Quiz About Volcanic Earthquake Or Tectonic

45 Questions | Total Attempts: 759

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Earthquake Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    1) The San Andreas fault can best be classified as a __________ fault.
    • A. 

      Rift

    • B. 

      Subduction

    • C. 

      Transform (strike-flip)

    • D. 

      Divergent

    • E. 

      Normal

  • 2. 
    The location inside the Earth where an earthquake originates is termed the ____________.
    • A. 

      Focus

    • B. 

      Orogeny

    • C. 

      Epicenter

    • D. 

      Face

    • E. 

      Mineralogic substrate

  • 3. 
    The correct term for a marine wave caused by volcanic or earthquake activity is a ________.
    • A. 

      Hurricane

    • B. 

      Storm surge

    • C. 

      Pingo

    • D. 

      Tsunami

    • E. 

      Tombolo

  • 4. 
    A major mud flow emanating from the eruption of a composite volcano is termed a(n)_______.
    • A. 

      Aa

    • B. 

      Lahar

    • C. 

      Nuee ardente

    • D. 

      Pahoehoe

    • E. 

      Caldera

  • 5. 
    Lava associated with composite volcanoes is ________________.
    • A. 

      Thick, gassy, and felsic

    • B. 

      Thick, gassy, and mafic

    • C. 

      Fluid, gassy, and mafic

    • D. 

      Fluid, with little gas, and felsic

    • E. 

      Fluid, with little gas, and mafic

  • 6. 
    Which of the following features may be associated with the eruption of a stratovolcano?
    • A. 

      Frothy basalt ejected at high pressure from the vent

    • B. 

      A cinder cone

    • C. 

      A glowing avalanche of hot gases and fine ash

    • D. 

      A low shield shaped volcano

    • E. 

      Fluid flood basalt lava flows that cover large areas

  • 7. 
    Another term for stratovolcano is a ______________.
    • A. 

      Composite cone

    • B. 

      Cinder cone

    • C. 

      Caldera

    • D. 

      Shield volcano

    • E. 

      Hot spot

  • 8. 
    Crater Lake in Oregon is an example which type of volcanic feature?
    • A. 

      Composite cone

    • B. 

      Cinder cone

    • C. 

      Caldera

    • D. 

      Shield volcano

    • E. 

      Hotspot

  • 9. 
    Fragments ejected from a volcano ranging in size from boulders to fine dust are collectively referred to as ____________.
    • A. 

      Lava

    • B. 

      Lahar

    • C. 

      Ash

    • D. 

      Tephra

    • E. 

      Pumice

  • 10. 
    Which of the following volcanoes is an example of a stratovolcano?
    • A. 

      The volcanoes of hawaii

    • B. 

      Heimaey

    • C. 

      Crater lake

    • D. 

      Mount St. Helens

  • 11. 
    Volcanoes associated with midoceanic ridges have lava that is ______________.
    • A. 

      Thick, gassy, and felsic

    • B. 

      Thick, gassy, and mafic

    • C. 

      Fluid, gassy, and mafic

    • D. 

      Fluid, with little gas and felsic

    • E. 

      Fluid, with little gas, and mafic

  • 12. 
    A jetlike emission of steam and hot water where groundwater is heated by geothermal heat is referred to as a ____________.
    • A. 

      Ejecter

    • B. 

      Geyser

    • C. 

      Plume

    • D. 

      Hot spring

    • E. 

      Hotspot

  • 13. 
    Trough-like downfolds are referred to as _____________.
    • A. 

      Synclines

    • B. 

      Anticlines

    • C. 

      Foreland folds

    • D. 

      Fault folds

    • E. 

      Normal folds

  • 14. 
     Arch-like upfolds are referred to as ________________.
    • A. 

      Synclines

    • B. 

      Anticlines

    • C. 

      Foreland folds

    • D. 

      Fault folds

    • E. 

      Normal folds

  • 15. 
    The surface across which movement takes place in a fault is referred to as the ___________.
    • A. 

      Fault scarp

    • B. 

      Strike- slip

    • C. 

      Fault plane

    • D. 

      Transcurrent

    • E. 

      Focus

  • 16. 
    A fault scarp results from which of the following types of faults?
    • A. 

      Reverse

    • B. 

      Overthurst

    • C. 

      Transcurrent

    • D. 

      Strike-slip

    • E. 

      Normal

  • 17. 
    The Richter scale measures what characteristic of earthquakes?
    • A. 

      Amount of ground motion

    • B. 

      Quantity of energy released

    • C. 

      Amount of displacement in the fault

    • D. 

      Degree of damage to local buildings

    • E. 

      Area over which the earthquake was detected

  • 18. 
    The most intense earthquake activity is associated with which of the following plate boundaries?
    • A. 

      Converging boundary

    • B. 

      Spreading boundary

    • C. 

      Transform boundary

    • D. 

      Continental suture

    • E. 

      Boundary that is currently not classified

  • 19. 
    The East African Rift Valley demonstrates the early stage of the ___________.
    • A. 

      Formation of a new ocean basin

    • B. 

      Formation of a new land mass

    • C. 

      Formation of a continental suture

    • D. 

      Formation of a transform plate boundary

    • E. 

      Formation of a new subduction zone

  • 20. 
    Which of the following terms is most closely associated with the description of earthquake activity?
    • A. 

      Volcanic

    • B. 

      Tectonic

    • C. 

      Tidal

    • D. 

      Rifting

    • E. 

      Seismic

  • 21. 
    Frothy magma ejected under high pressure from a narrow vent is most characteristic of which type of volcano?
    • A. 

      Stratovolcano

    • B. 

      Cinder cone

    • C. 

      Shield volcano

    • D. 

      Caldera

    • E. 

      Hotspots

  • 22. 
    Erosion of volcanic landforms often leaves behind a table-topped plateau called a _______.
    • A. 

      Lava mesa

    • B. 

      Butte

    • C. 

      Monadnock

    • D. 

      Cuesta

    • E. 

      Dome

  • 23. 
    A circular or oval structure in which strata have been forced upward, often associated with igneous intrusions or upthrusting on deep faults, is a/an ___________.
    • A. 

      Mesa

    • B. 

      Butte

    • C. 

      Modanock

    • D. 

      Cuesta

    • E. 

      Dome

  • 24. 
     Sometimes sedimentary beds are tilted upward. When weaker layers erode, the stronger layers left behind are called _____________.
    • A. 

      Synclinal mountains

    • B. 

      Fault scarps

    • C. 

      Hogback ridges

    • D. 

      Cuestas

    • E. 

      Domes

  • 25. 
    When a resistant rock type is exposed at the center of a downturned fold and the rock stands up as a ridge, which of the following features may result?
    • A. 

      Synclinal mountains

    • B. 

      Fault scarps

    • C. 

      Hogbacks

    • D. 

      Cuestas

    • E. 

      Anticlinal valley

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