Science Baseline Quiz Exam!

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| By Abdulrahman Ibrahim
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Abdulrahman Ibrahim
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Quizzes Created: 1 | Total Attempts: 189
Questions: 30 | Attempts: 189

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Science Baseline Quiz Exam! - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Science The organism that a parasite lives in or on.

    • A.

      Parasite

    • B.

      Consumer

    • C.

      Host

    Correct Answer
    C. Host
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "host". In the context of science, a host refers to the organism that a parasite lives in or on. A parasite relies on the host for its survival, as it obtains nutrients and shelter from the host. The relationship between a parasite and its host can be harmful to the host, as the parasite often causes harm or disease.

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  • 2. 

    An organism that obtains energy by feeding on other organisms.

    • A.

      Consumer

    • B.

      Prey

    • C.

      Scavenger

    Correct Answer
    A. Consumer
    Explanation
    A consumer is an organism that obtains energy by feeding on other organisms. This means that it consumes and derives nutrients from other living organisms in order to survive and obtain the energy it needs. Consumers are an important part of the food chain as they help transfer energy from one organism to another. They can be herbivores, carnivores, or omnivores, depending on their diet. Unlike prey, which refers to the organism that is hunted and consumed by another organism, a consumer can actively seek out and consume other organisms for energy. A scavenger, on the other hand, primarily feeds on dead or decaying organisms.

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  • 3. 

    An organism that is killed in the interaction.

    • A.

      Predator

    • B.

      Prey

    • C.

      Producer

    Correct Answer
    B. Prey
    Explanation
    The correct answer is prey. In an ecological interaction, the prey refers to the organism that is killed or consumed by another organism, known as the predator. Prey is typically a weaker or smaller organism that serves as a food source for the predator. This relationship is crucial for maintaining balance in ecosystems and regulating population sizes.

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  • 4. 

    These are bumps that are on the roots of plants that contain bacteria.

    • A.

      Decomposer

    • B.

      Nodules

    • C.

      Parasite

    Correct Answer
    B. Nodules
    Explanation
    Nodules are bumps that form on the roots of plants and contain bacteria. These bacteria have a symbiotic relationship with the plant, as they are able to convert atmospheric nitrogen into a form that the plant can use for its growth and development. This process is known as nitrogen fixation. Therefore, nodules play a crucial role in the nitrogen cycle and help in enriching the soil with essential nutrients for the plant's survival.

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  • 5. 

    A relationship in which one species benefits but the other species is not helped nor harmed.

    • A.

      Parasitism

    • B.

      Mutualism

    • C.

      Commensalism

    Correct Answer
    C. Commensalism
    Explanation
    Commensalism is a type of relationship where one species benefits while the other is neither helped nor harmed. In this relationship, one organism takes advantage of resources or shelter provided by another without affecting it positively or negatively. It is different from mutualism, where both species benefit, and parasitism, where one species benefits at the expense of the other. Therefore, commensalism is the correct answer as it describes a relationship where one species benefits while the other remains unaffected.

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  • 6. 

    A relationship in which both species benefit.

    • A.

      Competition

    • B.

      Commensalism

    • C.

      Mutualism

    Correct Answer
    C. Mutualism
    Explanation
    Mutualism refers to a relationship between two species in which both benefit. This type of relationship is characterized by cooperation and mutual dependence, where each species provides something of value to the other. Both species gain advantages from the interaction, such as access to resources, protection, or increased reproductive success. Mutualism is a positive and beneficial relationship, contrasting with competition, where species compete for limited resources, and commensalism, where one species benefits while the other is unaffected.

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  • 7. 

    The pattern of overlapping food chains in an ecosystem.

    • A.

      Food chain

    • B.

      Food web

    • C.

      Nitrogen fixation

    Correct Answer
    B. Food web
    Explanation
    A food web is a more complex and realistic representation of the feeding relationships in an ecosystem compared to a food chain. It includes multiple interconnected food chains, showing the flow of energy and nutrients through various organisms. Each organism can have multiple predators and prey, resulting in a more accurate depiction of the complex interactions within an ecosystem. Nitrogen fixation, on the other hand, refers to the process by which nitrogen gas is converted into a usable form by certain bacteria and is not directly related to the pattern of overlapping food chains.

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  • 8. 

    This is the act of disadvantage in two organisms fighting for food or a habitat.

    • A.

      Symbiosis

    • B.

      Competition

    • C.

      Mutualism

    Correct Answer
    B. Competition
    Explanation
    Competition refers to the act of disadvantage in two organisms fighting for food or a habitat. In this scenario, both organisms are vying for limited resources, which creates a competitive environment. This can lead to one organism gaining an advantage over the other, resulting in a disadvantage for the losing organism.

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  • 9. 

    This is a consumer that only eats plants.

    • A.

      Carnivore

    • B.

      Herbivore

    • C.

      Predator

    Correct Answer
    B. Herbivore
    Explanation
    This consumer is classified as a herbivore because it only eats plants. Herbivores are organisms that obtain their energy by consuming plant material. They do not consume meat or other animals. Therefore, the correct answer is herbivore.

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  • 10. 

    This is the process of evaporation, condensation, and precipitation.

    • A.

      Food chain

    • B.

      Water cycle

    • C.

      Natural selection

    Correct Answer
    B. Water cycle
    Explanation
    The given correct answer is "water cycle." The process described in the question, involving evaporation, condensation, and precipitation, is known as the water cycle. This refers to the continuous movement and transformation of water on Earth, as it evaporates from bodies of water, condenses into clouds, and then falls back to the Earth's surface as precipitation. The water cycle is essential for maintaining the Earth's water supply and plays a crucial role in weather patterns and the distribution of water resources.

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  • 11. 

    This is a carnivore that feeds on the bodies of dead organisms.

    • A.

      Predator

    • B.

      Scavenger

    • C.

      Parasite

    Correct Answer
    B. Scavenger
    Explanation
    A scavenger is an organism that feeds on the bodies of dead organisms. They play an important role in ecosystems by helping to clean up and recycle organic matter. Unlike predators, scavengers do not actively hunt and kill their prey. Instead, they rely on finding and consuming already dead organisms. This behavior allows scavengers to take advantage of a food source that would otherwise go to waste. Therefore, the correct answer for this question is scavenger.

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  • 12. 

    This is an interaction in which one organism kills and eats another.

    • A.

      Competition

    • B.

      Predation

    • C.

      Decomposer

    Correct Answer
    B. Predation
    Explanation
    Predation refers to an interaction where one organism kills and consumes another organism. In this type of interaction, the predator benefits by obtaining food, while the prey is harmed or killed. This relationship is essential for maintaining balance in ecosystems as it helps control population sizes and prevents any one species from dominating. Predation is different from competition, which involves a struggle between organisms for limited resources, and decomposers, which break down dead organisms and organic matter.

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  • 13. 

    This is the process by which organisms change and develop to become better suited to their environments.

    • A.

      Natural selection

    • B.

      Food chain

    • C.

      Predation

    Correct Answer
    A. Natural selection
    Explanation
    Natural selection is the process by which organisms change and develop to become better suited to their environments. It is a fundamental mechanism of evolution, where individuals with advantageous traits are more likely to survive and reproduce, passing on their traits to future generations. Over time, this leads to the adaptation and improvement of species, as those with less favorable traits are less likely to survive and reproduce. Natural selection is driven by environmental factors and acts as a powerful force in shaping the diversity and complexity of life on Earth.

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  • 14. 

    A close relationship between two species that benefits at least one of the species.

    • A.

      Mutualism

    • B.

      Symbiosis

    • C.

      Competition

    Correct Answer
    B. Symbiosis
    Explanation
    Symbiosis refers to a close relationship between two species that benefits at least one of the species. In symbiotic relationships, the species involved interact closely with each other, often relying on each other for survival or reproduction. This can include mutualistic relationships where both species benefit, as well as parasitic or commensal relationships where one species benefits at the expense or without affecting the other. Therefore, symbiosis is the correct answer as it encompasses a broader range of relationships compared to mutualism, which specifically refers to a mutually beneficial relationship.

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  • 15. 

    The process of changing free nitrogen into a usable form of nitrogen.

    • A.

      Nodules

    • B.

      Nitrogen fixation

    • C.

      Natural selection

    Correct Answer
    B. Nitrogen fixation
    Explanation
    Nitrogen fixation refers to the process of converting free nitrogen into a form that can be utilized by organisms. This process is essential as nitrogen is a vital nutrient for plant growth and development. Nitrogen-fixing bacteria, found in the roots of certain plants or in the soil, play a crucial role in this process by converting atmospheric nitrogen into ammonia or other organic compounds that can be used by plants. This allows plants to obtain the necessary nitrogen they need for various biological processes. Therefore, nitrogen fixation is the correct answer as it accurately describes the process of converting free nitrogen into a usable form.

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  • 16. 

    The process by which molecules of liquid water absorb energy and change to the gas state.

    • A.

      Condensation

    • B.

      Evaporation

    • C.

      Precipitation

    Correct Answer
    B. Evaporation
    Explanation
    Evaporation refers to the process in which molecules of liquid water absorb energy and change to the gas state. This occurs when the water molecules gain enough energy to overcome the intermolecular forces holding them together and escape into the air as water vapor. Evaporation is an important part of the water cycle and plays a crucial role in the Earth's climate system. It is responsible for the formation of clouds, as well as the cooling effect that occurs when sweat evaporates from our skin.

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  • 17. 

    When heavy drops of the waterfall back to earth.

    • A.

      Evaporation

    • B.

      Condensation

    • C.

      Precipitation

    Correct Answer
    C. Precipitation
    Explanation
    Precipitation refers to the process by which water in the atmosphere condenses and falls back to the Earth's surface in the form of rain, snow, sleet, or hail. In the given scenario, heavy drops of the waterfall falling back to the Earth can be considered as precipitation as it involves the water droplets condensing in the atmosphere and then precipitating down to the ground.

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  • 18. 

    The process by which a gas changes to a liquid.

    • A.

      Evaporation

    • B.

      Condensation

    • C.

      Nitrogen fixation

    Correct Answer
    B. Condensation
    Explanation
    Condensation is the correct answer because it refers to the process in which a gas changes to a liquid. This occurs when the gas molecules lose energy and come together to form liquid droplets. It is the opposite of evaporation, where a liquid changes to a gas. Nitrogen fixation, on the other hand, is a biological process in which atmospheric nitrogen is converted into a form that plants can use.

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  • 19. 

    This is a consumer that only eats animals/meat.

    • A.

      Herbivore

    • B.

      Carnivore

    • C.

      Omnivore

    Correct Answer
    B. Carnivore
    Explanation
    The correct answer is carnivore because a carnivore is an organism that only eats animals or meat. This consumer specifically consumes animals, which aligns with the definition of a carnivore.

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  • 20. 

    This is a diagram that shows the amount of energy that moves from one feeding level to another in a food web.

    • A.

      Food chain

    • B.

      Water cycle

    • C.

      Energy pyramid

    Correct Answer
    C. Energy pyramid
    Explanation
    An energy pyramid is a diagram that represents the flow of energy through different trophic levels in a food web. It shows the amount of energy that is transferred from one feeding level to another, with each level receiving less energy than the previous one. The pyramid shape represents the decrease in energy as you move up the trophic levels, with producers at the bottom having the most energy and top predators having the least. This diagram helps to visualize the energy flow and understand the importance of each level in maintaining the balance of an ecosystem.

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  • 21. 

    A consumer that eats both plants and animals/meat.

    • A.

      Herbivore

    • B.

      Carnivore

    • C.

      Omnivore

    Correct Answer
    C. Omnivore
    Explanation
    An omnivore is a consumer that eats both plants and animals/meat. This means that it has a diverse diet and can obtain nutrients from both plant-based and animal-based sources. Unlike herbivores, which only eat plants, and carnivores, which only eat meat, omnivores have the ability to digest and utilize nutrients from both types of food. This adaptability allows omnivores to thrive in a variety of environments and gives them more options for obtaining the necessary nutrients for survival.

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  • 22. 

    This is an act of an organism living on or inside another organism and harming it.

    • A.

      Parasitism

    • B.

      Commensalism

    • C.

      Mutualism

    Correct Answer
    A. Parasitism
    Explanation
    Parasitism is the correct answer because it refers to the act of an organism living on or inside another organism and causing harm to it. In parasitism, one organism benefits (the parasite) while the other is harmed (the host). This relationship is characterized by the parasite relying on the host for resources and survival, often causing damage or even death to the host in the process.

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  • 23. 

    This is an organism that breaks down wastes and dead organisms.

    • A.

      Scavenger

    • B.

      Decomposer

    • C.

      Parasite

    Correct Answer
    B. Decomposer
    Explanation
    A decomposer is an organism that breaks down wastes and dead organisms. They play a crucial role in the ecosystem by breaking down organic matter and releasing nutrients back into the environment. Decomposers, such as bacteria and fungi, break down dead plants and animals, recycling their nutrients and allowing them to be used by other organisms. They help in the decomposition process, which is essential for nutrient cycling and maintaining a healthy ecosystem.

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  • 24. 

    An organism that makes its own food.

    • A.

      Prey

    • B.

      Decomposer

    • C.

      Producer

    Correct Answer
    C. Producer
    Explanation
    A producer is an organism that is capable of synthesizing its own food through photosynthesis or chemosynthesis. This process allows producers to convert sunlight or inorganic compounds into organic molecules, such as glucose, which can be used as a source of energy. Therefore, a producer is an organism that can sustain itself and other organisms in the food chain by producing its own food.

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  • 25. 

    This process results in the behaviors and physical characteristics of species that allow them to live successfully in their environments.

    • A.

      Adaptation

    • B.

      Predation

    • C.

      Parasitism

    Correct Answer
    A. Adaptation
    Explanation
    Adaptation refers to the process by which species develop behaviors and physical characteristics that enable them to survive and thrive in their specific environments. Through adaptation, organisms are able to adjust to their surroundings, obtain necessary resources, avoid predators, and reproduce successfully. This process is essential for species to ensure their survival and is a key factor in the diversity and complexity of life on Earth.

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  • 26. 

    The organism that goes after and kills another.

    • A.

      Prey

    • B.

      Predator

    • C.

      Host

    Correct Answer
    B. Predator
    Explanation
    A predator is an organism that hunts, kills, and feeds on another organism, known as the prey. Predators have adaptations that allow them to capture and consume their prey, such as sharp teeth, claws, or speed. They play a crucial role in maintaining the balance of ecosystems by controlling the population of prey species. In contrast, a host is an organism that provides shelter or nourishment to another organism, often a parasite. Therefore, the correct answer for the given question is predator.

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  • 27. 

    What are the three types of interactions among organisms?

    • A.

      Evaporation, condensation, precipitation

    • B.

      Natural selection, mutualism, parasitism

    • C.

      Competition, predation, symbiosis

    Correct Answer
    C. Competition, predation, symbiosis
    Explanation
    Competition, predation, and symbiosis are three types of interactions among organisms. Competition occurs when organisms compete for limited resources, such as food or territory. Predation refers to the interaction where one organism, the predator, hunts and kills another organism, the prey. Symbiosis is a mutually beneficial relationship between two different species, where both organisms benefit from each other's presence. These three types of interactions play a crucial role in shaping ecosystems and determining the survival and success of different species.

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  • 28. 

    What are the three types of symbiotic relationships?

    • A.

      Competition, predation, symbiosis

    • B.

      Mutualism, commensalism, parasitism

    • C.

      Nitrogen fixation, water cycle, food cycle

    Correct Answer
    B. Mutualism, commensalism, parasitism
    Explanation
    The correct answer is mutualism, commensalism, and parasitism. These three types of symbiotic relationships describe the interactions between different species. Mutualism refers to a relationship where both species benefit. Commensalism is when one species benefits while the other is unaffected. Parasitism involves one species benefiting at the expense of the other. These relationships are important in understanding how different species depend on each other for survival and resources.

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  • 29. 

    What three processes form the water cycle?

    • A.

      Condensation, evaporation, precipitation

    • B.

      Mutualism, commensalism, parasitism

    • C.

      Host, niche, prey

    Correct Answer
    A. Condensation, evaporation, precipitation
    Explanation
    The water cycle is the continuous movement of water on, above, and below the Earth's surface. The three processes that form the water cycle are condensation, evaporation, and precipitation. Condensation occurs when water vapor cools and changes back into liquid form, forming clouds. Evaporation happens when water from bodies of water, plants, or soil turns into water vapor due to heat from the sun. Precipitation is the process where water droplets in the clouds combine and fall to the Earth's surface as rain, snow, sleet, or hail. These three processes work together to maintain the water balance on Earth.

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  • 30. 

    Can free nitrogen in the atmosphere be used by most living things?

    • A.

      Yes

    • B.

      No

    Correct Answer
    B. No
    Explanation
    Most living things cannot use free nitrogen in the atmosphere because they lack the ability to convert atmospheric nitrogen into a usable form. Nitrogen fixation, the process of converting atmospheric nitrogen into a form that can be used by living organisms, is carried out by certain bacteria and some plants. These organisms have the necessary enzymes to break the strong triple bond between nitrogen atoms and convert nitrogen gas into ammonia or other compounds that can be used by living things.

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