Effective Speaking Chapter 8 Lhs

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Effective Speaking Chapter 8 Lhs - Quiz

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    _____ are symbols that you use to create, learn, and use to express your thoughts and feelings. 

    • A.

      Gestures

    • B.

      Words

    • C.

      Signs

    • D.

      Metaphors

    Correct Answer
    B. Words
    Explanation
    Words are symbols that we use to create, learn, and express our thoughts and feelings. They are a form of communication that allows us to convey meaning and share information with others. Gestures, signs, and metaphors can also be used to express thoughts and feelings, but in this context, the emphasis is on words as the primary means of expression.

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  • 2. 

    _____ created the “triangle of meaning.” 

    • A.

      Aristotle

    • B.

      Plato

    • C.

      Edward Hall

    • D.

      Ogden and Richards

    Correct Answer
    D. Ogden and Richards
    Explanation
    Ogden and Richards created the "triangle of meaning." This concept suggests that there is a relationship between a word (symbol), the object or idea it represents (referent), and the thought or concept in the mind of the speaker (thought). This triangle helps to understand how meaning is conveyed through language.

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  • 3. 

    When Ellen hears the word “hospital” she has an intense, negative reaction. She is experiencing the _____ meaning of the word. 

    • A.

      Denotative

    • B.

      Connotative

    • C.

      Distinctive

    • D.

      Vivid

    Correct Answer
    B. Connotative
    Explanation
    When Ellen hears the word "hospital," she has an intense, negative reaction. This suggests that her reaction is based on the emotional and subjective associations she has with the word rather than its literal or dictionary definition. This aligns with the connotative meaning of the word, which refers to the personal and cultural associations and implications that a word carries.

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  • 4. 

    _____ is learned patterns of beliefs, values, attitudes, norms,practices, customs, and  behaviors shared by a large group of people. 

    • A.

      Language

    • B.

      Environment

    • C.

      Culture

    • D.

      Denotation

    Correct Answer
    C. Culture
    Explanation
    Culture is the correct answer because it refers to the learned patterns of beliefs, values, attitudes, norms, practices, customs, and behaviors shared by a large group of people. Culture encompasses various aspects of a society, including language, traditions, social norms, and environmental factors. It shapes individuals' behaviors and interactions within a community or society.

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  • 5. 

    Which of the following is NOT true in relation to language and power? 

    • A.

      It always occurs on the conscious level.

    • B.

      Language can persuade you to act in a certain way.

    • C.

      Language allows you to name experiences or things.

    • D.

      It can bring people together for a common cause.

    Correct Answer
    A. It always occurs on the conscious level.
    Explanation
    Language and power do not always occur on the conscious level. Power dynamics and language can operate at both conscious and unconscious levels. Language can be used to manipulate and control individuals without their awareness.

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  • 6. 

    Language _____ means that your audience immediately recognizes and understands your word choices. 

    • A.

      Specificity

    • B.

      Correctness

    • C.

      Appropriateness

    • D.

      Clarity

    Correct Answer
    D. Clarity
    Explanation
    Clarity means that your audience immediately recognizes and understands your word choices. This means that the language used is clear, concise, and easily understood by the intended audience. It avoids ambiguity, confusion, and misinterpretation. Clarity ensures that the message is effectively communicated and that there is no room for misunderstanding.

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  • 7. 

    In order to be specific with your language use, you should do all of the following EXCEPT 

    • A.

      Use abstract words.

    • B.

      Eliminate unnecessary words.

    • C.

      Speak primarily in active voice.

    • D.

      Avoid clichés.

    Correct Answer
    A. Use abstract words.
    Explanation
    The question asks for an exception in being specific with language use. The correct answer is "use abstract words." This means that in order to be specific with language use, one should not use abstract words. Abstract words are general and lack specificity, so using them would be contradictory to the goal of being specific. The other options, such as eliminating unnecessary words, speaking primarily in active voice, and avoiding clichés, all contribute to being specific with language use.

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  • 8. 

    Which of the following is an example of active voice? 

    • A.

      The bed was made by him.

    • B.

      He made the bed.

    • C.

      The car was washed by the attendant.

    • D.

      The gift was purchased by Sara.

    Correct Answer
    B. He made the bed.
    Explanation
    The sentence "He made the bed" is an example of active voice because the subject (he) is performing the action (made) directly. In active voice, the subject of the sentence is the doer of the action.

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  • 9. 

    Which of the following is an example of gender‐neutral language? 

    • A.

      Chairperson

    • B.

      sportsmanship

    • C.

      Mothering

    • D.

      Man and wife

    Correct Answer
    A. Chairperson
    Explanation
    The term "chairperson" is an example of gender-neutral language because it does not specify the gender of the person holding the position. It can be used to refer to both men and women who occupy the role of chairing a meeting or organization. This term avoids the use of gender-specific titles such as "chairman" or "chairwoman," which may imply that only individuals of a certain gender can hold the position.

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  • 10. 

    Which of the following is not a characteristic of oral style? 

    • A.

      Informal language

    • B.

      Animated language

    • C.

      Simple sentence structure

    • D.

      Detailed and complex thoughts

    Correct Answer
    D. Detailed and complex thoughts
    Explanation
    Oral style is typically characterized by informal language, animated language, and simple sentence structure. However, it does not typically involve detailed and complex thoughts. In oral communication, thoughts are usually conveyed in a more concise and straightforward manner, focusing on the main points rather than delving into intricate details.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Feb 18, 2014
    Quiz Created by
    Debi Slutz

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