City And Guilds 2382 (17th Edition) Example Questions.

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City And Guilds 2382 (17th Edition) Example Questions. - Quiz

The City & Guilds 2382 exam comprises of 60 random multiple choice questions.
Commonly known as the 17th Edition it is a requirement for any serious electrician.
The duration of the exam is 120 minutes giving an average of 2 minutes per question.
The following mock exam generates a random selection of 60 questions from a database of over 500 !
Enjoy and GOOD LUCK


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Requirements are included in BS 7671 for electrical installations of

    • A.

      Lift installations

    • B.

      Mobile offshore electrical systems

    • C.

      Distributor's networks

    • D.

      Locations containing a bath or shower

    Correct Answer
    D. Locations containing a bath or shower
    Explanation
    BS 7671 includes requirements for electrical installations in locations containing a bath or shower. This is because these areas have specific safety concerns due to the presence of water, which can increase the risk of electric shock. The requirements in BS 7671 ensure that the electrical installations in these locations are designed and installed in a way that minimizes these risks and ensures the safety of individuals using the bath or shower.

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  • 2. 

    Which of the following is excluded from the scope of BS 7671?

    • A.

      Cabins containing sauna heaters

    • B.

      Fountains

    • C.

      Highway power supplies

    • D.

      Lightning protection

    Correct Answer
    D. Lightning protection
    Explanation
    Lightning protection is excluded from the scope of BS 7671 because this British Standard deals with the requirements for electrical installations in buildings, structures, and outdoor spaces. It provides guidelines for the design, installation, and maintenance of electrical systems. However, lightning protection is a separate system that is designed to protect structures from the damaging effects of lightning strikes. It involves the installation of lightning rods, conductors, and grounding systems, which are not covered by BS 7671.

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  • 3. 

    Which of the following is not included in BS 7671?

    • A.

      Demolition site installations

    • B.

      Electric fences

    • C.

      Medical locations

    • D.

      Motor caravans

    Correct Answer
    B. Electric fences
    Explanation
    BS 7671, also known as the Wiring Regulations, is a set of standards for electrical installations in the UK. It provides guidelines and safety requirements for various types of electrical installations. Electric fences are not included in BS 7671 because they are not typically considered traditional electrical installations. Electric fences are specialized installations used for containing animals or securing property, and they have their own specific regulations and standards that need to be followed. Therefore, they are not covered under BS 7671.

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  • 4. 

    Which of the following documents is non-statutory?

    • A.

      Electricity Safety, Quality and Continuity Regulations

    • B.

      Electricity at Work Regulations

    • C.

      The Building Regulations

    • D.

      Requirements for Electrical Installations

    Correct Answer
    D. Requirements for Electrical Installations
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Requirements for Electrical Installations" because non-statutory documents are not legally binding and do not have the same authority as statutory documents. The other options listed are all statutory documents that have been enacted by law and must be followed. "Requirements for Electrical Installations" is a guidance document published by the Institution of Engineering and Technology (IET) and although it provides recommendations and best practices, it is not legally enforceable.

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  • 5. 

    Protective equipotential bonding is achieved by

    • A.

      Preventing current from passing through the body

    • B.

      Ensuring adequate continuity between extraneous conductive parts

    • C.

      Automatic disconnection of supply in the event of a fault

    • D.

      Separation of equipment from the supply using a safety isolating transformer

    Correct Answer
    B. Ensuring adequate continuity between extraneous conductive parts
    Explanation
    Protective equipotential bonding is a safety measure that aims to prevent electrical shock and reduce the risk of electric shock by ensuring that all conductive parts in a system are at the same potential. By ensuring adequate continuity between extraneous conductive parts, any potential difference between them is eliminated, reducing the risk of electric shock. This is achieved by connecting all conductive parts, such as metal pipes, metal frames, and electrical equipment, to a common bonding conductor. This bonding conductor provides a low-resistance path for fault currents, allowing them to quickly flow to the ground and trigger the protective devices, such as circuit breakers, which can automatically disconnect the power supply in the event of a fault.

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  • 6. 

     The type of earthing arrangements requiring a consumer’s earth electrode to be installed is where 

    • A.

      No earth facility is supplied by the distributor

    • B.

      The supply is from a low voltage generator

    • C.

      Earthing is via the distributor’s cable armour

    • D.

      The electrical system is TN-C

    Correct Answer
    A. No earth facility is supplied by the distributor
    Explanation
    In this type of earthing arrangement, the consumer's earth electrode needs to be installed because there is no earth facility provided by the distributor. This means that the distributor does not supply a designated earth connection, so the consumer must install their own earth electrode to ensure proper grounding of the electrical system.

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  • 7. 

    Low-voltage is defined in BS 7671 as having a value exceeding

    • A.

      24V ac

    • B.

      48V ac

    • C.

      50V ac

    • D.

      120V ac

    Correct Answer
    C. 50V ac
    Explanation
    Low-voltage is defined in BS 7671 as having a value exceeding 50V ac. This means that any voltage below 50V ac is considered low-voltage according to this standard.

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  • 8. 

    Tables showing the classification of external influences when considering environmental conditions during the design of an installation can be found in BS 7671

    • A.

      Chapter 32

    • B.

      Chapter 53

    • C.

      Appendix 4

    • D.

      Appendix 5

    Correct Answer
    D. Appendix 5
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Appendix 5. This appendix in BS 7671 provides tables that classify external influences to consider when designing an installation in relation to environmental conditions. These tables likely outline factors such as temperature, humidity, dust, and other environmental factors that can impact the installation's performance and safety. By referring to Appendix 5, designers can ensure that they account for these external influences and make appropriate design choices to mitigate any potential risks.

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  • 9. 

    An assessment must be made of harmful effects on other electrical systems when installing

    • A.

      Large electric motors

    • B.

      Fire alarm systems

    • C.

      Emergency lighting circuits

    • D.

      Reduced low voltage supplies

    Correct Answer
    A. Large electric motors
    Explanation
    When installing large electric motors, it is important to assess the potential harmful effects on other electrical systems. This is because large electric motors can draw a significant amount of power and may cause voltage fluctuations or electrical disturbances that can impact the proper functioning of other electrical systems. Therefore, a thorough evaluation of the electrical infrastructure and the potential impact of installing large electric motors is necessary to ensure the overall stability and reliability of the electrical systems in the vicinity.

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  • 10. 

    For a 32A ring final circuit in similar premises to a dwelling, the minimum size of thermoplastic insulated copper live conductors allowed is

    • A.

      1.0mm2

    • B.

      1.5mm2

    • C.

      2.5mm2

    • D.

      4.0mm2

    Correct Answer
    C. 2.5mm2
    Explanation
    The minimum size of thermoplastic insulated copper live conductors allowed for a 32A ring final circuit in similar premises to a dwelling is 2.5mm2. This size is necessary to ensure that the conductors can safely carry the current without overheating or causing a fire hazard. It is important to use the correct size of conductors to comply with safety regulations and to ensure the proper functioning of the electrical system.

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  • 11. 

    In a domestic dwelling a 32A ring final circuit incorporating BS 1363 socket-outlets historically serves a floor area up to

    • A.

      75m2

    • B.

      100m2

    • C.

      50m2

    • D.

      200m2

    Correct Answer
    B. 100m2
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 100m2. In a domestic dwelling, a 32A ring final circuit incorporating BS 1363 socket-outlets historically serves a floor area up to 100m2. This means that the circuit is designed to provide power to a floor area of up to 100 square meters in size. This is a common standard in domestic electrical installations and ensures that there is sufficient capacity to meet the power demands of the area without overloading the circuit.

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  • 12. 

    The following final circuits are to be installed using thermoplastic insulated multicore non-armoured cables 3 x 6A lighting                      1 x 20A UPS supply                             3 x 32A ring                           1 x 40A cooker   If the cables are enclosed in a non-metalic trunking where entering the distribution board, how many live conductors would be enclosed?

    • A.

      9

    • B.

      16

    • C.

      22

    • D.

      32

    Correct Answer
    C. 22
    Explanation
    If the cables are enclosed in a non-metallic trunking, the number of live conductors enclosed would be the sum of the number of live conductors for each circuit. In this case, there are 3 lighting circuits with 1 live conductor each (3 x 1 = 3), 1 UPS supply circuit with 1 live conductor (1 x 1 = 1), 3 ring circuits with 2 live conductors each (3 x 2 = 6), and 1 cooker circuit with 2 live conductors (1 x 2 = 2). Adding all of these together, we get a total of 3 + 1 + 6 + 2 = 12 live conductors. However, since the question asks for the number of live conductors enclosed, we need to consider that each circuit has both a live and neutral conductor. Therefore, the total number of live conductors enclosed would be 12 x 2 = 24.

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  • 13. 

    The required current carrying capacity of a three-phase circuit conductor Iz  is 26A.  From the correct table, the minimum size of three single-core thermoplastic covered, heavy duty MICC cables, installed flat on a perforated cable tray and spaced by two cable diameters is

    • A.

      1.0mm2

    • B.

      1.5mm2

    • C.

      2.5mm2

    • D.

      4.0mm2

    Correct Answer
    B. 1.5mm2
    Explanation
    The minimum size of the three single-core thermoplastic covered, heavy duty MICC cables is 1.5mm2. This size is determined based on the required current carrying capacity of 26A for the three-phase circuit conductor Iz. The table provides the appropriate cable size for this current requirement, taking into account the installation conditions of being installed flat on a perforated cable tray and spaced by two cable diameters.

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  • 14. 

    Which of the following is not a characteristic of the supply?

    • A.

      Nominal voltage

    • B.

      frequency

    • C.

      Earth loop impedance Ze

    • D.

      Power factor

    Correct Answer
    D. Power factor
    Explanation
    The power factor is not a characteristic of the supply. It is a measure of how effectively electrical power is being used in a circuit. It represents the ratio of real power (used to perform work) to apparent power (the total power supplied to the circuit). A low power factor indicates that there is a higher amount of reactive power (power that does not perform work) in the circuit. The other options, nominal voltage, frequency, and earth loop impedance Ze, are all characteristics of the supply.

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  • 15. 

    The requirements for mobile or transportable units are applicable to the following types of unit

    • A.

      Health screening services

    • B.

      Pleasure craft

    • C.

      Mobile machinery to BS EN 60204-1

    • D.

      Traction equipment of electric vehicles

    Correct Answer
    A. Health screening services
    Explanation
    The requirements for mobile or transportable units are applicable to health screening services because these services often involve the use of mobile units that are designed to provide medical screening and testing services on-site or in remote locations. These units need to meet specific requirements to ensure the safety and effectiveness of the screening services provided.

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  • 16. 

    Basic protection by means of obstacles is intended to prevent 

    • A.

      Ordinary persons from operating equipment

    • B.

      Intentional contact with exposed parts

    • C.

      Intentional bodily approach to a live part

    • D.

      Unintentional bodily approach to a live part

    Correct Answer
    D. Unintentional bodily approach to a live part
    Explanation
    Basic protection by means of obstacles is intended to prevent unintentional bodily approach to a live part. This means that the purpose of using obstacles is to physically block or restrict access to live parts of equipment, in order to prevent accidental contact or proximity by individuals. By implementing barriers or guards, the risk of unintentional bodily contact with live parts is minimized, ensuring the safety of ordinary persons operating the equipment.

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  • 17. 

    Which of the following is a method of fault protection?

    • A.

      Electrical separation

    • B.

      Barriers or enclosures

    • C.

      Insulation of live parts

    • D.

      Placing out of reach

    Correct Answer
    A. Electrical separation
    Explanation
    Electrical separation is a method of fault protection that involves keeping electrical components physically separated from each other to prevent faults from spreading. This can be achieved by using insulating materials or barriers to create a physical separation between live parts, reducing the risk of electrical faults or short circuits. By implementing electrical separation, potential hazards can be minimized, ensuring the safety of both individuals and equipment.

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  • 18. 

     The value of the external earth loop impedance Ze  can be obtained by measurement at

    • A.

      The supply point and subtracting the value of internal loop impedance (R1 + R2)

    • B.

      The furthest socket-outlet from the supply

    • C.

      The origin of supply

    • D.

      both the supply and at the furthest socket-outlet, and subtracting one result from the other

    Correct Answer
    C. The origin of supply
    Explanation
    The origin of supply refers to the point where the electrical supply enters the building or premises. By measuring the external earth loop impedance at the origin of supply, one can obtain the value of Ze. This value can then be used to assess the effectiveness of the earthing system and ensure that it meets safety standards.

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  • 19. 

    In a TN system, final circuits not exceeding 32A supplying fixed equipment are subject to a maximum disconnection time of

    • A.

      0.4s

    • B.

      0.8s

    • C.

      4.0s

    • D.

      5.0s

    Correct Answer
    A. 0.4s
    Explanation
    In a TN system, final circuits not exceeding 32A supplying fixed equipment are subject to a maximum disconnection time of 0.4s. This means that if there is a fault or abnormal condition in the circuit, it must be disconnected within 0.4 seconds to ensure the safety of the system and prevent any potential hazards. This short disconnection time helps to minimize the risk of electric shock or fire caused by faulty equipment.

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  • 20. 

    The temperature limit for metalic equipment which is intended to be touched but not hand-held is

    • A.

      30 degrees Celsius

    • B.

      55 degrees Celsius

    • C.

      65 degrees Celsius

    • D.

      70 degrees Celsius

    Correct Answer
    D. 70 degrees Celsius
    Explanation
    The temperature limit for metallic equipment that is intended to be touched but not hand-held is 70 degrees Celsius. This means that the equipment can become hot to the touch, but it should not exceed this temperature to ensure safety.

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  • 21. 

    Overload current is defined as an overcurrent

    • A.

      Due to low insulation resistance

    • B.

      In a circuit which is electrically sound

    • C.

      Due to a fault of negligible impedance

    • D.

      In a line conductor in contact with earth

    Correct Answer
    B. In a circuit which is electrically sound
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "in a circuit which is electrically sound." This means that the overload current occurs in a circuit that is functioning properly and does not have any faults or issues with insulation resistance or impedance.

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  • 22. 

    The prospective fault current at the origin of a single-phase installation is the greater of the prospective

    • A.

      Maximum demand and diversity value

    • B.

      Short circuit and overload current

    • C.

      Design current and distributor’s main fuse

    • D.

      Short circuit and earth fault currents

    Correct Answer
    D. Short circuit and earth fault currents
    Explanation
    The prospective fault current at the origin of a single-phase installation is determined by the combination of short circuit and earth fault currents. Short circuit current refers to the current that flows when there is a direct short circuit between two conductors, while earth fault current refers to the current that flows when there is a fault to earth. Both of these currents contribute to the total prospective fault current, and the greater of the two will determine the maximum fault current that the installation can experience.

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  • 23. 

    To meet the requirements of BS 7671, all overcurrent devices without upstream backup protection must

    • A.

      Be rated lower than the design current

    • B.

      Meet the requirements of BS 7846

    • C.

      Be able to withstand the prospective fault current

    • D.

      Not operate due to a line to earth fault

    Correct Answer
    C. Be able to withstand the prospective fault current
    Explanation
    To meet the requirements of BS 7671, all overcurrent devices without upstream backup protection must be able to withstand the prospective fault current. This means that the devices should be capable of handling the maximum amount of current that could flow through them in the event of a fault. This ensures the safety and reliability of the electrical system by preventing the devices from being damaged or tripping unnecessarily during fault conditions.

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  • 24. 

    Which of the following devices can not be used for emergency switching?

    • A.

      A push-button controlling an all-pole contactor

    • B.

      A manually operated switch

    • C.

      A circuit-breaker

    • D.

      A luminaire support coupler

    Correct Answer
    D. A luminaire support coupler
    Explanation
    A luminaire support coupler is not designed or intended for emergency switching. It is a device used to support and connect lighting fixtures, rather than for controlling electrical circuits. Therefore, it is not suitable for emergency switching purposes.

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  • 25. 

    Which of the following arrangements of a firefighter’s switch controlling a discharge lighting installation would comply with BS 7671?

    • A.

      Switch with off position at the bottom and mounted at 2.75m from the ground

    • B.

      Switch with off position at the top and mounted at 3.75m from the ground

    • C.

      Switch with off position at the bottom and mounted at 3.75m from the ground

    • D.

      Switch with off position at the top and mounted at 2.75m from the ground

    Correct Answer
    D. Switch with off position at the top and mounted at 2.75m from the ground
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "switch with off position at the top and mounted at 2.75m from the ground" because BS 7671 specifies that switches controlling a discharge lighting installation should have the off position at the top. Additionally, the switch should be mounted at a height of 2.75m from the ground. This arrangement ensures compliance with the regulations outlined in BS 7671.

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  • 26. 

    Where overvoltage protection is to be provided in a household appliance, the minimum impulse withstand voltage for Category II equipment would be

    • A.

      1.5kV

    • B.

      2.5kV

    • C.

      4.0kV

    • D.

      6.0kV

    Correct Answer
    B. 2.5kV
    Explanation
    In household appliances, overvoltage protection is crucial to ensure the safety of both the appliance and the users. Category II equipment refers to appliances that are directly connected to the mains, such as refrigerators or washing machines. These appliances are exposed to higher voltage transients compared to Category I equipment. Therefore, a minimum impulse withstand voltage of 2.5kV is required for Category II equipment to effectively handle potential overvoltage situations and protect the appliance and its users.

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  • 27. 

    In locations with risk of fire due to the nature of processed or stored materials (conditions BE2), a wiring system which requires protection by a suitably rated RCD is

    • A.

      Overhead busbar trunking

    • B.

      Powertrack systems

    • C.

      90 degrees Celsius thermosetting cables

    • D.

      MICC cables

    Correct Answer
    C. 90 degrees Celsius thermosetting cables
    Explanation
    In locations with a risk of fire due to the nature of processed or stored materials, a wiring system that requires protection by a suitably rated RCD is 90 degrees Celsius thermosetting cables. This is because thermosetting cables are designed to have a higher temperature rating, which makes them more resistant to heat and fire hazards. Therefore, using these cables in such locations helps to minimize the risk of fire and ensures the safety of the wiring system.

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  • 28. 

    Which of the following external influences would likely require an increase in the current rating of cables above that normally required?

    • A.

      Exposure to flooding

    • B.

      An ambient temperature below 0 degrees Celsius

    • C.

      Exposure to mechanical damage

    • D.

      An ambient temperature of 40 degrees Celsius

    Correct Answer
    D. An ambient temperature of 40 degrees Celsius
    Explanation
    Exposure to an ambient temperature of 40 degrees Celsius would likely require an increase in the current rating of cables above that normally required. This is because high temperatures can cause cables to overheat and potentially exceed their current carrying capacity. As a result, increasing the current rating of the cables would ensure that they can safely handle the higher temperatures and prevent any potential damage or overheating.

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  • 29. 

    Precautions must be taken against the spread of flammable liquid from electrical equipment such as a transformer, if the liquid is

    • A.

      Less than 25 litres in capacity

    • B.

      Of a type where combustion produces smoke and gas

    • C.

      Of quantity 25 litres and above

    • D.

      In a location under supervision of instructed persons

    Correct Answer
    C. Of quantity 25 litres and above
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "of quantity 25 litres and above." This is because the question is discussing precautions that need to be taken against the spread of flammable liquid from electrical equipment. The question states that if the liquid is less than 25 litres in capacity, certain precautions must be taken. However, if the quantity of the liquid is 25 litres and above, different precautions need to be implemented. Therefore, the correct answer is that precautions must be taken if the quantity of the flammable liquid is 25 litres and above.

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  • 30. 

    The symbol used to denote the rating or setting of a protective device is

    • A.

      I2

    • B.

      In

    • C.

      Ib

    • D.

      Iz

    Correct Answer
    B. In
    Explanation
    The symbol "In" is used to denote the rating or setting of a protective device.

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  • 31. 

    For 5-core flexible cables in three-phase four wire systems, the alphanumeric marking of conductors as L1, L2,  L3 and N would correspond to the following conductor colour identification in accordance with BS 7671 

    • A.

      Brown, black, black, blue

    • B.

      Black, brown, grey, blue

    • C.

      Brown, black, grey, blue

    • D.

      Brown, blue, grey, black

    Correct Answer
    C. Brown, black, grey, blue
    Explanation
    The alphanumeric marking of conductors L1, L2, L3, and N corresponds to the following conductor color identification: brown, black, grey, blue.

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  • 32. 

    At which of the following protective conductor terminations would a warning notice not need to be fixed

    • A.

      An earth electrode

    • B.

      A connection to exposed structural metalwork

    • C.

      A gas service metal pipe

    • D.

      Main earthing terminal in a distribution board

    Correct Answer
    D. Main earthing terminal in a distribution board
    Explanation
    A warning notice would not need to be fixed at the main earthing terminal in a distribution board because this terminal is typically located within an electrical enclosure that is only accessible to authorized personnel. This means that there is no need for a warning notice to warn against touching or interfering with the terminal, as it is already protected and inaccessible to the general public.

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  • 33. 

    A device capable of making and breaking load current and automatically breaking fault current is a

    • A.

      BS 88-2 fuse

    • B.

      Residual current device to BS EN 61008

    • C.

      Circuit-breaker

    • D.

      Disconnector

    Correct Answer
    C. Circuit-breaker
    Explanation
    A circuit-breaker is a device that can both make and break load current, meaning it can control the flow of electricity to a circuit. It also has the ability to automatically break fault current, which is an abnormal surge of electricity caused by a short circuit or other electrical fault. This feature ensures that the circuit is protected from damage and prevents potential hazards such as fires or electrical shocks. Therefore, a circuit-breaker is the correct answer as it encompasses all the mentioned capabilities.

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  • 34. 

    Extraneous-conductive-parts require protective equipotential bonding to ensure that

    • A.

      The exposed parts are isolated from earth

    • B.

      No dangerous potential difference can occur

    • C.

      Utility pipes can be used as earth electrodes

    • D.

      No connection with a cpc is required

    Correct Answer
    B. No dangerous potential difference can occur
    Explanation
    Extraneous-conductive parts, such as metal objects or surfaces, can pose a risk of electric shock if they become energized with a dangerous potential difference. To prevent this, protective equipotential bonding is necessary. This bonding ensures that all exposed parts are at the same electrical potential, eliminating any potential difference that could cause harm. By bonding these parts together, any stray currents or faults are safely directed back to the source, preventing the occurrence of dangerous potential differences.

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  • 35. 

    Where the supply to a caravan park is PME, a TT system of earthing must be used in the supply to

    • A.

      Underground cables

    • B.

      Pitch socket-outlets

    • C.

      Lighting circuits

    • D.

      Instantaneous water heaters

    Correct Answer
    B. Pitch socket-outlets
    Explanation
    In a caravan park where the supply is PME (Protective Multiple Earthing), a TT system of earthing must be used in the supply to pitch socket-outlets. This is because a TT system provides a separate earth for each socket-outlet, which is necessary for safety in case of a fault. The TT system ensures that any fault current is directed safely to the earth, protecting the users of the caravan park from electric shocks and other electrical hazards. Therefore, pitch socket-outlets in a caravan park with PME supply should be grounded using a TT system.

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  • 36. 

    Except where PME conditions apply, main protective bonding conductors shall have a cross-sectional area not less than

    • A.

      Half the c.s.a. of the earthing conductor of the installation subject to a minimum of 6.0mm2

    • B.

      The c.s.a. of the earthing conductor of the installation subject to a minimum of 6.0mm2

    • C.

      Twice the c.s.a. of the earthing conductor

    • D.

      Half the c.s.a. of the earthing conductor of the installation subject to a minimum of 10.0mm2

    Correct Answer
    A. Half the c.s.a. of the earthing conductor of the installation subject to a minimum of 6.0mm2
    Explanation
    The main protective bonding conductors should have a cross-sectional area that is at least half the cross-sectional area of the earthing conductor of the installation, with a minimum size of 6.0mm2. This ensures that the bonding conductors can effectively carry fault currents and provide a low impedance path for the fault current to flow, thereby protecting against electric shock and fire hazards. The requirement for a minimum size ensures that the bonding conductors can handle the expected fault current levels in the installation.

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  • 37. 

    When using a Class II electric drill outdoors, BS 7671 requires that

    • A.

      The earth loop impedance at the drill is not less than that shown in Table 41.1

    • B.

      It is supplied from a BS EN 60898 protected socket-outlet

    • C.

      An earth connection is made to the drill casing

    • D.

      It is supplied from an RCD protected socket-outlet

    Correct Answer
    D. It is supplied from an RCD protected socket-outlet
    Explanation
    When using a Class II electric drill outdoors, BS 7671 requires that it is supplied from an RCD protected socket-outlet. This is because an RCD (Residual Current Device) provides additional protection against electric shock by quickly disconnecting the power supply if it detects a leakage current. As outdoor environments can be more prone to moisture and other factors that increase the risk of electric shock, using an RCD protected socket-outlet ensures an extra layer of safety for the user.

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  • 38. 

    A 13A socket outlet in a garage of a domestic dwelling must have the following

    • A.

      Basic protection, fault protection and RCD protection not exceeding 30mA

    • B.

      Protection by a 30mA RCBO

    • C.

      Basic protection and additional protection

    • D.

      Ingress protection to IP56

    Correct Answer
    A. Basic protection, fault protection and RCD protection not exceeding 30mA
    Explanation
    A 13A socket outlet in a garage of a domestic dwelling must have basic protection, which means it should be protected against excessive current flow. It should also have fault protection, which means it should be protected against any faults or short circuits. Additionally, it should have RCD (Residual Current Device) protection not exceeding 30mA. RCD protection is important as it detects any imbalance in the electrical current and quickly shuts off the power to prevent electric shock.

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  • 39. 

    Socket-outlets supplying 230V equipment used in the garden must be protected by a residual current device.  This device is fitted because the equipment is being used 

    • A.

      Within the equipotential zone and requires additional protection

    • B.

      Where the earth loop impedance Zs can not be determined

    • C.

      Where the overload tripping time exceeds 5 seconds

    • D.

      Outside the equipotential zone and requires additional protection

    Correct Answer
    D. Outside the equipotential zone and requires additional protection
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "outside the equipotential zone and requires additional protection." This is because the question states that the equipment is being used in the garden, which is considered outside the equipotential zone. In order to ensure safety, the socket-outlets supplying the equipment must be protected by a residual current device.

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  • 40. 

    Starters incorporating overload protection must be provided for electric motors with a rating exceeding

    • A.

      3.7W

    • B.

      37W

    • C.

      0.37kW

    • D.

      3.7kW

    Correct Answer
    C. 0.37kW
    Explanation
    Electric motors with a rating exceeding 0.37kW require starters incorporating overload protection. This means that motors with a power rating higher than 0.37kW need a starter that can protect them from overloading. Overload protection is necessary to prevent damage to the motor and ensure its safe operation. Therefore, the correct answer is 0.37kW.

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  • 41. 

    The circuit of a safety service should be

    • A.

      Coloured red

    • B.

      Independent of any other circuit

    • C.

      Housed in compartmentalised trunking

    • D.

      Unprotected

    Correct Answer
    B. Independent of any other circuit
    Explanation
    A safety service circuit should be independent of any other circuit to ensure that it operates reliably and is not affected by any faults or failures in other circuits. This independence allows the safety service to function autonomously and provide uninterrupted power or protection in case of emergencies or malfunctions. By being separate from other circuits, it reduces the risk of any interference or disruption that could compromise the safety measures provided by the circuit.

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  • 42. 

    Where an installation and generator are not permanently fixed, every circuit must be protected by a residual current device with a maximum I∆n rating of

    • A.

      10mA

    • B.

      30mA

    • C.

      100mA

    • D.

      500mA

    Correct Answer
    B. 30mA
    Explanation
    In order to ensure safety in installations where the installation and generator are not permanently fixed, it is necessary to protect every circuit with a residual current device (RCD). The RCD is designed to detect any imbalance in the electrical current flowing through the circuit, which could indicate a fault or leakage. The maximum I∆n rating of the RCD determines the level of current imbalance at which it will trip and disconnect the circuit. A rating of 30mA is commonly recommended for general installations, as it provides a good balance between protection against electric shock and avoiding unnecessary tripping.

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  • 43. 

    In Zone 1 of a bathroom, the following fixed equipment may not be installed

    • A.

      Whirlpool units

    • B.

      Towel rails

    • C.

      Shaver supply units

    • D.

      luminaires

    Correct Answer
    C. Shaver supply units
    Explanation
    Shaver supply units are not allowed to be installed in Zone 1 of a bathroom. This is because Zone 1 is the area directly above the bath or shower where water is likely to be splashed. Shaver supply units have electrical components and can pose a risk of electric shock if they come into contact with water. Therefore, for safety reasons, they are prohibited in this zone.

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  • 44. 

    The correct temperature rating of the insulating material for flexible cables installed in a hot air sauna is?

    • A.

      60 degrees Celsius

    • B.

      105 degrees Celsius

    • C.

      90 degrees Celsius

    • D.

      170 degrees Celsius

    Correct Answer
    D. 170 degrees Celsius
    Explanation
    The correct temperature rating of the insulating material for flexible cables installed in a hot air sauna is 170 degrees Celsius. This high temperature rating is necessary because saunas typically operate at very high temperatures, and the cables need to be able to withstand these extreme conditions without melting or degrading. Using an insulating material with a lower temperature rating could lead to safety hazards, such as electrical fires or shorts. Therefore, a temperature rating of 170 degrees Celsius ensures the cables can safely and effectively function in the hot air sauna environment.

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  • 45. 

    A reduced low-voltage supply is strongly preferred on a construction site to supply portable equipment with a loading less than

    • A.

      0.375kW

    • B.

      1.0kW

    • C.

      2.0kW

    • D.

      3.75kW

    Correct Answer
    C. 2.0kW
    Explanation
    A reduced low-voltage supply is strongly preferred on a construction site to supply portable equipment with a loading less than 2.0kW because it ensures safety and prevents overloading. A reduced low-voltage supply reduces the risk of electrical accidents and minimizes the potential for equipment damage. By limiting the supply to 2.0kW, the construction site can ensure that the portable equipment being used does not exceed the maximum load capacity, thereby maintaining a safe and efficient working environment.

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  • 46. 

    In agricultural premises, a residual current device is required for protection against fire.  The RCD operating current must not exceed

    • A.

      30mA

    • B.

      150mA

    • C.

      300mA

    • D.

      500mA

    Correct Answer
    C. 300mA
    Explanation
    In agricultural premises, a residual current device (RCD) is necessary to provide protection against fire. The RCD operates by detecting any imbalance in the electrical current flowing through the circuit. If an imbalance is detected, it quickly cuts off the power supply to prevent electrical fires or electric shocks. The operating current of the RCD should not exceed 300mA, as this ensures that it is sensitive enough to detect small imbalances and provide effective protection. A higher operating current may not be as responsive to potential hazards, compromising the safety of the premises.

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  • 47. 

    The main wiring installed in a frequently used touring caravan should preferably be inspected and tested at intervals not exceeding

    • A.

      1 year

    • B.

      3 years

    • C.

      5 years

    • D.

      Change of owner

    Correct Answer
    A. 1 year
    Explanation
    The main wiring in a frequently used touring caravan should be inspected and tested at intervals not exceeding 1 year. This is important because frequent use of the caravan can lead to wear and tear on the wiring, increasing the risk of electrical faults and potential hazards. Regular inspections and testing ensure that any issues are identified and addressed promptly, minimizing the risk of electrical accidents and ensuring the safety of the occupants.

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  • 48. 

    The maximum disconnection time for circuits supplying fixed equipment used in highway power supplies is

    • A.

      0.1s

    • B.

      0.4s

    • C.

      0.5s

    • D.

      5.0s

    Correct Answer
    D. 5.0s
    Explanation
    The maximum disconnection time for circuits supplying fixed equipment used in highway power supplies is 5.0s. This means that if there is a fault or a disconnection in the circuit, it should be able to disconnect within 5.0 seconds to ensure the safety of the equipment and prevent any potential hazards. This allows for a reasonable amount of time for the circuit to detect and respond to any faults, minimizing the risk of damage or accidents.

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  • 49. 

    Where a protective conductor current is likely to be 15mA in a ring final circuit, it must be provided with

    • A.

      Protective conductors of minimum csa 2.5mm2

    • B.

      A high integrity protective conductor connection

    • C.

      Connection to the supply via a PME facility

    • D.

      Connection via socket-outlets to BS EN 60309

    Correct Answer
    B. A high integrity protective conductor connection
    Explanation
    A high integrity protective conductor connection is necessary in a ring final circuit where the protective conductor current is likely to be 15mA. This type of connection ensures that the protective conductor is able to effectively carry fault currents and provide protection against electric shocks. It helps to maintain the integrity of the protective conductor, preventing any potential faults or failures that could compromise its effectiveness.

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  • 50. 

    Which of the following requirements is not part of the inspection of fixed equipment, when inspecting and testing an installation in accordance with BS 7671?

    • A.

      Presence of BS mark or certification

    • B.

      Correct selection and erection

    • C.

      No visible damage

    • D.

      Type acceptable to the electrical distributor

    Correct Answer
    D. Type acceptable to the electrical distributor
    Explanation
    The requirement that is not part of the inspection of fixed equipment, when inspecting and testing an installation in accordance with BS 7671, is the type acceptable to the electrical distributor. The inspection focuses on the presence of the BS mark or certification, correct selection and erection, and no visible damage. However, the acceptability of the equipment type to the electrical distributor is not mentioned as a requirement in this context.

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Quiz Review Timeline +

Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 06, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Dec 27, 2013
    Quiz Created by
    Sweed73
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