NCCT - Medical Procedures - Part A - Infection Control,Exposure Control & Safety

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NCCT - MEDICAL PROCEDURES - PART A - INFECTION CONTROL, EXPOSURE CONTROL, AND SAFETY


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    EVERY MEDICAL FACILITY IS REQUIRED BY OSHA TO HAVE AN EXPOSURE CONTROL PLAN?
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 2. 
    THE EXPOSURE CONTROL PLAN SHALL BE MADE AVAILABLE TO THE ASSISTANT SECRETARY AND THE DIRECTOR OF OSHA UPON REQUEST FOR EXAMINATION & COPYING?
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 3. 
    "HIV" MEANS?
    • A. 

      HEPATITIS B VIRUS

    • B. 

      HEPATITIS C VIRUS

    • C. 

      HUMAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS

    • D. 

      HUMAN INFECTIOUS VIRUS

  • 4. 
    __________ MEAN ANY CONTAMINATED OBJECTS THAT CAN PENETRATE THE SKIN INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO NEEDLES, SCALPELS, BROKEN GLASS, BROKEN CAPILLARY TUBES, AND EXPOSED ENDS OF DENTAL WIRES?
    • A. 

      "CONTAMINATED DEVICES"

    • B. 

      "DISPOSABLE DEVICES"

    • C. 

      "CONTAMINATED SHARPS"

    • D. 

      "DANGEROUS INCISOR"

  • 5. 
    REASONABLE ANTICIPATED SKIN, EYE, MUCOUS MEMBRANE, OR PARENTERAL CONTACT WITH BLOOD, OR OTHER POTENTIALLY INFECTIOUS MATERIALS THAT MAY RESULT FROM THE PERFORMANCE OF AN EMPLOYEE'S DUTIES IS CALLED?
    • A. 

      OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE

    • B. 

      DAILY RISK

    • C. 

      OCCUPATIONAL RISK

    • D. 

      PROFESSIONAL THREAT

  • 6. 
    ANY INDIVIDUAL, LIVING OR DEAD, WHOSE BLOOD, OR OTHER POTENTIALLY INFECTIOUS MATERIALS MAY BE A SOURCE OF OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE TO THE EMPLOYEE IS CALLED A(N)?
    • A. 

      HAZARDOUS INDIVIDUAL

    • B. 

      SOURCE INDIVIDUAL

    • C. 

      INFECTED SPECIMEN

    • D. 

      QUARANTINED SOURCE

  • 7. 
    TO USE A PHYSICAL CHEMICAL PROCEDURE TO DESTROY ALL MICROBIAL LIFE INCLUDING HIGHLY RESISTANT BACTERIAL ENDOSPORES IS TO?
    • A. 

      ERADICATE

    • B. 

      DETOXIFY

    • C. 

      STERILIZE

    • D. 

      ACID WASH

  • 8. 
    __________ IS THE SINGLE MOST IMPORTANT SOURCE OF HIV & HBV IN THE WORKPLACE?
    • A. 

      SEMEN

    • B. 

      SALIVA IN DENTAL PROCEDURES

    • C. 

      PLEURAL FLUID

    • D. 

      BLOOD

  • 9. 
    THE RISK OF INFECTION WITH HIV FOLLOWING ONE NEEDLE-STICK EXPOSURE TO BLOOD FROM A PATIENT KNOWN TO BE INFECTED WITH HIV IS APPROXIMATELY?
    • A. 

      0.01%

    • B. 

      0.50%

    • C. 

      1.00%

    • D. 

      5.00%

  • 10. 
    GENERAL INFECTION-CONTROL PROCEDURES ARE DESIGNED TO PREVENT TRANSMISSION OF A WIDE RANGE OF __________ AND TO PROVIDE A WIDE MARGIN OF SAFETY IN THE VARIED SITUATIONS ENCOUNTERED IN THE HEALTH-CARE ENVIRONMENT?
    • A. 

      DISEASES

    • B. 

      CONDITIONS

    • C. 

      MICROBIOLOGICAL AGENTS

    • D. 

      SICKNESS

  • 11. 
    "CONTACT WITH BLOOD, OR OTHER BODY FLUIDS TO WHICH UNIVERSAL PRECAUTIONS APPLY THROUGH PERCUTANEOUS INOCULATION, OR CONTACT WITH AN OPEN WOUND, NON-INTACT SKIN, OR MUCOUS MEMBRANE DURING THE PERFORMANCE OF NORMAL DUTIES" THIS DEFINITION (FOUND IN THE FEDERAL REGISTER) APPLIES TO?
    • A. 

      HUMAN EXPOSURE

    • B. 

      EXPOSED WORKER

    • C. 

      WORKER STRESS

    • D. 

      STRESSED WORKER

  • 12. 
    ALL WORKERS WHOSE JOBS INVOLVE PARTICIPATION IN TASKS, OR ACTIVITIES WITH EXPOSURE TO BLOOD, OR OTHER BODY FLUIDS TO WHICH UNIVERSAL PRECAUTIONS APPLY, SHOULD BE VACCINATED WITH __________ VACCINE?
    • A. 

      HUMAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY

    • B. 

      HEPATITIS C

    • C. 

      SMALL POX

    • D. 

      HEPATITIS B

  • 13. 
    __________ TESTING SHOULD BE MADE AVAILABLE BY THE EMPLOYER TO ALL WORKERS WHO MAYBE CONCERNED THEY HAVE BEEN INFECTED WITH HIV THROUGH AN OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE.
    • A. 

      SEROLOGIC

    • B. 

      BLOOD

    • C. 

      IMMEDIATE

    • D. 

      BACTERIAL

  • 14. 
    STUDIES SUGGEST THAT THE POTENTIAL FOR SALIVARY TRANSMISSION OF HIV IS __________?
    • A. 

      FREQUENT

    • B. 

      25%

    • C. 

      REMOTE

    • D. 

      AS FREQUENT AS BLOOD TRANSMISSION

  • 15. 
    AFTER THEY ARE USED, DISPOSABLE SYRINGES & NEEDLES, SCALPEL BLADES, AND OTHER SHARP ITEMS SHOULD BE PLACED IN __________ CONTAINERS FOR DISPOSAL.
    • A. 

      BIODEGRADABLE

    • B. 

      PUNCTURE-RESISTANT

    • C. 

      OSHA

    • D. 

      SANITIZED

  • 16. 
    BROKEN GLASSWARE WHICH MAY BE CONTAMINATED SHALL NOT BE PICKED UP DIRECTLY WITH THE HANDS, BUT BY MECHANICAL MEANS, SUCH AS?
    • A. 

      BY A LAB TECHNICIAN

    • B. 

      AN EVACUATED TUBE

    • C. 

      A BRUSH & DUST PAN

    • D. 

      GLOVED HANDS

  • 17. 
    CONTAMINATED LAUNDRY SHALL BE __________ WHERE IT WAS SOILED?
    • A. 

      DESTROYED AT THE LOCATION

    • B. 

      TRANSPORTED AWAY FROM THE LOCATION

    • C. 

      DISINFECTED OR DISCARDED AT THE LOCATION

    • D. 

      BAGGED OR CONTAINERIZED AT THE LOCATION

  • 18. 
    ALL SPILLS OF BLOOD-CONTAMINATED FLUIDS SHOULD BE PROMPTLY CLEANED UP USING __________ APPROVED GERMICIDE, OR A 1:10 SOLUTION OF HOUSEHOLD BLEACH?
    • A. 

      AN OSHA

    • B. 

      AN EPA

    • C. 

      A HOSPITAL OR CLINIC

    • D. 

      A CONSUMER

  • 19. 
    IN CASES OF BLOOD CONTAMINATION SHOE COVERINGS & GLOVES SHOULD BE DISPOSED OF IN __________ BIOHAZARD PLASTIC BAGS?
    • A. 

      BLACK

    • B. 

      CLEARLY MARKED

    • C. 

      ORANGE-RED

    • D. 

      TRANSPARENT

  • 20. 
    IT IS RECOMMENDED THAT PROTECTIVE MASKS & EYE WEAR, OR FACE SHIELDS, BE WORN BY LABORATORY TECHNICIANS, OR HOUSEKEEPING PERSONNEL __________?
    • A. 

      WHEN CLEANING UP BLOOD OR BODY FLUIDS

    • B. 

      AT ALL TIMES IN THE LABORATORY

    • C. 

      WHEN ROUTINELY CLEANING EQUIPMENT

    • D. 

      WHEN SCRUBBING LABORATORY FLOORS

  • 21. 
    BLOOD FROM ALL INDIVIDUALS SHOULD BE CONSIDERED?
    • A. 

      DECONTAMINATED

    • B. 

      INFECTIVE OR INFECTIOUS

    • C. 

      BIODEGRADABLE

    • D. 

      CHEMICALLY HAZARDOUS

  • 22. 
    WHEN TAKING VITAL SIGNS, A MEDICAL ASSISTANT MUST WEAR GLOVES, GOWNS, AND EYE WEAR?
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 23. 
    A SPECIFIC EYE, MOUTH, OTHER MUCOUS MEMBRANE, NON-INTACT SKIN, OR PARENTERAL CONTACT WITH BLOOD, OR OTHER POTENTIALLY INFECTIOUS MATERIALS THAT RESULTS FROM THE PERFORMANCE OF AN EMPLOYEES DUTIES IS CALLED?
    • A. 

      UNFORTUNATE INCIDENT

    • B. 

      HAZARDOUS EXPOSURE

    • C. 

      OCCUPATIONAL HAZARD

    • D. 

      EXPOSURE INCIDENT

  • 24. 
    THE TERM "UNIVERSAL PRECAUTIONS" IS AN?
    • A. 

      ORGANIZATION TO PROMOTE INFECTION CONTROL

    • B. 

      OVERALL APPROACH TO INFECTION CONTROL

    • C. 

      ORGANIZATIONAL APPROACH TO FOLLOWING EPA GUIDELINES

    • D. 

      ABBREVIATION FOR WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION STANDARDS

  • 25. 
    VACCINATIONS AGAINST HBV INFECTION PROVIDE 90% PROTECTION AGAINST HEPATITIS B FOR __________ OR MORE YEARS FOLLOWING VACCINATION?
    • A. 

      7

    • B. 

      10

    • C. 

      4

    • D. 

      12

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