Plant Parts, Functions And Adaptations

35 Questions | Total Attempts: 85

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Plant Parts, Functions And Adaptations

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Do all plants have flowers?
    • A. 

      Yes, flowers are the reproductive organ for all plants, so all plants must have them to continue their species.

    • B. 

      No, flowers are the reproductive organs for angiosperms.

    • C. 

      No, only nonvascular plants have flowers.

    • D. 

      No, only plants producing spores create flowers.

  • 2. 
    Looking at this picture, check each term below that can be used to describe the type of plant.  
    • A. 

      Plant

    • B. 

      Non vascular

    • C. 

      Vascular

    • D. 

      Seed plant

    • E. 

      Non seed plant

    • F. 

      Angiosperm

    • G. 

      Monocot

    • H. 

      Dicot

  • 3. 
    Looking at this moss, check all of the terms below that best describe what you know about it.
    • A. 

      Plant

    • B. 

      Animal

    • C. 

      Fungus

    • D. 

      Vascular

    • E. 

      Nonvascular

    • F. 

      Bryophyte

    • G. 

      Seed plant

    • H. 

      Seedless plant

    • I. 

      Reproduces by spores

    • J. 

      Angiosperm

    • K. 

      Gymnosperm

    • L. 

      Monocot

    • M. 

      Dicot

  • 4. 
    This is a typical leaf from a
    • A. 

      Bryophyte

    • B. 

      Nonvascular plant

    • C. 

      Monocot

    • D. 

      Dicot

  • 5. 
    Guard cells
    • A. 

      Help protect flowers from pollen robbing insects

    • B. 

      Are an adaptation that helps bryophytes produce spores for reproduction

    • C. 

      Help to regulate water loss by controlling the size of the stomata in leaves

    • D. 

      None of these

  • 6. 
    Fibrous roots
    • A. 

      Can help to control erosion.

    • B. 

      Are used by plants to store large quantities of food.

    • C. 

      Reproduce by spores.

    • D. 

      Contain many stoma to help absorb water.

  • 7. 
    Gymnosperms
    • A. 

      Are seed plants

    • B. 

      Contain "naked seeds" in cones rather than enclosed in a "fruit"

    • C. 

      Are usually wind pollinated

    • D. 

      All of these

  • 8. 
    A complete flower
    • A. 

      Contains a pistil, but no stamen

    • B. 

      Has both petals and sepals

    • C. 

      Contains both a pistil and stamen

    • D. 

      Has all four organs that we studied: flower, leaves, stems and roots

  • 9. 
    Check as many terms from the list below that are more common among dicots than monocots.
    • A. 

      Flowers, roots, stems and leaves

    • B. 

      Flowers with petals in multiples of 3

    • C. 

      Flowers with petals in multiples of 4 or 5

    • D. 

      Fibrous roots

    • E. 

      Tap roots

    • F. 

      Woody stems

    • G. 

      Seeds with 1 cotyledon

    • H. 

      Seeds with 2 cotyledons

    • I. 

      Leaves with branching veins

    • J. 

      Leaves with parallel veins

  • 10. 
    This is a picture of
    • A. 

      A stoma

    • B. 

      A xylem

    • C. 

      A phloem

    • D. 

      A spore

  • 11. 
    Why did the stomata from our geranium plant close when we placed them in salt water?
    • A. 

      Water entered the cells of the leaf and the guard cells became rigid.

    • B. 

      Water left the cells of the leaf and the guard cells became limp and closed helping the leaf to conserve water

    • C. 

      Equilibrium was reached

    • D. 

      There was no concentration gradient

  • 12. 
    Which of the following are adapted to help a plant propagate (create a new plant)?
    • A. 

      Stolon and thorns

    • B. 

      Adventitious roots and stolon

    • C. 

      Thorns and spores

    • D. 

      Root hairs and tap roots

  • 13. 
    All plants that reproduce with seeds are 
    • A. 

      Vascular plants

    • B. 

      Bryophytes

    • C. 

      Nonvascular plants

    • D. 

      Dicots

  • 14. 
    Vascular plants transport water through structures called
    • A. 

      Xylem

    • B. 

      Phloem

    • C. 

      Cotyledons

    • D. 

      Stolon

  • 15. 
    Bryophytes
    • A. 

      Cannot grow more than a few centimeters in height because they cannot transport water up and down their stems

    • B. 

      Have only one cotyledon

    • C. 

      Are called gymnosperms

    • D. 

      All of these

  • 16. 
    A stamen of a typical flower consists of
    • A. 

      Anthers and a pistil

    • B. 

      Stigmas and a style

    • C. 

      An anther and a filament

    • D. 

      A carpel and a pistil

  • 17. 
    Which of the following is NOT true about plants?
    • A. 

      Their cells have cell walls.

    • B. 

      All plants are dependent upon animals (insects are included!) to spread pollen to other plants of their species to reproduce successfully.

    • C. 

      Plants produce their own food energy through photosynthesis.

    • D. 

      Sexual reproduction is important to a plant to increase its diversity and to increase its chances of adapting to changes in the environment.

  • 18. 
    Select from the following terms to complete the dichotomous key or mind map:  vascular, non-vascular, seed plant, non-seed plant, bryophyte, gymnosperm, angiosperm, pollen, monocot, dicot, horsetails, xylem, phloem#1 is ___________
  • 19. 
    # 2 is _______________
  • 20. 
    # 3 is ___________
  • 21. 
    # 4 is ___________
  • 22. 
    #5 is _______
  • 23. 
    # 6 is ___________
  • 24. 
    # 7 is ________
  • 25. 
    Using the list below, select the best term to label the flower.petal, sepal, nepal, stamen, pistil, ovary, ovule, peduncle, receptacle, anther, style, stigma, filament, cotyledon, hypocotylA.  _________
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