NCCT ECG Certification Review Questions! Quiz

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NCCT ECG Certification Review Questions! Quiz - Quiz

In an exam, there are certain terminologies you must be aware of so that you can get the meaning of the question or have a clue on what it answers can be. With the NCCT ECG certification exam just around the corner, the quiz below is designed to help you review some medical terminologies. Give it a try and keep a look out for part two.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    AF is an abbreviation for 

    • A.

      A. atrial filter

    • B.

      B. atrial focus

    • C.

      C. atrial fibrillation

    • D.

      D. auto focus

    Correct Answer
    C. C. atrial fibrillation
    Explanation
    AF is an abbreviation for atrial fibrillation, which is a heart condition characterized by irregular and rapid heartbeats. This condition occurs when the electrical signals in the upper chambers of the heart (atria) are chaotic and cause the heart to beat in an irregular rhythm. Atrial fibrillation can lead to various symptoms such as palpitations, shortness of breath, dizziness, and chest pain. It is a serious condition that increases the risk of stroke and other heart-related complications. Treatment options for atrial fibrillation include medication, lifestyle changes, and medical procedures like cardioversion or ablation.

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  • 2. 

    Adhesion means the ability to

    • A.

      A. attach

    • B.

      B. sit on top

    • C.

      C. cut through

    • D.

      D. separate itself

    Correct Answer
    A. A. attach
    Explanation
    Adhesion refers to the ability of a substance or material to attach or stick to another surface. It is the force that holds two different materials together when they come into contact. This can occur at a molecular level, where the molecules of one substance adhere to the molecules of another substance. Adhesion is essential in various processes and applications, such as gluing objects together, painting, and even in biological systems where cells adhere to each other or to surfaces. Therefore, the correct answer is "a. attach".

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  • 3. 

    NPO is an abbreviation for

    • A.

      A. nothing by mouth

    • B.

      B. nothing put on

    • C.

      C. non-protein origin

    • D.

      D. None of the answers are correct

    Correct Answer
    A. A. nothing by mouth
    Explanation
    The abbreviation NPO stands for "nothing by mouth," which is a medical instruction indicating that a patient should not consume any food or drink orally. This instruction is often given before certain medical procedures or surgeries to ensure that the patient's stomach is empty and reduce the risk of complications. It is important for healthcare professionals to follow this instruction to ensure patient safety and to allow for accurate test results or successful surgeries.

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  • 4. 

    NSR is an abbreviation for

    • A.

      A. normal sinus rhythm

    • B.

      B. normal sinus rate

    • C.

      C. non-sinus resonance

    • D.

      D. All answers are correct

    Correct Answer
    A. A. normal sinus rhythm
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "a. normal sinus rhythm." NSR is an abbreviation commonly used in medical terminology to refer to the normal electrical rhythm of the heart. It indicates that the heart is beating in a regular pattern, with the electrical signals originating from the sinus node, the heart's natural pacemaker. This is the ideal rhythm for a healthy heart and is often used as a baseline for comparison when assessing cardiac function. The other options, normal sinus rate and non-sinus resonance, are not accurate definitions of NSR.

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  • 5. 

    CAD is an abbreviation for

    • A.

      A. cardiac abnormality disease

    • B.

      B. coronary artery disease

    • C.

      C. coronary abnormality disease

    • D.

      D. cardiac artery disorder

    Correct Answer
    B. B. coronary artery disease
    Explanation
    CAD stands for coronary artery disease. This is a common heart condition where the arteries that supply blood to the heart become narrowed or blocked due to the buildup of plaque. This can lead to chest pain, heart attacks, and other complications. The abbreviation CAD specifically refers to this specific condition and not any other cardiac abnormalities or disorders.

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  • 6. 

    SOB is an abbreviation for

    • A.

      A. sinus or bradycsrdia

    • B.

      B. serious occlusion / breathing

    • C.

      C. shortness of breath

    • D.

      D. None of the answers are correct

    Correct Answer
    C. C. shortness of breath
    Explanation
    The correct answer is c. shortness of breath. SOB is commonly used as an abbreviation for shortness of breath, which refers to the feeling of being unable to breathe deeply or get enough air into the lungs. It is often a symptom of various medical conditions such as asthma, heart problems, or lung diseases.

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  • 7. 

    The medical term that means an obstruction of blood is

    • A.

      A. hypoxia

    • B.

      B. angina

    • C.

      C. ischemia

    • D.

      D. coagulation

    Correct Answer
    C. C. ischemia
    Explanation
    Ischemia is the medical term that refers to an obstruction of blood flow. It occurs when there is a reduced blood supply to a particular organ or tissue, usually due to a blockage or narrowing of the blood vessels. This can lead to a lack of oxygen and nutrients reaching the affected area, causing tissue damage and potentially leading to serious health complications.

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  • 8. 

    A patient who is hypothermic would exhibit a body temperature that is

    • A.

      A. above normal

    • B.

      B. below normal

    • C.

      C. within normal limits

    • D.

      D. abnormal

    Correct Answer
    B. B. below normal
    Explanation
    A patient who is hypothermic would exhibit a body temperature that is below normal. Hypothermia is a condition where the body loses heat faster than it can produce it, causing the body temperature to drop below the normal range of 36-37 degrees Celsius (97-98.6 degrees Fahrenheit). This can lead to symptoms such as shivering, confusion, drowsiness, and in severe cases, organ failure.

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  • 9. 

    An axillary temperature is taken

    • A.

      A. under the tongue

    • B.

      B. inside the ear

    • C.

      C. rectally

    • D.

      D. in the armpit

    Correct Answer
    D. D. in the armpit
    Explanation
    An axillary temperature is taken in the armpit because this method provides a convenient and non-invasive way to measure body temperature. The armpit is easily accessible and does not require any special equipment or training to use. Additionally, taking the temperature in the armpit is generally considered to be safe and comfortable for the person being tested.

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  • 10. 

    A measurement that is 10mm in length is the same as

    • A.

      A. 1 liter

    • B.

      B. 1 centimeter

    • C.

      C. 1 millimeter

    • D.

      D. 1 cubic centimeter

    Correct Answer
    B. B. 1 centimeter
    Explanation
    A measurement that is 10mm in length is the same as 1 centimeter. This is because there are 10 millimeters in 1 centimeter.

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  • 11. 

    Pain with sudden onset that is severe in nature is called

    • A.

      A. acute

    • B.

      B. chronic

    • C.

      C. psychosomatic

    • D.

      D. radiating

    Correct Answer
    A. A. acute
    Explanation
    Acute pain refers to sudden and intense pain that appears abruptly and typically lasts for a short duration. It is often caused by an injury or illness and serves as a warning sign to the body. Chronic pain, on the other hand, persists for a longer period of time, often lasting for months or even years. Psychosomatic pain refers to physical pain that is caused or influenced by psychological factors. Radiating pain is when the pain spreads from its origin to other areas of the body.

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  • 12. 

    A patient who is described as afebrile is one who has

    • A.

      A. a high fever

    • B.

      B. normal body temperature

    • C.

      C. been defibrillated

    • D.

      D. had an adverse reaction

    Correct Answer
    B. B. normal body temperature
    Explanation
    The term "afebrile" refers to a patient who does not have a fever. Therefore, the correct answer is b. normal body temperature.

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  • 13. 

                       occur(s) when heart muscle cannot get oxygen and the tissue dies

    • A.

      A. Paroxysmal tachycardia

    • B.

      B. Myocardial infarction

    • C.

      C. Cardiac palpitations

    • D.

      D. Myocarditis

    Correct Answer
    B. B. Myocardial infarction
    Explanation
    Myocardial infarction occurs when the heart muscle cannot get enough oxygen and the tissue dies. This is commonly known as a heart attack. During a heart attack, a blockage in the coronary arteries prevents blood flow to the heart muscle, leading to tissue damage and possibly death if not treated promptly. Paroxysmal tachycardia refers to episodes of rapid heartbeat, cardiac palpitations refer to the awareness of one's own heartbeat, and myocarditis refers to inflammation of the heart muscle. None of these conditions specifically involve the death of heart tissue due to lack of oxygen.

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  • 14. 

    When a depolarization wavefront moves perpendicular to a positive electrode, it creates                  on the ECG.

    • A.

      A. a negative deflection

    • B.

      B. a positive deflection

    • C.

      C. electronic noise

    • D.

      D. equiphasic or isoelectric complexes

    Correct Answer
    D. D. equiphasic or isoelectric complexes
    Explanation
    When a depolarization wavefront moves perpendicular to a positive electrode, it creates equiphasic or isoelectric complexes on the ECG. This means that there will be no significant deflection in either the positive or negative direction. The wavefront moving perpendicular to the positive electrode results in equal positive and negative charges being detected, resulting in an isoelectric or equiphasic complex on the ECG.

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  • 15. 

    RBBB is an abbreviation for

    • A.

      A. right bundle branch block

    • B.

      B. right branch bundle block

    • C.

      C. right block of bundle branches

    • D.

      D. resisting bundle branch block

    Correct Answer
    A. A. right bundle branch block
    Explanation
    RBBB stands for right bundle branch block, which is a cardiac condition where there is a delay or blockage in the electrical signals that control the right ventricle of the heart. This can be seen on an electrocardiogram (ECG) as a widening of the QRS complex. The other options are not accurate descriptions of RBBB.

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  • 16. 

    Electrode contact in an ECG can be improved by

    • A.

      A. abrading the akin slightly

    • B.

      B. cleaning or drying the skin

    • C.

      C. using a contact medium

    • D.

      D. All answers are correct

    Correct Answer
    D. D. All answers are correct
    Explanation
    The correct answer is d. All answers are correct. This means that all of the options listed - abrading the skin slightly, cleaning or drying the skin, and using a contact medium - can improve the electrode contact in an ECG. Each of these actions helps to ensure that there is good conductivity between the electrodes and the skin, allowing for accurate measurements to be taken.

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  • 17. 

    VT is the abbreviation for ventricular                          

    • A.

      A. touching

    • B.

      B. tachyarrhythmia

    • C.

      C. tachycardia

    • D.

      D. transition

    Correct Answer
    C. C. tachycardia
    Explanation
    VT is commonly used as an abbreviation for ventricular tachycardia, which is a type of abnormal heart rhythm characterized by a fast heart rate originating from the ventricles of the heart. Tachycardia refers to a heart rate that is faster than normal. Therefore, option c, tachycardia, is the correct answer.

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  • 18. 

    LAD is the abbreviation for

    • A.

      A. lateral anterior deviation

    • B.

      B. left anterior deviation

    • C.

      C. left axis deviation

    • D.

      D. lateral axis deviation

    Correct Answer
    C. C. left axis deviation
    Explanation
    LAD is the abbreviation for left axis deviation. This term is used in cardiology to describe an abnormality in the electrical conduction of the heart, specifically referring to a leftward deviation of the heart's electrical axis. This can be seen on an electrocardiogram (ECG) and may indicate certain cardiac conditions or abnormalities.

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  • 19. 

    The abbreviation for medicine is

    • A.

      A. MD

    • B.

      B. med

    • C.

      C. medi

    • D.

      D. min

    Correct Answer
    B. B. med
    Explanation
    The abbreviation for medicine is "med" because it is a commonly used abbreviation in the medical field. It is shorter and easier to write and remember than the other options provided.

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  • 20. 

    The abbreviation for medical doctor is

    • A.

      A. DR

    • B.

      B. LPN

    • C.

      C. RN

    • D.

      D. MD

    Correct Answer
    D. D. MD
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "d. MD". MD stands for "Medical Doctor", which is the abbreviation commonly used to refer to a licensed physician. This abbreviation is recognized internationally and is used to indicate that an individual has completed medical school and is qualified to practice medicine.

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  • 21. 

    Which of these is an abbreviation for hour?

    • A.

      A. lit

    • B.

      B. hs

    • C.

      C. ho

    • D.

      D. hr

    Correct Answer
    D. D. hr
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "d. hr." This is because "hr" is a commonly used abbreviation for hour.

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  • 22. 

    The abbreviation for electroencephalogram is

    • A.

      A. EEG

    • B.

      B. ECG

    • C.

      C. EKG

    • D.

      D. EECG

    Correct Answer
    A. A. EEG
    Explanation
    The correct answer is a. EEG. Electroencephalogram is a medical test that measures and records the electrical activity of the brain. The abbreviation for electroencephalogram is EEG.

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  • 23. 

    The abbreviation for temperature, pulse and respiration is

    • A.

      A. temp

    • B.

      B. tpr

    • C.

      C. trfc

    • D.

      D. vtls

    Correct Answer
    B. B. tpr
    Explanation
    The correct abbreviation for temperature, pulse, and respiration is TPR. This abbreviation is commonly used in medical and healthcare settings to refer to these vital signs. The other options (a, c, and d) do not accurately represent the abbreviation for these vital signs.

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  • 24. 

    The abbreviation for at once or immediately is

    • A.

      A. Rx

    • B.

      B. asap

    • C.

      C. stat

    • D.

      D. std

    Correct Answer
    C. C. stat
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "c. stat". The abbreviation "stat" is commonly used in medical contexts to indicate that something should be done immediately or without delay. It is derived from the Latin word "statim", which means "immediately". This abbreviation is often seen on medical orders or prescriptions to emphasize the urgency of the situation.

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  • 25. 

    The abbreviation for cardiopulmonary resuscitation is

    • A.

      A. CBR

    • B.

      B. CPR

    • C.

      C. CA

    • D.

      D. Cath

    Correct Answer
    B. B. CPR
    Explanation
    The correct abbreviation for cardiopulmonary resuscitation is CPR. This acronym is widely recognized and used in medical emergencies to refer to the lifesaving technique of manually assisting a person's breathing and circulation. CBR, CA, and Cath are not correct abbreviations for cardiopulmonary resuscitation.

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  • 26. 

    The abbreviation for male is

    • A.

      A. m

    • B.

      B. ma

    • C.

      C. man

    • D.

      D. M

    Correct Answer
    D. D. M
    Explanation
    The correct abbreviation for male is "M" because it is the commonly accepted and widely used abbreviation for male. It is a short and concise representation of the word "male" and is easily recognizable and understood.

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  • 27. 

    The abbreviation for height is __________

    • A.

      A. hct

    • B.

      B. ht

    • C.

      C. hr

    • D.

      D. hgt

    Correct Answer
    B. B. ht
    Explanation
    The correct abbreviation for height is "ht". This is a commonly used abbreviation in various fields such as medicine, engineering, and construction. It is concise and easily understood by professionals in these industries. The other options (hct, hr, hgt) do not accurately represent the abbreviation for height.

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  • 28. 

    The abbreviation for an intensive care unit is

    • A.

      A. CCU

    • B.

      B. ICU

    • C.

      C. IVU

    • D.

      D. IVP

    Correct Answer
    B. B. ICU
    Explanation
    The correct answer is b. ICU, which stands for Intensive Care Unit. This is a specialized unit in a hospital where critically ill patients receive constant monitoring and specialized medical care. The abbreviation ICU is commonly used in medical settings to refer to this specific unit.

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  • 29. 

    The abbreviation for arterial blood pressure is

    • A.

      A. ABP

    • B.

      B. ABPR

    • C.

      C. ABR

    • D.

      D. ARBP

    Correct Answer
    A. A. ABP
    Explanation
    The correct abbreviation for arterial blood pressure is ABP. This abbreviation is commonly used in medical terminology to refer to the pressure exerted by the blood against the walls of the arteries. It is an important measurement in assessing cardiovascular health and can help diagnose conditions such as hypertension.

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  • 30. 

    The abbreviation for operating room is

    • A.

      A. UT

    • B.

      B. OPD

    • C.

      C. OR

    • D.

      D. OPR

    Correct Answer
    C. C. OR
    Explanation
    The correct answer is c. OR. The abbreviation for operating room is commonly known as OR. This is the designated area in a hospital where surgical procedures are performed. The abbreviation is widely recognized and used in medical contexts to refer to this specific area.

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  • 31. 

     The word element itis means

    • A.

      A. allergic in nature

    • B.

      B. inflammation

    • C.

      C. of the blood

    • D.

      D. of the urine

    Correct Answer
    B. B. inflammation
    Explanation
    The word element "itis" is commonly used in medical terminology to indicate inflammation. This suffix is added to the end of a word to describe a condition characterized by inflammation. For example, tonsillitis refers to inflammation of the tonsils. Therefore, option b, "inflammation," is the correct answer.

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  • 32. 

    The word element hema means

    • A.

      A. blood

    • B.

      B. tissue

    • C.

      C. water

    • D.

      D. bone

    Correct Answer
    A. A. blood
    Explanation
    The word element "hema" is derived from the Greek word "haima," which means blood. Therefore, the correct answer is a. blood.

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  • 33. 

    The word element phlebo means

    • A.

      A. vein

    • B.

      B. breath

    • C.

      C. lungs

    • D.

      D. artery

    Correct Answer
    A. A. vein
    Explanation
    The word element "phlebo" is derived from the Greek word "phleps" which means vein. Therefore, the correct answer is a. vein.

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  • 34. 

    The word element pneumo means

    • A.

      A. diseased

    • B.

      B. air, lungs

    • C.

      C. bacterial

    • D.

      D. malignant

    Correct Answer
    B. B. air, lungs
    Explanation
    The word element "pneumo" is derived from the Greek word "pneuma" which means air or lungs. This can be seen in words like pneumonia, which refers to an infection or inflammation of the lungs. Therefore, option b. "air, lungs" is the correct answer as it accurately represents the meaning of the word element "pneumo".

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  • 35. 

    The word element cardio literally means

    • A.

      A. circulatory

    • B.

      B. pumping

    • C.

      C. heart

    • D.

      D. pulmonary

    Correct Answer
    C. C. heart
    Explanation
    The word element "cardio" is derived from the Greek word "kardia," which means "heart." Therefore, the correct answer is c. "heart."

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  • 36. 

    High blood pressure is referred to as

    • A.

      A. palpitation

    • B.

      B. hypertension

    • C.

      C. bradycardia

    • D.

      D. tachycardia

    Correct Answer
    B. B. hypertension
    Explanation
    High blood pressure is commonly known as hypertension. This condition occurs when the force of blood against the artery walls is consistently too high. Palpitation refers to an irregular or rapid heartbeat, while bradycardia refers to a slow heart rate, and tachycardia refers to a fast heart rate. Therefore, the correct answer is b. hypertension.

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  • 37. 

    Stoppage of blood flow is called 

    • A.

      A. syncope

    • B.

      B. stasis

    • C.

      C. thrombosis

    • D.

      D. clotting

    Correct Answer
    B. B. stasis
    Explanation
    Stasis refers to the stoppage or slowing down of blood flow. It can occur due to various reasons such as a blockage in the blood vessels, compression of blood vessels, or a decrease in the pumping action of the heart. Stasis can lead to the formation of blood clots, which can further impede blood flow and cause complications. Syncope refers to a temporary loss of consciousness, thrombosis refers to the formation of blood clots, and clotting refers to the process of blood coagulation.

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  • 38. 

    An abnormally rapid heart rate, generally anything over 100 beats per minute, is called

    • A.

      A. paroxysmal tachycardia

    • B.

      B. heart failure

    • C.

      C. thrombosis

    • D.

      D. tachycardia

    Correct Answer
    D. D. tachycardia
    Explanation
    Tachycardia is the correct answer because it refers to an abnormally rapid heart rate, typically over 100 beats per minute. Paroxysmal tachycardia is a specific type of tachycardia that occurs suddenly and usually resolves on its own. Heart failure is a condition where the heart is unable to pump enough blood to meet the body's needs. Thrombosis is the formation of a blood clot within a blood vessel.

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  • 39. 

    A fluttering of the heart or abnormal rate or rhythm of the heart is called

    • A.

      A. myocarditis

    • B.

      B. murmur

    • C.

      C. palpitation

    • D.

      D. initial stimulus

    Correct Answer
    C. C. palpitation
    Explanation
    Palpitation refers to a fluttering sensation or abnormal rate or rhythm of the heart. It is a subjective feeling that can be caused by various factors such as anxiety, stress, caffeine, certain medications, or underlying heart conditions. Myocarditis is inflammation of the heart muscle, murmur is an abnormal heart sound, and initial stimulus does not relate to the fluttering of the heart. Therefore, the correct answer is palpitation.

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  • 40. 

    The inability of the heart muscle to maintain normal circulation is called

    • A.

      A. myocardial insufficiency

    • B.

      B. mitral stenosis

    • C.

      C. myocarditis

    • D.

      D. abnormal myocardium

    Correct Answer
    A. A. myocardial insufficiency
    Explanation
    Myocardial insufficiency refers to the inability of the heart muscle to maintain normal circulation. This can occur due to various reasons such as damage to the heart muscle, weakened heart muscle, or impaired pumping function of the heart. It can lead to symptoms such as shortness of breath, fatigue, and fluid retention. Treatment for myocardial insufficiency aims to improve heart function and manage symptoms through medications, lifestyle changes, and sometimes surgical interventions.

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  • 41. 

    Another name for the bicuspid valve between the left ventricle and left atrium is the

    • A.

      A. jugular

    • B.

      B. tricuspid

    • C.

      C. mitral

    • D.

      D. vagus

    Correct Answer
    C. C. mitral
    Explanation
    The bicuspid valve, also known as the mitral valve, is located between the left ventricle and left atrium of the heart. It is called "bicuspid" because it has two flaps or cusps. The term "mitral" comes from the Latin word "mitra," meaning a headdress or cap, which describes the shape of the valve. This valve allows blood to flow from the left atrium to the left ventricle and prevents backflow of blood. The other options, jugular, tricuspid, and vagus, are not correct because they do not refer to the valve in question.

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  • 42. 

     Another name for low blood pressure is ___________

    • A.

      A. hypertrophy

    • B.

      B. hypothermia

    • C.

      C. hypotension

    • D.

      D. hypoxia

    Correct Answer
    C. C. hypotension
    Explanation
    Hypotension is another term used to describe low blood pressure. It refers to a condition where the blood pressure in the arteries is lower than normal, which can lead to symptoms such as dizziness, fainting, and fatigue. Hypertrophy refers to an increase in the size of an organ or tissue, hypothermia refers to a dangerously low body temperature, and hypoxia refers to a lack of oxygen in the body. Therefore, the correct answer is c. hypotension.

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  • 43. 

    The blocking of a blood vessel by a clot is called a(n) ___________

    • A.

      A. heart block

    • B.

      B. embolism

    • C.

      C. edema

    • D.

      D. hypoxia

    Correct Answer
    B. B. embolism
    Explanation
    An embolism refers to the blocking of a blood vessel by a clot. It occurs when a clot, known as an embolus, travels through the bloodstream and gets lodged in a smaller blood vessel, obstructing the flow of blood. This can lead to various complications depending on the location of the embolism, such as a pulmonary embolism if it occurs in the lungs or a stroke if it occurs in the brain. Therefore, option b, embolism, is the correct answer.

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  • 44. 

    Swelling due to large amounts of fluid accumulating in tissues is called

    • A.

      A. an embolism

    • B.

      B. hemiplegia

    • C.

      C. edema

    • D.

      D. varicosity

    Correct Answer
    C. C. edema
    Explanation
    Edema is the correct answer because it refers to the swelling that occurs when there is an excessive accumulation of fluid in the tissues. This can be caused by various factors such as injury, inflammation, or certain medical conditions like heart failure or kidney disease. Edema can affect different parts of the body and is often characterized by swelling, pain, and a feeling of heaviness in the affected area. It is important to identify and treat the underlying cause of edema to alleviate the symptoms and prevent further complications.

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  • 45. 

     Lack of oxygen in the blood causing blueness of the skin is called __________

    • A.

      A. aplastic anemia

    • B.

      B. circulatory aplasia

    • C.

      C. coronary stasis

    • D.

      D. cyanosis

    Correct Answer
    D. D. cyanosis
    Explanation
    Cyanosis is the blueness of the skin that occurs due to a lack of oxygen in the blood. It is caused by a decrease in the amount of oxygenated hemoglobin in the blood, leading to a bluish coloration of the skin, lips, and nails. This condition can be indicative of various underlying health issues, such as respiratory or circulatory problems, and requires medical attention to address the underlying cause.

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  • 46. 

     Labored or difficult breathing is called _________

    • A.

      A. asthma

    • B.

      B. respiratory failure

    • C.

      C. dyspnea

    • D.

      D. apexia

    Correct Answer
    C. C. dyspnea
    Explanation
    Dyspnea refers to labored or difficult breathing. It is a symptom rather than a specific condition, and can be caused by various underlying factors such as asthma, respiratory failure, or other respiratory disorders. It is characterized by a sensation of shortness of breath or breathlessness, and can be accompanied by rapid breathing, wheezing, or chest tightness. Dyspnea can be a sign of an underlying medical condition and should be evaluated by a healthcare professional for proper diagnosis and treatment.

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  • 47. 

    An inflammation of the inner lining of the heart caused by bacteria is called bacterial

    • A.

      A. septicemia

    • B.

      B. endometriosis

    • C.

      C. endocarditis

    • D.

      D. bradycardia

    Correct Answer
    C. C. endocarditis
    Explanation
    Endocarditis is the correct answer because it refers to the inflammation of the inner lining of the heart, which can be caused by bacterial infection. Septicemia refers to a severe bloodstream infection, endometriosis is a condition where the tissue lining the uterus grows outside of it, and bradycardia is a slow heart rate.

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  • 48. 

     Hardening of the arteries is called

    • A.

      A. cardiac stasis

    • B.

      B. arteriostenosis

    • C.

      C. arteriosclerosis

    • D.

      D. arteriostenosis

    Correct Answer
    C. C. arteriosclerosis
    Explanation
    Arteriosclerosis is the correct answer because it refers to the hardening and thickening of the arteries. This condition occurs when plaque builds up on the artery walls, causing them to become stiff and less flexible. This can lead to reduced blood flow and increased risk of heart disease and other cardiovascular problems. Cardiac stasis, arteriostenosis, and arteriostenosis are not accurate terms for describing the hardening of the arteries.

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  • 49. 

    An abnormal rhythm of the heart is called

    • A.

      A. asyncopation

    • B.

      B. arteriosclerosis

    • C.

      C. atrial rhythm

    • D.

      D. arrhythmia

    Correct Answer
    D. D. arrhythmia
    Explanation
    An abnormal rhythm of the heart is called arrhythmia. This term refers to any irregularity or abnormality in the electrical impulses that regulate the heartbeat. It can cause the heart to beat too fast, too slow, or in an irregular pattern. Arrhythmias can be harmless or life-threatening, and they can be caused by various factors such as heart disease, medications, or electrolyte imbalances. It is important to diagnose and treat arrhythmias to prevent complications and ensure proper heart function.

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  • 50. 

    A drug that delays clotting of the blood is called a(n)

    • A.

      A. antibody

    • B.

      B. antibiotic

    • C.

      C. clot buster

    • D.

      D. anticoagulant

    Correct Answer
    D. D. anticoagulant
    Explanation
    An anticoagulant is a drug that delays the clotting of blood. Antibodies are proteins produced by the immune system to fight against foreign substances, not related to clotting. Antibiotics are medications used to treat bacterial infections, not related to clotting. Clot busters are drugs used to dissolve blood clots, not delay clotting. Therefore, the correct answer is d. anticoagulant.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Feb 22, 2012
    Quiz Created by
    Borderingvertigo
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