Getting old is a hopeless downward spiral toward death.
As people get older, they become very self-centered.
Older people maintain unique and individual characteristics.
Older people become very rigid and are unable to learn new things.
A predictable and uniform process
Reflective of individual diversity
Accompanied by extreme mood swings and predictable depression
Primarily related to chronic disease processes
Stress management style
Social support system
Potential problems in functional ability
Chronic disease processes
Regression from previous social activities
A characteristic depression related to multiple losses
Wear and tear theory
Developmental tasks theory
Integrity vs. Despair
Industry vs. Inferiority
Identity vs. Role Confusion
Generativist vs. Stagnation
Wear and tear of the body
Strengthened heart contractions
Decreased cardiac output
Flaccid and thinned heart valves
Dilation of blood vessels
Driving a car
Quality of life
Working, driving, shopping, and exercising as usual
Performance of activities of daily living (ADLs), instrumental ADLs, and quality of life
Decreased elastic recoil
Decreased number of functioning alveoli
Decreased efficiency of gas exchange in the alveoli
Encourage daily walks.
Encourage frequent naps and rest periods.
Discourage strenuous lifting and physical activity.
Teach the use of inhalers in case of respiratory emergencies.
Weakened abdominal muscles
Elongation of the thoracic spine
Increased rigidity of the rib cage
Increased thickness of the alveolus capillary membrane
Decreased bone mass
Decreased muscle mass
Decreased joint range of motion
Effects joint mobility
Alters temperature regulation
Impacts the ability to ambulate
Influences clothing style choices
Wash the skin daily with soap.
Avoid excessive sun exposure
Use a vitamin E-fortified lotion every day.
Use rose milk lotion on the skin every day.
Restricting calcium intake
Napping throughout the day
Eating a diet high in carbohydrates
Try eating six small meals throughout the day.
Force yourself to eat at least three meals a day.
As people get older, they may need to eat only one meal a day.
Avoid eating roughage and drinking large amounts of fluid.
It is a normal aging change.
It indicates the presence of cancer.
It is related to a high incidence of impotence for older men.
It decreases the incidence of urinary incontinence for older men.
Decreased bladder capacity
Decreased renal blood flow
Reduced glomerular filtration rate
Loss of mass and strength of perineal muscles
Loss of pubic hair
Decreased vaginal secretions
Decreased perineal muscle mass
Shorter sleeping time at night
Inability to nap during the day
Feeling of being less rested after sleeping all night
Indigestion, diarrhea, and anorexia
Constipation, bulimia, and indigestion
Indigestion, constipation, and anorexia
Flatulence, diarrhea, and intestinal cramps