Principles Of Evolution Quiz

24 Questions | Total Attempts: 113

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Evolution Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Who invented the idea of the "ladder of nature"?
    • A. 

      Jean Baptiste Lamarck

    • B. 

      William Smith

    • C. 

      Plato

    • D. 

      Jacques Cuvier

    • E. 

      James Hutton

    • F. 

      Aristotle

  • 2. 
    Which of the following observations best indicates that living things evolved in different time periods?
    • A. 

      Extinct organisms found only as fossils were destroyed in global catastrophes.

    • B. 

      In many parts of the world, a rock layer of type A always appears below a rock layer of type B.

    • C. 

      Species in a location resemble one another more than species in another location.

    • D. 

      Fossil A always appears in a layer below fossil B.

    • E. 

      Layers of rock are deposited in a slow, gradual process.

  • 3. 
    Who was the first scientist to state that species change over time?
    • A. 

      Comte de Buffon

    • B. 

      Charles Darwin

    • C. 

      Jacques Cuvier

    • D. 

      Alfred Wallace

    • E. 

      Jean Baptiste Lamarck

    • F. 

      Aristotle

  • 4. 
    Which of the following experiments might disprove the "inheritance of acquired characteristics"?
    • A. 

      Take a population of white mice. Dye the hair of the mice black and show that their children are still born with white hair.

    • B. 

      Separate male mice from female mice. Allow males to attack one another to prove dominance. Only allow the dominant males to breed with the females. Show that the male children are no more aggressive than their parents.

    • C. 

      Separate male mice from female mice. Race the male mice down a track. Only allow the fastest males to breed with the females. Show that the male children are no faster than their parents.

    • D. 

      Measure the tail lengths of a population of mice. Cut the tails off and then let them breed. Show that the children's tails are no shorter than their parents' tails.

    • E. 

      Separate black mice from white mice. Breed black mice together and white mice together and show that children resemble their parents in color.

  • 5. 
    Who first proposed the idea of natural selection as a mechanism for evolution?
    • A. 

      Comte de Buffon

    • B. 

      Aristotle

    • C. 

      Charles Darwin

    • D. 

      Alfred Wallace

    • E. 

      Jean Baptiste Lamarck

    • F. 

      Jacques Cuvier

  • 6. 
    Which of the following people were instrumental in early thought in evolutionary thought?
    • A. 

      Pavlov, Lamarck, Darwin

    • B. 

      Hutton, Watson, and Darwin

    • C. 

      Lyell, Lamarck and Darwin

    • D. 

      Pasteur Wallace and Darwin

    • E. 

      Darwin, Watson, Crick

  • 7. 
    Both Lamarck and Darwin proposed mechanisms to explain how evolution occurs. What was different about these mechanisms?
    • A. 

      Darwin published his beliefs about genetic changes in a species. Lamarck did not publish.

    • B. 

      Darwin focused on the genetic changes in a species. Lamarck believed that species were unchanged.

    • C. 

      Darwin focused on genetic changes based on physical fitness. Lamarck focused on genetic changes based on behaviors.

    • D. 

      Lamarck focused on genetic changes in an individual. Darwin focused on genetic changes in a population.

    • E. 

      Darwin focused on genetic changes as a function of time. Lamarck focused on genetic changes as a function of distance.

  • 8. 
    Which of the following did Darwin observe during his time in the Galapagos Islands?
    • A. 

      Fossils of extinct species of reptiles and lizards

    • B. 

      Penguins that used their wings for paddles while swimming

    • C. 

      The presence of vestigial organs in human anatomy

    • D. 

      Snakes with evidence of vestigial legs

    • E. 

      Different finch populations that appeared closely related

  • 9. 
    Why was credit for the discovery of natural selection given to Charles Darwin and not Alfred Wallace?
    • A. 

      Darwin presented his findings to a more prestigious society than Wallace did.

    • B. 

      Darwin published a book in addition to presenting his paper on natural selection.

    • C. 

      Darwin published his paper before Wallace

    • D. 

      Darwin discovered natural selection many years before Wallace did.

    • E. 

      Darwin published his discovery and Wallace did not.

  • 10. 
    Which postulate of natural selection is best supported by the work of Gregor Mendel?
    • A. 

      Individuals in a population vary.

    • B. 

      Some individuals fail to survive and reproduce.

    • C. 

      Traits are passed from parent to offspring.

    • D. 

      Survival and reproduction are not determined by chance.

  • 11. 
    According to Darwin's natural selection, what is the smallest unit of evolution?
    • A. 

      Gene

    • B. 

      Life

    • C. 

      Allele

    • D. 

      Population

    • E. 

      Species

    • F. 

      Individual

  • 12. 
    All of the following ideas are incorporated into the evolutionary concept EXCEPT __________.
    • A. 

      Physical changes in an organism while it is living can be passed on to the next generation

    • B. 

      Individual members of a population differ from one another

    • C. 

      Two different species can form a hybrid

    • D. 

      Traits evolve to adapt to the environment

    • E. 

      Natural selection works on the likelihood of reproduction

  • 13. 
    What conclusion can you make from comparing the bones in a bird wing, a bat wing, and a pterodactyl wing?
    • A. 

      These organisms evolved at the same time

    • B. 

      The bird and bat evolved from the pterodactyl.

    • C. 

      Flight is a good adaptation for land-dwelling organisms.

    • D. 

      These organisms evolved in a similar environment.

    • E. 

      These organisms evolved in the same place.

    • F. 

      These organisms share a common ancestor with each other.

  • 14. 
    Which of the following can be used to show the gradual evolution of aquatic mammals from land-dwelling mammals?
    • A. 

      Comparative anatomy

    • B. 

      Fossils

    • C. 

      Genetics

    • D. 

      Biochemistry

    • E. 

      Embryology

  • 15. 
    Compare a bird wing to a butterfly wing. What kind of structure does this pair represent?
    • A. 

      Analogous structure

    • B. 

      Ancestral structure

    • C. 

      Evolved structures

    • D. 

      Homologous structure

    • E. 

      Vestigial structure

  • 16. 
    What kind of structure is produced by convergent evolution?
    • A. 

      Homologous structures

    • B. 

      Ancestral structures

    • C. 

      Convergent structures

    • D. 

      Analogous structures

    • E. 

      Divergent structures

    • F. 

      Vestigial structures

  • 17. 
    Which of the following answers is the most ancient homologous feature of all life?
    • A. 

      Sexual reproduction

    • B. 

      DNA as genetic material

    • C. 

      Four-chambered heart

    • D. 

      Mitochondria for energy generation

    • E. 

      Membrane-enclosed nucleus

    • F. 

      Limbs for locomotion

  • 18. 
    A few of your friends are speculating about what humans will look like in the future. They know you're taking a biology class, so they ask you how human evolution will proceed in the next few centuries. How do you answer?
    • A. 

      Humans will not evolve because we are no longer subject to natural selection. Survival is no longer a struggle for us.

    • B. 

      The human lifespan will get longer and longer until it is common for us to live past age 100.

    • C. 

      Organs that are no longer useful to us will continue to shrink until they disappear.

    • D. 

      Any traits that result in a human having more children will be increased in the population.

    • E. 

      Humans will become smarter, but weaker, as our lifestyle shifts away from physical labor and more toward computers and technology

  • 19. 
    In what way did the guppies in Trinidad help to provide evidence for evolution?
    • A. 

      Guppies were larger in the absence of prey.

    • B. 

      Guppies were mating based on color.

    • C. 

      Guppies were more colorful in the absence of predators.

    • D. 

      Guppies were larger in the absence of predators.

    • E. 

      Guppies were mating based on size.

  • 20. 
    Which postulate of natural selection is deliberately enforced by dog breeders using artificial selection?
    • A. 

      Individuals in a population vary.

    • B. 

      Traits are passed from parent to offspring.

    • C. 

      Some individuals fail to survive and reproduce.

    • D. 

      Survival and reproduction are not determined by chance.

  • 21. 
    Which of the following correctly describes the evolution of roaches that were resistant to Combat®?
    • A. 

      The roach bait acted as a force of natural selection to create mutations that disliked the bait.

    • B. 

      The roach bait caused the population to evolve by selecting against roaches that preferred the bait.

    • C. 

      The roach bait caused individuals that preferred the bait to evolve a dislike for it.

    • D. 

      The roach bait evolved the roaches that liked the bait to become roaches that disliked the bait.

    • E. 

      The roach bait made the population of roaches more evolved to dislike the bait.

  • 22. 
    What type of structure is the human tailbone?
    • A. 

      Convergent structure

    • B. 

      Vestigial structure

    • C. 

      Homologous structure

    • D. 

      Analogous structure

    • E. 

      Bilateral structure

  • 23. 
    The evolution of different beak sizes on finches in the Galapagos Islands is most similar to which of the following evolutionary events?
    • A. 

      Development of antibiotic resistance by a bacterial infection in a patient

    • B. 

      Change in leg length of transplanted Anole lizards

    • C. 

      Loss of guppy color in the presence of a predator

    • D. 

      Avoidance of Combat® baits by Florida roaches

    • E. 

      Creation of the domesticated dog from wolves

  • 24. 
    Which of the following is necessary for evolution to occur?
    • A. 

      Variation must exist.

    • B. 

      Adaptation to the environment must occur.

    • C. 

      Change must occur to the environment.

    • D. 

      Population genetics must change.

    • E. 

      Artificial selection must occur.

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