Cardiovascular System | Myocardial Infarction And Heart Failure NCLEX Quiz 15

10 Questions | Total Attempts: 2463

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Cardiovascular System Quizzes & Trivia

All questions are shown, but the results will only be given after you’ve finished the quiz. You are given 1 minute per question, a total of 10 minutes in this quiz.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which of the following types of angina is most closely related with an impending MI?
    • A. 

      Angina decubitus

    • B. 

      Chronic stable angina

    • C. 

      Nocturnal angina

    • D. 

      Unstable angina

  • 2. 
    Which of the following conditions is the predominant cause of angina?
    • A. 

      Increased preload

    • B. 

      Decreased afterload

    • C. 

      Coronary artery spasm

    • D. 

      Inadequate oxygen supply to the myocardium

  • 3. 
    Which of the following tests is used most often to diagnose angina?
    • A. 

      Chest x-ray

    • B. 

      Echocardiogram

    • C. 

      Cardiac catheterization

    • D. 

      12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG)

  • 4. 
    Which of the following results is the primary treatment goal for angina?
    • A. 

      Reversal of ischemia

    • B. 

      Reversal of infarction

    • C. 

      Reduction of stress and anxiety

    • D. 

      Reduction of associated risk factors

  • 5. 
    Which of the following interventions should be the first priority when treating a client experiencing chest pain while walking?
    • A. 

      Sit the client down

    • B. 

      Get the client back to bed

    • C. 

      Obtain an ECG

    • D. 

      Administer sublingual nitroglycerin

  • 6. 
    Myocardial oxygen consumption increases as which of the following parameters increase?
    • A. 

      Preload. afterload. and cerebral blood flow

    • B. 

      Preload. afterload. and renal blood flow

    • C. 

      Preload. afterload. contractility. and heart rate.

    • D. 

      Preload. afterload. cerebral blood flow. and heart rate.

  • 7. 
    Which of the following positions would best aid breathing for a client with acute pulmonary edema?
    • A. 

      Lying flat in bed

    • B. 

      Left side-lying

    • C. 

      In high Fowler’s position

    • D. 

      In semi-Fowler’s position

  • 8. 
    Which of the following blood gas abnormalities is initially most suggestive of pulmonary edema?
    • A. 

      Anoxia

    • B. 

      Hypercapnia

    • C. 

      Hyperoxygenation

    • D. 

      Hypocapnia

  • 9. 
    Which of the following is a compensatory response to decreased cardiac output?
    • A. 

      Decreased BP

    • B. 

      Alteration in LOC

    • C. 

      Decreased BP and diuresis

    • D. 

      Increased BP and fluid retention

  • 10. 
    Which of the following actions is the appropriate initial response to a client coughing up pink. frothy sputum?
    • A. 

      Call for help

    • B. 

      Call the physician

    • C. 

      Start an I.V. line

    • D. 

      Suction the client