Test On Psychology MCQ Exam: Quiz!

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Test On Psychology MCQ Exam: Quiz! - Quiz

Psychology is the science of mind and behavior. It encompasses the examination of thoughts, feelings, and conscious and unconscious phenomena. Psychologists seek to understand the nature of human behavior and mental processes by perceiving the person they are working with. They also attempt to understand the individual. If you want to understand further about psychology, try this quiz.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    St Augustine proposed:

    • A.

      I think therfore I am

    • B.

      Mind-body are attributes of god

    • C.

      Introdyced introspection and internal represenation of world

    • D.

      We livein a dual world - what we percieve and what is real

    Correct Answer
    A. I think therfore I am
    Explanation
    The given answer is a famous quote by René Descartes, not St. Augustine. Descartes proposed the idea that the existence of one's own thoughts is the only thing that cannot be doubted, leading to the conclusion that if one is thinking, then one must exist. This concept, known as "Cogito, ergo sum" in Latin, is often considered the foundation of modern Western philosophy and epistemology.

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  • 2. 

    The problems with spacial search metaphors are?

    • A.

      Existing knowledge is used to explain new knowledge

    • B.

      Knowing not - very quick to reject somethings as not true (should take longer to search all stores!)

    Correct Answer
    B. Knowing not - very quick to reject somethings as not true (should take longer to search all stores!)
    Explanation
    The problems with spatial search metaphors are that they rely on existing knowledge to explain new knowledge and that they make us quick to reject things as not true without thoroughly searching all available information.

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  • 3. 

    Levels of processing theories of memory:

    • A.

      Memory is an imaginative reconstruction ( not a retrieval)

    • B.

      Memory as a byproduct of perceptual processing - creates memory traces

    • C.

      Memorys are vibrations in the brain

    Correct Answer
    B. Memory as a byproduct of perceptual processing - creates memory traces
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "memory as a byproduct of perceptual processing - creates memory traces". This theory suggests that memory is formed as a result of the processing and interpretation of perceptual information. When we perceive something, it leaves a trace in our memory, which can be retrieved later. This theory emphasizes the importance of sensory input and the encoding of information during perception in the formation of memories. It suggests that memory is not simply a retrieval process, but rather a product of how we perceive and process information.

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  • 4. 

    Patricia's dual coding hypothesis is?

    • A.

      Anything present during learning can be a cue for remembering

    • B.

      Learning some items may disrupt retrieval of other info

    • C.

      Concrete words are stored twice (as word and image) abstract words stored once (as word). we remember concrete better!

    Correct Answer
    C. Concrete words are stored twice (as word and image) abstract words stored once (as word). we remember concrete better!
    Explanation
    The dual coding hypothesis proposed by Patricia suggests that concrete words are stored twice in our memory, as both a word and an image, whereas abstract words are stored only as words. This means that when we encounter concrete words, we have two cues for remembering them - the word itself and the mental image associated with it. On the other hand, abstract words rely solely on the word itself for retrieval. This hypothesis further suggests that we tend to remember concrete words better than abstract words, as the dual coding provides additional retrieval cues.

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  • 5. 

    Direct realism describes memory as

    • A.

      Relationship between knower and environment

    • B.

      Prehension of sequential structure - not confined to present but stretches backwards

    • C.

      Human in mind making descions

    Correct Answer
    B. Prehension of sequential structure - not confined to present but stretches backwards
    Explanation
    Direct realism describes memory as the prehension of sequential structure, which is not confined to the present but stretches backwards. This means that memory allows individuals to grasp and understand the sequential order of events that have occurred in the past, rather than being limited to only perceiving the present moment. In direct realism, memory is seen as a mechanism that enables individuals to have a direct and unmediated relationship with the environment, allowing them to remember and comprehend events that have happened in the past.

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  • 6. 

    What predicted depression post partum?

    • A.

      Increased sleep scores (poor sleep)

    • B.

      Anxiety 1 year before pregnancy

    • C.

      Self esteem

    • D.

      Ideal body size ratings

    Correct Answer
    A. Increased sleep scores (poor sleep)
    Explanation
    Increased sleep scores (poor sleep) can be a predictor of postpartum depression. Poor sleep during pregnancy can lead to hormonal changes and increased stress levels, which are known risk factors for developing depression after childbirth. Sleep deprivation can also affect mood and cognitive functioning, making it more likely for new mothers to experience depressive symptoms. Therefore, the presence of increased sleep scores indicates a higher likelihood of postpartum depression.

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  • 7. 

    Depression predicts anxiety when?

    • A.

      Both are high

    • B.

      In late pregancy

    Correct Answer
    B. In late pregancy
    Explanation
    The correct answer states that depression predicts anxiety in late pregnancy. This implies that when a woman experiences high levels of depression during the later stages of pregnancy, it is likely that she will also experience high levels of anxiety. The connection between depression and anxiety in late pregnancy could be due to various factors such as hormonal changes, increased stress, anticipation of childbirth, or concerns about becoming a parent.

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  • 8. 

    The scientific study of behavior and mental process.

    • A.

      Humanistic Perspective

    • B.

      Critical Thinking

    • C.

      Nature-Nurture

    • D.

      Psychology

    Correct Answer
    D. Psychology
    Explanation
    Psychology is the correct answer because it is the scientific study of behavior and mental processes. It involves examining how individuals think, feel, and behave, as well as understanding the underlying processes that drive these behaviors. Psychology encompasses various perspectives, such as the humanistic perspective, which emphasizes individual growth and potential, and the nature-nurture debate, which explores the influence of genetics and environment on behavior. Critical thinking is also an important aspect of psychology, as it involves analyzing and evaluating information objectively to make informed decisions and conclusions about human behavior.

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  • 9. 

    What is the process of assigning participants to experimental conditions so that all participants have an equal chance of being assigned to any of the conditions or groups in the study?

    • A.

      Expectancy effects

    • B.

      Random assignment

    • C.

      Demand characteristics

    • D.

      Double-blind study

    Correct Answer
    B. Random assignment
    Explanation
    Random assignment is the process of assigning participants to experimental conditions in such a way that all participants have an equal chance of being assigned to any of the conditions or groups in the study. This is done to minimize any potential bias or confounding variables that could affect the results. By randomly assigning participants, researchers can ensure that any differences observed between groups are due to the manipulation of the independent variable and not other factors. Random assignment helps to create comparable groups and increase the internal validity of the study.

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  • 10. 

    What are the two variables more in opposite directions?

    • A.

      Correlation coefficient

    • B.

      Positive correlation

    • C.

      Correlational study

    • D.

      Negative correlation

    Correct Answer
    D. Negative correlation
    Explanation
    A negative correlation refers to a relationship between two variables where they move in opposite directions. When one variable increases, the other variable decreases, and vice versa. In this case, the question is asking for the two variables that have a negative correlation, meaning they are more likely to move in opposite directions.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Dec 11, 2013
    Quiz Created by
    Mukeshrajput
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