MCQ On Nervous System: Trivia Quiz!

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MCQ On Nervous System: Trivia Quiz! - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Functions of the spinal cord include:

    • A.

      Controlling the somatic nervous system

    • B.

      Processing and storing memories

    • C.

      Producing reflex actions

    • D.

      Transporting sensory information about taste and smell

    Correct Answer
    C. Producing reflex actions
    Explanation
    The spinal cord is responsible for producing reflex actions. Reflex actions are involuntary responses to stimuli that occur without conscious thought. The spinal cord plays a crucial role in coordinating these reflex actions by receiving sensory information from the peripheral nervous system and sending motor signals back to the muscles or glands involved in the reflex. This allows for quick and automatic responses to potentially dangerous or harmful stimuli, helping to protect the body from harm.

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  • 2. 

    How many pairs of cranial nerves are there?

    • A.

      8

    • B.

      10

    • C.

      12

    • D.

      14

    Correct Answer
    C. 12
    Explanation
    There are 12 pairs of cranial nerves. These nerves emerge directly from the brain and are responsible for various functions such as sensory perception, motor control, and autonomic regulation of organs. Each pair of cranial nerves serves a specific region or function in the head and neck.

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  • 3. 

    Which of the following correctly describes the functions of the cerebrum?

    • A.

      Involved in seeing, hearing and speaking

    • B.

      Controls homeostasis

    • C.

      Controls skeletal muscles, posture and balance

    • D.

      Transports sensory informatio from spinal cord to the rest of the brain

    Correct Answer
    A. Involved in seeing, hearing and speaking
    Explanation
    The cerebrum is responsible for higher cognitive functions such as perception, thinking, and language. It is involved in processing sensory information from the eyes and ears, allowing us to see, hear, and speak. It also plays a role in memory, emotions, and decision-making. Therefore, the statement "Involved in seeing, hearing and speaking" correctly describes the functions of the cerebrum.

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  • 4. 

    Which of the following statements about the sympathetic nervous system is correct?

    • A.

      It generally inhibits all activity

    • B.

      It generally conserves energy in the body

    • C.

      It controls the body when we are at rest

    • D.

      It generally stimulates activity

    Correct Answer
    D. It generally stimulates activity
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "It generally stimulates activity." The sympathetic nervous system is responsible for activating the body's fight-or-flight response, which prepares the body for action in response to stress or danger. It increases heart rate, dilates blood vessels, and releases stress hormones like adrenaline, all of which promote increased activity and alertness.

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  • 5. 

    Which part of a motor neuron is the part that receives impulses (the input part of the cell)?

    • A.

      Cell body

    • B.

      Axon

    • C.

      Dendrite

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. Dendrite
    Explanation
    The dendrite is the part of a motor neuron that receives impulses, acting as the input part of the cell. It is responsible for receiving signals from other neurons and transmitting them to the cell body. The cell body, axon, and none of the above options do not perform this function, making them incorrect choices.

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  • 6. 

    What are myelin sheaths around nerve cell axons produced by?

    • A.

      Neurolemma

    • B.

      Nodes of Ranvier

    • C.

      Plasma cells

    • D.

      Schwann cells

    Correct Answer
    D. Schwann cells
    Explanation
    Schwann cells are responsible for producing myelin sheaths around nerve cell axons. Myelin sheaths are essential for insulating and protecting the axons, allowing for faster and more efficient transmission of nerve impulses. Schwann cells wrap themselves around the axons, forming multiple layers of myelin sheaths. This process is known as myelination and is crucial for the proper functioning of the nervous system.

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  • 7. 

    Cranial nerves are part of the:

    • A.

      Central nervous system

    • B.

      Peripheral nervous system

    • C.

      Memory system

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. Peripheral nervous system
    Explanation
    Cranial nerves are a set of 12 pairs of nerves that originate from the brain and extend to various parts of the head, neck, and upper body. They are responsible for carrying sensory and motor information between the brain and different regions of the body. Since cranial nerves are not located within the brain itself, but rather extend outside of it, they are considered part of the peripheral nervous system. The peripheral nervous system includes all the nerves and ganglia outside of the brain and spinal cord, while the central nervous system consists of the brain and spinal cord.

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  • 8. 

    What type of cells are olfactory receptors?

    • A.

      Chemoreceptors

    • B.

      Mechanoreceptors

    • C.

      Baroreceptors

    • D.

      Thermoreceptors

    Correct Answer
    A. Chemoreceptors
    Explanation
    Olfactory receptors are responsible for detecting and responding to various chemical stimuli in the environment, such as odors. Chemoreceptors are specialized sensory cells that are sensitive to changes in chemical concentrations. Since olfactory receptors are specifically designed to detect and respond to chemical stimuli, they can be classified as chemoreceptors.

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  • 9. 

    The part of the nervous system that helps stimulate the response to stress is the:

    • A.

      Somatic

    • B.

      Autonomic

    • C.

      Sympathetic

    • D.

      Parasympathetic

    Correct Answer
    C. Sympathetic
    Explanation
    The sympathetic nervous system is responsible for stimulating the body's response to stress. It activates the "fight or flight" response, increasing heart rate, blood pressure, and respiration, while inhibiting digestion. This response helps the body prepare to deal with a perceived threat or danger.

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  • 10. 

    What type of neurone transmits impulses from the skin to the central nervous system?

    • A.

      Afferent (sensory)

    • B.

      Efferent (motor)

    • C.

      Association

    • D.

      Inter neurones

    Correct Answer
    A. Afferent (sensory)
    Explanation
    Afferent (sensory) neurons transmit impulses from the skin to the central nervous system. These neurons are responsible for carrying sensory information from the peripheral nervous system to the brain and spinal cord. They detect stimuli such as touch, temperature, and pain and relay this information to the central nervous system for processing and interpretation.

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  • 11. 

    What type of neuron transmits impulses from the central nervous system to the muscles?

    • A.

      Afferent (sensory)

    • B.

      Efferent (motor)

    • C.

      Neuroglia

    • D.

      Inter neurones

    Correct Answer
    B. Efferent (motor)
    Explanation
    Efferent neurons, also known as motor neurons, transmit impulses from the central nervous system to the muscles. These neurons are responsible for carrying signals that control muscle movement and allow for voluntary and involuntary actions.

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  • 12. 

    Where on a motor neuron are the synaptic vesicles containing neurotransmitters found?

    • A.

      In the myelin sheath

    • B.

      At the end of the dendrites

    • C.

      In the cell body

    • D.

      At the end of the axons

    Correct Answer
    D. At the end of the axons
    Explanation
    Synaptic vesicles containing neurotransmitters are found at the end of the axons in a motor neuron. When an action potential reaches the axon terminal, these vesicles release neurotransmitters into the synapse, allowing communication with the target cell. The neurotransmitters then bind to receptors on the target cell, initiating a response. This process is crucial for transmitting signals from the motor neuron to the target muscle or organ, enabling movement and coordination in the body.

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  • 13. 

    How are nerve impulses transmitted through the nervous system?

    • A.

      Electrically

    • B.

      Chemically

    • C.

      Electrochemically (Combination of electrical and chemical transmission)

    • D.

      By vibrations

    Correct Answer
    C. Electrochemically (Combination of electrical and chemical transmission)
    Explanation
    Nerve impulses are transmitted through the nervous system by a combination of electrical and chemical transmission, known as electrochemical transmission. This process involves the electrical signal, or action potential, traveling along the nerve cell's membrane, and then being transmitted to the next nerve cell through the release of chemical messengers called neurotransmitters. These neurotransmitters bind to receptors on the receiving nerve cell, initiating a new electrical signal and continuing the transmission of the nerve impulse. This combination of electrical and chemical processes allows for the rapid and efficient communication within the nervous system.

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  • 14. 

    Which two ions are necessary for the transmission of a nerve impulse?

    • A.

      Sodium and potassium

    • B.

      Calcium and magnesium

    • C.

      Potassium and calcium

    • D.

      Magnesium and sodium

    Correct Answer
    A. Sodium and potassium
    Explanation
    Sodium and potassium ions are necessary for the transmission of a nerve impulse. When a nerve impulse is generated, sodium ions rush into the neuron, causing a depolarization of the cell membrane. This depolarization then triggers the opening of potassium channels, allowing potassium ions to leave the neuron and repolarize the cell membrane. This movement of sodium and potassium ions creates an electrical signal that travels along the nerve fiber, transmitting the impulse from one neuron to another. Calcium and magnesium ions are not directly involved in the transmission of a nerve impulse.

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  • 15. 

    Which of the following is not classified as a region of the brain?

    • A.

      Medulla

    • B.

      Diencephalon

    • C.

      Pinna

    • D.

      Cerebellum

    Correct Answer
    C. Pinna
    Explanation
    The pinna is not classified as a region of the brain. The pinna is actually a part of the outer ear, specifically the visible, external part of the ear that helps in collecting sound waves and directing them into the ear canal. It plays a role in capturing and funneling sound towards the middle and inner ear. However, the other options mentioned - medulla, diencephalon, and cerebellum - are all regions of the brain. The medulla is located in the brainstem and controls vital functions such as breathing and heart rate. The diencephalon is a region that includes the thalamus and hypothalamus, involved in sensory processing and hormone regulation. The cerebellum is responsible for coordinating movement and balance.

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  • 16. 

    How many pairs of spinal nerves are there?

    • A.

      11

    • B.

      21

    • C.

      31

    • D.

      41

    Correct Answer
    C. 31
    Explanation
    There are 31 pairs of spinal nerves in the human body. These nerves emerge from the spinal cord and branch out to various parts of the body, allowing for communication between the central nervous system and the rest of the body. Each pair is connected to a specific region of the body and is responsible for transmitting sensory information from that region to the brain and carrying motor signals from the brain to control muscles and organs.

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  • 17. 

    The region of the brain responsible for regulating homeostatic processes is the:

    • A.

      Hypothalamus

    • B.

      Cerebellum

    • C.

      Cerebrum

    • D.

      Thalamus

    Correct Answer
    A. Hypothalamus
    Explanation
    The hypothalamus is the region of the brain responsible for regulating homeostatic processes. It plays a vital role in maintaining the body's internal balance by controlling various functions such as body temperature, hunger, thirst, sleep, and hormone regulation. The hypothalamus receives information from different parts of the body and initiates appropriate responses to maintain equilibrium. It acts as a control center for physiological processes, making it the correct answer in this case.

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  • 18. 

    The region of the brain responsible for regulating basic functions such as breathing and heartbeat is the:

    • A.

      Cerebrum

    • B.

      Medulla

    • C.

      Cerebellum

    • D.

      Hypothalamus

    Correct Answer
    B. Medulla
    Explanation
    The medulla is the correct answer because it is a part of the brainstem that controls vital functions such as breathing, heart rate, and blood pressure. It is responsible for relaying signals between the brain and the spinal cord, ensuring the proper functioning of these essential bodily processes. The cerebrum is responsible for higher-level functions such as thinking and problem-solving. The cerebellum is involved in coordinating movement and balance. The hypothalamus plays a role in regulating body temperature, hunger, and thirst.

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