Final Exam Anatomy 2016

182 Questions | Total Attempts: 83

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Anatomy Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Gluconeogenesis occurs in the liver due to the action of_________.
    • A. 

      Secretin

    • B. 

      Cortisol

    • C. 

      Insulin

    • D. 

      Aldosterone

  • 2. 
     Hormones often cause a cell to elicit multiple responses; this is because_____.
    • A. 

      The protein kinases are rapidly metabolized into functional amino acids

    • B. 

      There are thousands of receptors on the cell membrane

    • C. 

      The receptors bind to several hormones at the same time

    • D. 

      During protein kinase activation, enzymes phosphorylate many other enzymes

  • 3. 
    Normal development of the immune response is due in part to hormones produced by the___.
    • A. 

      Thyroid gland

    • B. 

      Adrenal medulla

    • C. 

      Pancreas

    • D. 

      Thymus gland

  • 4. 
    Several hormones are synthesizes in the hypothalamus and transported to the anterior pituitary gland. The mechanism of transportation from hypothalamus to anterior pituitary gland is through the______.
    • A. 

      Hypophyseal portal system

    • B. 

      Hepatic portal system

    • C. 

      General circulatory system

    • D. 

      Feedback loop

  • 5. 
    The major targets of growth hormone are_____.
    • A. 

      The blood vessels

    • B. 

      Bones and skeletal muscles

    • C. 

      The adrenal glands

    • D. 

      The liver

  • 6. 
    Iodine is an essential element required for the synthesis of thyroxine.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 7. 
    Oxytocin is a strong stimulant of uterine contractions. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 8. 
    When it becomes necessary to enlist the fight-or-fight response, a hormone that is released during the alarm phase of the general adaptation syndrome is______.
    • A. 

      Renin

    • B. 

      Estrogen

    • C. 

      Angiotensinogen

    • D. 

      Epinephrine

  • 9. 
    Which of the following is not a cardinal sign of diabetes mellitus?
    • A. 

      Polyphagia

    • B. 

      Polycythemia

    • C. 

      Polydipsia

    • D. 

      Polyuria

  • 10. 
    Which organ is responsible for synthesizing ANP?
    • A. 

      The kidney

    • B. 

      The heart

    • C. 

      The spleen

    • D. 

      The skin

  • 11. 
    A lack of intrinsic factor, leading to a deficiency of vitamin B12 and causing an appearance of large pale cells called macrocytes, is characteristic of_______.
    • A. 

      Polycythemia

    • B. 

      Pernicious anemia

    • C. 

      Sickle-cell anemia

    • D. 

      Aplastic anemia

  • 12. 
    An individual who is blood type AB negative can ______.
    • A. 

      Donate to types A,B, and AB, but not to type O

    • B. 

      Donate to all blood types in moderate amounts

    • C. 

      Receive types A,B, and AB, but not type O

    • D. 

      Receive any blood type in moderate amounts except that with the Rh antigen

  • 13. 
    Fred's blood was determined to be AB positive. What does this mean?
    • A. 

      There are no antibodies to A, to B, or to Rh antigens in the plasma

    • B. 

      Antibodies to A and B are present in the red cells.

    • C. 

      He can only receive blood from a donor who is AB positive.

    • D. 

      His blood lacks Rh factor

  • 14. 
    Platelets_______.
    • A. 

      Have a life span of about 120 days

    • B. 

      Have multiple nuclei

    • C. 

      Stick to the damaged area of a blood vessel and help seal the break

    • D. 

      Are the precursors of leukocytes

  • 15. 
    What is the average normal pH range of blood?
    • A. 

      8.35-8.45

    • B. 

      4.65-4.75

    • C. 

      7.75-7.85

    • D. 

      7.35-7.45

  • 16. 
    Which blood type is generally called the universal donor?
    • A. 

      AB

    • B. 

      A

    • C. 

      B

    • D. 

      O

  • 17. 
    Which of the following is not a cause of bleeding disorders?
    • A. 

      Vitamin K deficiency

    • B. 

      A defect in the clotting cascade

    • C. 

      Thrombocytopenia, a condition of decreased circulating platelets

    • D. 

      Excess secretion of platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF)

  • 18. 
    Which of the following is not a function characteristic of WBC's?
    • A. 

      Granulosis

    • B. 

      Diapedesis

    • C. 

      Ameboid motion

    • D. 

      Positive chemotaxis

  • 19. 
    Which of the following would bot be a possible cause of sickling of red blood cells in someone with sickle-cell anemia?
    • A. 

      Travel at high altitude

    • B. 

      Sleeping in a well-ventilated room

    • C. 

      Malaria and travel at high altitude

    • D. 

      Vigorous exercise

  • 20. 
    Hemorrhagic anemia result from blood loss.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 21. 
    Hemorrhage with a large loss of blood causes_____.
    • A. 

      No change in blood pressure but a slower heart rate

    • B. 

      No change in blood pressure but a change in respiration

    • C. 

      A lowering of blood pressure due to change in cardiac output

    • D. 

      A rise in blood pressure due to change in cardia output

  • 22. 
    As pressure in the aorta rises due to atherosclerosis, more ventricular pressure is required to open the aortic valve.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 23. 
    Blood within the pulmonary veins returns to the_____.
    • A. 

      Left atrium

    • B. 

      Right atrium

    • C. 

      Left ventricle

    • D. 

      Right ventricle

  • 24. 
    Select the correct statement about the heart valves.
    • A. 

      The mitral valve separates the right atrium from the right ventricle

    • B. 

      The tricuspid valve divided the left atrium from the left ventricle

    • C. 

      The AV valves are supported by chordae tendineae so that regurgitation of blood into the atria during ventricular contraction does not occ.

    • D. 

      Aortic and pulmonary valves control the flow of blood into the heart.

  • 25. 
    The left ventricular wall of the heart is thicker than the right wall in order to ______.
    • A. 

      Pump blood through a smaller valve

    • B. 

      Accommodate a greater volume of blood

    • C. 

      Expand the thoracic cage during diastole

    • D. 

      Pump blood with greater pressure

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