Nature Of Matter: Atoms Quiz

20 Questions

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Nature Of Matter Quizzes & Trivia

Nature of Matter: Atoms Quiz is a test on the Chemical periodic table. How much do you know of this Science basic? Well, there is only one way to find out. Take up the test and see.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The organization of the periodic table is based on__________________.
    • A. 

      The number of protons in an atom

    • B. 

      The mass number of an atom

    • C. 

      The number of neutrons in an atom

    • D. 

      The average atomic mass of an element

  • 2. 
    A horizontal row of the periodic table is called a 
    • A. 

      Period

    • B. 

      Family

    • C. 

      Group

    • D. 

      Noble gase

  • 3. 
    The three basic components of an atom are....
    • A. 

      Molecules

    • B. 

      Protons

    • C. 

      Neutrons

    • D. 

      Electrons

    • E. 

      Ions

  • 4. 
    An element is determined by the number of...
    • A. 

      Protons

    • B. 

      Neutrons

    • C. 

      Ions

    • D. 

      Isotopes

  • 5. 
    The nucleus of an atom consists of...
    • A. 

      Electrons

    • B. 

      Protons

    • C. 

      Electrons and protons

    • D. 

      Protons and neutrons

  • 6. 
    Which subatomic particles have approximately the same size and mass as each other?
    • A. 

      Neutrons and electrons

    • B. 

      Electrons and protons

    • C. 

      Protons and neutrons

    • D. 

      None- they all have different sizes and masses

  • 7. 
    Atoms that have gained or lost electrons are called
    • A. 

      Ions

    • B. 

      Compounds

    • C. 

      Isotopes

    • D. 

      Molecules

  • 8. 
    Atoms that have gained or lost a neutron are called
    • A. 

      Ions

    • B. 

      Cations

    • C. 

      Isotopes

    • D. 

      Molecules

  • 9. 
    According to the Atomic Theory, electrons are found...
    • A. 

      Anywhere in the atom

    • B. 

      Inside the nucleus

    • C. 

      Outside the nucleus

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 10. 
    A Beryllium atom has 4 protons, 5 neutrons, and 4 electrons.  What is the mass number of this atom?
    • A. 

      4

    • B. 

      5

    • C. 

      8

    • D. 

      9

    • E. 

      13

  • 11. 
    A single proton has what type of charge?
    • A. 

      Negative

    • B. 

      Balanced

    • C. 

      Positive

    • D. 

      Neutral

  • 12. 
    How many electrons can the first energy level hold?
    • A. 

      2

    • B. 

      3

    • C. 

      4

    • D. 

      8

  • 13. 
    How many electrons can the second energy level hold?
    • A. 

      2

    • B. 

      3

    • C. 

      4

    • D. 

      8

  • 14. 
    What is the term used for the electrons in the outermost shell or energy level?
    • A. 

      Ions

    • B. 

      Isotopes

    • C. 

      Valence electrons

    • D. 

      Subatomic particles

  • 15. 
    Sulfur has an atomic number of 16 and an atomic mass of 32.  Check the boxes that apply to the three subatomic particles of a Sulfur atom.
    • A. 

      Protons= 16

    • B. 

      Neutrons= 14

    • C. 

      Electrons= 32

    • D. 

      Neutrons= 16

    • E. 

      Electrons= 16

    • F. 

      Protons= 32

  • 16. 
    Carbon is in the 2nd period and the 4th group in the periodic table.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 17. 
    Sodium is in the 4th period and the 5th group in the periodic table.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 18. 
    Aluminum has 3 shells and 3 valence electrons.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 19. 
    Group 8 in the periodic table are the most likely to gain electrons.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 20. 
    Flourine is very likely to lose electrons. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False