Pharmacology NCCT Medical Assistant Exam Practice Test

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Pharmacology NCCT Medical Assistant Exam Practice Test - Quiz

Here we bring you a Pharmacology NCCT Medical Assistant Exam Practice Test. A pharmacologist gets to explore drug interactions in biological systems, the formulation and operation of clinical trials, as well as drug regulation and the marketing of pharmaceuticals. For you to be seen as fully capable of undertaking your duties, you may need to pass the NCCT exams.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    WHAT LICENSE MUST A pHYSICIAN HAVE TO DISPENSE, PRESCRIBE, OR ADMINISTER CONTROLLED SUBSTANCES?

    • A.

      LAWYERS

    • B.

      NARCOTICS

    • C.

      BUSINESS

    • D.

      OCCUPATIONAL

    Correct Answer
    B. NARCOTICS
    Explanation
    To dispense, prescribe, or administer controlled substances, a physician must have a narcotics license. This license allows them to handle and distribute drugs that are classified as controlled substances, ensuring that they are used responsibly and in accordance with the law.

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  • 2. 

    pHYSICIANS WITH A NARCOTICS LICENSE ARE REQUIRED TO REGISTER ON JUNE 30 OF EACH YEAR WITH?

    • A.

      FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION

    • B.

      DRUG ENFORCEMENT AGENCY

    • C.

      AMERICAN RED CROSS

    • D.

      AMERICAN MEDICAL ASSOCIATION

    Correct Answer
    B. DRUG ENFORCEMENT AGENCY
    Explanation
    Physicians with a narcotics license are required to register on June 30 of each year with the Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA). This is because the DEA is responsible for enforcing the controlled substances laws and regulations in the United States. By registering with the DEA, physicians with a narcotics license can ensure that they are in compliance with the regulations and can continue to prescribe and handle controlled substances legally. The other options, such as the Food and Drug Administration, American Red Cross, and American Medical Association, do not have the authority or responsibility to regulate narcotics licenses.

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  • 3. 

    A DRUG THAT CAUSES URINATION IS CALLED A(N)?

    • A.

      DIURETIC

    • B.

      EMETIC

    • C.

      CIRRHOTIC

    • D.

      ESCULENT

    Correct Answer
    A. DIURETIC
    Explanation
    A drug that causes urination is called a diuretic. Diuretics work by increasing the production of urine, which helps to remove excess fluid and salt from the body. They are commonly used to treat conditions such as high blood pressure, edema, and heart failure. Diuretics can be prescribed in different forms, such as pills or injections, and they work by either increasing the secretion of urine by the kidneys or reducing the reabsorption of water and salt in the kidneys. Overall, diuretics help to promote proper fluid balance in the body.

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  • 4. 

    A DRUG USED TO RELIEVE A COUGH IS CALLED A(N)?

    • A.

      ANTITUSSIVE

    • B.

      BRONCHODILATOR

    • C.

      ANTISEPTIC

    • D.

      ANTITOXIN

    Correct Answer
    A. ANTITUSSIVE
    Explanation
    An antitussive is a drug used to relieve a cough. It works by suppressing the cough reflex in the brain. This helps to reduce the frequency and intensity of coughing. Antitussives are commonly used to treat coughs caused by respiratory infections, allergies, and other conditions. They can be taken in various forms such as syrups, tablets, or lozenges.

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  • 5. 

    A DRUG THAT NEUTRALIZES ACIDITY IS CALLED A(N)?

    • A.

      ANTIDIARRHETIC

    • B.

      ANTINAUSEANT

    • C.

      ANTACID

    • D.

      PLACEBO

    Correct Answer
    C. ANTACID
    Explanation
    An antacid is a drug that neutralizes acidity. It helps to relieve symptoms of heartburn, indigestion, and acid reflux by reducing the production of stomach acid. Antacids work by increasing the pH level in the stomach, making it less acidic. This helps to alleviate discomfort and provide relief from symptoms associated with excessive stomach acid.

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  • 6. 

    A DRUG THAT CONTROLS APPETITE IS CALLED A(N)?

    • A.

      APPETITE SUPPRESSOR

    • B.

      APPETITE STIMULANT

    • C.

      ANTISPASMODIC

    • D.

      APPETITE PLACEBO

    Correct Answer
    A. APPETITE SUPPRESSOR
    Explanation
    An appetite suppressor is a drug that helps control or reduce one's appetite. It works by affecting the brain's hunger signals, making a person feel less hungry and therefore eat less. This can be beneficial for individuals who are trying to lose weight or manage their food intake. By suppressing the appetite, the drug can help prevent overeating and promote weight loss.

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  • 7. 

    A DRUG USED TO PREVENT BLOOD FROM CLOTTING IS CALLED A(N)?

    • A.

      ANTICHOLINERGIC

    • B.

      ANTICOAGULANT

    • C.

      ANTIDOTE

    • D.

      PLACEBO

    Correct Answer
    B. ANTICOAGULANT
    Explanation
    An anticoagulant is a drug used to prevent blood from clotting. It works by inhibiting the formation of blood clots, which can be dangerous and lead to conditions such as deep vein thrombosis or stroke. Anticholinergic drugs, on the other hand, block the action of the neurotransmitter acetylcholine and are used for a variety of purposes such as treating overactive bladder or Parkinson's disease. Antidotes are substances used to counteract the effects of a poison or overdose. Placebos are inert substances used in clinical trials as a control group.

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  • 8. 

    A DRUG USED TO CONTROL TEMPERATURE IS CALLED AN?

    • A.

      ANTIPYRETIC

    • B.

      ANTIDOTE

    • C.

      ANTICOAGULANT

    • D.

      ANALGESIC

    Correct Answer
    A. ANTIPYRETIC
    Explanation
    An antipyretic is a drug used to control temperature. It helps to reduce fever by lowering the body's temperature. This type of medication is commonly used to treat symptoms such as fever, headache, and muscle aches. Antidote refers to a substance used to counteract the effects of a poison or toxin. Anticoagulant is a drug that prevents blood from clotting. Analgesic is a drug used to relieve pain. Therefore, the correct answer in this case is antipyretic.

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  • 9. 

    A DRUG THAT REDUCES ANXITEY IS CALLED A(N)?

    • A.

      DIURETIC

    • B.

      TRANQUILIZER

    • C.

      VACCINE

    • D.

      OINTMENT

    Correct Answer
    B. TRANQUILIZER
    Explanation
    A drug that reduces anxiety is called a tranquilizer because it helps to calm and relax the individual, reducing feelings of nervousness and tension. Tranquilizers work by affecting the central nervous system, specifically targeting the neurotransmitters responsible for regulating mood and anxiety levels. These medications are commonly prescribed to treat anxiety disorders, panic attacks, and insomnia. They can help individuals feel more at ease and promote a sense of relaxation without causing excessive sedation or impairing cognitive function.

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  • 10. 

    A DRUG THAT CAUSES DILATION OF BLOOD VESSELS IS CALLED A?

    • A.

      VASODILATOR

    • B.

      VASOCONSTRICTOR

    • C.

      SEDATIVE

    • D.

      LAXATIVE

    Correct Answer
    A. VASODILATOR
    Explanation
    A drug that causes dilation of blood vessels is called a vasodilator. Vasodilators work by relaxing the smooth muscles in the walls of blood vessels, allowing them to widen and increase blood flow. This can help to lower blood pressure and improve circulation. Examples of vasodilators include nitroglycerin, which is used to treat angina, and calcium channel blockers, which are used to treat high blood pressure.

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  • 11. 

    A DRUG THAT DECREASES CONGESTION IS CALLED A?

    • A.

      SUPPRESSANT

    • B.

      DECONGESTANT

    • C.

      DIURETIC

    • D.

      SEDATIVE

    Correct Answer
    B. DECONGESTANT
    Explanation
    A drug that decreases congestion is called a decongestant. Decongestants work by narrowing the blood vessels in the nasal passages, reducing swelling and congestion. They are commonly used to relieve symptoms of nasal congestion caused by allergies, colds, or sinus infections. Unlike suppressants, diuretics, and sedatives, decongestants specifically target congestion and help to alleviate nasal stuffiness and difficulty breathing.

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  • 12. 

    A DRUG THAT CAUSES THE PUPIL OF THE EYE TO DILATE IS CALLED A?

    • A.

      MYOTIC

    • B.

      MYDRIATIC

    • C.

      PLACEBO

    • D.

      VACCINE

    Correct Answer
    B. MYDRIATIC
    Explanation
    A drug that causes the pupil of the eye to dilate is called a mydriatic. Mydriatics are used to enlarge the pupil for diagnostic or therapeutic purposes, such as during eye examinations or certain eye surgeries. They work by relaxing the muscles that control the size of the pupil, allowing it to open wider. This can help improve visibility and provide a better view of the internal structures of the eye.

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  • 13. 

    A DATE ON A BOTTLE OF MEDICATION THAT PROVIDES A "USE UNTIL" DATE IS THE?

    • A.

      MANUFACTURE'S DATE

    • B.

      OUTDATE OR EXPIRATION DATE

    • C.

      "SELL BY" DATE

    • D.

      INGREDIENT HALF-LIFE DATE

    Correct Answer
    B. OUTDATE OR EXPIRATION DATE
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "OUTDATE OR EXPIRATION DATE". This is because the date on a bottle of medication that provides a "use until" date is the expiration date. This date indicates the last day that the medication is guaranteed to be safe and effective. After this date, the medication may lose its potency or become potentially harmful to use. It is important to always check the expiration date before taking any medication to ensure its effectiveness and safety.

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  • 14. 

    A DRUG THAT INCREASES URINARY OUTPUT IS CALLED A(N)?

    • A.

      MIOTIC

    • B.

      DIURETIC

    • C.

      CYTOTOXIN

    • D.

      EXPECTORANT

    Correct Answer
    B. DIURETIC
    Explanation
    A drug that increases urinary output is called a diuretic. Diuretics work by increasing the excretion of water and salts from the body through the kidneys, leading to increased urine production. This can be beneficial in conditions such as hypertension, congestive heart failure, and edema, as it helps to reduce fluid buildup and lower blood pressure. Miotics, cytotoxins, and expectorants are not drugs that increase urinary output, making diuretic the correct answer.

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  • 15. 

    A LIQUID PREPARATION WHICH MIXES FINE DROPLETS OF AN OIL IN WATER, SUCH AS CASTOR OIL, IS CALLED A(N)?

    • A.

      SOLUTION

    • B.

      EMULSION

    • C.

      ELIXIR

    • D.

      TINCTURES

    Correct Answer
    B. EMULSION
    Explanation
    An emulsion is a liquid preparation that mixes fine droplets of an oil in water. It is commonly used for substances like castor oil. Elixirs and tinctures are different types of liquid preparations, but they do not involve the mixing of oil and water. Therefore, the correct answer for this question is emulsion.

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  • 16. 

    NITROGLYCERINE IS USED FOR?

    • A.

      NARCOTIC OVERDOSE

    • B.

      INFLAMMATORY CONDITIONS

    • C.

      TREATMENT OF ANGINA PECTORIS

    • D.

      ANTI-ANXIETY MUSCLE RELAXANT TREATMENT

    Correct Answer
    C. TREATMENT OF ANGINA PECTORIS
    Explanation
    Nitroglycerine is used for the treatment of angina pectoris. Angina pectoris is a condition characterized by chest pain or discomfort caused by a reduced blood flow to the heart muscle. Nitroglycerine works by relaxing and widening the blood vessels, increasing blood flow to the heart and reducing the workload on the heart. This helps to relieve the chest pain associated with angina.

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  • 17. 

    HYDROCORTISONE IS A DRUG USED TO SUPPRESS?

    • A.

      INFLAMMATION

    • B.

      APPETITE

    • C.

      SWELLING

    • D.

      EXCRETION OF URINE

    Correct Answer
    A. INFLAMMATION
    Explanation
    Hydrocortisone is a drug used to suppress inflammation. Inflammation is a natural response of the immune system to injury or infection, characterized by redness, swelling, pain, and heat. Hydrocortisone is a corticosteroid medication that works by reducing the production of inflammatory substances in the body, thereby alleviating symptoms of inflammation. It is commonly used to treat various inflammatory conditions such as arthritis, allergies, and skin disorders. By suppressing inflammation, hydrocortisone helps to relieve pain, reduce swelling, and promote healing.

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  • 18. 

    SCHEDULE I DRUGS INCLUDE?

    • A.

      MISCELLANEOUS MIXTURES CONTAINING LIMITED AMOUNTS OF NARCOTIC DRUGS

    • B.

      SUBSTANCES THAT HAVE NO ACCEPTED MEDICAL USE & A HIGH POTENTIAL FOR ABUSE

    • C.

      MINOR TRANQUILIZERS & HYPNOTICS THAT HAVE A LESSER POTENTIAL FOR ABUSE

    • D.

      NO CORRECT ANSWER

    Correct Answer
    B. SUBSTANCES THAT HAVE NO ACCEPTED MEDICAL USE & A HIGH POTENTIAL FOR ABUSE
    Explanation
    Schedule I drugs include substances that have no accepted medical use and a high potential for abuse. This means that these drugs are considered to be the most dangerous and have the highest risk for abuse and addiction. They are not recognized for any legitimate medical purposes and are strictly controlled by law. Examples of Schedule I drugs include heroin, LSD, and marijuana (in some countries). These drugs are considered to be highly addictive and pose significant risks to individuals who use them.

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  • 19. 

    SCHEDULE IV DRUGS INCLUDE?

    • A.

      INCLUDES VARIOUS NARCOTICS SUCH AS OPIUM

    • B.

      SUBSTANCES THAT HAVE NO ACCEPTED MEDICAL USE & A HIGH POTENTIAL FOR ABUSE

    • C.

      MINOR TRANQUILIZERS & HYPNOTICS THAT HAVE A LESSER POTENTIAL FOR ABUSE

    • D.

      NO CORRECT ANSWER

    Correct Answer
    C. MINOR TRANQUILIZERS & HYPNOTICS THAT HAVE A LESSER POTENTIAL FOR ABUSE
  • 20. 

    A SMALL ADHESIVE PATCH OR DISC USED FOR ADMINISTRATION OF DRUGS IS CALLED A(N)?

    • A.

      TRANSDERMAL SYSTEM

    • B.

      RESERVOIR SYSTEM

    • C.

      OINTMENT SYSTEM

    • D.

      EPIDERMIS SYSTEM

    Correct Answer
    A. TRANSDERMAL SYSTEM
    Explanation
    A transdermal system is a small adhesive patch or disc used for the administration of drugs. It is designed to deliver medication through the skin and into the bloodstream over a period of time. This method of drug delivery is convenient and avoids the need for injections or oral medication. The patch or disc contains the medication and is applied to the skin, allowing the drug to be absorbed through the skin and into the bloodstream for systemic effects.

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  • 21. 

    THE BUCCAL METHOD OF ADMINISTERING A DRUG IS DONE BY?

    • A.

      PLACING THE MEDICATION BETWEEN THE GUM & CHEEK

    • B.

      INHALATION

    • C.

      INTRAMUSCULAR INJECTION

    • D.

      INTRAVENOUS SOLUTION

    Correct Answer
    A. PLACING THE MEDICATION BETWEEN THE GUM & CHEEK
    Explanation
    The buccal method of administering a drug is done by placing the medication between the gum and cheek. This method allows the drug to be absorbed directly into the bloodstream through the mucous membranes in the mouth. It is commonly used for medications that need to be rapidly absorbed or bypass the digestive system.

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  • 22. 

    OXYGEN IS ORDERED AS PERCENTAGE OF OXYGEN CONCENTRATION & ITS RATE OF DELIVERY IS WRITTEN AS?

    • A.

      LITERS PER MINUTE

    • B.

      VOLUME PER MINUTE

    • C.

      DEGREES PER MINUTE

    • D.

      PERCENTAGE PER MINUTE

    Correct Answer
    A. LITERS PER MINUTE
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "LITERS PER MINUTE". This is because the rate of delivery of oxygen is typically measured in liters per minute. This measurement indicates the volume of oxygen that is being delivered to a patient's lungs every minute. It is a standard unit of measurement used in medical settings to ensure that the appropriate amount of oxygen is being administered to patients.

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  • 23. 

    A DRUG THAT PRODUCES SLEEP IS CALLED A(N)?

    • A.

      PLACEBO

    • B.

      HYPNOTIC

    • C.

      ANTISPASMODIC

    • D.

      DIAPHORETIC

    Correct Answer
    B. HYPNOTIC
    Explanation
    A drug that produces sleep is called a hypnotic. Hypnotics are medications that are used to induce sleep or promote sleepiness. They are commonly prescribed for individuals who have difficulty falling asleep or staying asleep. Hypnotics work by slowing down the activity in the brain, promoting relaxation and drowsiness. They can be helpful in treating insomnia or other sleep disorders.

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  • 24. 

    AN INACTIVE SUBSTANCE SUBSTITUTED IN PLACE OF THE ACTUAL DRUG TO SATISFY THE PATIENT IS CALLED A(N)?

    • A.

      SEDATIVE

    • B.

      STIMULANT

    • C.

      PLACEBO

    • D.

      ANTISEPTIC

    Correct Answer
    C. PLACEBO
    Explanation
    A placebo is an inactive substance that is given to a patient instead of the actual drug. It is used to satisfy the patient's belief that they are receiving treatment, even though the substance itself has no therapeutic effect. Placebos are often used in clinical trials as a control group to compare the effects of a new drug against. They can also be used in medical practice when there is no specific treatment available or when the patient's condition is purely psychological.

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  • 25. 

    THE ABBREVIATION FOR ELIXIR IS?

    • A.

      Elix

    • B.

      Exr

    • C.

      Elx

    • D.

      EX

    Correct Answer
    A. Elix
    Explanation
    The correct abbreviation for "elixir" is "elix".

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  • 26. 

    THE ABBREVIATION FOR EMULSION IS?

    • A.

      Emul

    • B.

      Eml

    • C.

      Els

    • D.

      EML

    Correct Answer
    A. Emul
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "emul". This is the correct abbreviation for the word "emulsion". An abbreviation is a shortened form of a word, and "emul" accurately represents the first few letters of the word "emulsion". The other options, "eml", "els", and "EML", do not accurately represent the word "emulsion" and therefore are not the correct abbreviations.

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  • 27. 

    THE ABBREVIATION FOR FLUID IS?

    • A.

      Fl or fld

    • B.

      Wet

    • C.

      Flud

    • D.

      Fuid

    Correct Answer
    A. Fl or fld
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "fl or fld" because "fl" and "fld" are commonly used abbreviations for the word "fluid." These abbreviations are used in various fields such as medicine, engineering, and chemistry to denote the state of a substance that can flow and take the shape of its container.

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  • 28. 

    THE ABBREVIATION FOR OINTMENT IS?

    • A.

      Ont

    • B.

      Oint, ung

    • C.

      ONT

    • D.

      Cream

    Correct Answer
    B. Oint, ung
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "oint, ung" because these are commonly used abbreviations for the word "ointment". "Ont" and "ONT" are not recognized abbreviations for ointment, and "cream" is a different term altogether.

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  • 29. 

    THE ABBREVIATION FOR SOLUTION IS?

    • A.

      Sol

    • B.

      Slt

    • C.

      Stn

    • D.

      SSN

    Correct Answer
    A. Sol
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "sol" because it is the commonly used abbreviation for the word "solution".

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  • 30. 

    THE ABBREVIATION FOR SUPPOSITORY IS?

    • A.

      Supp

    • B.

      Supt

    • C.

      SSUP

    • D.

      SPT

    Correct Answer
    A. Supp
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "supp" because it is the most commonly used abbreviation for the term "suppository." Abbreviations are often used in medical settings to save time and space when documenting or communicating information. In this case, "supp" is a shortened form of the word that is easily recognizable and understood by healthcare professionals.

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  • 31. 

    THE ABBREVIATION FOR SYRUP IS?

    • A.

      Sup

    • B.

      Syr

    • C.

      Spp

    • D.

      Syp

    Correct Answer
    B. Syr
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "syr" because it is the common abbreviation for the word "syrup".

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  • 32. 

    THE ABBREVIATION FOR TABLET IS?

    • A.

      Tbb

    • B.

      Tsp

    • C.

      Tbl

    • D.

      Tab

    Correct Answer
    D. Tab
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "tab" because it is the accepted abbreviation for the word "tablet". In computing, a tab is often used to refer to a small graphical element that represents a window or a document. This abbreviation is commonly used in software and technology-related contexts.

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  • 33. 

    THE ABBREVIATION FOR TINCTURE IS?

    • A.

      Tcc

    • B.

      Tinc

    • C.

      Tct

    • D.

      Tcr

    Correct Answer
    B. Tinc
    Explanation
    The correct abbreviation for tincture is "tinc". Tincture is a solution that contains a medicinal substance dissolved in alcohol or another solvent. The abbreviation "tinc" is commonly used in medical and pharmaceutical contexts to represent tincture.

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  • 34. 

    THE ABBREVIATION FOR INTRAMUSCULAR IS?

    • A.

      IM

    • B.

      Ims

    • C.

      IMSC

    • D.

      Imul

    Correct Answer
    A. IM
    Explanation
    The correct answer is IM. IM stands for Intramuscular, which refers to a method of administering medication or injections directly into the muscle tissue. This route of administration allows for the rapid absorption and distribution of the medication into the bloodstream, making it an effective and efficient method for certain medications.

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  • 35. 

    THE ABBREVIATION FOR INJECTION IS?

    • A.

      In

    • B.

      Inj

    • C.

      Ing

    • D.

      Ij

    Correct Answer
    B. Inj
    Explanation
    The correct abbreviation for "injection" is "inj". It is a shortened form of the word that is commonly used in medical and healthcare contexts.

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  • 36. 

    THE ABBREVIATION FOR RIGHT EAR IS?

    • A.

      AD

    • B.

      RE

    • C.

      Re

    • D.

      Rter

    Correct Answer
    A. AD
    Explanation
    The abbreviation for the right ear is AD.

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  • 37. 

    THE ABBREVIATION FOR BOTH EARS IS?

    • A.

      AU

    • B.

      BE

    • C.

      Bthe

    • D.

      BERS

    Correct Answer
    A. AU
    Explanation
    The correct answer is AU. AU is the abbreviation for both ears.

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  • 38. 

    THE ABBREVIATION FOR DROPS IS?

    • A.

      Gtt

    • B.

      Dtt

    • C.

      Gts

    • D.

      Dts

    Correct Answer
    A. Gtt
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "gtt" which stands for drops. This abbreviation is commonly used in medical and pharmaceutical contexts to represent the number of drops to be administered.

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  • 39. 

    THE ABBREVIATION FOR TWO TIMES A DAY IS?

    • A.

      Tid

    • B.

      Bid

    • C.

      Qid

    • D.

      Qh

    Correct Answer
    B. Bid
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "bid." This abbreviation is commonly used in medical prescriptions and stands for "bis in die," which means "twice a day" in Latin. It is important to note that "tid" stands for "ter in die," which means "three times a day," and "qid" stands for "quater in die," which means "four times a day." "qh" is not a recognized abbreviation for "two times a day."

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  • 40. 

    WHEN MIXING REAGENTS ALWAYS READ THE LABEL?

    • A.

      WITH THE DOCTOR

    • B.

      WITH A NURSE

    • C.

      WITH MAGNIFYING GLASSES

    • D.

      TWICE

    Correct Answer
    D. TWICE
    Explanation
    When mixing reagents, it is important to read the label twice. This is because reading the label once may not be sufficient to catch any important information or instructions that could affect the mixing process. By reading the label twice, it ensures that all relevant information is understood and followed accurately, reducing the risk of errors or accidents during the mixing process.

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  • 41. 

    THE _________ PAGES OF THE pHYSICIAN'S DESK REFERENCE IS WHERE A MEDICAL ASSISTANT WOULD BE ABLE TO LOCATE A MEDICATION BY BRAND OR GENERIC NAME?

    • A.

      WHITE

    • B.

      BLUE

    • C.

      PINK

    • D.

      GRAY

    Correct Answer
    C. PINK
    Explanation
    The pink pages of the Physician's Desk Reference is where a medical assistant would be able to locate a medication by brand or generic name.

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  • 42. 

    MEDICATIONS CAN BE LOCATED IN THE pHYSICIAN'S DRUG REFERENCE UNDER ALL OF THE FOLLOWING CATEGORIES EXCEPT?

    • A.

      MANUFACTURER

    • B.

      GENERIC NAME

    • C.

      CLASSIFICATION

    • D.

      COMPOSITION

    Correct Answer
    D. COMPOSITION
    Explanation
    Medications can be located in the physician's drug reference under categories such as manufacturer, generic name, and classification. The composition of a medication refers to the specific ingredients or components that make up the drug. Therefore, the correct answer is "composition" because medications cannot be located in the physician's drug reference based on their composition.

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  • 43. 

    THEY pHYSICIAN HAS ORDERED 500 mg. OF A MEDICATION THE AMOUNT ON HAND IS 250mg PER TABLET. HOW MANY TABLETS WILL BE GIVEN?

    • A.

      0.5 tab

    • B.

      1 tab

    • C.

      2 tab

    • D.

      2.5 tab

    Correct Answer
    C. 2 tab
    Explanation
    The physician has ordered 500 mg of a medication, and the amount available per tablet is 250 mg. To determine how many tablets will be given, we divide the ordered amount by the amount per tablet: 500 mg / 250 mg = 2 tablets. Therefore, 2 tablets will be given.

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  • 44. 

    THE pHYSICIAN HAS ORDERED 0.2 Gm OF A MEDICATION. THE AMOUNT ON HAND IS 400 mg tabs. HOW MANY TABLETS WILL BE GIVEN TO THE PATIENT?

    • A.

      0.5 tab

    • B.

      1 tab

    • C.

      2 tab

    • D.

      2.5 tab

    Correct Answer
    A. 0.5 tab
    Explanation
    The physician has ordered 0.2 Gm (grams) of a medication, and the amount on hand is 400 mg (milligrams) tablets. To determine how many tablets will be given to the patient, we need to convert the units to the same measurement. Since 1 Gm is equal to 1000 mg, 0.2 Gm is equal to 200 mg. Therefore, if the amount on hand is 400 mg tablets, we can divide 200 mg by 400 mg to get 0.5 tablets. Thus, 0.5 tab will be given to the patient.

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  • 45. 

    THE pHYSICIAN HAS ORDERED 50 mg OF DEMEROL BE GIVEN TO A PATIENT. THE AMOUNT ON HAND IS 100mg/ml. HOW MANY cc's OF DEMEROL WILL BE INJECTED?

    • A.

      0.5 cc

    • B.

      1 cc

    • C.

      1.5 cc

    • D.

      0.25 cc

    Correct Answer
    A. 0.5 cc
    Explanation
    The physician has ordered 50 mg of Demerol to be given to a patient. The amount of Demerol on hand is 100 mg/ml. To determine the amount of cc's of Demerol that will be injected, we need to calculate the ratio of mg to ml. Since the concentration of Demerol is 100 mg/ml, we can set up a proportion: 100 mg/1 ml = 50 mg/x ml. Solving for x, we find that x = 0.5 ml. Therefore, 0.5 cc of Demerol will be injected.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Nov 05, 2010
    Quiz Created by
    Gladys102103
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