NCCT Phlebotomy Certification Examination Review

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Phlebotomy is a very sensitive incision procedure and thus, the NCCT has tough and strict conditions before certification. The NCCT Phlebotomy Certification Examination Review below will help you prepare well for the exam. Enjoy while at it.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The forearm bein most commonly used for venipuncture is the ________.

    • A.

      Median cubital

    • B.

      Basilic

    • C.

      Cephalic

    • D.

      Radial

    Correct Answer
    A. Median cubital
    Explanation
    The forearm is the most commonly used area for venipuncture because it contains the median cubital vein. This vein is located in the middle of the forearm and is easily accessible, making it an ideal choice for drawing blood or administering intravenous medications. The basilic, cephalic, and radial veins are also present in the forearm, but the median cubital vein is preferred due to its larger size and stability, reducing the risk of complications during the procedure.

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  • 2. 

    The smallest veins in the human body are known as ________.

    • A.

      Villi

    • B.

      Bronchioles

    • C.

      Venules

    • D.

      Lymph glands

    Correct Answer
    C. Venules
    Explanation
    Venules are the smallest veins in the human body. Veins are blood vessels that carry deoxygenated blood back to the heart. Venules are the smallest branches of veins and they connect the capillaries to the larger veins. They play a crucial role in the circulation of blood, allowing the exchange of nutrients and waste products between the tissues and the bloodstream.

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  • 3. 

    The aorta branches into smaller divisions called arteries, which in turn branch into even smaller divisions called __________.

    • A.

      Capillaries

    • B.

      Arterioles

    • C.

      Venules

    • D.

      Lymph glands

    Correct Answer
    B. Arterioles
    Explanation
    The aorta, the largest artery in the body, branches into smaller divisions called arteries. These arteries further divide into even smaller divisions called arterioles. Arterioles are responsible for delivering oxygenated blood to the capillaries, which are the smallest blood vessels in the body. Therefore, arterioles are the correct answer as they are the immediate smaller divisions of arteries.

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  • 4. 

    Characteristics of capillaries include _________.

    • A.

      Having thin-walls

    • B.

      Forming microscopic pathways

    • C.

      Connecting aterioles with venules

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    Capillaries have thin walls, forming microscopic pathways that connect arterioles with venules. This means that all of the given characteristics are true for capillaries. They have thin walls to allow for the exchange of gases and nutrients between the blood and surrounding tissues. Being microscopic in size, they form a vast network throughout the body, ensuring that every cell is supplied with oxygen and nutrients while waste products are removed. Additionally, capillaries connect arterioles (small arteries) with venules (small veins), facilitating the flow of blood between the arterial and venous systems.

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  • 5. 

    Within the capillaries, blood cell functions include ________.

    • A.

      Releasing oxygen

    • B.

      Binding carbon dioxide

    • C.

      Eliminating waste

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    Within the capillaries, blood cell functions include releasing oxygen, binding carbon dioxide, and eliminating waste. Oxygen is released from red blood cells to be delivered to tissues, while carbon dioxide is bound by red blood cells to be transported back to the lungs for elimination. Additionally, waste products such as metabolic byproducts and toxins are also eliminated through the capillaries. Therefore, all of the given options are correct.

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  • 6. 

    The heart, lymphatic organs, and blood vessels are in the ________ system.

    • A.

      Respiratory

    • B.

      Cardiovascular

    • C.

      Digestive

    • D.

      Urinary

    Correct Answer
    B. Cardiovascular
    Explanation
    The heart, lymphatic organs, and blood vessels are all part of the cardiovascular system. This system is responsible for the circulation of blood throughout the body, delivering oxygen and nutrients to tissues and organs. The heart acts as the pump, while the blood vessels transport the blood. The lymphatic organs, such as the spleen and lymph nodes, are also part of this system as they play a role in immune function and fluid balance. Therefore, the correct answer is cardiovascular.

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  • 7. 

    The suffix -URIA at the end of a medical term refers to what body location?

    • A.

      Blood stream

    • B.

      Urine

    • C.

      Kidney

    • D.

      Synovial fluid

    Correct Answer
    B. Urine
    Explanation
    The suffix -URIA in a medical term refers to urine. The term is used to indicate a condition or presence of something in the urine. For example, hematuria refers to the presence of blood in the urine, and proteinuria refers to the presence of protein in the urine. Therefore, the correct answer is urine.

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  • 8. 

    The study of blood is known a ___________.

    • A.

      Hemotology

    • B.

      Hematoxylin

    • C.

      Hemoglobin

    • D.

      Hemolysis

    Correct Answer
    A. Hemotology
    Explanation
    Hemotology is the study of blood, including its formation, diseases, and disorders. It involves the examination of blood cells, blood clotting mechanisms, and blood-related diseases such as anemia, leukemia, and hemophilia. Hemotology plays a crucial role in diagnosing and treating various blood disorders and is an important field in medical research. Hematoxylin, hemoglobin, and hemolysis are not related to the study of blood and therefore not the correct answer.

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  • 9. 

    The liver, stomach, mouth, and pancreas are in the  ___________ system.

    • A.

      Reproductive

    • B.

      Sensory

    • C.

      Digestive

    • D.

      Muscular

    Correct Answer
    C. Digestive
    Explanation
    The liver, stomach, mouth, and pancreas are all organs involved in the process of digestion. They work together to break down food, absorb nutrients, and eliminate waste. Therefore, these organs belong to the digestive system.

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  • 10. 

    The most important step to ensure accuracy in sample collection is ____________.

    • A.

      Recording the time accurately

    • B.

      By always wearing gloves

    • C.

      Keeping the patient supine

    • D.

      Identifying the patient properly

    Correct Answer
    D. Identifying the patient properly
    Explanation
    Identifying the patient properly is the most important step to ensure accuracy in sample collection. This is because collecting samples from the wrong patient can lead to incorrect diagnoses and treatment, potentially causing harm to the patient. Proper identification ensures that the sample is collected from the intended individual, reducing the risk of errors and ensuring accurate results.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Oct 18, 2011
    Quiz Created by
    Suzannefarestad
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