Musculoskeletal System Quiz Questions

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Musculoskeletal System Quizzes & Trivia

15 item Quiz regarding the Health Assessment for the Musculoskeletal System.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    —________ are ropelike bundles of collagen fibrils that connect bone to bone

    • A.

      Tendon

    • B.

      Cartilage

    • C.

      Ligament

    • D.

      Joint

    Correct Answer
    C. Ligament
    Explanation
    Ligaments are ropelike bundles of collagen fibrils that connect bone to bone. They provide stability and support to joints by holding them together and preventing excessive movement. Unlike tendons, which connect muscle to bone, ligaments specifically connect bone to bone. Cartilage, on the other hand, is a flexible connective tissue that covers the ends of bones and provides a smooth surface for joint movement. Joints are the areas where two or more bones meet.

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  • 2. 

    _______________are collagen fibers connecting muscle to bone

    • A.

      Tendon

    • B.

      Cartilage

    • C.

      Ligament

    • D.

      Joint

    Correct Answer
    A. Tendon
    Explanation
    Tendons are collagen fibers that connect muscle to bone. They are strong and flexible, allowing for the transmission of forces from muscles to bones, enabling movement and stability. Tendons are responsible for transmitting the force generated by muscle contractions to produce joint movement.

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  • 3. 

    —______ are pouches of synovial fluid that cushion the movement of tendons and muscles over bone or other joint structures.

    • A.

      Tendon

    • B.

      Cartilage

    • C.

      Ligament

    • D.

      Bursae

    Correct Answer
    D. Bursae
    Explanation
    Bursae are pouches of synovial fluid that cushion the movement of tendons and muscles over bone or other joint structures. They help to reduce friction and provide lubrication, allowing smooth movement and preventing damage to the surrounding tissues. Bursae are commonly found in areas where there is a lot of repetitive movement, such as the shoulder, knee, and elbow joints.

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  • 4. 

    —These types of joints are freely movable:

    • A.

      Synovial

    • B.

      Cartilaginous

    • C.

      Fibrous

    • D.

      Hinge

    Correct Answer
    A. Synovial
    Explanation
    Synovial joints are freely movable because they are characterized by the presence of a synovial cavity, which is filled with synovial fluid. This fluid lubricates the joint, allowing for smooth and frictionless movement. Synovial joints are found in various parts of the body, such as the knees, elbows, and shoulders, and they allow for a wide range of movements, including flexion, extension, abduction, adduction, and rotation.

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  • 5. 

    —These types of joints are slightly movable:

    • A.

      Synovial

    • B.

      Cartilaginous

    • C.

      Fibrous

    • D.

      Ball and Socket

    Correct Answer
    B. Cartilaginous
    Explanation
    Cartilaginous joints are slightly movable because they are connected by cartilage. This type of joint allows for limited movement and provides stability and support to the bones. Examples of cartilaginous joints include the joints between the vertebrae in the spine and the pubic symphysis.

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  • 6. 

    These types of joints are immovable:

    • A.

      Synovial

    • B.

      Cartilaginous

    • C.

      Fibrous

    • D.

      Hinge

    Correct Answer
    C. Fibrous
    Explanation
    Fibrous joints are immovable because they are connected by dense connective tissue, such as collagen fibers, which allows for very little to no movement between the bones. These joints provide stability and support to the skeletal system. Examples of fibrous joints include the sutures in the skull and the syndesmosis joint between the tibia and fibula in the lower leg.

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  • 7. 

    —Clicking sound of the joints when moving

    • A.

      Cracking

    • B.

      Creeking

    • C.

      Crepitus

    • D.

      Bulging

    Correct Answer
    C. Crepitus
    Explanation
    Crepitus is the correct answer because it refers to the clicking sound that can be heard when moving joints. This sound is often associated with the rubbing of bones or cartilage against each other, which can occur due to various reasons such as arthritis, injury, or aging. Therefore, crepitus accurately describes the clicking sound of the joints when moving.

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  • 8. 

    —Best score for Muscular Strength is 

    • A.

      0/5

    • B.

      5/5

    • C.

      0/10

    • D.

      10/10

    Correct Answer
    B. 5/5
    Explanation
    Muscular strength refers to the maximum amount of force that a muscle or group of muscles can generate. A best score for muscular strength would indicate that the individual has achieved the highest level of strength possible, meaning they are able to generate the maximum amount of force with their muscles. Therefore, the answer of 5/5 suggests that the individual has achieved the best score for muscular strength, indicating that they have developed their muscles to their fullest potential.

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  • 9. 

    bending of a joint so that the angle of the joint diminishes.

    • A.

      Abduction

    • B.

      Adduction

    • C.

      Flexion

    • D.

      Extension

    Correct Answer
    C. Flexion
    Explanation
    Flexion refers to the bending of a joint in a way that decreases the angle between the bones involved. It is the opposite of extension, which involves straightening or increasing the angle of a joint. Therefore, flexion is the correct answer as it accurately describes the bending of a joint to decrease its angle.

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  • 10. 

    The return of movement after bending an extremity wherein the joint angle is increased 

    • A.

      Abduction

    • B.

      Adduction

    • C.

      Flexion

    • D.

      Extension

    Correct Answer
    D. Extension
    Explanation
    Extension refers to the return of movement after bending an extremity wherein the joint angle is increased. When a joint is extended, it moves in the opposite direction of flexion, straightening or stretching the joint to increase the angle between the bones. This movement is commonly observed in joints such as the elbow, knee, or spine. Abduction and adduction refer to movements away from and towards the midline of the body, respectively. Therefore, extension is the correct answer in this context.

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  • 11. 

    Flexing or bending the foot in the direction of the sole.

    • A.

      Flexion

    • B.

      Extension

    • C.

      Dorsiflexion

    • D.

      Plantar flexion

    Correct Answer
    D. Plantar flexion
    Explanation
    Plantar flexion refers to the movement of flexing or bending the foot in the direction of the sole. This movement is commonly observed when pointing the toes downward, such as when standing on tiptoes or performing a calf raise. The term "plantar" refers to the sole of the foot, and "flexion" indicates the bending or flexing action. Therefore, plantar flexion is the appropriate term to describe the movement described in the question.

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  • 12. 

    Flexing or bending the foot against the direction of the sole.

    • A.

      Flexion

    • B.

      Extension

    • C.

      Dorsiflexion

    • D.

      Plantar Flexion

    Correct Answer
    C. Dorsiflexion
    Explanation
    Dorsiflexion refers to the movement of flexing or bending the foot in the direction opposite to the sole. This movement involves lifting the toes towards the shin. Therefore, the given correct answer accurately describes the action of dorsiflexion.

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  • 13. 

    Movement away from the midline of the body

    • A.

      Abduction

    • B.

      Adduction

    • C.

      Inversion

    • D.

      Eversion

    Correct Answer
    A. Abduction
    Explanation
    Abduction refers to the movement of a body part away from the midline of the body. This means that the body part is being moved away from the center of the body, towards the side. For example, when we spread our arms out to the sides, we are performing abduction. In contrast, adduction refers to the movement of a body part towards the midline of the body. Inversion refers to the movement of the sole of the foot inward, towards the midline of the body, while eversion refers to the movement of the sole of the foot outward, away from the midline of the body.

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  • 14. 

    Movement toward the midline of the body 

    • A.

      Abduction

    • B.

      Adduction

    • C.

      Inversion

    • D.

      Eversion

    Correct Answer
    B. Adduction
    Explanation
    Adduction refers to the movement of a body part towards the midline of the body. It involves bringing a body part closer to the center of the body or towards the midline. This movement is commonly observed in activities such as bringing the arms or legs closer to the body. In contrast, abduction refers to the movement of a body part away from the midline of the body. Inversion refers to the movement of the sole of the foot inward, while eversion refers to the movement of the sole of the foot outward.

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  • 15. 

    Movement that turns the sole of the foot outward.

    • A.

      Abduction

    • B.

      Eversion

    • C.

      Inversion

    • D.

      Adduction

    Correct Answer
    B. Eversion
    Explanation
    Eversion refers to the movement that turns the sole of the foot outward. It involves the rotation of the foot away from the midline of the body. This movement is opposite to inversion, which turns the sole of the foot inward. Adduction refers to movement towards the midline of the body, while abduction refers to movement away from the midline. Therefore, the correct answer is eversion.

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