Cardiovascular System | Myocardial Infarction And Heart Failure NCLEX Quiz 18

10 Questions | Total Attempts: 1754

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Cardiovascular System Quizzes & Trivia

All questions are shown, but the results will only be given after you’ve finished the quiz. You are given 1 minute per question, a total of 10 minutes in this quiz.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which of the following is an expected outcome for a client on the second day of hospitalization after an MI?
    • A. 

      Has severe chest pain

    • B. 

      Can identify risks factors for MI

    • C. 

      Agrees to participate in a cardiac rehabilitation walking program

    • D. 

      Can perform personal self-care activities without pain

  • 2. 
    Which of the following reflects the principle on which a client’s diet will most likely be based during the acute phase of MI?
    • A. 

      Liquids as ordered

    • B. 

      Small. easily digested meals

    • C. 

      Three regular meals per day

    • D. 

      NPO

  • 3. 
    An older. sedentary adult may not respond to emotional or physical stress as well as a younger individual because of:
    • A. 

      Left ventricular atrophy

    • B. 

      Irregular heartbeats

    • C. 

      Peripheral vascular occlusion

    • D. 

      Pacemaker placement

  • 4. 
    Which of the following nursing diagnoses would be appropriate for a client with heart failure? Select all that apply.
    • A. 

      Ineffective tissue perfusion related to decreased peripheral blood flow secondary to decreased cardiac output.

    • B. 

      Activity intolerance related to increased cardiac output.

    • C. 

      Decreased cardiac output related to structural and functional changes.

    • D. 

      Impaired gas exchange related to decreased sympathetic nervous system activity.

  • 5. 
    Which of the following would be a priority nursing diagnosis for the client with heart failure and pulmonary edema?
    • A. 

      Risk for infection related to stasis of alveolar secretions

    • B. 

      Impaired skin integrity related to pressure

    • C. 

      Activity intolerance related to pump failure

    • D. 

      Constipation related to immobility

  • 6. 
    Captopril may be administered to a client with HF because it acts as a:
    • A. 

      Vasopressor

    • B. 

      Volume expander

    • C. 

      Vasodilator

    • D. 

      Potassium-sparing diuretic

  • 7. 
    Furosemide is administered intravenously to a client with HF. How soon after administration should the nurse begin to see evidence of the drugs desired effect?
    • A. 

      5 to 10 minutes

    • B. 

      30 to 60 minutes

    • C. 

      2 to 4 hours

    • D. 

      6 to 8 hours

  • 8. 
    Which of the following foods should the nurse teach a client with heart failure to avoid or limit when following a 2-gram sodium diet?
    • A. 

      Apples

    • B. 

      Tomato juice

    • C. 

      Whole wheat bread

    • D. 

      Beef tenderloin

  • 9. 
    The nurse finds the apical pulse below the 5th intercostal space. The nurse suspects:
    • A. 

      Left atrial enlargement

    • B. 

      Left ventricular enlargement

    • C. 

      Right atrial enlargement

    • D. 

      Right ventricular enlargement

  • 10. 
    Which of the following arteries primarily feeds the anterior wall of the heart?
    • A. 

      Circumflex artery

    • B. 

      Internal mammary artery

    • C. 

      Left anterior descending artery

    • D. 

      Right coronary artery

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