PSY3041- Quiz 3

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| By Catherine Antcliff
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Catherine Antcliff
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Quizzes Created: 5 | Total Attempts: 5,245
Questions: 20 | Attempts: 1,003

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PSY3041- Quiz 3 - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Q1. For Jean Piaget, the process of cognitive development is thought to occur

    • A.

      A. solely through maturation

    • B.

      B. solely through learning

    • C.

      C. solely through motivation

    • D.

      D. none of these

    Correct Answer
    D. D. none of these
    Explanation
    Jean Piaget believed that the process of cognitive development occurs through a combination of maturation, learning, and motivation. He proposed that children actively construct their understanding of the world through their interactions with the environment, and this process involves both innate maturation and the influence of external factors, such as social interactions and experiences. Therefore, the correct answer is d. none of these.

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  • 2. 

    Q2. Comparing the hierarchical model of cognitive ability to the periodic table in chemistry, which of the following is TRUE?

    • A.

      A. They are similar in that scientists agree both on which elements should be listed in the periodic table and which human abilities should be in the hierarchical model of cognitive abilities

    • B.

      B. They are different in that scientists do not agree on which elements should be listed in the periodic table but do agree on which human abilities should be in a hierarchical model

    • C.

      C. They are different in that scientists agree on which elements should be listed in the periodic table but there is no agreement on which human abilities should be in a hierarchical model of cognitive abilities

    • D.

      D. None of these are true

    Correct Answer
    C. C. They are different in that scientists agree on which elements should be listed in the periodic table but there is no agreement on which human abilities should be in a hierarchical model of cognitive abilities
    Explanation
    The correct answer is c. The explanation for this is that scientists have reached a consensus on which elements should be listed in the periodic table, as it is based on empirical evidence and extensive research. However, when it comes to the hierarchical model of cognitive abilities, there is no universal agreement on which human abilities should be included. Different researchers and theories propose different sets of abilities, leading to a lack of consensus in this area. Therefore, the two models differ in terms of the level of agreement among scientists regarding their contents.

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  • 3. 

    Q3. In intelligence testing, ceiling typically refers to the 

    • A.

      A. most difficult items of a subtest

    • B.

      B. level of difficulty beyond which a test is no longer valid

    • C.

      C. highest end of a confidence interval

    • D.

      D. element of the test environment that contains recessed lighting

    Correct Answer
    A. A. most difficult items of a subtest
    Explanation
    Ceiling in intelligence testing refers to the most difficult items of a subtest. This means that once a person reaches the ceiling, they are unable to correctly answer any more difficult questions. The ceiling is used to determine the upper limit of a person's abilities and to differentiate between individuals who have reached their maximum potential on a particular subtest.

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  • 4. 

    Q4. On the WSIC-IV, an index designed to help the test user understand the way that the testtaker processes various kind of performance is 

    • A.

      A. a process score

    • B.

      B. a Performance IQ

    • C.

      C. freedom from distractibility

    • D.

      D. none of these

    Correct Answer
    A. A. a process score
    Explanation
    The correct answer is a process score. The WSIC-IV is an index that helps the test user understand how the test taker processes different types of performance. This suggests that the index is measuring the test taker's approach or method of performing tasks, rather than the outcome or result of their performance. Therefore, a process score would be an appropriate term to describe this index.

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  • 5. 

    Q5. Convergent thinking refers to

    • A.

      A. an individual reasoning process

    • B.

      B. a deductive reasoning process

    • C.

      C. a vertical thinking process

    • D.

      D. a lateral thinking process

    Correct Answer
    B. B. a deductive reasoning process
    Explanation
    Convergent thinking refers to a deductive reasoning process. Deductive reasoning involves drawing specific conclusions based on general principles or premises. In convergent thinking, individuals use logical and systematic approaches to arrive at a single correct solution or answer. This type of thinking is often used in problem-solving and decision-making tasks where there is a clear and correct solution. It is different from divergent thinking, which involves generating multiple possibilities and exploring different perspectives.

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  • 6. 

    Q6. A ratio IQ is calculated as follows

    • A.

      A. mental age multiplied by chronological age, divided by 100

    • B.

      B. chronological age divided by mental age, multiplied by 100

    • C.

      C. mental age divided by chronological age, multiplied by 100

    • D.

      D. deviation IQ divided by chronological age, multiplied by 100

    Correct Answer
    C. C. mental age divided by chronological age, multiplied by 100
    Explanation
    The correct answer is c. Mental age divided by chronological age, multiplied by 100. This is the formula used to calculate a ratio IQ. It compares a person's mental age to their chronological age and expresses it as a ratio. By dividing mental age by chronological age and multiplying by 100, we get a numerical value that represents the person's intelligence relative to their age group.

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  • 7. 

     Q7. Who defined intelligence as “the degree of availability of one’s experiences for the solutions of present problems and anticipation of future ones?”

    • A.

      A. David Wechsler

    • B.

      B. Robert Sternberg

    • C.

      C. Henry Goddard

    • D.

      D. Jean Piaget

    Correct Answer
    C. C. Henry Goddard
    Explanation
    Henry Goddard defined intelligence as "the degree of availability of one's experiences for the solutions of present problems and anticipation of future ones."

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  • 8. 

    Q8. The concept of an alternative item was first introduced in 

    • A.

      A. The Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scale

    • B.

      B. The Wechsler-Bellevue Intelligence Scale

    • C.

      C. The Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale

    • D.

      D. The Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children

    Correct Answer
    A. A. The Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scale
    Explanation
    The concept of an alternative item refers to the inclusion of multiple options or choices for each question or item in an assessment. This allows test-takers to select the most appropriate answer from the given options. The Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scale, developed by Alfred Binet and Theodore Simon, was one of the earliest intelligence tests to incorporate this concept. It provided a range of alternative items to assess different cognitive abilities and measure intelligence in individuals.

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  • 9. 

    Q9. In Carroll’s three stratum model the second stratum is composed of 

    • A.

      A. entirely one general intellectual ability (g)

    • B.

      B. four abilities and processes

    • C.

      C. six abilities and processes

    • D.

      D. eight abilities and processes

    Correct Answer
    D. D. eight abilities and processes
    Explanation
    In Carroll's three stratum model, the second stratum is composed of eight abilities and processes. This means that the second stratum includes a combination of different abilities and processes that contribute to overall intelligence. These eight abilities and processes are likely to be more specific and specialized than the general intellectual ability (g) in the first stratum.

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  • 10. 

    Q10. Children’s intelligence is assessed primarily for

    • A.

      A. vocational placement and planning

    • B.

      B. academic research and planning

    • C.

      C. behavioural research and planning

    • D.

      D. educational placement and planning

    Correct Answer
    D. D. educational placement and planning
    Explanation
    The primary purpose of assessing children's intelligence is to determine their educational placement and plan accordingly. This means that the assessment helps in identifying the appropriate level of education and support that a child may need based on their intellectual abilities. It helps in ensuring that children receive the right educational opportunities and resources that are suitable for their cognitive development and learning needs.

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  • 11. 

    Q11. Spearman’s g factor refers to 

    • A.

      A. what different intelligence tests have in common

    • B.

      B. the specific factors assessed by different intelligence tests

    • C.

      C. the fact that Galton was Spearman’s inspiration

    • D.

      D. all that is genetic in nature-nurture controversy

    Correct Answer
    A. A. what different intelligence tests have in common
    Explanation
    Spearman's g factor refers to what different intelligence tests have in common. This means that the g factor represents the general intelligence factor that is present across various intelligence tests. It suggests that there is a common underlying factor that contributes to overall intelligence, regardless of the specific skills or abilities being measured. This concept of a general intelligence factor helps to explain why individuals who perform well on one type of intelligence test tend to perform well on others as well.

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  • 12. 

    Q12. Which is TRUE of the McGrew-Flanagan CHC model?

    • A.

      A. It features 32 broad stratum abilities

    • B.

      B. It makes no provision for fluid intelligence

    • C.

      C. It makes no provision for general ability (g) factor

    • D.

      D. It has little heuristic value

    Correct Answer
    C. C. It makes no provision for general ability (g) factor
    Explanation
    The McGrew-Flanagan CHC model is a comprehensive model of human intelligence that includes various broad stratum abilities. However, it does not make any provision for the general ability (g) factor, which is a common factor that influences performance on different cognitive tasks. This means that the model does not take into account the idea that there is a general underlying intelligence factor that contributes to performance across different cognitive domains.

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  • 13. 

    Q13. Group intelligence tests

    • A.

      A. are efficient and cost-effective

    • B.

      B. can be useful as a screening instrument

    • C.

      C. can be useful for research purposes

    • D.

      D. all of these

    Correct Answer
    D. D. all of these
    Explanation
    Group intelligence tests are efficient and cost-effective because they can be administered to multiple individuals at once, saving time and resources. They can also be useful as a screening instrument to quickly assess a large number of individuals for intelligence levels. Additionally, group intelligence tests can be useful for research purposes, allowing researchers to collect data from a large sample size. Therefore, the correct answer is d. all of these.

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  • 14. 

    Q14. The Wechsler tests of intelligence

    • A.

      A. measure more than two factors

    • B.

      B. measures only a Verbal and Performance factor

    • C.

      C. are based on a factor analytically derived, two factor theory

    • D.

      D. have been updated to reflect the VPR model

    Correct Answer
    A. A. measure more than two factors
    Explanation
    The Wechsler tests of intelligence measure more than two factors. This means that these tests assess multiple aspects of intelligence, rather than just focusing on two specific factors. The tests are designed to evaluate a range of cognitive abilities, including verbal comprehension, perceptual reasoning, working memory, and processing speed. By measuring multiple factors, the Wechsler tests provide a comprehensive assessment of an individual's intellectual abilities.

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  • 15. 

    Q15. Starting with moderately difficult test items and then giving easier or harder items, depending on the test taker’s performance, is termed

    • A.

      A. personalized testing

    • B.

      B. culture-fair testing

    • C.

      C. biased testing

    • D.

      D. adaptive testing

    Correct Answer
    D. D. adaptive testing
    Explanation
    Adaptive testing refers to the practice of adjusting the difficulty level of test items based on the test taker's performance. It starts with moderately difficult items and then adapts by giving easier or harder items depending on how well the test taker is doing. This personalized approach allows for a more accurate assessment of the test taker's abilities, as it tailors the test to their individual skill level.

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  • 16. 

    Q16. In their design of the K-ABC, the test authors drew on the theoretical writings of 

    • A.

      A. Howard Gardener

    • B.

      B. R.J. Sternberg

    • C.

      C. A.R. Luria

    • D.

      D. Otis Lennon

    Correct Answer
    C. C. A.R. Luria
    Explanation
    The correct answer is c. A.R. Luria. The explanation for this answer is that the test authors of the K-ABC drew on the theoretical writings of A.R. Luria. This suggests that Luria's theories and ideas were influential in shaping the design of the K-ABC test.

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  • 17. 

    Q17. Which statement is TRUE about creativity and its measurement?

    • A.

      A. Creativity is measured by most intelligence tests

    • B.

      B. Measures of creativity may be thought of as tools for assessing aspects of intellectual functioning

    • C.

      C. Measures of creativity tend to emphasize convergent thinking skills in the subtest content

    • D.

      D. Creativity is close to madness

    Correct Answer
    B. B. Measures of creativity may be thought of as tools for assessing aspects of intellectual functioning
  • 18. 

    Q18. Which is true of the CHC model?

    • A.

      A. it features 32 broad stratum abilities

    • B.

      B. it makes no provision for fluid intelligence

    • C.

      C. it makes no provision for the general ability (g) factor

    • D.

      D. it has little heuristic value

    Correct Answer
    C. C. it makes no provision for the general ability (g) factor
    Explanation
    The CHC model is a comprehensive model of intelligence that includes 32 broad stratum abilities. However, it does not include a provision for the general ability (g) factor, which is a central concept in many other theories of intelligence. This means that the CHC model does not account for the idea that there is a single underlying factor that contributes to performance on all cognitive tasks.

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  • 19. 

    Q19. According to horn, intellectual abilities that decline with age are referred to as

    • A.

      A. maintained abilities

    • B.

      B. vulnerable abilities

    • C.

      C. declining abilities

    • D.

      D. geriatric abilities

    Correct Answer
    B. B. vulnerable abilities
    Explanation
    As per the given question, the correct answer is "b. vulnerable abilities". This suggests that according to horn, there are certain intellectual abilities that become more susceptible or at risk of decline with age. These abilities are considered vulnerable and may require more attention or support as individuals grow older.

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  • 20. 

    Q20. A primary use for group intelligence test is

    • A.

      A. job placement

    • B.

      B. diagnosis

    • C.

      C. screening

    • D.

      D. both a and b

    Correct Answer
    C. C. screening
    Explanation
    A primary use for group intelligence tests is screening. Group intelligence tests are typically used to assess a large number of individuals quickly and efficiently. They are often used in educational settings to identify students who may need additional support or resources. Screening with group intelligence tests allows for the identification of individuals who may require further assessment or intervention. Job placement and diagnosis may also be uses for group intelligence tests, but the primary use is screening.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Jun 11, 2015
    Quiz Created by
    Catherine Antcliff
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