Types Of Investments: Trivia Quiz!

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| By Kaycee
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Quizzes Created: 1 | Total Attempts: 398
Questions: 20 | Attempts: 399

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Types Of Investments: Trivia Quiz! - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The word bond is used to refer to the kind of securities that are founded by the use of debts.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The word "bond" does indeed refer to a type of security that is created through the use of debts. Bonds are essentially loans made by investors to governments or corporations, where the borrower promises to repay the loan amount along with periodic interest payments. These debt securities are commonly used by entities to raise capital for various purposes. Therefore, the statement is true.

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  • 2. 

    The bond pays dividends while it's active and expires on a specific date, at which point the total face value of the bond is paid to the investor.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement suggests that the bond pays dividends while it is active and expires on a specific date, at which point the total face value of the bond is paid to the investor. However, this statement is false. Bonds typically pay interest, not dividends, to the investor while they are active. Additionally, bonds do have a specific maturity date, but it is not necessarily the date when the total face value of the bond is paid to the investor. The face value of the bond is typically paid back to the investor at maturity, but interest payments may be made periodically throughout the life of the bond.

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  • 3. 

    When a person buys bonds, he or she becomes part-owner of the business as a shareholder or stockholder.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    This statement is incorrect. When a person buys bonds, they become a creditor of the business, not a part-owner. Shareholders or stockholders are the owners of a company, while bondholders are lenders who have loaned money to the company in exchange for interest payments. Therefore, the correct answer is False.

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  • 4. 

    The (capital) gain is the difference between a higher selling price and a lower purchase price.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The explanation for the given correct answer is that a capital gain is indeed the difference between a higher selling price and a lower purchase price. When an individual sells an asset or investment for a price higher than what they initially paid for it, they experience a capital gain. This gain represents the profit made from the transaction. Therefore, the statement "The (capital) gain is the difference between a higher selling price and a lower purchase price" is true.

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  • 5. 

    A bond offering invites investors to buy an ownership position in the company while a stock offering invites them to make a loan in exchange for the promise of repayment in full plus a certain rate of interest for the use of the money.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The given statement is false. In a bond offering, investors are invited to make a loan to the company in exchange for the promise of repayment in full plus a certain rate of interest for the use of the money. On the other hand, in a stock offering, investors are invited to buy an ownership position in the company, which means they become shareholders and have partial ownership rights in the company.

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  • 6. 

    A ______________is a professionally managed investment fund that pools money from many investors to purchase securities.

    Correct Answer
    mutual fund, mutual funds
    Explanation
    A mutual fund is a professionally managed investment fund that pools money from many investors to purchase securities. This allows individuals to invest in a diversified portfolio of stocks, bonds, or other assets without having to buy each security individually. The fund is managed by a team of professionals who make investment decisions on behalf of the investors, aiming to generate returns and manage risk. The investors in the mutual fund share the profits or losses proportionally based on their investment. Mutual funds provide an accessible and convenient way for individuals to invest in the financial markets.

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  • 7. 

    When you buy __________ of a fund you become a part-owner of the fund.

    Correct Answer
    shares,share,stock,stocks
    Explanation
    When you buy shares of a fund, you become a part-owner of the fund. Shares represent ownership in a company or a fund, and by purchasing shares, you acquire a portion of the assets and earnings of that fund. Therefore, buying shares allows you to have a stake in the performance and success of the fund. The terms "share," "stock," and "stocks" all refer to the same concept of ownership in a fund or company.

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  • 8. 

    _____________ is the practice of funding a project or venture by raising small amounts of money from a large number of people, typically via the Internet.

    Correct Answer
    crowdfunding,crowd-funding
    Explanation
    Crowdfunding, also known as crowd-funding, is the practice of funding a project or venture by raising small amounts of money from a large number of people, typically via the Internet. This method allows individuals or businesses to gather financial support from a wide range of individuals who are interested in the project or venture. By pooling together small contributions from a large crowd, crowdfunding enables projects and ventures to receive the necessary funding to get started or continue their development.

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  • 9. 

    _____________ in business means starting a business without external help or capital. 

    Correct Answer
    Bootstrapping
    Explanation
    Bootstrapping in business refers to the practice of starting a business without relying on external assistance or capital. It involves using personal savings, revenue generated from the business, and creative strategies to fund and grow the business. Bootstrapping allows entrepreneurs to maintain control over their business and make independent decisions without the need for outside investors or loans. This approach requires resourcefulness, careful financial management, and a focus on generating profits from the early stages of the business.

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  • 10. 

    The selling of accounts receivables to a third party is termed _______________.

    Correct Answer
    factoring
    Explanation
    Factoring is the process of selling accounts receivables to a third party, typically a financial institution, in exchange for immediate cash. This allows the company to receive the payment for their outstanding invoices sooner rather than waiting for the customers to pay. The third party, known as the factor, takes on the responsibility of collecting the payments from the customers. Factoring is a common practice used by businesses to improve cash flow and manage their working capital effectively.

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  • 11. 

    In a factoring transaction, which of the following purchases the receivables?

    • A.

      Factor

    • B.

      Debtor

    • C.

      Seller

    • D.

      Borrower

    Correct Answer
    A. Factor
    Explanation
    In a factoring transaction, the entity that purchases the receivables is known as the factor. The factor is a financial institution or a specialized company that buys the accounts receivable from the seller, who is usually a business. The factor then assumes the responsibility of collecting the payments from the debtor, who is the customer of the seller. This allows the seller to receive immediate cash for their outstanding invoices, while the factor takes on the risk of collecting the payments from the debtor.

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  • 12. 

    Which risk management technique mixes a wide variety of investments to potentially minimize your investment risk?

    • A.

      Diversification

    • B.

      Asset allocation

    • C.

      Disinvestment

    • D.

      Reinvestment

    Correct Answer
    A. Diversification
    Explanation
    Diversification is a risk management technique that involves spreading investments across different assets or securities to reduce the impact of any single investment's performance on the overall portfolio. By investing in a wide variety of assets, such as stocks, bonds, and real estate, diversification aims to minimize the risk of loss and increase the potential for gains. This strategy helps to protect against the volatility of individual investments and provides a more balanced and stable investment portfolio.

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  • 13. 

    The income return on investment is called:

    • A.

      Yield

    • B.

      Money

    • C.

      Capital

    • D.

      Fund

    Correct Answer
    A. Yield
    Explanation
    The income return on investment is called "yield". Yield refers to the percentage of income that an investment generates in relation to its cost. It is a measure of the return on investment and is commonly used to assess the profitability of an investment.

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  • 14. 

    It refers to a sum of money paid regularly (typically quarterly) by a company to its shareholders out of its profits (or reserves).

    • A.

      Dividends

    • B.

      Premium

    • C.

      Fund

    • D.

      Coupon

    Correct Answer
    A. Dividends
    Explanation
    Dividends are payments made by a company to its shareholders on a regular basis, usually quarterly. These payments are made out of the company's profits or reserves. Dividends are a way for companies to distribute their earnings to shareholders as a return on their investment. They are often seen as a reward for owning shares in a company and can provide a steady income stream for investors.

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  • 15. 

    An individual who buys bonds is called:

    • A.

      Bondholder

    • B.

      Stockholder

    • C.

      Shareholder

    • D.

      Policyholder

    Correct Answer
    A. Bondholder
    Explanation
    An individual who buys bonds is called a bondholder because bonds are debt instruments issued by corporations or governments to raise capital. When an individual purchases a bond, they become a lender to the issuer and are entitled to receive periodic interest payments and the return of the principal amount at maturity. Therefore, the term "bondholder" accurately describes someone who holds or owns bonds.

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  • 16. 

    Stocks that pay a higher than average dividend are sometimes referred to as: 

    • A.

      Income funds

    • B.

      Capital gains

    • C.

      Stock funds

    • D.

      Premiums

    Correct Answer
    A. Income funds
    Explanation
    Stocks that pay a higher than average dividend are sometimes referred to as "income funds" because these stocks are known for generating regular income for investors through the dividends they distribute. Income funds are popular among investors who prioritize a steady stream of income rather than capital gains or growth. These funds typically invest in dividend-paying stocks from various sectors and provide a reliable source of income for investors.

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  • 17. 

    ____________  is when a private company or corporation raises investment capital by offering its stock to the public for the first time.

    Correct Answer
    IPO,initial public offering,initial public offer
    Explanation
    An initial public offering (IPO) is the process in which a private company or corporation sells its stock to the public for the first time. This allows the company to raise investment capital by offering shares of its stock to investors. It is a significant event for a company as it transitions from being privately owned to being publicly traded on a stock exchange.

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  • 18. 

    An index is usually a group of some stocks which represent an industry, a sector of the economy, or a certain part of the world.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    An index is a collection of stocks that are chosen to represent a specific industry, sector, or geographical area. These stocks are carefully selected to provide a snapshot of the overall performance of the chosen market. By tracking the performance of an index, investors can gain insights into the broader market trends and make informed investment decisions. Therefore, the statement that an index represents an industry, sector, or a certain part of the world is true.

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  • 19. 

    It pertains to a savings account that has a fixed interest rate and fixed date of withdrawal, known as the maturity date.

    • A.

      Certificate of deposit

    • B.

      Prospectus

    • C.

      Structured Deposit

    • D.

      Mutual Funds

    Correct Answer
    A. Certificate of deposit
    Explanation
    A certificate of deposit is a type of savings account that offers a fixed interest rate and a fixed date of withdrawal, known as the maturity date. This means that the account holder agrees to keep their money in the account for a specific period of time, typically ranging from a few months to several years, in exchange for earning a predetermined interest rate. At the end of the maturity period, the account holder can withdraw the funds along with the interest earned. Therefore, a certificate of deposit perfectly fits the description given in the question.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 20, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Oct 06, 2018
    Quiz Created by
    Kaycee
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