Patopharmacology Quiz 3 - Neurobiology And Alterations Of Hormonal Regulation

22 Questions | Total Attempts: 79

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Neurobiology Quizzes & Trivia

Another quiz created from Dr. Nmezi's study guide. This quiz covers chapters 18 & 21 from the McCance Pathophisiology E-text.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    From 20% to 30% of individuals with depression have dysregulated:
    • A. 

      Sleep cycles

    • B. 

      Pituitary function

    • C. 

      Eating patterns

    • D. 

      Thyoid function

  • 2. 
    A decrease in receptor binding for which neuro transmitter is found in depressed individuals?
    • A. 

      Norepinephrine

    • B. 

      Serotonin

    • C. 

      Dopamine

    • D. 

      Acetylcholine

  • 3. 
    What is thought to be the alteration produced by electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) when treating individuals with depression?
    • A. 

      It produces an alteration in the monoamine systems

    • B. 

      It produces an alteration in serotonin

    • C. 

      It produces an alteration in norepinephrine

    • D. 

      It produces an alteration in the limbic system

  • 4. 
    Which electrolyte imbalance contriutes to lithium toxicity?
    • A. 

      HYPERnatremia

    • B. 

      HYPOnatermia

    • C. 

      HYPERkalemia

    • D. 

      HYPOkalemia

  • 5. 
    Which neurotransmitter is inhibited in panic disorders?
    • A. 

      Norepinephrine

    • B. 

      Serotonin

    • C. 

      Dopamine

    • D. 

      Gama-aminobutyric (GABA)

  • 6. 
    Which neurotransmitter is inhibited by generalized anxiety disorder (GAD)?
    • A. 

      Gama-aminobutyric (GABA)

    • B. 

      Serotonin

    • C. 

      Dopamine

    • D. 

      Norepinephrine

  • 7. 
    Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) is diagnosed when a person spends ___ months worrying excessively.
    • A. 

      3

    • B. 

      6

    • C. 

      9

    • D. 

      12

  • 8. 
    What are the most common side effects of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs)?
    • A. 

      Orthostatic hypotension and weight gain

    • B. 

      Dry mouth and sexual dysfunction

    • C. 

      Sleep disturbances and nausea

    • D. 

      Hypertensive crisis and agitation

  • 9. 
    Individuals who eat cheese, sour cream, liver, and avacado when taking monoamin oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs) may experience:
    • A. 

      Kidney damage

    • B. 

      Hypertensive crisis

    • C. 

      Orthostatic hypotension

    • D. 

      Weight gain

  • 10. 
    Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is used to treat depression:
    • A. 

      In pregnant women

    • B. 

      To enhance the effects of antidepressants

    • C. 

      As a first-line treatment before medications

    • D. 

      That is unipolar

  • 11. 
    What is a notable complication in panic disorder?
    • A. 

      Avolition

    • B. 

      Anhedonia

    • C. 

      Alogia

    • D. 

      Agoraphobia

  • 12. 
    Which form of diabetes insipidus (DI) is treatable with exogenous antidiruetic hormone (ADH)?
    • A. 

      Neurogenic

    • B. 

      Psychogenic

    • C. 

      Nephrogenic

    • D. 

      Ischemic

  • 13. 
    Hyperpituitarism is generally caused by:
    • A. 

      A pituitary adenoma

    • B. 

      Hypothalmic hyposecretion

    • C. 

      Autoimmune disorder of the pituitary

    • D. 

      A neurohypophysial tumor

  • 14. 
    The term used to describe a person who experiences a lack of all hormones associated with the anterior pituitary is:
    • A. 

      Panhypopituitarism

    • B. 

      Adrenocortocotropic (ACTH) deficiency

    • C. 

      Hypopituitarism

    • D. 

      Anterior pituitary failure

  • 15. 
    Visual disturbances are a result of a pituitary adenoma because of the:
    • A. 

      Liberation of anterior pituitary hormones into the optic chiasm

    • B. 

      Pituitary hormones clouding the lens of the eyes

    • C. 

      Pressure of the tumor on the optic chiasm

    • D. 

      Pressure of the tumor on the optic and occulomotor cranial nerves

  • 16. 
    A primary adenoma causes thyroid and adrenal hypofunction because the tumor:
    • A. 

      Metastasizes to the thyroid and adrenal glands through the lymphatic system causing reduced secretion of necessary hormones

    • B. 

      Has a paradoxical effect on adjacent cells, which results in hyposecretion of other anterior pituitary hormones

    • C. 

      Invades the hypothalamus adjacent to it and causes a reduction in the amount of hormones produced

    • D. 

      Releases tumor markers that occupy the hormone receptor sites of other endocrine organs

  • 17. 
    Which disorder is caused by hypersecretion of the growth hormone (GH) in adults?
    • A. 

      Cushing syndrome

    • B. 

      Acromegaly

    • C. 

      Giantism

    • D. 

      Myxedema

  • 18. 
    Giantism only occurs in children and adolescents because their:
    • A. 

      Growth hormones are still diminshed

    • B. 

      Epiphyseal plates have not yet closed

    • C. 

      Skeletal muscles are not fully developed

    • D. 

      Metabolic rate are higher than in adulthood

  • 19. 
    Amenorrhea, galatorhhea, hirsutism, and osteopenia are each caused by a:
    • A. 

      Posterior pituitary adenoma

    • B. 

      Thymoma

    • C. 

      Prolactinoma

    • D. 

      Growth hormone adenoma

  • 20. 
    Graves disease develops from a(n):
    • A. 

      Viral infection

    • B. 

      Autoimmune process in which thyroid tissue is replaced by lymphocytes and fibrous tissue

    • C. 

      Thyroid-stimulating immunoglobulins that causes overproduction thyroid hormones

    • D. 

      Ingestion of goitrogens that inhibits synthesis of the thyroid hormones, causing a goiter

  • 21. 
    The signs of thyroid crisis resulting from Graves disease include:
    • A. 

      Constipation with gastric distention

    • B. 

      Bradycardia and bradypnea

    • C. 

      Hyerthermia and tachycardia

    • D. 

      Constipation and lethargy

  • 22. 
    Pathologic changes associated with Graves disease include:
    • A. 

      High levels of circulating thyroid-stimulating immunoglobulins

    • B. 

      High levels of thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH)

    • C. 

      Diminshed levels of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH)

    • D. 

      Diminshed levels of thyroid-binding globulin

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