Organic Chemistry Quiz For Beginners

Reviewed by Zohra Sattar Waxali
Zohra Sattar Waxali, PhD (Chemistry) |
Chemistry
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Dr. Zohra Sattar Waxali earned her doctorate in chemistry and biochemistry from Northwestern University, specializing in the metallomes of cardiac cells and stem cells, and their impact on biological function. Her research encompasses the development of arsenoplatin chemotherapeutics, stapled peptide estrogen receptor inhibitors, and antimicrobial natural products. With her expertise, Dr. Waxali ensures the accuracy and relevance of our chemistry quizzes, contributing to a comprehensive understanding of chemical principles and advancements in the field.
, PhD (Chemistry)
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Organic Chemistry Quiz For Beginners - Quiz

Welcome to our Organic Chemistry Quiz! Are you ready to explore the captivating world of carbon compounds? This quiz is designed to test your knowledge of organic chemistry, the branch of chemistry that focuses on the study of molecules containing carbon atoms.

Organic chemistry is a chemistry sub-discipline involving the scientific study of the structure, properties, and reactions of organic compounds and organic materials, that is, matter in its various forms that contain carbon atoms. Take the quiz below to measure your knowledge of basic organic chemistry. Give it a try and gauge yourself.


Organic Chemistry Questions and Answers

  • 1. 

    Which of the following are constitutional isomers of trans-1,2 dimethylcyclopentane 

    • A.

      I,III ,IV

    • B.

      II, IV ,V

    • C.

      II, III ,V

    • D.

      III, IV ,V

    Correct Answer
    D. III, IV ,V
    Explanation
    Constitutional isomers are compounds that have the same molecular formula but differ in the connectivity of their atoms. In the case of trans-1,2 dimethylcyclopentane, the molecular formula is C7H14, meaning it has seven carbon atoms and 14 hydrogen atoms. Among the given options, III, IV, and V are constitutional isomers because they have the same molecular formula as trans-1,2 dimethylcyclopentane but differ in their connectivity. Option I is not a constitutional isomer as it does not have the same molecular formula as trans-1,2 dimethylcyclopentane. Option II is not a constitutional isomer as it has a different connectivity of atoms compared to trans-1,2 dimethylcyclopentane.

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  • 2. 

    Which is the IUPAC name for the following compound?

    • A.

      2-ethyl-3methylpentane

    • B.

      3,4-dimethylhexane

    • C.

      2,3-diethylbutane

    • D.

      3-methyl-4-ethylpentane

    Correct Answer
    B. 3,4-dimethylhexane
    Explanation
    The compound in question has a total of six carbon atoms, and it is a hexane derivative. The name indicates that there are two methyl groups attached to the third and fourth carbon atoms of the hexane chain. Therefore, the correct IUPAC name for this compound is 3,4-dimethylhexane.

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  • 3. 

    Which structural formulas represent Cis forms of 1,2-dimethylcyclohexane? 

    • A.

      I , IV

    • B.

      II , III

    • C.

      III, IV

    • D.

      I, II

    Correct Answer
    A. I , IV
    Explanation
    The structural formulas I and IV represent the cis forms of 1,2-dimethylcyclohexane. In these structures, the two methyl groups are on the same side of the cyclohexane ring, resulting in a cis configuration. Structures II and III do not have the methyl groups on the same side, so they do not represent the cis form of the molecule.

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  • 4. 

    Which cycloalkanes show Cis-trans isomerization?

    • A.

      I , V

    • B.

      I , II , V

    • C.

      II , III , V

    • D.

      II , III , IV

    Correct Answer
    D. II , III , IV
    Explanation
    Cis-trans isomerization refers to the interconversion of cis and trans isomers. In cycloalkanes, this can occur when there are substituents on the ring that can rotate around the carbon-carbon bonds. The only option that includes cycloalkanes with substituents is II, III, IV. Therefore, II, III, IV are the cycloalkanes that show cis-trans isomerization.

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  • 5. 

    In the most stable conformation of trans-1,4-dimethylcyclohexane, what position do the methyl groups occupy?

    • A.

      Axial , axial

    • B.

      Equatorial , axial

    • C.

      Equatorial , equatorial

    • D.

      Axial , equatorial

    Correct Answer
    C. Equatorial , equatorial
    Explanation
    In the most stable conformation of trans-1,4-dimethylcyclohexane, both methyl groups occupy equatorial positions. This is because axial positions are less stable due to steric hindrance caused by the bulky methyl groups. By placing the methyl groups in equatorial positions, they are able to adopt a more favorable spatial arrangement, minimizing steric interactions and increasing stability.

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  • 6. 

    Which compound has the highest boiling point ?

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    • D.

      D

    Correct Answer
    C. C
    Explanation
    The compound c has the highest boiling point because it has the strongest intermolecular forces. Intermolecular forces, such as hydrogen bonding, dipole-dipole interactions, and London dispersion forces, determine the boiling point of a compound. Compound c likely has hydrogen bonding or stronger dipole-dipole interactions compared to the other compounds, making it more difficult for its molecules to separate and vaporize, resulting in a higher boiling point.

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  • 7. 

    What is a conformer of pentane?

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    • D.

      D

    Correct Answer
    D. D
    Explanation
    A conformer of pentane refers to a specific arrangement of the pentane molecule in which the carbon atoms and hydrogen atoms are arranged in a specific spatial orientation. This arrangement is known as a conformer and can have different conformations depending on the rotation of the carbon-carbon bonds in the molecule. In this case, option d is the correct answer as it implies that there are multiple conformations of pentane.

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  • 8. 

     What is the term for the process of forming pentane and ethene from heptane?

    • A.

      Combustion

    • B.

      Fractional distillation

    • C.

      Thermal cracking

    • D.

      Catalytic reformation

    Correct Answer
    C. Thermal cracking
    Explanation
    Thermal cracking is the correct answer because it refers to the process of breaking down large hydrocarbon molecules, such as heptane, into smaller ones, like ethene and pentane, by heating them at high temperatures. This process is used to produce unsaturated hydrocarbons for various industrial purposes. 

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  • 9. 

    Which of these diaxial forms has the highest energy ? 

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    • D.

      D

    Correct Answer
    C. C
    Explanation
    In organic chemistry, diaxial forms refer to the arrangement of substituents on a cyclohexane ring where two substituents are in the axial positions. In this case, the highest energy diaxial form would be option c. This is because the axial positions are less stable than the equatorial positions due to steric hindrance. In option c, both substituents are in axial positions, resulting in increased steric hindrance and higher energy compared to the other options.

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  • 10. 

    How many secondary hydrogens are there in the following molecule?

    • A.

      1

    • B.

      2

    • C.

      4

    • D.

      9

    Correct Answer
    B. 2
    Explanation
    The molecule in question is not provided, so it is not possible to accurately determine the number of secondary hydrogens. Without additional information, it is not possible to provide an explanation for the given answer.

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  • 11. 

    Which is the electronic configuration that describes Mg2+?  

    • A.

      1s2, 2s2

    • B.

      1s2, 2s2, 2p6

    • C.

      1s2, 2s2, 2p6, 3s2

    • D.

      1s2, 2s2, 2p6, 3s2, 3p6

    Correct Answer
    B. 1s2, 2s2, 2p6
    Explanation
    The electronic configuration 1s2, 2s2, 2p6 describes Mg2+ because it indicates that there are 12 electrons in total. Mg has an atomic number of 12, which means it normally has 12 electrons. However, since Mg2+ is a cation, it has lost 2 electrons, leaving it with 10 electrons. The configuration 1s2, 2s2, 2p6 represents this loss of 2 electrons.

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  • 12. 

    Which atom is described by the electron configuration 1s2s2p3s3p5?  

    • A.

      S

    • B.

      Se

    • C.

      Cl

    • D.

      Br

    Correct Answer
    C. Cl
    Explanation
    The electron configuration 1s22s22p63s23p5 corresponds to the element Chlorine (Cl).

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  • 13. 

    Using the VSEPR model, predict which atoms have bond angles of about 120°.  

    • A.

      II, IV

    • B.

      I, IV

    • C.

      II, III

    • D.

      I, III

    Correct Answer
    D. I, III
    Explanation
    According to the VSEPR (Valence Shell Electron Pair Repulsion) model, bond angles of about 120° are found in molecules with trigonal planar geometry. In a trigonal planar molecule, there are three electron groups around the central atom, arranged in a flat triangle. The atoms that have bond angles of about 120° are I (first option) and III (third option).

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  • 14. 

      According to the VSEPR model, what is your prediction for the arrangement of electron pairs for CH4?  

    • A.

      Linear

    • B.

      Tetrahedral

    • C.

      Bent

    • D.

      Trigonal

    Correct Answer
    B. Tetrahedral
    Explanation
    According to the VSEPR (Valence Shell Electron Pair Repulsion) model, CH4- has four electron pairs around the central carbon atom. Since there are no lone pairs, these electron pairs will arrange themselves as far apart as possible to minimize repulsion. The most stable arrangement for four electron pairs is tetrahedral, where the electron pairs are located at the four corners of a tetrahedron. Therefore, the correct prediction for the arrangement of electron pairs for CH4- is tetrahedral.

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  • 15. 

    Using the VSEPR model, predict which species have bond angles of about 109°

    • A.

      I, III, IV

    • B.

      II, III, V

    • C.

      I, IV

    • D.

      III, IV, V

    Correct Answer
    A. I, III, IV
    Explanation
    According to the VSEPR model, bond angles of about 109° occur in species with a trigonal pyramidal or tetrahedral molecular geometry. In option I, species I has a trigonal pyramidal geometry, which results in bond angles close to 109°. In option III, species III has a tetrahedral geometry, which also leads to bond angles around 109°. In option IV, species IV has a trigonal pyramidal geometry, resulting in bond angles of about 109°. Therefore, the correct answer is I, III, IV.

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  • 16. 

    What is the formal charge of indicated carbon in

    • A.

      -2

    • B.

      -1

    • C.

      0

    • D.

      +1

    Correct Answer
    B. -1
    Explanation
    The formal charge of the indicated carbon is -1. This can be determined by subtracting the number of lone pair electrons and half the number of bonding electrons from the number of valence electrons. In this case, the carbon has 4 valence electrons. Since there are 3 lone pair electrons and 1 bonding electron, the formal charge is -1.

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  • 17. 

    The carbon has the correct orbital hybridization in which structures?  

    • A.

      II, IV, V

    • B.

      II, III, IV

    • C.

      I, II, III

    • D.

      I, IV, V

    Correct Answer
    A. II, IV, V
    Explanation
    The correct answer is II, IV, V. This means that in structures II, IV, and V, carbon has the correct orbital hybridization.

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  • 18. 

    .  What are the correct orbital hybridizations for carbon in the following species?

    • A.

      A and I, B and III

    • B.

      B and I, C and II

    • C.

      A and III, C and II

    • D.

      B and III, C and III

    Correct Answer
    C. A and III, C and II
    Explanation
    The correct answer is A and III, C and II. This means that carbon in species A and C have different orbital hybridizations. In species A, carbon has an sp3 hybridization, meaning it forms four sigma bonds with four other atoms or groups. In species C, carbon has an sp2 hybridization, meaning it forms three sigma bonds with three other atoms or groups and has one unhybridized p orbital.

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  • 19. 

    Which of the following are pairs of contributing resonance structures? 

    • A.

      II, IV

    • B.

      I, II, III

    • C.

      III, IV

    • D.

      II, III, ,IV

    Correct Answer
    C. III, IV
    Explanation
    The correct answer is III, IV. This means that resonance structures III and IV contribute to the overall electronic structure of the molecule. Resonance structures are alternative Lewis structures that can be drawn for a molecule, showing different arrangements of electrons. In this case, structures III and IV likely depict different arrangements of double bonds or electron lone pairs, contributing to the stability and reactivity of the molecule.

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  • 20. 

     Carbon has how many valence electrons?  

    • A.

      2

    • B.

      4

    • C.

      6

    • D.

      8

    Correct Answer
    B. 4
    Explanation
    Carbon has four valence electrons. Valence electrons are the electrons in the outermost energy level of an atom and they determine the atom's reactivity and ability to form chemical bonds. Carbon is in Group 14 of the periodic table, so it has four valence electrons. These electrons are available for bonding with other atoms to form various compounds.

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Zohra Sattar Waxali |PhD (Chemistry) |
Chemistry
Dr. Zohra Sattar Waxali earned her doctorate in chemistry and biochemistry from Northwestern University, specializing in the metallomes of cardiac cells and stem cells, and their impact on biological function. Her research encompasses the development of arsenoplatin chemotherapeutics, stapled peptide estrogen receptor inhibitors, and antimicrobial natural products. With her expertise, Dr. Waxali ensures the accuracy and relevance of our chemistry quizzes, contributing to a comprehensive understanding of chemical principles and advancements in the field.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Apr 01, 2024
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team

    Expert Reviewed by
    Zohra Sattar Waxali
  • Feb 27, 2016
    Quiz Created by
    Medicalclub
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