Infection Control: Precautions And Risks! Trivia Quiz

25 Questions | Total Attempts: 114

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Infection Control: Precautions And Risks! Trivia Quiz

There is nothing scary for us as humans as being told or feeling like we have an illness, not only don’t you perform to your full potential but you also have a chance of infecting those around you if what you have is communicable. The quiz below is designed to help you review the precautions and risks you should know when it comes to infection control.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which of the following are true of  face-shields as PPE
    • A. 

      They are needed when there is a potential for splattering of blood or body fluids

    • B. 

      They should be constructed so that the eyes and mouth are protected

    • C. 

      They should cover the face, preventing any splattering from getting into the mouth or eyes by entering through the sides or bottom of the shield

    • D. 

      It can replace the need for a free standing or movable shield that positions between worker and work (on counter)

    • E. 

      They are worn for recreative use

    • F. 

      They have to look pretty

  • 2. 
    So long as a healthcare worker wears glasses, they do not need to wear goggles or face-shield as PPE
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 3. 
    Why should the patient from protective isolation wear a mask during transport?
    • A. 

      It is impossible to have everyone in the hospital hallways put on a mask to protect that patient

    • B. 

      The people in the hospital hallway are at risk of contracting what the patient has

    • C. 

      It warns everyone in the hallway to stay away

  • 4. 
    Whenever  a procedure warrants the use of goggles because of potential splattering into the eye, _______ must also be worn to prevent splattering into the mouth and nose
    • A. 

      Mask

    • B. 

      Lip sealer

    • C. 

      Nose filter

  • 5. 
    Which of the following are true of gowns used for isolation rooms
    • A. 

      They should be fluid resistant

    • B. 

      Gowns should only be used once and then disposed of

    • C. 

      The removal of gowns should be inside out

    • D. 

      Only airborne isolation rooms require it

  • 6. 
    Which of the following are true of masks
    • A. 

      They should be worn once and then discarded

    • B. 

      The maximum time they can be worn for is 15-20 minutes due to moisture form breathing that render them ineffective

    • C. 

      The maximum time they can be worn for is 24 hours due to moisture from breathing that render them ineffective

    • D. 

      The mask can be moved worn around the neck after the visit to one isolation room and moved up to protect the nose and mouth when entering another isolation room

  • 7. 
    Standard precautions states that Assume that every person is potentially infected or colonized with an organism that could be transmitted in the healthcare setting and apply the following infection control practices during the delivery of health care.
    • A. 

      During the delivery of healthcare, avoid unnecessary touching of surfaces in close proximity to the patient to prevent both contamination of clean hands from environmental surfaces and transmission of pathogens from contaminated hands to surfaces

    • B. 

      When hands are visibly dirty, contaminated with proteinaceous material, or visibly soiled with blood or body fluids, wash hands with either a nonantimicrobial soap and water or an antimicrobial soap and water

    • C. 

      If hands are not visibly soiled, or after removing visible material with nonantimicrobial soap and water, decontaminate hands with hand antiseptic

    • D. 

      Decontaminate hands before having direct contact with patients

    • E. 

      Decontaminate hands after contact with blood, body fluids or excretions, mucous membranes, nonintact skin, or wound dressings

    • F. 

      Decontaminate hands After contact with a patient's intact skin (e.g., when taking a pulse or blood pressure or lifting a patient)

    • G. 

      Decontaminate hands If hands will be moving from a contaminated-body site to a clean-body site during patient care.

    • H. 

      Decontaminate hands after After contact with inanimate objects (including medical equipment) in the immediate vicinity of the patient

    • I. 

      Review the efficacy of in-use disinfectants when evidence of continuing transmission of an infectious agent (e.g., rotavirus, C. difficile, norovirus) may indicate resistance to the in-use product and change to a more effective disinfectant as indicated

    • J. 

      Do not wear artificial fingernails or extenders if duties include direct contact with patients at high risk for infection and associated adverse outcomes

    • K. 

      Ash hands with non-antimicrobial soap and water or with antimicrobial soap and water if contact with spores (e.g., C. difficile or Bacillus anthracis) is likely to have occurred. The physical action of washing and rinsing hands under such circumstances is recommended because alcohols, chlorhexidine, iodophors, and other antiseptic agents have poor activity against spores

    • L. 

      Decontaminate hands After removing gloves

    • M. 

      Use EPA-registered disinfectants that have microbiocidal (i.e., killing) activity against the pathogens most likely to contaminate the patient-care environment. Use in accordance with manufacturer's instructions

    • N. 

      Clean and disinfect surfaces that are likely to be contaminated with pathogens, including those that are in close proximity to the patient (e.g., bed rails, over bed tables) and frequently-touched surfaces in the patient care environment (e.g., door knobs, surfaces in and surrounding toilets in patients' rooms) on a more frequent schedule compared to that for other surfaces (e.g., horizontal surfaces in waiting rooms)

    • O. 

      Wear PPE (e.g., gloves, gown), according to the level of anticipated contamination, when handling patient-care equipment and instruments/devices that is visibly soiled or may have been in contact with blood or body fluids

    • P. 

      . Remove organic material from critical and semi-critical instrument/devices, using recommended cleaning agents before high level disinfection and sterilization to enable effective disinfection and sterilization processes

    • Q. 

      Place patients who pose a risk for transmission to others (e.g., uncontained secretions, excretions or wound drainage; infants with suspected viral respiratory or gastrointestinal infections) in a single-patient room when available

    • R. 

      During periods of increased prevalence of respiratory infections in the community (e.g., as indicated by increased school absenteeism, increased number of patients seeking care for a respiratory infection), offer masks to coughing patients and other symptomatic persons (e.g., persons who accompany ill patients) upon entry into the facility or medical office [126, 899 898] and encourage them to maintain special separation, ideally a distance of at least 3 feet, from others in common waiting areas

  • 8. 
    Healthcare worker who use or may be exposed to needles are at increased risk of needlestick injury
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 9. 
    Health care workers should take the following steps to protect themselves and their fellow workers from needlestick injuries
    • A. 

      Avoid the use of needles where safe and effective alternatives are available

    • B. 

      Help your employer select and evaluate devices with safety features

    • C. 

      Use devices with safety features provided by your employer

    • D. 

      Avoid recapping needles

    • E. 

      • Plan for safe handling and disposal before beginning any procedure using needles.

    • F. 

      Dispose of used needles promptly inappropriate sharps disposal containers

    • G. 

      Report all needlestick and other sharps-related injuries promptly to ensure that you receive appropriate followup care

    • H. 

      Tell your employer about hazards from needles that you observe in your work environment.

    • I. 

      Tell your employer about hazards from needles that you observe in your work environment.

    • J. 

      Always touch the needle to you finger first to see how sharp it is before you draw blood

    • K. 

      Participate in bloodborne pathogen training and follow recommended in fection prevention practices, including hepatitis B vaccination

  • 10. 
    In addition to risks related to device characteristics, needlestick injuries have been related to certain work practices such as
    • A. 

      Recapping

    • B. 

      Transferring a body fluid between containers, and

    • C. 

      Failing to properly dispose of used needles in puncture-resistant sharps containers

    • D. 

      Placing the needle into the sharps intact immediately after blood draw

  • 11. 
    Employers should take the following steps to implementing a program for needle stick prevention
    • A. 

      Employers of health care workers should implement the use of improved engineering control to reduce needlestick injuries

    • B. 

      Analyze needlestick and other sharps related injuries in your workplace to identify hazards and injury trends

    • C. 

      • Ensure that health care workers are properly trained in the safe use and disposal of needles

    • D. 

      Establish procedures for and encourage the reporting and timely followup of all needlestick and sharps related injuries

    • E. 

      Evaluate the effectiveness of prevention method and provide feedback on performance

    • F. 

      Modify work practices that pose a needlestick injury hazard to make them safer

    • G. 

      Promote safety awareness in the work environment.

    • H. 

      Fire all employee right away after a needle stick

  • 12. 
    The single most important way of prevent spread of infection is
    • A. 

      Hand hygiene

    • B. 

      Wearing a lab coat

    • C. 

      Wearing goggles

  • 13. 
    The effectiveness of hand hygiene techniques depends on 
    • A. 

      The amount of antiseptic

    • B. 

      The frequency of hand hygiene

    • C. 

      Duration of hand cleaning procedure

    • D. 

      Type of product used

    • E. 

      Color of antiseptic

    • F. 

      The odor of the antiseptic

    • G. 

      The concentration of the antiseptic

    • H. 

      The potency of the antiseptic

    • I. 

      Number of microorganism

    • J. 

      The presence of organic and inorganic material

    • K. 

      Temperature

    • L. 

      Ph

    • M. 

      Bio-film formation

    • N. 

      Number of organisms

  • 14. 
    Choose all of the possible active ingredients in disinfectants
    • A. 

      Sodium hypochlorite

    • B. 

      Alcohol

    • C. 

      Phenols

    • D. 

      Iodophors

    • E. 

      Quaternary ammonium compounds

    • F. 

      Alcohols

    • G. 

      Citrus flavored products

    • H. 

      Honey

  • 15. 
    Choose active ingredients in antiseptics
    • A. 

      Alcohol

    • B. 

      Iodine

    • C. 

      Benzalkonium chloride

    • D. 

      Chlorhexidine

    • E. 

      Hydrogen peroxide

    • F. 

      Sodium hypochlorite

  • 16. 
    One advantage for using waterless hand antiseptics is that a sink is not required
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 17. 
    What is the first step to take after an exposure incident
    • A. 

      Flood the exposed area with water and clean any wound with antiseptic and water

    • B. 

      Report incident to supervisor or appropriate safety officer

    • C. 

      Seek immediate medical attention

  • 18. 
    What is the second step to take after an exposure incident
    • A. 

      Flood the exposed area with water and clean any wound with antiseptic and water

    • B. 

      Report incident to supervisor or appropriate safety officer

    • C. 

      Seek immediate medical attention

  • 19. 
    What is the third step to take after an exposure incident
    • A. 

      Flood the exposed area with water and clean any wound with antiseptic and water

    • B. 

      Report incident to supervisor or appropriate safety officer

    • C. 

      Seek immediate medical attention

  • 20. 
    Because the number of organisms on a surface affects the efficacy of  decontamination methods, meticulous cleaning of surfaces before decontamination is required
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 21. 
    Choose the two reasons why the presence of organic and inorganic matter on surfaces prevent effective decontamination
    • A. 

      The matter forms a barrier

    • B. 

      The matter reacts with the disinfectants/sterilant forming a new compound that is now less effective at decontaminating

    • C. 

      The matter changes the color of the disinfectant/sterilant

  • 22. 
    Choose the three reasons why phlebotomists should wear gloves
    • A. 

      Sterile gloves prevent healthcare workers from transmitting their own flora to the patient or patient specimen

    • B. 

      Gloves prevent the transmission of microorganisms from one patient to another

    • C. 

      Gloves prevent the phlebotomist from becoming infected with what is infecting the patient

    • D. 

      Its part of the uniform

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