# Motion, Forces And Energy Unit Test

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CharlieC23
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Questions: 37 | Attempts: 623

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Chapters: 1, 2, 5 and 6

• 1.

### Friction acts in a direction __________ to the direction of an object's motion

• A.

Unrelated

• B.

Opposite

• C.

Equal

• D.

Perpendicular

B. Opposite
Explanation
Friction acts in the opposite direction to the direction of an object's motion. When an object is moving, friction opposes its motion, trying to slow it down or stop it completely. This is why it is harder to push or slide an object on a rough surface compared to a smooth one. Friction is caused by the interaction between the surfaces of two objects, and it always acts in a direction opposite to the motion of the object.

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• 2.

### Unless an object at rest is acted upon by a force, it stays at rest due to its

• A.

Matter

• B.

Inertia

• C.

Friction

• D.

Gravity

B. Inertia
Explanation
When an object is at rest, it tends to stay at rest unless a force is applied to it. This is because of its inertia. Inertia is the tendency of an object to resist changes in its state of motion. In this case, the object's inertia keeps it at rest until a force is exerted on it to overcome this resistance and cause it to move.

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• 3.

### A 10-kg ball is accelerated 500m/s (squared) by a force of...

• A.

5000 N

• B.

50 N

• C.

500 N

• D.

1/50 N

A. 5000 N
Explanation
The correct answer is 5000 N because the force required to accelerate an object is given by the formula F = m * a, where F is the force, m is the mass, and a is the acceleration. In this case, the mass is 10 kg and the acceleration is 500 m/s^2. Plugging these values into the formula, we get F = 10 kg * 500 m/s^2 = 5000 N. Therefore, a force of 5000 N is required to accelerate the 10-kg ball at 500 m/s^2.

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• 4.

### A (n) ______________ can cause an objects motion to change

• A.

Unbalanced force

• B.

Balanced force

• C.

Inertia

• D.

Mass

A. Unbalanced force
Explanation
An unbalanced force can cause an object's motion to change because it refers to a force that is not being counteracted by an equal and opposite force. When there is an unbalanced force acting on an object, it will experience an acceleration in the direction of the force. This acceleration can cause a change in the object's velocity, resulting in a change in its motion.

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• 5.

### The amount of matter in an object is called its

• A.

Weight

• B.

Force

• C.

Inertia

• D.

Mass

D. Mass
Explanation
Mass is the correct answer because it refers to the amount of matter in an object. Weight, on the other hand, is the force of gravity acting on an object's mass. Force is a push or pull on an object, while inertia is the tendency of an object to resist changes in its motion. Therefore, mass is the most appropriate term to describe the amount of matter in an object.

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• 6.

### Newtons second law of motion states the relationship of mass, acceleration and force.  It says that....

• A.

Force equals mass divided by acceleration

• B.

Force equals acceleration divided by mass

• C.

Force equals mass times acceleration

• D.

Every object attracts every other object in the universe

C. Force equals mass times acceleration
Explanation
Newton's second law of motion states that the force acting on an object is directly proportional to the mass of the object and the acceleration it experiences. Mathematically, this can be represented as force = mass Ã— acceleration. This means that the force exerted on an object increases as its mass or acceleration increases. Therefore, the correct answer is force equals mass times acceleration.

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• 7.

### A(n) ___________ causes objects to move in a circle

• A.

Centripetal force

• B.

Large weight

• C.

Terminal velocity

• D.

Acceleration

A. Centripetal force
Explanation
Centripetal force is the correct answer because it is the force that causes objects to move in a circle. It is directed towards the center of the circle and keeps the object in circular motion. This force is necessary to counteract the natural tendency of objects to move in a straight line. Without centripetal force, objects would move in a straight line instead of a circular path.

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• 8.

### Forces can be added together on if they are acting on different objects.

• A.

True

• B.

False

B. False
Explanation
Forces can be added together only if they are acting on the same object. When forces act on different objects, they cannot be directly added together because they are affecting separate entities. The net force on an object is determined by considering all the individual forces acting on that particular object. Therefore, the statement "Forces can be added together if they are acting on different objects" is false.

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• 9.

### According to Newton;s second law of motion, acceleration increases as force increases, if mass stays the same.

• A.

True

• B.

False

A. True
Explanation
According to Newton's second law of motion, the acceleration of an object is directly proportional to the force applied to it and inversely proportional to its mass. This means that if the force acting on an object increases, and its mass remains constant, the acceleration of the object will also increase. Therefore, the statement "acceleration increases as force increases, if mass stays the same" is true.

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• 10.

### The force exerted by gravity is stronger if two objects are closer.

• A.

True

• B.

False

A. True
Explanation
The force of gravity between two objects is directly proportional to their masses and inversely proportional to the square of the distance between them. This means that as the distance between two objects decreases, the force of gravity between them increases. Therefore, it is true that the force exerted by gravity is stronger if two objects are closer.

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• 11.

### The force of friction acts between all objects in the universe.

• A.

True

• B.

False

B. False
Explanation
The force of friction does not act between all objects in the universe. Friction only occurs when two objects are in contact with each other and there is relative motion or an attempt to move between them. It is a force that opposes the motion of an object and can occur between solid objects, liquids, and gases. However, not all objects in the universe are in contact with each other, so friction does not act between all objects.

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• 12.

### A satellite in orbit around Earth is always falling toward Earth.

• A.

True

• B.

False

A. True
Explanation
A satellite in orbit around Earth is constantly being pulled towards Earth by gravity. However, it is also moving forward with enough speed that it continuously falls around Earth instead of crashing into it. This continuous falling motion is what keeps the satellite in orbit. Therefore, it is correct to say that a satellite in orbit around Earth is always falling toward Earth.

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• 13.

### Jake and Tom want to see who is strogest, so they got a rope and decided to play tug-o-war.  Both boys pulled at the rope with all of their strength, but neither of them moved.   This is called unbalanced force.

• A.

True

• B.

False

B. False
Explanation
The given statement is false because if neither of them moved, it means that the forces applied by both boys were balanced. In a tug-of-war game, if both sides pull with equal force, the rope remains stationary and there is no winner. Therefore, the situation described in the question is an example of balanced forces, not unbalanced forces.

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• 14.

### Patty was walking very quickly through the cafeteria with her tray full of food when she tripped over a broomstick and flew forward along with all of her food.   This is an example of Newton's first law of motion which states,  "...an obect in motion will stay in motion..."

• A.

True

• B.

False

A. True
Explanation
This scenario demonstrates Newton's first law of motion, also known as the law of inertia. According to this law, an object in motion will continue moving in the same direction and at the same speed unless acted upon by an external force. In this case, Patty was walking quickly (in motion) through the cafeteria when she tripped over a broomstick (external force) and flew forward along with her food. This aligns with Newton's first law, as Patty's body and the tray of food continued moving forward due to their inertia. Therefore, the correct answer is true.

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• 15.

### Potential energy is the energy

• A.

Of velocity

• B.

Of motion

• C.

Of distance

• D.

That is stored

D. That is stored
Explanation
Potential energy refers to the energy that is stored in an object due to its position or condition. It is not related to velocity, motion, or distance directly. Instead, potential energy is determined by factors such as height, elasticity, or chemical composition. Therefore, the correct answer is "that is stored," as it accurately describes the nature of potential energy.

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• 16.

### Kinetic energy depends on

• A.

Only mass

• B.

Only velocity

• C.

Height

• D.

Mass and velocity

D. Mass and velocity
Explanation
Kinetic energy is the energy possessed by an object due to its motion. According to the kinetic energy formula, KE = 1/2 * mass * velocity^2, it is clear that both mass and velocity are factors that determine the amount of kinetic energy. The mass of an object determines how much matter is in motion, while the velocity represents the speed and direction of the object's motion. Therefore, both mass and velocity are essential in determining the kinetic energy of an object.

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• 17.

### Your body converts chemical energy to all of the following EXCEPT

• A.

Nuclear energy

• B.

Thermal energy

• C.

Chemical energy

• D.

Electrical energy

A. Nuclear energy
Explanation
The body is not capable of converting chemical energy into nuclear energy. Nuclear energy is the energy released during nuclear reactions, such as those that occur in nuclear power plants or atomic bombs. The body does not have the ability to perform these types of reactions and therefore cannot convert chemical energy into nuclear energy. However, the body can convert chemical energy into thermal energy, electrical energy, and other forms of energy through various physiological processes.

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• 18.

### A girl throws a ball 15m into the air.  The ball has a maximum potential energy at a height of

• A.

0m

• B.

5m

• C.

10m

• D.

15m

D. 15m
Explanation
The ball has a maximum potential energy at a height of 15m because potential energy is directly proportional to the height above the ground. As the ball is thrown 15m into the air, it reaches its maximum height and therefore has the maximum potential energy at that point.

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• 19.

### An electric blanket converts electrical energy to

• A.

Nuclear energy

• B.

Chemical energy

• C.

Mechanical energy

• D.

Thermal energy

D. Thermal energy
Explanation
An electric blanket converts electrical energy into thermal energy. When the blanket is plugged into an electrical outlet, it uses the electricity to heat up coils or wires embedded in the fabric. These coils then generate heat, which is transferred to the body when the blanket is used. This conversion of electrical energy to thermal energy allows the blanket to provide warmth and comfort to the user.

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• 20.

### The formula, Work/ Time (Work divided by Time) is used to calculate

• A.

Kinetic energy

• B.

Potential energy

• C.

Power

• D.

Mechanical energy

C. Power
Explanation
The formula Work/Time is used to calculate power. Power is a measure of how quickly work is done or energy is transferred. It is the rate at which work is done or energy is transferred per unit of time. By dividing the work done by the time taken, we can determine the power being exerted.

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• 21.

### Work is the transfer of energy.

• A.

True

• B.

False

A. True
Explanation
Work is defined as the transfer of energy when a force is applied to an object and the object is displaced in the direction of the force. When work is done on an object, energy is transferred from one form to another. Therefore, the statement "Work is the transfer of energy" is true.

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• 22.

### Potential energy that depends on height is gravitational potential energy.

• A.

True

• B.

False

A. True
Explanation
Gravitational potential energy is the potential energy an object possesses due to its height above the ground. As an object is lifted higher, its potential energy increases, and as it falls, its potential energy decreases. This potential energy is directly related to the force of gravity and the height of the object. Therefore, the statement that potential energy dependent on height is gravitational potential energy is true.

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• 23.

### The law of conservation of energy states that when one form of energy is converted to another, SOME energy is destroyed.

• A.

True

• B.

False

B. False
Explanation
The explanation for the correct answer is that according to the law of conservation of energy, energy cannot be created or destroyed, it can only be converted from one form to another. This principle is known as the conservation of energy. Therefore, no energy is destroyed when one form of energy is converted to another.

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• 24.

### Power is the rate at which energy is lost.

• A.

True

• B.

False

B. False
Explanation
Power is not the rate at which energy is lost, but rather the rate at which energy is transferred or transformed. Power is the amount of work done or energy transferred per unit of time. It is a measure of how quickly energy is being used or converted from one form to another. Therefore, the correct answer is False.

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• 25.

### Plants convert electromagnetic energy to chemical energy.

• A.

True

• B.

False

A. True
Explanation
Plants convert electromagnetic energy to chemical energy through the process of photosynthesis. During photosynthesis, plants use the energy from sunlight to convert carbon dioxide and water into glucose and oxygen. This chemical energy stored in glucose is then used by the plants for various metabolic processes and growth. Therefore, it is true that plants convert electromagnetic energy (sunlight) to chemical energy.

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• 26.

### The energy stored in fossil fuels is released by burning.

• A.

True

• B.

False

A. True
Explanation
Fossil fuels, such as coal, oil, and natural gas, are formed from the remains of ancient plants and animals. These fuels contain stored energy in the form of chemical bonds. When fossil fuels are burned, these chemical bonds are broken, releasing the stored energy in the form of heat and light. This is why burning fossil fuels is a common method for generating energy. Therefore, the statement that the energy stored in fossil fuels is released by burning is true.

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• 27.

### A moving object can do work so it has potential energy.

• A.

True

• B.

False

B. False
Explanation
This statement is false because potential energy is not directly related to the ability to do work. Potential energy is the energy possessed by an object due to its position or state, while work is the transfer of energy from one object to another. While a moving object can certainly have kinetic energy, which is the energy of motion, it does not necessarily imply that it has potential energy. Therefore, the statement is incorrect.

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• 28.

### Elastic potential energy is associated with objects that can be stretched.

• A.

True

• B.

False

A. True
Explanation
Elastic potential energy is a form of potential energy that is stored in objects when they are stretched or compressed. When an object is stretched, work is done to overcome the forces holding the object together, and this work is stored as potential energy. Therefore, elastic potential energy is indeed associated with objects that can be stretched, making the statement true.

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• 29.

### A rubber band that is flying across the room is moving because it has kinetic energy.

• A.

True

• B.

False

A. True
Explanation
The statement is true because kinetic energy is the energy possessed by an object due to its motion. In this case, since the rubber band is flying across the room, it is clearly in motion and therefore has kinetic energy.

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• 30.

### On the Celcius scale, the number 0 is assigned to the temperatures at which water condenses.

• A.

True

• B.

False

B. False
Explanation
On the Celsius scale, the number 0 is actually assigned to the temperature at which water freezes, not condenses. Water condenses at 100 degrees Celsius. Therefore, the statement is false.

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• 31.

### The state of a substance depends ont he amound of thermal energy it posesses.

• A.

True

• B.

False

A. True
Explanation
The statement is true because the state of a substance, whether it is a solid, liquid, or gas, is determined by the amount of thermal energy it possesses. When a substance gains thermal energy, its particles gain kinetic energy and move faster, causing the substance to change from a solid to a liquid or from a liquid to a gas. Conversely, when a substance loses thermal energy, its particles lose kinetic energy and move slower, causing the substance to change from a gas to a liquid or from a liquid to a solid. Therefore, the amount of thermal energy directly affects the state of a substance.

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• 32.

### Temperature is a measure of the average potential energy of each particle within an object.

• A.

True

• B.

False

B. False
Explanation
Temperature is not a measure of the average potential energy of each particle within an object. Instead, temperature is a measure of the average kinetic energy of the particles. Potential energy refers to the energy stored in an object due to its position or state, while kinetic energy refers to the energy of motion. Therefore, the statement is false.

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• 33.

### A rider finishes a 120 km bicycle trip in 3 hours.  The average speed of the rider is....

• A.

360 km/hr

• B.

40 km/hr

• C.

3.6 m/s

• D.

4 m/s

B. 40 km/hr
Explanation
The average speed of the rider can be calculated by dividing the total distance traveled (120 km) by the total time taken (3 hours). Therefore, 120 km divided by 3 hours equals 40 km/hr.

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• 34.

### An airplane that moves 50 meters in one second has a speed of....

• A.

500 cm/s

• B.

180,000 m/h

• C.

1,800 km/h

• D.

5,000 m/h

B. 180,000 m/h
Explanation
The correct answer is 180,000 m/h because to convert meters per second to meters per hour, we need to multiply the given speed by 3600 (the number of seconds in an hour). Therefore, 50 meters per second multiplied by 3600 equals 180,000 meters per hour.

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• 35.

• A.

True

• B.

False