Gastrointestinal Disorders Quiz Questions And Answers

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Gastrointestinal Disorders Quiz Questions And Answers - Quiz

Do you know about gastrointestinal disorders? You can take the gastrointestinal disorders quiz questions and answers to find out how well you know about this disorder. There are several factors that lead to gastrointestinal disorders. So, here, in this quiz, you can check whether you know everything about it or you missed out on something. Your correct answers will tell us how well you remember everything related to gastrointestinal disorders. All the best! You can share the quiz with other aspirants in the medical field.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Pharynx is lined with mucous membranes and the glands that secret mucous to ease the passage of food. The larygngopharynx serves as passageway for:
    • A. 

      Air only

    • B. 

      Air and water

    • C. 

      Food, fluids and air

    • D. 

      Air and food

  • 2. 
    Once food is placed in the mouth, both mechanical and chemical digestions begin. The six activities involved in the digestive process are:
    • A. 

      ingestion, mastication, digestion, deglutition, absorption, egestion

    • B. 

      Ingestion, mastication, deglutition, digestion, absorption, egestion

    • C. 

      Deglutition, ingestion, mastication, egestion, absorption, defecation

    • D. 

      Ingestion, digestion, mastication, deglutition, absorption, defecation

  • 3. 
    Most digestive activities occur in the pyloric region of the stomach. Which hormone stimulates the chief cells to produce pepsinogen?
    • A. 

      Gastrin

    • B. 

      Pepsin

    • C. 

      HCl

    • D. 

      Insulin

  • 4. 
    What pancreatic enzyme helps in the digestion of carbohydrates? 
    • A. 

      Lipase

    • B. 

      Trypsin

    • C. 

      Amylase

    • D. 

      Chymotrypsin

  • 5. 
    Situation 2: A  nurse is going to perform an abdominal examination of Mr. Lim, who was admitted due to an on and off pain since yesterday. How will she position Mr. Lim before to procedure? 
    • A. 

      Supine with knees flexed

    • B. 

      Prone

    • C. 

      Lying on back

    • D. 

      Sim’s

  • 6. 
    To find out any localized bulging, distention and peristaltic waves, the nurse must perform which of the following?
    • A. 

      Auscultation

    • B. 

      Inspection

    • C. 

      Palpation

    • D. 

      Percussion

  • 7. 
    In order to know the areas of tenderness and swelling, the nurse must do: 
    • A. 

      Deep palpation

    • B. 

      Light palpation

    • C. 

      Percussion

    • D. 

      Palpation

  • 8. 
    The patient verbalized pain on the right iliac region. The nurse knows that the organ affected would be the:
    • A. 

      Liver

    • B. 

      Sigmoid colon

    • C. 

      Appendix

    • D. 

      Duodenum

  • 9. 
    The patient felt pain upon release of the nurse's hand. This can be referred to as:
    • A. 

      Referred pain

    • B. 

      Rebound tenderness

    • C. 

      Direct tenderness

    • D. 

      Indirect tenderness

  • 10. 
    Situation 3: A patient was admitted to the Medical Floor due to pyrosis, dyspepsia, and difficulty swallowing. Based from the symptoms presented, the nurse might suspect:
    • A. 

      Esophagitis

    • B. 

      Hiatal hernia

    • C. 

      GERD

    • D. 

      Gastric Ulcer

  • 11. 
    What diagnostic test would confirm the type of problem this patient have?
    • A. 

      Barium enema

    • B. 

      Barium swallow

    • C. 

      Colonoscopy

    • D. 

      Lower GI series

  • 12. 
    The patient complained of pain and difficulty in swallowing. This term is referred as:
    • A. 

      Odynophagia

    • B. 

      Dysphagia

    • C. 

      Pyrosis

    • D. 

      Dyspepsia

  • 13. 
    To avoid acid reflux, the nurse should advise this new patient to avoid which type of diet? 
    • A. 

      Cola, coffee and tea

    • B. 

      High fat, carbonated and caffeinated beverages

    • C. 

      Beer and green tea

    • D. 

      Lechon paksiw and bicol express

  • 14. 
    The patient's body mass index (BMI) is 25. You can categorize her as:
    • A. 

      Normal

    • B. 

      Overweight

    • C. 

      Underweight

    • D. 

      Obese

  • 15. 
    Situation 4: Nurse Gloria is the staff nurse assigned at the Emergency Department. During her shift, a patient was rushed – to the ED complaining of severe heartburn, vomiting, and pain that radiates to the flank. The doctor suspects a gastric ulcer. What other symptoms will validate the diagnosis of gastric ulcer?What other symptoms will validate the diagnosis of gastric ulcer?
    • A. 

      Right epigastric pain

    • B. 

      Pain occurs when stomach is empty

    • C. 

      Pain occurs immediately after meal

    • D. 

      Pain not relieved by vomiting

  • 16. 
    What diagnostic test would yield good visualization of the ulcer crater? 
    • A. 

      Endoscopy

    • B. 

      Gastroscopy

    • C. 

      Barium Swallow

    • D. 

      Histology

  • 17. 
    Peptic ulcer disease, particularly gastric ulcer, is thought to be caused by which of the following microorganisms?
    • A. 

      E. coli

    • B. 

      H. pylori

    • C. 

      S. aureus

    • D. 

      K. pnuemoniae

  • 18. 
     She is for an occult blood test. What specimen will you collect?
    • A. 

      Blood

    • B. 

      Urine

    • C. 

      Stool

    • D. 

      Gastric Juice

  • 19. 
    Preparation of the client for occult blood examination is: 
    • A. 

      Fluid intake limited only to 1 liter/day

    • B. 

      NPO for 12 hours prior to obtaining of specimen

    • C. 

      Increase fluid intake

    • D. 

      Meatless diet for 48 hours prior to obtaining of specimen

  • 20. 
    Situation 5: IBD is a common inflammatory functional bowel disorder also known as spastic bowel, functional colitis, and mucous colitis.The client with IBS asks Nurse June what causes the disease. Which of the following responses by Nurse June would be most appropriate?
    • A. 

      “This is an inflammation of the bowel caused by eating too much roughage”

    • B. 

      “IBS is caused by a stressful lifestyle”

    • C. 

      “The cause of this condition is unknown”

    • D. 

      “There is thinning of the intestinal mucosa caused by ingestion of gluten”

  • 21. 
    Which of the following alimentary canal is the most common location for Chron’s disease? 
    • A. 

      Descending col

    • B. 

      Jejunum

    • C. 

      Sigmoid Colon

    • D. 

      Terminal Ileum

  • 22. 
    Which of the following factors is believed to be linked to Chron’s disease?
    • A. 

      Diet

    • B. 

      Constipation

    • C. 

      Heredity

    • D. 

      Lack of exercise

  • 23. 
    How about ulcerative colitis? Which of the following factors is believed to cause it? 
    • A. 

      Acidic die

    • B. 

      Altered immunity

    • C. 

      Chronic constipation

    • D. 

      Emotional stress

  • 24. 
    Mr. Jung had ulcerative colitis for 5 years and was admitted to the hospital. Which of the following factors was most likely of greatest significance in causing an exacerbation of the disease? 
    • A. 

      A demanding and stressful job

    • B. 

      Changing to a modified vegetarian diet

    • C. 

      Beginning a weight training program

    • D. 

      Walking 2 miles everyday

  • 25. 
    Situation 6: A patient was admitted to the Medical Floor at St. Luke’s Hospital. He was asymptomatic. The doctor suspects diverticulosis.Which of the following definitions best describes diverticulosis? 
    • A. 

      An inflamed outpouching of the intestine

    • B. 

      A non – inflamed outpouching of the intestine

    • C. 

      The partial impairment of the forward flow of instestinal contents

    • D. 

      An abnormal protrusions of an oxygen through the structure that usually holds it

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