Digestive & Gastrointestinal System Disorders | NCLEX Quiz 76

10 Questions | Total Attempts: 1412

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Digestive Disorder Quizzes & Trivia

All questions are shown, but the results will only be given after you’ve finished the quiz. You are given 1 minute per question, a total of 10 minutes in this quiz.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which of the following conditions can cause a hiatal hernia?
    • A. 

      Increased intrathoracic pressure

    • B. 

      Weakness of the esophageal muscle

    • C. 

      Increased esophageal muscle pressure

    • D. 

      Weakness of the diaphragmatic muscle

  • 2. 
    Risk factors for the development of hiatal hernias are those that lead to increased abdominal pressure. Which of the following complications can cause increased abdominal pressure?
    • A. 

      Obesity

    • B. 

      Volvulus

    • C. 

      Constipation

    • D. 

      Intestinal obstruction

  • 3. 
    Which of the following symptoms is common with a hiatal hernia?
    • A. 

      Left arm pain

    • B. 

      Lower back pain

    • C. 

      Esophageal reflux

    • D. 

      Abdominal cramping

  • 4. 
    Which of the following tests can be performed to diagnose a hiatal hernia?
    • A. 

      Colonoscopy

    • B. 

      Lower GI series

    • C. 

      Barium swallow

    • D. 

      Abdominal x-rays

  • 5. 
    Which of the following measures should the nurse focus on for the client with esophageal varices?
    • A. 

      Recognizing hemorrhage

    • B. 

      Controlling blood pressure

    • C. 

      Encouraging nutritional intake

    • D. 

      Teaching the client about varices

  • 6. 
    Which of the following tests can be used to diagnose ulcers?
    • A. 

      Abdominal x-ray

    • B. 

      Barium swallow

    • C. 

      Computed tomography (CT) scan

    • D. 

      Esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD)

  • 7. 
    Which of the following best describes the method of action of medications. such as ranitidine (Zantac). which are used in the treatment of peptic ulcer disease?
    • A. 

      Neutralize acid

    • B. 

      Reduce acid secretions

    • C. 

      Stimulate gastrin release

    • D. 

      Protect the mucosal barrier

  • 8. 
    The hospitalized client with GERD is complaining of chest discomfort that feels like heartburn following a meal. After administering an ordered antacid. the nurse encourages the client to lie in which of the following positions?
    • A. 

      Supine with the head of the bed flat

    • B. 

      On the stomach with the head flat

    • C. 

      On the left side with the head of the bed elevated 30 degrees

    • D. 

      On the right side with the head of the bed elevated 30 degrees.

  • 9. 
    The nurse is caring for a client following a Billroth II procedure. On review of the post-operative orders. which of the following. if prescribed. would the nurse question and verify?
    • A. 

      Irrigating the nasogastric tube

    • B. 

      Coughing a deep breathing exercises

    • C. 

      Leg exercises

    • D. 

      Early ambulation

  • 10. 
    The nurse is providing discharge instructions to a client following gastrectomy. Which measure will the nurse instruct the client to follow to assist in preventing dumping syndrome?
    • A. 

      Eat high-carbohydrate foods

    • B. 

      Limit the fluids taken with meals

    • C. 

      Ambulate following a meal

    • D. 

      Sit in a high-Fowler’s position during meals

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