Thirteen Colonies 10th Grade Quiz

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| By Sherilyn Fletcher
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Sherilyn Fletcher
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Quizzes Created: 8 | Total Attempts: 15,032
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Thirteen Colonies 10th Grade Quiz - Quiz

How much do you know about the thirteen colonies? Wouldn't you want to know with this amazing thirteen colonies 10th grade quiz? The Thirteen Colonies, which are also known as the Thirteen British Colonies, the Thirteen American Colonies, or later came to be known as the United Colonies, were a united group of British colonies that were on the Atlantic coast of North America. These questions will give you more knowledge on the subject. All the best!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Before getting off their ship, the Pilgrims wrote an agreement called the:

    • A.

      Articles of Confederation

    • B.

      Declaration of Independence

    • C.

      Magna Carta

    • D.

      Mayflower Compact

    Correct Answer
    D. Mayflower Compact
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Mayflower Compact. The Mayflower Compact was a document written by the Pilgrims before they disembarked from their ship, the Mayflower, in 1620. It served as a social contract and established a basic form of government for the Plymouth Colony. The compact was a significant step towards self-governance and the establishment of democratic principles in the early years of American history.

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  • 2. 

    Which of these colonies is NOT part of the New England Colonies?

    • A.

      Virginia

    • B.

      Massachusetts

    • C.

      New Hampshire

    • D.

      Rhode Island

    Correct Answer
    A. Virginia
    Explanation
    Virginia is not part of the New England Colonies because it was one of the original thirteen colonies that formed the United States, but it was located in the Southern region. The New England Colonies, on the other hand, were located in the northeastern part of the country and included Massachusetts, New Hampshire, and Rhode Island.

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  • 3. 

    The people of Pennsylvania did not have religious freedom. Only the Quaker's religion was allowed.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement is false because the people of Pennsylvania did have religious freedom. Unlike many other colonies at the time, Pennsylvania was founded on the principles of religious tolerance and acceptance. While the Quakers were the dominant religious group in the colony, they did not impose their beliefs on others and allowed people of different religions to practice freely.

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  • 4. 

    Select four of the five Southern colonies.

    • A.

      Georgia

    • B.

      Rhode Island

    • C.

      Virginia

    • D.

      North Carolina

    • E.

      Maryland

    • F.

      Pennsylvania

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Georgia
    C. Virginia
    D. North Carolina
    E. Maryland
    Explanation
    The four Southern colonies are Georgia, Virginia, North Carolina, and Maryland. These colonies were located in the southern region of the United States and were known for their reliance on agriculture, particularly the cultivation of cash crops such as tobacco and rice. They also had a large population of enslaved Africans who worked on plantations. These colonies shared similar economic, social, and political characteristics, which distinguished them from the New England and Middle colonies.

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  • 5. 

    Who was the founder of Georgia?

    • A.

      James Oglethorpe

    • B.

      John Smith

    • C.

      William Penn

    • D.

      Lord Baltimore

    Correct Answer
    A. James Oglethorpe
    Explanation
    James Oglethorpe is the correct answer because he was indeed the founder of Georgia. Oglethorpe was a British philanthropist and soldier who founded the colony of Georgia in 1732. He established Georgia as a haven for debtors and a buffer zone between the British colonies and Spanish Florida. Oglethorpe played a crucial role in the early development of Georgia, including the planning and establishment of the city of Savannah. He also implemented a unique system of government and social structure in Georgia, emphasizing equality and prohibiting slavery. Overall, James Oglethorpe's contributions make him the rightful founder of Georgia.

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  • 6. 

    Jamestown, established in 1607, was the first settlement in the New World.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Jamestown, established in 1607, holds the distinction of being the first settlement in the New World. This means that it was the first permanent English settlement in what is now the United States. The establishment of Jamestown marked the beginning of the English colonization of North America, making it a significant historical event. Therefore, the statement "Jamestown, established in 1607, was the first settlement in the New World" is true.

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  • 7. 

    Which of these religious groups wanted a more "pure" form of their religion?

    • A.

      Separatists

    • B.

      Pilgrims

    • C.

      Puritans

    • D.

      Quakers

    Correct Answer
    C. Puritans
    Explanation
    The Puritans wanted a more "pure" form of their religion. They believed that the Church of England was still too influenced by Catholicism and wanted to purify it by removing any remnants of Catholic practices and rituals. They sought to create a simpler and more focused form of worship that adhered strictly to biblical teachings. They believed in the importance of personal piety and strict moral codes, and they aimed to establish a society that reflected these values.

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  • 8. 

    The Quakers are a religious group that believes in an "inner light," or conscience.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The Quakers are indeed a religious group that believes in an "inner light," or conscience. This belief is central to their faith and influences their practices and values. Quakers believe that every individual has a direct connection to God and can receive guidance and inspiration through their inner light. This belief in the importance of conscience and personal revelation distinguishes Quakerism from other Christian denominations. Therefore, the statement "The Quakers are a religious group that believes in an 'inner light,' or conscience" is true.

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  • 9. 

    The early settlers and colonists established colonies for which reason?

    • A.

      Religious Freedom

    • B.

      Political Freedom

    • C.

      Economic Opportunities

    • D.

      All of these

    Correct Answer
    D. All of these
    Explanation
    The early settlers and colonists established colonies for a combination of reasons, including religious freedom, political freedom, and economic opportunities. These individuals sought to escape religious persecution, establish self-governance, and find new economic prospects in the New World. The colonies provided a haven for those seeking different forms of freedom and opportunities, making "All of these" the correct answer.

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  • 10. 

    Which was the first of the 13 Colonies?

    • A.

      Massachusetts

    • B.

      Georgia

    • C.

      Virginia

    • D.

      Roanoke

    • E.

      Connecticut

    Correct Answer
    A. Massachusetts
    Explanation
    Massachusetts was the first of the 13 Colonies because it was established in 1620 with the arrival of the Pilgrims on the Mayflower. They settled in Plymouth and were followed by other English settlers who established the Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1630. Massachusetts played a significant role in the early history of the United States and became a center for trade, industry, and intellectual thought.

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  • 11. 

    What was the main religion of the Massachusetts colony?

    • A.

      Catholic

    • B.

      Quaker

    • C.

      Puritan

    • D.

      Muslim

    • E.

      Christian

    Correct Answer
    C. Puritan
    Explanation
    The main religion of the Massachusetts colony was Puritan. The Puritans were a group of English Protestants who sought to purify the Church of England from within. They believed in a strict moral code and emphasized the importance of personal piety and a close relationship with God. The Puritans played a significant role in the early colonization of New England, including the establishment of the Massachusetts Bay Colony. Their religious beliefs and practices greatly influenced the social and political life of the colony.

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  • 12. 

    Who wanted New York?

    • A.

      The Chinese

    • B.

      The Indians

    • C.

      The Dutch

    • D.

      The British

    • E.

      The Russians

    Correct Answer
    D. The British
    Explanation
    The British wanted New York. This can be inferred from the historical context that New York was originally settled by the Dutch in the early 17th century, but it was later seized by the British in 1664 during the Second Anglo-Dutch War. The British then renamed the city New York in honor of the Duke of York.

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  • 13. 

    How did England get New York from the Dutch?

    • A.

      They massacred the Dutch.

    • B.

      They fought the Dutch but didn't kill very many.

    • C.

      They talked it over peacefully.

    • D.

      The Dutch surrendered.

    • E.

      England never got the land.

    Correct Answer
    D. The Dutch surrendered.
    Explanation
    During the Anglo-Dutch War, England and the Dutch Republic engaged in conflict over trade and colonial territories. In 1664, the English fleet, led by Colonel Richard Nicolls, arrived in New Amsterdam (now New York City) and demanded the surrender of the Dutch. Facing a superior military force, the Dutch governor Peter Stuyvesant eventually agreed to surrender the colony peacefully. As a result, New Amsterdam was renamed New York, and England gained control over the territory without resorting to a massacre or extensive bloodshed.

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  • 14. 

    The Duke of York is King Charles II's

    • A.

      Cousin

    • B.

      Son

    • C.

      Brother

    • D.

      Nephew

    • E.

      Uncle

    Correct Answer
    C. Brother
    Explanation
    The Duke of York being King Charles II's brother is the correct answer. This means that they share the same parents, making them siblings.

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  • 15. 

    Who founded Connecticut?

    • A.

      Roger Williams

    • B.

      Thomas Hooker

    • C.

      Anne Hutchinson

    • D.

      John White

    • E.

      John Smith

    Correct Answer
    B. Thomas Hooker
    Explanation
    Thomas Hooker is the correct answer because he was a prominent Puritan colonial leader who founded the Connecticut Colony in 1636. He was a minister who believed in the concept of self-government and played a crucial role in drafting the Fundamental Orders of Connecticut, which is considered one of the first written constitutions in North America. Hooker's ideas and leadership laid the foundation for the establishment of Connecticut as a separate colony with its own government and laws.

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