Early Childhood- Cognitive Development

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Early Childhood- Cognitive Development - Quiz


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    This attitude is very common in early childhood and can be defined by putting yourself and your perceptions first, making you unable to see others viewpoints of the world.

    • A.

      Operations

    • B.

      Egocentrism

    • C.

      Transductive Reasoning

    • D.

      Centration

    Correct Answer
    B. Egocentrism
    Explanation
    Egocentrism refers to the tendency of individuals, particularly young children, to view the world from their own perspective and struggle to understand or consider the viewpoints of others. This attitude is commonly observed in early childhood when children are unable to fully grasp the concept of empathy or understand that others may have different thoughts, feelings, or perceptions than their own. As a result, they often put themselves and their own perceptions first, leading to a limited understanding of others' viewpoints and a self-centered approach to interactions and relationships.

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  • 2. 

    {Blank} is the lack of recognizing that an action can be reversed. (Rathus, 2013)

    Correct Answer
    Irreversibility
    Explanation
    Irreversibility is the lack of recognizing that an action can be reversed. This means that a person who exhibits irreversibility fails to understand that certain actions or decisions can be undone or changed. They may believe that once something is done, it cannot be undone, leading to a sense of permanence and inability to see alternative solutions or possibilities. This concept is important in cognitive development as individuals progress from a more concrete and rigid thinking style to a more flexible and abstract thinking style.

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  • 3. 

    New studies have shown that even at preschool age, children are able to understand the difference in events or objects that are real and those that are false or misleading. This knowledge is called...

    • A.

      Theory of mind

    • B.

      Mental representations

    • C.

      Appearance-reality distinction

    • D.

      Pragmatics

    Correct Answer
    C. Appearance-reality distinction
    Explanation
    Preschool-age children's ability to understand the difference between real and false or misleading events or objects is referred to as the appearance-reality distinction. This term describes their developing understanding that things may not always be as they seem, and that there can be a distinction between how something appears and how it actually is. This cognitive ability is an important milestone in children's understanding of the world around them and their ability to navigate social interactions.

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  • 4. 

    Approximately what ages did Piaget find that the preoperational stage of cognitive development occurs?

    • A.

      2-7 years old

    • B.

      1-6 years old

    • C.

      3-4 years old

    • D.

      3-9 years old

    Correct Answer
    A. 2-7 years old
    Explanation
    Piaget found that the preoperational stage of cognitive development occurs approximately between the ages of 2 and 7 years old. During this stage, children begin to develop symbolic thinking, language skills, and imagination. They also start to understand concepts such as object permanence and pretend play. This stage is characterized by egocentrism, where children struggle to see things from others' perspectives. They also have difficulty with logical reasoning and conservation tasks.

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  • 5. 

    The approach used by many children in their vocabulary development to quickly connect a new word and its correct definition is called {blank}.

    Correct Answer
    fast-mapping, fast mapping
    Explanation
    Fast mapping, also known as fast-mapping, is the approach used by many children in their vocabulary development to quickly connect a new word and its correct definition. It allows children to make initial connections between a new word and its meaning after only a few exposures. This process helps children expand their vocabulary rapidly by forming temporary connections between words and their meanings, which can later be refined and solidified with more exposure and experience.

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  • 6. 

    What are some positive effects of TV on a child's cognitive development?

    • A.

      New experiences

    • B.

      Increase in academic knowledge

    • C.

      Couch-potato effect

    • D.

      Teaching them letters, numbers, and classifying objects

    • E.

      A, B, and D

    • F.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    E. A, B, and D
    Explanation
    TV can have positive effects on a child's cognitive development by providing them with new experiences, increasing their academic knowledge, and teaching them letters, numbers, and classifying objects. Through TV, children can be exposed to different cultures, places, and ideas, expanding their worldview and stimulating their curiosity. Educational programs can also enhance their academic knowledge by teaching them various subjects and skills. Additionally, TV shows that focus on teaching letters, numbers, and classification can help children develop important cognitive abilities such as language and problem-solving skills.

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  • 7. 

    Class inclusion is....

    • A.

      When a child focuses on only one part of the situation, therefore ignoring the others

    • B.

      The principle that substances properties stay the same, while secondary characteristics change

    • C.

      The theory that we should include every child in the general education classroom regardless of disability

    • D.

      The theory that one category of objects or things can include many subcategories

    Correct Answer
    D. The theory that one category of objects or things can include many subcategories
    Explanation
    Class inclusion is the theory that one category of objects or things can include many subcategories. This means that a larger category can encompass multiple smaller categories within it. For example, the category of "animals" can include subcategories such as "mammals," "birds," and "reptiles." This theory emphasizes the hierarchical nature of categorization, where broader categories contain narrower categories. It helps individuals understand the relationships between different categories and how they are organized.

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  • 8. 

    {Blank} is one type of memory task, typically harder for children than recognition, because they must replicate material from their memory without having it in front of them.

    Correct Answer
    Recall
    Explanation
    Recall is a type of memory task where individuals are required to reproduce information from memory without any cues or prompts. This task is often more challenging for children compared to recognition, as they need to retrieve and replicate information solely based on their memory without having any visual aids or prompts in front of them.

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  • 9. 

    Children create {blank}, which are general descriptions of an event. These explanations get more detailed as the child experiences these particular events more often.

    Correct Answer
    scripts
    Explanation
    Children create scripts, which are general descriptions of an event. These scripts serve as a cognitive framework that helps children understand and interpret their experiences. As children encounter these events more frequently, their scripts become more detailed and refined, allowing them to navigate and make sense of the world around them more effectively.

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  • 10. 

    In vocabulary development, the concept that children are bias when they assume that a word is referring to the entire object and not necessarily to the characteristics of that object is known as what?

    • A.

      Overregularization

    • B.

      Contrast assumption

    • C.

      Whole-object assumption

    • D.

      Fast-mapping

    Correct Answer
    C. Whole-object assumption
    Explanation
    The concept in vocabulary development where children assume that a word refers to the entire object rather than just its characteristics is known as the whole-object assumption. This means that children tend to believe that when they hear a word, it is referring to the entire thing and not just a specific attribute or part of it. This assumption helps children in learning and understanding new words and their meanings.

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  • Current Version
  • Aug 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Oct 11, 2016
    Quiz Created by
    Bvia1
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