Web Data Management

Approved & Edited by ProProfs Editorial Team
The editorial team at ProProfs Quizzes consists of a select group of subject experts, trivia writers, and quiz masters who have authored over 10,000 quizzes taken by more than 100 million users. This team includes our in-house seasoned quiz moderators and subject matter experts. Our editorial experts, spread across the world, are rigorously trained using our comprehensive guidelines to ensure that you receive the highest quality quizzes.
Learn about Our Editorial Process
| By Gleavitt
G
Gleavitt
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 2 | Total Attempts: 1,635
Questions: 45 | Attempts: 915

SettingsSettingsSettings
Data Management Quizzes & Trivia

Chapters 1-3


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    1. In a web application, the client uses a ___ to interact with a web server.

    Correct Answer
    web browser
    browser
    Explanation
    A web browser is a software application that allows users to access and view websites on the internet. It acts as a client and enables the user to interact with a web server by sending requests for webpages and receiving responses. The browser interprets the HTML, CSS, and JavaScript code of the webpage and displays it to the user. Therefore, a web browser is the correct tool used by the client to interact with a web server. The term "browser" is often used interchangeably with "web browser" in this context.

    Rate this question:

  • 2. 

    A __ makes web sites available to other computers over a network.

    Correct Answer
    web server
    server
    Explanation
    A web server is a type of server that enables websites to be accessed by other computers over a network. It is responsible for hosting and serving web pages, handling requests from clients, and delivering the requested content to the users. By using a web server, websites can be made available and accessible to users across the internet.

    Rate this question:

  • 3. 

    A web application starts when a client sends a/an __ to a server.

    Correct Answer
    request
    Explanation
    When a web application starts, it is triggered by a client sending a request to a server. This request can be in the form of a HTTP request, which includes information such as the type of request (GET, POST, etc.), the URL of the desired resource, and any additional data or parameters. The server then processes this request and returns a response, which may include the requested data or perform certain actions based on the request. Therefore, the correct answer is "request".

    Rate this question:

  • 4. 

    A __ web page is one that has .html or .htm as its extension.

    Correct Answer
    static
    Explanation
    A static web page is a web page that has .html or .htm as its extension. This means that the content of the web page is fixed and does not change dynamically. Static web pages are typically used for displaying information that does not need to be updated frequently, such as company information, product descriptions, or contact details. These pages are easy to create and load quickly, making them suitable for websites with low interactivity requirements.

    Rate this question:

  • 5. 

    5. In a pHP application, dynamic web pages are generated by pHP scripts that are running on the    __.

    Correct Answer
    web server
    server
    Explanation
    In a PHP application, dynamic web pages are generated by PHP scripts that are running on the web server. The web server is responsible for processing the PHP code and generating the HTML output that is sent to the client's browser. The server is where the PHP scripts are executed and where the necessary resources and data are accessed to generate the dynamic content. Therefore, the correct answer is "web server, server".

    Rate this question:

  • 6. 

    Firefox is a __.

    Correct Answer
    Web Browser
    Browser
    Explanation
    Firefox is a web browser. A web browser is a software application that allows users to access and view websites on the internet. Firefox is one of the most popular web browsers, developed by Mozilla, and is known for its speed, security, and customization options. It supports various operating systems and is compatible with different devices, making it a widely used browser by individuals and businesses alike.

    Rate this question:

  • 7. 

    __ is the web server that is commonly used for web applications that are written in pHP.

    Correct Answer
    Apache
    Explanation
    Apache is the most commonly used web server for web applications written in PHP. It is a reliable and powerful server that supports various operating systems and provides a stable environment for hosting PHP applications. Apache has a large community and extensive documentation, making it a popular choice among developers. Its flexibility, scalability, and compatibility with PHP make it an ideal option for hosting PHP-based web applications.

    Rate this question:

  • 8. 

    8. To deploy a pHP application on your own server, you copy or move its __ to    the document root directory of the Apache server.

    Correct Answer
    application files
    Explanation
    To deploy a PHP application on your own server, you need to copy or move its application files to the document root directory of the Apache server. This is because the document root directory is the location where the Apache server looks for files to serve to clients. By placing the application files in this directory, the server can access and execute the PHP code, allowing the application to run properly.

    Rate this question:

  • 9. 

    9. In an HTTP URL, the __ is coded immediately after the protocol but before the    path.

    Correct Answer
    Domain Name
    Explanation
    In an HTTP URL, the domain name is coded immediately after the protocol but before the path. The domain name represents the address or location of a website on the internet. It is used to identify and locate the specific website that the user wants to access. The domain name is typically followed by a slash (/) which separates it from the path, which refers to the specific page or resource within the website.

    Rate this question:

  • 10. 

    10. If you omit the filename from a URL, the Apache web server displays a list of files and    directories if the specified directory doesn’t contain a __ such as index.php.

    Correct Answer
    default file
    Explanation
    If the filename is omitted from a URL, the Apache web server will display a list of files and directories in the specified directory. However, if the specified directory contains a default file such as index.php, the web server will display that file instead of the list.

    Rate this question:

  • 11. 

    11. A web application is a type of

    • A.

      Client/server application

    • B.

      Client-side application

    • C.

      Database application

    • D.

      Server-side application

    Correct Answer
    A. Client/server application
    Explanation
    A web application is a type of client/server application because it involves communication between a client (usually a web browser) and a server. The client sends requests to the server, which processes the requests and sends back the appropriate responses. In the case of a web application, the server typically hosts the application logic and data, while the client (web browser) handles the user interface and displays the application to the user.

    Rate this question:

  • 12. 

    12. When the web server recieves an HTTP request for a pHP page, the web server calls the

    • A.

      Database server

    • B.

      Static web page

    • C.

      Web browser

    • D.

      PHP interpreter

    Correct Answer
    D. PHP interpreter
    Explanation
    When a web server receives an HTTP request for a PHP page, it needs to call the PHP interpreter. The PHP interpreter is responsible for processing the PHP code embedded within the requested page. It reads and executes the PHP code, interacts with the database server if necessary, and generates the appropriate HTML content to be sent back to the web server. The web server then delivers the generated HTML content to the web browser for display.

    Rate this question:

  • 13. 

    The HTTP response for a dynamic web page is passed

    • A.

      From PHP to the browser

    • B.

      From the web server to the browser

    • C.

      From the database server to the web server

    • D.

      From the web server to PHP

    Correct Answer
    B. From the web server to the browser
    Explanation
    When a user requests a dynamic web page, the web server processes the request and generates the appropriate HTML content using server-side technologies like PHP. Once the web server has generated the response, it sends it back to the user's browser. Therefore, the correct answer is "from the web server to the browser."

    Rate this question:

  • 14. 

    14. Which of the following software components generates the HTML that is returned in an HTTP    response?

    • A.

      Apache

    • B.

      MySQL

    • C.

      Firefox

    • D.

      PHP

    Correct Answer
    D. PHP
    Explanation
    PHP is a server-side scripting language commonly used for web development. It is responsible for generating dynamic HTML content that is returned in an HTTP response. PHP code is executed on the server, and the resulting HTML is sent to the client's browser for display. Apache is a web server software, MySQL is a database management system, and Firefox is a web browser, none of which are directly involved in generating HTML for an HTTP response.

    Rate this question:

  • 15. 

    15. To deploy a pHP application on your own computer, you copy the application root directory to

    • A.

      The htdocs directory of the Apache server

    • B.

      The htdocs directory of the MySQL server

    • C.

      The xampp directory of the Apache server

    • D.

      The xampp directory of the MySQL server

    Correct Answer
    A. The htdocs directory of the Apache server
    Explanation
    To deploy a PHP application on your own computer, you need to copy the application root directory to the htdocs directory of the Apache server. This is because the htdocs directory is the default location where Apache looks for web files to serve. By placing the application in this directory, Apache will be able to access and serve the PHP files correctly, allowing the application to run on your computer.

    Rate this question:

  • 16. 

    1. To embed pHP within a file, you start a tag with __, you code the embedded pHP    statements, and you end the tag with ?>.

    Correct Answer
    Explanation
    To embed PHP within a file, you start a tag with "". This allows the PHP code to be executed within the file, separating it from the HTML or other content.

    Rate this question:

  • 17. 

    The __ in a block of pHP code are ignored.

    Correct Answer
    comments
    Explanation
    In a block of PHP code, comments are ignored. Comments are lines of code that are not executed by the PHP interpreter and are used to add notes or explanations within the code. They are typically used to provide information about the code's functionality, improve code readability, or temporarily disable certain lines of code without deleting them.

    Rate this question:

  • 18. 

    The __ data type is used to store a true or false value.

    Correct Answer
    boolean
    Explanation
    The boolean data type is used to store a true or false value. It is commonly used in programming to represent logical conditions or states. By using the boolean data type, we can easily determine whether a certain condition is true or false, and make decisions based on the result. This data type is essential for implementing conditional statements, loops, and other logic-based operations in programming languages.

    Rate this question:

  • 19. 

    The variables in pHP are easy to spot because they always start with __.

    Correct Answer
    the dollar sign
    $
    Explanation
    In PHP, variables are always denoted by the dollar sign ($). This makes them easy to identify and differentiate from other elements in the code. So, the correct answer is the dollar sign ($).

    Rate this question:

  • 20. 

    5. A variable name in pHP can only contain letters, numbers, and __.

    Correct Answer
    underscores
    Explanation
    A variable name in PHP can only contain letters, numbers, and underscores. The underscore character is commonly used in PHP to represent spaces or to separate words within a variable name. It is an accepted practice to use underscores in variable names to improve readability and make the code more understandable.

    Rate this question:

  • 21. 

    In a simple assignment statement, you code the variable name followed by the __   operator.

    Correct Answer
    =
    Explanation
    In a simple assignment statement, the equal sign (=) operator is used to assign a value to a variable.

    Rate this question:

  • 22. 

    7. To get the data that is submitted with an HTTP GET request, you use pHP to get the data from    the built-in __ array.

    Correct Answer
    $_GET
    Explanation
    The correct answer is $_GET. In PHP, to retrieve the data submitted with an HTTP GET request, we use the $_GET superglobal array. This array contains key-value pairs of the data passed in the URL query string. By accessing the values using the corresponding keys, we can retrieve and use the submitted data in our PHP code.

    Rate this question:

  • 23. 

    To use pHP to send data to the browser, you use the __ statement.

    Correct Answer
    echo
    Explanation
    The echo statement is used in PHP to send data to the browser. It is used to output text or variables as HTML or plain text. With the echo statement, you can display content dynamically on a webpage, such as displaying the result of a calculation or showing the value of a variable.

    Rate this question:

  • 24. 

    9. In an arithmetic expression, division is done before multiplication, but you can override that by    using __.

    Correct Answer
    parentheses
    Explanation
    In an arithmetic expression, division is typically done before multiplication. However, you can override this order by using parentheses. Parentheses allow you to group certain operations together and indicate that they should be done before any other operations. By placing the multiplication operation within parentheses, you can ensure that it is performed before division, regardless of the default order of operations.

    Rate this question:

  • 25. 

    10. When you call a function like the number_format function that returns a value, you usually    __ the result of the function to a variable.

    Correct Answer
    assign
    Explanation
    When you call a function like the number_format function that returns a value, you usually assign the result of the function to a variable. This means that you store the value returned by the function in a variable so that you can use it later in your code. By assigning the result to a variable, you can manipulate or display the value as needed.

    Rate this question:

  • 26. 

    11. In a conditional expression that includes logical operators, the AND operator has a lower order of    precedence than the __ operator.

    Correct Answer
    NOT
    Explanation
    In a conditional expression that includes logical operators, the NOT operator has a higher order of precedence than the AND operator.

    Rate this question:

  • 27. 

    12. In an if statement, the statements in the else clause are executed if none of the conditions in the if    or __ clauses are true.

    Correct Answer
    else if
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "else if". In an if statement, the statements in the else clause are executed if none of the conditions in the if or else if clauses are true. The else if clause allows for multiple conditions to be checked sequentially, and if none of them are true, then the statements in the else clause will be executed.

    Rate this question:

  • 28. 

    13. The condition for a while loop is tested __ the statements in the loop are executed.

    Correct Answer
    before
    Explanation
    In a while loop, the condition is checked before the statements in the loop are executed. This means that the condition is evaluated first, and if it is true, then the statements in the loop will be executed. If the condition is false, the loop will not be executed at all. Therefore, the condition acts as a gatekeeper for the loop, determining whether the statements inside the loop will be executed or not.

    Rate this question:

  • 29. 

    What will the variable $name contain after the code that follows is executed?   $first_name = 'Bob'; $last_name = 'Roberts'; $name = "Name: $first_name";

    Correct Answer
    Name: Bob
    Explanation
    The variable $name will contain the string "Name: Bob" after the code is executed. This is because the variable $name is assigned the value of the string "Name: " concatenated with the value of the variable $first_name, which is "Bob".

    Rate this question:

  • 30. 

    15. What value will the variable $net_price contain after the code that follows is executed?__   $list_price = 100.00; $discount_percent = 20; $discount_amount = $list_price * $discount_percent * .01; $net_price = $list_price - $discount_amount;

    Correct Answer
    80
    Explanation
    The variable $net_price will contain the value 80 after the code is executed. This is because the $discount_amount is calculated by multiplying $list_price by $discount_percent divided by 100. Then, $net_price is calculated by subtracting $discount_amount from $list_price, resulting in 80.

    Rate this question:

  • 31. 

    A table in a relational database consists of columns and

    Correct Answer
    rows
    Explanation
    A table in a relational database consists of columns and rows. The columns represent the different attributes or fields of the data, while the rows represent individual records or instances of the data. Each row contains values for each column, forming a complete record. The rows in a table are used to store and organize the actual data in the database, allowing for efficient retrieval and manipulation of information.

    Rate this question:

  • 32. 

    The ______________________ key of a table uniquely identifies each record in the table.

    Correct Answer
    primary
    Explanation
    The primary key of a table uniquely identifies each record in the table. It is a column or a combination of columns that ensures that each record in the table has a unique identifier. This key is used to enforce data integrity and to establish relationships between tables in a database.

    Rate this question:

  • 33. 

    You can’t add a record to a table with a foreign key unless that foreign key ___________________ the value of a primary key in the related table.

    Correct Answer
    matches
    Explanation
    In order to add a record to a table with a foreign key, the value of the foreign key must match the value of a primary key in the related table. This ensures referential integrity and maintains the relationship between the two tables. If the foreign key does not match any primary key value in the related table, the record cannot be added as it would create an inconsistent or invalid relationship.

    Rate this question:

  • 34. 

    The most common type of relationship between tables in a relational database is a _____________________ relationship.

    Correct Answer
    one to many
    Explanation
    The most common type of relationship between tables in a relational database is a "one to many" relationship. In this type of relationship, one record in the first table can be associated with multiple records in the second table. This is often represented by a foreign key in the second table that references the primary key in the first table. It is called "one to many" because for every record in the first table, there can be multiple related records in the second table.

    Rate this question:

  • 35. 

    The ___________________ of a column in a database table determines what type of data can be stored in the column.

    Correct Answer
    data type
    Explanation
    The data type of a column in a database table determines what type of data can be stored in the column. This means that the column can only accept and store data that is of the specified data type. For example, if the data type of a column is set to "integer", then only whole numbers can be stored in that column. The data type helps to enforce data integrity and ensure that the correct type of data is stored in each column.

    Rate this question:

  • 36. 

    You use a SQL _________________ statement to retrieve data from a SQL database.

    Correct Answer
    select
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "select". In SQL, the select statement is used to retrieve data from a SQL database. It allows you to specify the columns you want to retrieve and the conditions for filtering the data. The select statement is a fundamental part of querying and retrieving data in SQL.

    Rate this question:

  • 37. 

    An inner join combines data from two or more tables in which the related fields _________________________________.

    Correct Answer
    match
    Explanation
    An inner join combines data from two or more tables in which the related fields match. This means that the join will only include the rows where the values in the related fields are the same in both tables. It is a way to retrieve only the matching records from multiple tables, based on a common column or field.

    Rate this question:

  • 38. 

    To add a row to a table in a database, you use the SQL _______________ statement.

    Correct Answer
    insert
    Explanation
    To add a row to a table in a database, you use the SQL "insert" statement. This statement allows you to insert new data into a specific table. By specifying the table name and providing the necessary values for the new row, the insert statement adds the desired data to the table. This is a fundamental operation in SQL for adding records to a database table.

    Rate this question:

  • 39. 

    To control what users can do with a database, SQL can be used to create users and assign _______________________ to them.

    Correct Answer
    privileges
    Explanation
    SQL can be used to create users and assign privileges to them in order to control what they can do with a database. Privileges refer to the specific actions or operations that a user is allowed to perform on the database. By assigning privileges, the database administrator can restrict or grant access to certain functionalities or data within the database, ensuring that users only have the necessary permissions to perform their designated tasks.

    Rate this question:

  • 40. 

    phpMyAdmin can be used to import and run a SQL _______________________ that creates one or more databases.

    Correct Answer
    script
    scripts
    Explanation
    phpMyAdmin is a web-based tool used for managing MySQL databases. It allows users to import and execute SQL scripts, which are sets of SQL commands that can create databases or perform other operations. Therefore, phpMyAdmin can be used to import and run a SQL script or multiple scripts that create one or more databases.

    Rate this question:

  • 41. 

    What does a relational database use to uniquely identify each row in a table?

    • A.

      Indexes

    • B.

      Foreign keys

    • C.

      Non-primary keys

    • D.

      Primary keys

    Correct Answer
    D. Primary keys
    Explanation
    A relational database uses primary keys to uniquely identify each row in a table. Primary keys are unique identifiers assigned to each row and ensure that no two rows have the same value for the primary key column. They are used to establish relationships between tables and maintain data integrity by providing a way to uniquely identify and access specific rows in a table.

    Rate this question:

  • 42. 

    What does a relational database use to relate the tables in a database to other tables?

    • A.

      Indexes

    • B.

      Foreign keys

    • C.

      Non-primary keys

    • D.

      Primary keys

    Correct Answer
    B. Foreign keys
    Explanation
    A relational database uses foreign keys to relate the tables in a database to other tables. Foreign keys are used to establish a connection between two tables by referencing the primary key of one table in another table. This allows for the establishment of relationships and dependencies between different tables in the database, ensuring data integrity and facilitating efficient data retrieval and manipulation operations.

    Rate this question:

  • 43. 

    If a row in one table is related to just one row in another table, the tables are said to have a

    • A.

      One-to-many relationship

    • B.

      One-to-one relationship

    • C.

      Many-to-many relationship

    Correct Answer
    B. One-to-one relationship
    Explanation
    A one-to-one relationship between two tables means that each row in one table is related to only one row in the other table. This type of relationship is often used when there is a unique identifier in one table that corresponds to a unique identifier in the other table. It ensures that each record in one table has a direct and exclusive connection to a record in the other table, and vice versa. This type of relationship is commonly used in situations where data needs to be stored in a structured and organized manner.

    Rate this question:

  • 44. 

    The column definition for a MySQL table can be used to determine all but one of the following. Which one is it?

    • A.

      What type of data the column can contain

    • B.

      Whether the column can contain a null value

    • C.

      Whether the column has a default value

    • D.

      What range of values the column can contain

    Correct Answer
    D. What range of values the column can contain
    Explanation
    The column definition for a MySQL table provides information about the data type the column can contain, whether the column can contain a null value, and whether the column has a default value. However, it does not provide information about the range of values the column can contain.

    Rate this question:

  • 45. 

    Which of the following can a SELECT statement not do to the data in a table?

    • A.

      Get selected rows

    • B.

      Get selected columns

    • C.

      Sort the rows

    • D.

      Delete the rows

    Correct Answer
    D. Delete the rows
    Explanation
    A SELECT statement is used to retrieve data from a table, but it cannot delete rows from the table. The purpose of a SELECT statement is to fetch data based on specified conditions or criteria, and it does not have the capability to modify or delete the data in the table. Deleting rows from a table requires the use of a DELETE statement, which is a separate SQL command.

    Rate this question:

Quiz Review Timeline +

Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Feb 13, 2014
    Quiz Created by
    Gleavitt
Back to Top Back to top
Advertisement
×

Wait!
Here's an interesting quiz for you.

We have other quizzes matching your interest.