Pediatric Nursing | Genitourinary Disorders NCLEX Quiz 9

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Pediatric Nursing | Genitourinary Disorders NCLEX Quiz 9 - Quiz

All questions are shown, but the results will only be given after you’ve finished the quiz. You are given 1 minute per question, a total of 10 minutes in this quiz.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    7-year-old Damon has cystitis; which of the following would Nurse Elena expect when assessing the child?

    • A.

      Dysuria

    • B.

      Costovertebral tenderness

    • C.

      Flank pain

    • D.

      High fever

    Correct Answer
    A. Dysuria
    Explanation
    Dysuria is a symptom of a lower urinary tract infection (UTI) such as cystitis.Option B. C. D: Costovertebral tenderness. flank pain. and high fever are signs and symptoms of pyelonephritis. an upper UTI.

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  • 2. 

    Niklaus was born with hypospadias; which of the following should be avoided when a child has such condition?

    • A.

      Surgery

    • B.

      Circumcision

    • C.

      Intravenous pyelography (IVP)

    • D.

      Catheterization

    Correct Answer
    B. Circumcision
    Explanation
    Hypospadias refers to a condition in which the urethral opening is located below the glans penis or anywhere along the ventral surface (underside) of the penile shaft. The ventral foreskin is lacking. and the distal portion gives an appearance of a hood. Early recognition is important so that circumcision is avoided; the foreskin is used for the surgical repair.Option A: Surgery is the procedure of choice to improve the child’s ability to stand when urinating. improve the appearance of the penis. and preserve sexual adequacy.Option C: IVP is contraindicated if the child has an allergy to iodine or shellfish.Option D: Catheterization may be used to ensure urinary elimination.

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  • 3. 

    Stefan was diagnosed with secondary vesicoureteral reflux; such condition usually results from which of the following?

    • A.

      Acidic urine

    • B.

      Congenital defects

    • C.

      Hydronephrosis

    • D.

      Infection

    Correct Answer
    D. Infection
    Explanation
    Infection is the most common cause of secondary vesicoureteral reflux.Option A: Acidic urine is normal and helps to prevent infection.Option B: Congenital defects cause primary vesicoureteral reflux.Option C: Hydronephrosis may result from vesicoureteral reflux.

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  • 4. 

    When educating parents regarding known antecedent infections in acute glomerulonephritis. which of the following should the nurse cover?

    • A.

      Scabies

    • B.

      Impetigo

    • C.

      Herpes simplex

    • D.

      Varicella

    Correct Answer
    B. Impetigo
    Explanation
    Impetigo. a bacterial infection of the skin. may be caused by streptococci and may precede acute glomerulonephritis. Although most streptococcal infections do not cause acute glomerulonephritis. when they do. a latent period of 10 to 14 days occur between the infection. usually of the skin (impetigo) or upper respiratory tract. and the onset of clinical manifestations.Option A. C. D: Scabies. herpes simplex. and varicella are not associated with acute glomerulonephritis.

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  • 5. 

    Alaric was diagnosed with minimal-change nephrotic syndrome; which of the following signs and symptoms are characteristics of the said disorder?

    • A.

      Hypertension. edema. hematuria

    • B.

      Hypertension. edema. proteinuria

    • C.

      Gross hematuria. fever. proteinuria

    • D.

      Poor appetite. edema. proteinuria

    Correct Answer
    D. Poor appetite. edema. proteinuria
    Explanation
    Clinical manifestations of nephrotic syndrome include loss of appetite due to edema of intestinal mucosa. proteinuria. and edema.Option A. B: Hypertension alone or accompanied by hematuria is associated with glomerulonephritis.Option C: Gross hematuria is not associated with nephrotic syndrome. Fever will occur only if infection also existed.

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  • 6. 

    Preferred nurses at the Nurseslabs Medical Center are about to perform a procedure related to a genitourinary (GU) problem to a group of pediatric patients. Which of the following groups would find it especially extra stressful?

    • A.

      Infants

    • B.

      Toddlers

    • C.

      Preschoolers

    • D.

      School-age children

    Correct Answer
    C. Preschoolers
    Explanation
    In general. preschoolers have more fears because of their fantasies. contributing to fears of the simplest procedures. Castration fears are also prominent at this age and may be heightened by procedures related to GU problems.Option A. B. D: Typically. GU procedures do not create greater stress in infants. toddlers. and school-age children.

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  • 7. 

    Which of the following organisms is the most common cause of urinary tract infection (UTI) in children?

    • A.

      Klebsiella

    • B.

      Staphylococcus

    • C.

      Escherichia coli

    • D.

      Pseudomonas

    Correct Answer
    C. Escherichia coli
    Explanation
    E. coli is the most common organism associated with the development of UTI.Option A. B. D: Although Klebsiella. Staphylococcus. and Pseudomonas species may cause UTI’s. the incidence of UTI’s related to each is less than that for E. coli.

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  • 8. 

    Patient S is a sexually active adolescent; which of the following instructions would be included in the preventive teaching plan about urinary tract infections?

    • A.

      Drinking acidic juices

    • B.

      Avoiding urinating before intercourse

    • C.

      Wearing nylon underwear

    • D.

      Wiping back to front

    Correct Answer
    A. Drinking acidic juices
    Explanation
    Drinking acidic juices. such as cranberry juice. helps keep the urine at its desired pH and reduces the chance of infection.Option B. C. D: The client should wipe from front to back. wear cotton underwear. and void before and after intercourse.

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  • 9. 

    What is most likely the underlying physiology of primary enuresis?

    • A.

      Psychogenic stress

    • B.

      Delayed bladder maturation

    • C.

      Urinary tract infection

    • D.

      Vesicoureteral reflux

    Correct Answer
    B. Delayed bladder maturation
    Explanation
    The most likely cause of primary enuresis is delayed or incomplete maturation of the bladder.Option A: Psychogenic stress may cause either primary or secondary enuresis. but it is not the leading cause of primary enuresis.Option C: UTIs may cause either primary or secondary enuresis. but they are not the leading cause of primary enuresis.Option D: Vesicoureteral reflux may cause either primary or secondary enuresis. but is not the leading cause of primary enuresis.

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  • 10. 

    Which of the following should be included when developing a teaching plan to prevent urinary tract infection? Select all that apply.

    • A.

      Maintaining adequate fluid intake

    • B.

      Avoiding urination before and after intercourse

    • C.

      Emptying bladder with urination

    • D.

      Wearing underwear made of synthetic material such as nylon

    • E.

      Absorption of digested molecules

    • F.

      Regulation of blood volume and pressure

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Maintaining adequate fluid intake
    C. Emptying bladder with urination
    F. Regulation of blood volume and pressure
    Explanation
    Option A: Fluid intake helps dilute urine and minimize infection potential.Option C: Emptying the bladder fully with each urination prevents stasis.Option F: Bubble baths and tight clothing may act as irritants.Option B. D. E: Children and teens should wear cotton underwear. keep their urine acidic. and void before and after intercourse (if sexually active).

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  • Current Version
  • Aug 18, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Sep 11, 2017
    Quiz Created by
    Santepro
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