV infection is made based on positive ELISA and Western blot tests. ELISA (enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay) is a screening test that detects antibodies to HIV in the blood. If the ELISA test is positive, it is confirmed with a Western blot test, which is a more specific test that detects specific HIV proteins. The combination of positive results from both tests is conclusive evidence of HIV infection. The other options mentioned, such as high-risk sexual behaviors, extreme weight loss and high fever, and identification of an associated opportunistic infection, may be indicative of HIV infection but are not sufficient for a definitive diagnosis.

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  • 5. 

    When taking the blood pressure of a client who has AIDS the nurse must;

    • A.

      Wear dean gloves

    • B.

      Use barrier techniques

    • C.

      Wear a mask and gown

    • D.

      Wash the hands thoroughly

    Correct Answer
    D. Wash the hands thoroughly
    Explanation
    When taking the blood pressure of a client who has AIDS, it is important for the nurse to wash their hands thoroughly. This is because AIDS is a bloodborne disease, and proper hand hygiene is crucial in preventing the transmission of any infectious agents. Washing hands thoroughly with soap and water helps to remove any potential pathogens that may be present on the nurse's hands, reducing the risk of spreading the infection to themselves or other patients. Wearing gloves, using barrier techniques, and wearing a mask and gown may also be necessary depending on the specific situation, but washing hands is a fundamental practice that should always be followed.

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  • 6. 

    The nurse should plan to teach the client with pancytopenia caused by a chemotherapy to; 

    • A.

      Begin a program of aggressive, strict mouth care

    • B.

      Avoid traumatic injuries and exposure to any infection

    • C.

      Increase oral fluid intake to a minimum of 3000 ml daily

    • D.

      Report any unusual muscle cramps or tingling sensations in the extremities

    Correct Answer
    B. Avoid traumatic injuries and exposure to any infection
    Explanation
    The correct answer is to avoid traumatic injuries and exposure to any infection. This is because pancytopenia caused by chemotherapy results in a decrease in all blood cell types, including white blood cells which are responsible for fighting off infections. Therefore, it is important for the client to avoid any situations that may lead to injuries or infections, as their immune system is compromised. This includes taking precautions to prevent falls or accidents, practicing good hygiene, and avoiding contact with sick individuals. By doing so, the client can reduce the risk of developing complications from infections or injuries.

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  • 7. 

      An elderly client develops severe bone barrow depression from chemotheraphy for cancer of the prostate. The nurse should;

    • A.

      Monitor for signs of alopecia

    • B.

      Increase dally intake of fluids

    • C.

      Monitor Intake and output of fluids

    • D.

      Use a soft toothbrush for oral hygiene

    Correct Answer
    D. Use a soft toothbrush for oral hygiene
    Explanation
    Chemotherapy can cause severe bone marrow depression, which can lead to a decrease in the production of blood cells. This can result in a weakened immune system and an increased risk of infection. Using a soft toothbrush for oral hygiene is important because it helps prevent injury to the gums and oral tissues, reducing the risk of infection.

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  • 8. 

    A tuberculin skin test with purified protein derivative (PP!) tuberculin is performed as part of a routine physical examination. The nurse should instruct the client to make an appointment so the test can be read in:

    • A.

      3 days

    • B.

      5 days

    • C.

      7 days

    • D.

      10 days

    Correct Answer
    A. 3 days
    Explanation
    The tuberculin skin test is used to determine if a person has been exposed to tuberculosis. After the test is administered, the nurse needs to wait a specific amount of time before reading the results. This waiting period allows for the development of any redness or swelling at the site of the test, which indicates a positive result. In the case of a tuberculin skin test with purified protein derivative (PPD) tuberculin, the test should be read 48 to 72 hours (3 days) after it is administered. This is the optimal time frame for accurate interpretation of the results.

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  • 9. 

    A client is admitted with cellulites of the left teg a temperature of 103°F. The physician orders IV antibiotics. Before instituting this therapy, the nurse should;

    • A.

      Determine whether the client has allergies

    • B.

      Apply a warm, moist dressing over the area

    • C.

      Measure the amount of swelling in the client's leg

    • D.

      Obtain the results of the culture and sensitivity tests

    Correct Answer
    A. Determine whether the client has allergies
    Explanation
    Before starting IV antibiotics, it is important for the nurse to determine whether the client has any allergies. This is because some antibiotics may cause allergic reactions in certain individuals. By assessing the client's allergies, the nurse can ensure that the prescribed antibiotics are safe for the client to receive. This step is crucial in preventing any potential adverse reactions or complications from the antibiotic therapy.

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  • 10. 

    Following multiple bee stings, a client has an anaphylactic reaction. The nurse is aware that the symptoms the client is experiencing are caused by;

    • A.

      Respiratory depression and cardiac standstill

    • B.

      bronchial constriction and decreased peripheral resistance

    • C.

      Decreased cardiac out and dilation of major biood vessels

    • D.

      Constriction of capillaries and decreased peripheral circulation

    Correct Answer
    B. bronchial constriction and decreased peripheral resistance
    Explanation
    The client is experiencing an anaphylactic reaction, which is a severe allergic reaction. One of the main symptoms of anaphylaxis is bronchial constriction, which causes difficulty in breathing. Additionally, anaphylaxis can also cause decreased peripheral resistance, leading to a drop in blood pressure. These symptoms are consistent with the client's presentation and are caused by bronchial constriction and decreased peripheral resistance.

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  • Current Version
  • Apr 16, 2024
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Feb 01, 2012
    Quiz Created by
    C23lemon
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