Clinical Chemistry : Carbohydrates

30 Questions | Total Attempts: 2048

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Clinical Chemistry Quizzes & Trivia

Specially curated by the most handsome, with hopes for the 100%. Note that since a lot of recalls exist, many of the objective questions here are nice-to-knows. This is for all of you. Do your best!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    This is the simplest carbohydrate.
    • A. 

      Formaldehyde

    • B. 

      Glutaraldehyde

    • C. 

      Glycol Aldehyde

    • D. 

      Glucose

  • 2. 
    The first enzyme that degrades polymers of glucose to dextrins and disaccharides:
    • A. 

      Dextran

    • B. 

      Disaccharidases

    • C. 

      Amylopsin

    • D. 

      Ptyalin

  • 3. 
    Choose the incorrect metabolic process : description pair.
    • A. 

      Glycolysis : metabolism of glucose to lactose for energy production

    • B. 

      Gluconeogenesis : formation of glucose-6-phosphate from noncarbohydrate sources

    • C. 

      Glycogenolysis : breakdown of glycogen to glucose for energy use

    • D. 

      Lipogenesis : conversion of carbohydrates to fatty acids (calories)

  • 4. 
    Choose the incorrect glucose metabolic regulator : function pair.
    • A. 

      Glucagon : primary hyperglycemic hormone

    • B. 

      Adrenocorticotropic Hormone : secondary glycogenolytic hormone

    • C. 

      Cortisol : primary lipolytic hormone

    • D. 

      Thyroxine : primary gluconeogenetic hormone

  • 5. 
    What is secreted by the F cells of the Pancreatic Islets of Langerhans?
    • A. 

      Pancreatic Amylase

    • B. 

      Somatostatin

    • C. 

      Pancreatic Polypeptide

    • D. 

      Insulin

  • 6. 
    This body system accounts for 60% of glucose utilization in the resting state.
    • A. 

      Cardiopulmonary

    • B. 

      Nervous

    • C. 

      Muscular

    • D. 

      Digestive

  • 7. 
    A component of dietary fiber, this is an/these are indigestible polymer/s of glucose found in food.
    • A. 

      Inulin

    • B. 

      Lignin

    • C. 

      Dextrin

    • D. 

      All of the Above

  • 8. 
    The critical hyperglycemic level is:
    • A. 

      ≥ 200 mg/dL

    • B. 

      ≥ 300 mg/dL

    • C. 

      ≥ 400 mg/dL

    • D. 

      ≥ 450 mg/dL

  • 9. 
    The Micral Test determines microalbuminuria, a diagnostic marker of early Diabetic Nephropathy. What is the level nadir for microalbuminuria?
    • A. 

      30-300 µg/mg of creatinine

    • B. 

      30 µg/mg of creatinine

    • C. 

      300 µg/mg of creatinine

    • D. 

      None of the Above

  • 10. 
    What is the meaning of % as the unit for HBA1c?
    • A. 

      Fraction of Hemoglobin A1c

    • B. 

      Fraction of Hemoglobin A1

    • C. 

      Fraction of Hemoglobin A

    • D. 

      Fraction of Hemoglobin

  • 11. 
    What are the antibodies associated with Type I Diabetes Mellitus?
    • A. 

      Islet Cell Autoantibodies

    • B. 

      Glutamic Acid Decarboxylase Autoantibodies

    • C. 

      Tyrosine Phosphatase Autoantibodies

    • D. 

      All of the Above

  • 12. 
    A medical technologist, Dan, received chemistry samples, including one from a patient, coded 556969, at basal state at 8AM for FBS testing. Unfortunately, Dan had to troubleshoot the chemistry analyzer, thus having to delay all chemistry tests for the AM shift. As a preventive measure, he refrigerated all the samples and endorsed them to the PM shifter, Ces. Ces managed to measure the glucose level of patient 556969 at 3PM, which was 120 mg/dL. If you were Ces, will you release the result as 120 mg/dL?
    • A. 

      Yes, because the FBS level of patient 556969 is really 120 mg/dL.

    • B. 

      No, because the actual FBS level of patient 556969 is 169 mg/dL.

    • C. 

      No, because the actual FBS level of patient 556969 is 127 mg/dL.

    • D. 

      No, because the actual FBS level of patient 556969 is 134 mg/dL.

  • 13. 
    If a specimen for glucose measurement from a patient said to be showing signs and symptoms of diabetic ketoacidosis was collected in a tube containing Sodium Fluoride at 8AM today, the medical technologist can delay the measurement until:
    • A. 

      8AM tomorrow

    • B. 

      8AM the day after tomorrow

    • C. 

      8AM in another time zone

    • D. 

      He/She cannot delay it

  • 14. 
    A group of friends who were happy because they can finally go to internship had a beer drinking session last Monday. Unfortunately, nearly all of them were hangover throughout Tuesday, so only one of them, Jizan, went for the annual check-up in the afternoon. What will he expect?
    • A. 

      His Gamma-Glutamyl Transferase levels will be increased.

    • B. 

      His glucose levels will be decreased.

    • C. 

      His triglyceride levels will not be falsely altered.

    • D. 

      All of the Above

  • 15. 
    What is the hypersensitivity type of Type I Diabetes Mellitus?
    • A. 

      I

    • B. 

      II

    • C. 

      III

    • D. 

      IV

  • 16. 
    This is the enzymatic test specific for β-D-Glucose.
    • A. 

      Glucose Oxidase

    • B. 

      Glucose Dehydrogenase

    • C. 

      Glucose Isomerase

    • D. 

      Hexokinase

  • 17. 
    This is the most specific non-enzymatic method for glucose.
    • A. 

      Dubowski Method

    • B. 

      Salkowski Method

    • C. 

      Nelson-Somogyi Method

    • D. 

      Neocuproine Method

  • 18. 
    Which of these is a method with the principle of Ferric Reduction?
    • A. 

      Hagedorn-Jensen

    • B. 

      Folin-Wu

    • C. 

      Nelson-Somogyi

    • D. 

      B and C

  • 19. 
    Statement 1: The screening test for Gestational Diabetes Mellitus is the 2-hour OGTT. Statement 2: The diagnostic test for Gestational Diabetes Mellitus is the 3-hour OGTT.
    • A. 

      Statement 1 is correct; Statement 2 is wrong.

    • B. 

      Statement 1 is wrong; Statement 2 is correct.

    • C. 

      Both statements are correct.

    • D. 

      Both statements are wrong.

  • 20. 
    In Hexokinase Method for glucose, the metabolite being directly measured depends on the source of G6PD. If ____________ is the source, NADH production is measured. If __________ is the source, NADPH production is measured.
    • A. 

      Yeast ; a bacterium, Leuconostoc acetavulum

    • B. 

      Yeast ; a bacterium, Leuconostoc mesenteroides

    • C. 

      A bacterium, Leuconostoc mesenteroides ; yeast

    • D. 

      A bacterium, Leuconostoc acetavulum ; yeast

  • 21. 
    The Tolbutamide Tolerance Test is used in the investigation of fasting hypoglycemia. How is it taken by the patient?
    • A. 

      Orally

    • B. 

      Anally

    • C. 

      Intravenously

    • D. 

      Sublingually

  • 22. 
    Only patients with _______________ exhibit exaggerated plasma insulin concentrations.
    • A. 

      Insulinomas

    • B. 

      Insulinemias

    • C. 

      All of the Above

    • D. 

      None of the Above

  • 23. 
    The conversion of glucose to lactate and vice versa is also known as the:
    • A. 

      Cori-Forbes Cycle

    • B. 

      Cori Cycle

    • C. 

      Forbes Cycle

    • D. 

      All of the Above

  • 24. 
    NADH formed in Pyruvate to Lactate Reactions is measured at:
    • A. 

      360 nm

    • B. 

      350 nm

    • C. 

      340 nm

    • D. 

      330 nm

  • 25. 
    The Lactate-to-Pyruvate Ratio is an indicator of redox status and also a sensitive test to determine overdose from what antiretroviral medication?
    • A. 

      Vancomycin

    • B. 

      Resorcinol

    • C. 

      Theophylline

    • D. 

      Zidovudine

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