Preliminary Examination In Elective 2

55 Questions | Total Attempts: 22

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Preliminary Examination In Elective 2

AKLAN POLYTECHNIC COLLEGE COLLEGE OF NURSING ​​​1ST SEMESTER S. Y 2020-2021 PRELIMINARY EXAMINATION IN ELECTIVE II


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    An 88-year-old retired school principal who lives alone has neighbors who believe his home is dark, dirty,  smelly, and without modern conveniences. The neighborhood children think he is a “crazy old man.” What does this describe?
    • A. 

      Racism

    • B. 

      Sexism

    • C. 

      Ageism

    • D. 

      Patriotism

    • E. 

      Option 5

  • 2. 
    Which statement reflects respect for people who are older?
    • A. 

      Getting old is a hopeless downward spiral toward death.

    • B. 

      As people get older, they become very self-centered.

    • C. 

      Older people maintain unique and individual characteristics.

    • D. 

      Older people become very rigid and are unable to learn new things.

  • 3. 
     Normal physiological aging is
    • A. 

       A predictable and uniform process

    • B. 

      Reflective of individual diversity

    • C. 

      Accompanied by extreme mood swings and predictable depression

    • D. 

       Primarily related to chronic disease processes

  • 4. 
    What is LEAST likely to affect the aging process?
    • A. 

       Life experiences

    • B. 

      Financial resources

    • C. 

      Stress management style

    • D. 

      Social support system

  • 5. 
    The normal aging process is accompanied by
    • A. 

      Potential problems in functional ability

    • B. 

       Chronic disease processes

    • C. 

      Regression from previous social activities

    • D. 

      A characteristic depression related to multiple losses

  • 6. 
     The leading cause of death in older adults is
    • A. 

      Stroke

    • B. 

      Heart disorders

    • C. 

      Cancer

    • D. 

      Pneumonia

  • 7. 
    Which theory is NOT considered to be a psychological theory of aging?
    • A. 

      Subcultural theory

    • B. 

      Wear and tear theory

    • C. 

      Developmental tasks theory

    • D. 

      Continuity theory

  • 8. 
    According to Erik Erikson’s eight stages of life theory, the task of old age is
    • A. 

      Integrity vs. Despair

    • B. 

      Industry vs. Inferiority

    • C. 

      Identity vs. Role Confusion

    • D. 

      Generativist vs. Stagnation

  • 9. 
    Which is NOT a characteristic of physiological theories of aging?
    • A. 

      Genetics

    • B. 

      Nutrition

    • C. 

      Personality

    • D. 

      Wear and tear of the body

  • 10. 
     What is considered normal aging of the cardiovascular system?
    • A. 

      Strengthened heart contractions

    • B. 

      Decreased cardiac output

    • C. 

      Flaccid and thinned heart valves

    • D. 

      Dilation of blood vessels

  • 11. 
    What determines an older adult’s ability to function?
    • A. 

      Driving a car

    • B. 

      Quality of life

    • C. 

      Working, driving, shopping, and exercising as usual

    • D. 

       Performance of activities of daily living (ADLs), instrumental ADLs, and quality of life

  • 12. 
    Which does NOT contribute to increased residual lung volume in an older patient?
    • A. 

      Kyphosis

    • B. 

      Decreased elastic recoil

    • C. 

      Decreased number of functioning alveoli

    • D. 

      Decreased efficiency of gas exchange in the alveoli

  • 13. 
     One of the best ways for the nurse to promote normal respiratory function with older adults is to
    • A. 

      Encourage daily walks.

    • B. 

      Encourage frequent naps and rest periods.

    • C. 

      Discourage strenuous lifting and physical activity.

    • D. 

      Teach the use of inhalers in case of respiratory emergencies.

  • 14. 
     Which is NOT an expected age-related change affecting the respiratory status of an older patient?
    • A. 

      Weakened abdominal muscles

    • B. 

      Elongation of the thoracic spine

    • C. 

       Increased rigidity of the rib cage

    • D. 

      Increased thickness of the alveolus capillary membrane

  • 15. 
    Which is NOT considered a common complication of inactivity in an older adult?
    • A. 

      Decreased energy

    • B. 

      Decreased bone mass

    • C. 

       Decreased muscle mass

    • D. 

      Decreased joint range of motion

  • 16. 
    What effect do age-related changes of the skin have on an older patient?
    • A. 

      Effects joint mobility

    • B. 

      Alters temperature regulation

    • C. 

       Impacts the ability to ambulate

    • D. 

      Influences clothing style choices

  • 17. 
    Which is one of the most effective ways to minimize the aging changes of the skin?Which one do you like?
    • A. 

       Wash the skin daily with soap.

    • B. 

       Avoid excessive sun exposure

    • C. 

      Use a vitamin E-fortified lotion every day. 

    • D. 

      Use rose milk lotion on the skin every day.

  • 18. 
    What can slow musculoskeletal changes in an older adult?
    • A. 

      Exercising

    • B. 

      Restricting calcium intake

    • C. 

       Napping throughout the day

    • D. 

       Eating a diet high in carbohydrates

  • 19. 
     What is the best advice for an older person who complains of never being hungry?
    • A. 

       Try eating six small meals throughout the day.

    • B. 

      Force yourself to eat at least three meals a day.

    • C. 

      As people get older, they may need to eat only one meal a day.

    • D. 

      Avoid eating roughage and drinking large amounts of fluid.

  • 20. 
    Which body system is most highly influenced by previous life patterns and environmental conditions?
    • A. 

      Circulatory

    • B. 

      Integumentary

    • C. 

      Respiratory

    • D. 

      Gastrointestinal

  • 21. 
    Which statement is most true about enlargement of the prostate gland in older men?
    • A. 

      It is a normal aging change.

    • B. 

      It indicates the presence of cancer.

    • C. 

       It is related to a high incidence of impotence for older men.

    • D. 

      It decreases the incidence of urinary incontinence for older men.

  • 22. 
    Incontinence is a problem for many older women. The normal aging change that contributes to stress incontinence for older women is
    • A. 

      Decreased bladder capacity

    • B. 

      Decreased renal blood flow

    • C. 

      Reduced glomerular filtration rate

    • D. 

       Loss of mass and strength of perineal muscles

  • 23. 
    Painful intercourse and vaginal infections can be associated with
    • A. 

       Loss of pubic hair

    • B. 

      Urinary incontinence

    • C. 

      Decreased vaginal secretions

    • D. 

      Decreased perineal muscle mass

  • 24. 
    What sleep pattern change is most stressful to older adults?
    • A. 

      Frequent wakening

    • B. 

      Shorter sleeping time at night

    • C. 

      Inability to nap during the day

    • D. 

      Feeling of being less rested after sleeping all night

  • 25. 
    Which are the most common gastrointestinal problems for older adults?
    • A. 

      Indigestion, diarrhea, and anorexia

    • B. 

      Constipation, bulimia, and indigestion

    • C. 

      Indigestion, constipation, and anorexia

    • D. 

      Flatulence, diarrhea, and intestinal cramps

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