New England Colonies

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New England Colonies - Quiz

The founding of the New England colonies.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Which New England Colony was founded by Thomas Hooker?

    • A.

      Massachusetts

    • B.

      Connecticut

    • C.

      Rhode Island

    • D.

      New Hampshire

    Correct Answer
    B. Connecticut
    Explanation
    Thomas Hooker founded the New England Colony of Connecticut. Connecticut was founded in 1636 by Hooker and his followers, who left Massachusetts in search of more religious and political freedom. Hooker played a significant role in the development of Connecticut's government and is often referred to as the "Father of American Democracy."

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  • 2. 

    Which New England colony was founded by Roger Williams?

    • A.

      Massachusetts

    • B.

      Connecticut

    • C.

      Rhode Island

    • D.

      New Hampshire

    Correct Answer
    C. Rhode Island
    Explanation
    Rhode Island was founded by Roger Williams. He established the colony in 1636 after being banished from Massachusetts for his religious beliefs. Williams believed in the separation of church and state and advocated for religious freedom. He purchased land from the Narragansett tribe and established a settlement called Providence. Rhode Island became a haven for religious dissenters and was known for its tolerance and acceptance of various religious beliefs.

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  • 3. 

    Which colony is labeled B on the map?

    • A.

      Massachusetts

    • B.

      Connecticut

    • C.

      Rhode Island

    • D.

      New Hampshire

    Correct Answer
    A. Massachusetts
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Massachusetts because it is the only option that starts with the letter "M" and is labeled B on the map.

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  • 4. 

    Which colony is labeled A on the map?

    • A.

      Massachusetts

    • B.

      Connecticut

    • C.

      Rhode Island

    • D.

      New Hampshire

    Correct Answer
    D. New Hampshire
    Explanation
    The correct answer is New Hampshire because it is the only colony among the options that is labeled A on the map. Massachusetts, Connecticut, and Rhode Island are not labeled as A on the map.

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  • 5. 

    Which colony is labeled D on the map?

    • A.

      Massachusetts

    • B.

      Connecticut

    • C.

      Rhode Island

    • D.

      New Hampshire

    Correct Answer
    C. Rhode Island
    Explanation
    Rhode Island is labeled as D on the map.

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  • 6. 

    Which colony is labeled C on the map?

    • A.

      Massachusetts

    • B.

      Connecticut

    • C.

      Rhode Island

    • D.

      New Hampshire

    Correct Answer
    B. Connecticut
    Explanation
    Colony C on the map is labeled Connecticut.

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  • 7. 

    Which description best identifies farming conditions in New England?

    • A.

      Long growing season with fertile soil

    • B.

      Short growing season with sandy soil

    • C.

      Short growing season with rocky soil

    • D.

      Long growing season with rocky soil

    Correct Answer
    C. Short growing season with rocky soil
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Short growing season with rocky soil." New England is known for its harsh climate, with cold winters and a short growing season. The rocky soil in the region makes it difficult for crops to thrive, as it lacks the necessary nutrients and drainage. This combination of a short growing season and rocky soil presents challenges for farmers in New England, requiring them to adapt their farming practices to these conditions.

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  • 8. 

    Which of the following was not a major source of income for people in New England?

    • A.

      Fishing

    • B.

      Whaling

    • C.

      Shipping

    • D.

      Growing tobacco

    Correct Answer
    D. Growing tobacco
    Explanation
    Growing tobacco was not a major source of income for people in New England because the climate and soil conditions in this region were not suitable for cultivating tobacco. New England's economy primarily relied on industries such as fishing, whaling, and shipping, which were better suited to the region's natural resources and geographical location.

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  • 9. 

    Identify the name of the trade route shown in the picture.

    • A.

      African Trade

    • B.

      Triangular Trade

    • C.

      Columbian Trade

    • D.

      New England Trade

    Correct Answer
    B. Triangular Trade
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Triangular Trade. Triangular Trade refers to the historical trade route between Europe, Africa, and the Americas during the 16th to 19th centuries. It involved the exchange of goods, including slaves, between these three regions. The name "Triangular" comes from the shape of the trade route, which formed a triangle on the map. This trade route played a significant role in the development of the global economy and had a profound impact on the history of Africa, Europe, and the Americas.

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  • 10. 

    What is the name for the 2nd leg of the trade route pictured. It was when Africans were shipped to the Americas as slaves.

    • A.

      Middle Passage

    • B.

      African Passage

    • C.

      Columbian Passage

    • D.

      New England Passage

    Correct Answer
    A. Middle Passage
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Middle Passage. The Middle Passage refers to the second leg of the triangular trade route during the era of the Atlantic slave trade. It involved the transportation of enslaved Africans from Africa to the Americas, primarily to be sold as slaves. This journey was known for its harsh and inhumane conditions, with enslaved individuals enduring overcrowded and unsanitary conditions, disease outbreaks, and high mortality rates. The Middle Passage played a significant role in the forced migration of millions of Africans and the establishment of slavery in the Americas.

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  • 11. 

    Which region was know as the Breadbasket Colonies?

    • A.

      New England Colonies

    • B.

      Middle Colonies

    Correct Answer
    B. Middle Colonies
    Explanation
    The Middle Colonies were known as the Breadbasket Colonies because they had fertile soil and a favorable climate for agriculture. This region, which included Pennsylvania, New York, New Jersey, and Delaware, was known for its abundant wheat production. The Middle Colonies were able to produce surplus crops, including wheat, which they exported to other colonies and even to Europe. The nickname "Breadbasket Colonies" reflects the importance of agriculture and the abundance of food production in this region.

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  • 12. 

    Which region was first settled by the Pilgrims and Puritans?

    • A.

      New England Colonies

    • B.

      Middle Colonies

    Correct Answer
    A. New England Colonies
    Explanation
    The Pilgrims and Puritans were religious groups who migrated from England to America in the early 17th century. They settled in the New England Colonies, which included present-day states such as Massachusetts, Connecticut, Rhode Island, and New Hampshire. These colonies were known for their strict religious beliefs and emphasis on education. The Pilgrims established the Plymouth Colony in 1620, while the Puritans settled the Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1630. Therefore, the New England Colonies were the first region settled by the Pilgrims and Puritans.

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  • 13. 

    Which region was known for its religious and ethnic diversity?

    • A.

      New England Colonies

    • B.

      Middle Colonies

    Correct Answer
    B. Middle Colonies
    Explanation
    The Middle Colonies were known for their religious and ethnic diversity. This region attracted a wide range of settlers from different religious backgrounds, including Quakers, Catholics, Jews, and various Protestant denominations. Additionally, the Middle Colonies welcomed immigrants from different countries, leading to a diverse population with various ethnicities. This diversity fostered a tolerant and inclusive society in the Middle Colonies, where different religious beliefs and cultural traditions were respected and coexisted.

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  • 14. 

    Which region had long navigable rivers and large cities like Philadelphia and New York?

    • A.

      New England Colonies

    • B.

      Middle Colonies

    Correct Answer
    B. Middle Colonies
    Explanation
    The Middle Colonies had long navigable rivers and large cities like Philadelphia and New York. These rivers, such as the Hudson and Delaware, provided important transportation routes for trade and commerce. The presence of these rivers allowed for the growth of cities, which became centers of economic and cultural activity in the region. Philadelphia and New York, in particular, became major hubs for trade, attracting merchants and settlers from various backgrounds. Therefore, the Middle Colonies were characterized by their access to navigable rivers and the presence of bustling cities.

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  • 15. 

    Which region depended on the ocean to make a living because they had rocky soil?

    • A.

      New England Colonies

    • B.

      Middle Colonies

    Correct Answer
    A. New England Colonies
    Explanation
    The New England Colonies depended on the ocean to make a living because they had rocky soil. The rocky soil made it difficult for them to engage in agriculture, so they turned to the ocean for resources and livelihood. They relied heavily on fishing, whaling, and shipbuilding as their main industries. The ocean provided them with a rich source of fish and whales, which they used for food, oil, and other products. Additionally, they utilized the ocean for trade and transportation, allowing them to connect with other colonies and countries for economic growth.

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  • 16. 

    Identify colony labeled A

    • A.

      New York

    • B.

      New Jersey

    • C.

      Pennsylvania

    • D.

      Delaware

    Correct Answer
    A. New York
    Explanation
    The colony labeled A is New York because New York is the only option given that matches the label A.

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  • 17. 

    Identify the colony labeled B.

    • A.

      New York

    • B.

      New Jersey

    • C.

      Pennsylvania

    • D.

      Delaware

    Correct Answer
    C. Pennsylvania
    Explanation
    The colony labeled B is Pennsylvania.

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  • 18. 

    Identify the colony labeled C

    • A.

      New York

    • B.

      New Jersey

    • C.

      Pennsylvania

    • D.

      Delaware

    Correct Answer
    B. New Jersey
    Explanation
    The colony labeled C is New Jersey.

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  • 19. 

    Identify the colony labeled D.

    • A.

      New York

    • B.

      New Jersey

    • C.

      Pennsylvania

    • D.

      Delaware

    Correct Answer
    D. Delaware
    Explanation
    The colony labeled D is Delaware.

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