Lecture 2.03 - Histology Of The Cell Lab

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Lecture 2.03 - Histology Of The Cell Lab - Quiz


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What organ is this?

    Explanation
    The given organ is the cerebellum. The cerebellum is a part of the brain located at the back of the skull. It plays a vital role in coordinating voluntary movements, maintaining posture, and balance. It receives sensory information from the body and integrates it with motor commands from the cerebral cortex to ensure smooth and coordinated movement. The cerebellum also contributes to cognitive functions such as attention, language, and learning.

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  • 2. 

    What is the structure labeled (M)?

    Explanation
    The structure labeled (M) in this question is the medulla, specifically the central white matter of the medulla. The medulla is a part of the brainstem and is responsible for controlling vital functions such as breathing, heart rate, and blood pressure. The central white matter refers to the area of the medulla that contains myelinated nerve fibers, which allow for communication between different parts of the brain and spinal cord.

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  • 3. 

    What stain was used for this slide?

    Explanation
    The stain used for this slide is H&E, which stands for hematoxylin and eosin. H&E staining is a commonly used histological stain that allows for the visualization and differentiation of different tissue components. Hematoxylin stains nuclei blue-purple, while eosin stains cytoplasm and other extracellular components pink. The terms "H and E" and "H & E" are alternative ways of referring to the same staining technique.

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  • 4. 

    What organ are these structures part of?

    Explanation
    The structures mentioned in the question, "Cerebellum," are part of the cerebellum itself. The cerebellum is a region of the brain located at the back, below the cerebrum. It plays a crucial role in coordinating voluntary movements, balance, and posture. The structures within the cerebellum, such as the folia (folded layers) and lobes, are responsible for its various functions.

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  • 5. 

    Name the structure labeled (PL).

    Explanation
    The structure labeled (PL) in this question is Purkinje Cells.

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  • 6. 

    Name the structure labeled (GL).

    Explanation
    The structure labeled (GL) is referred to as the Granular Layer.

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  • 7. 

    Name the structure labeled (ML).

    Explanation
    The structure labeled (ML) is referred to as the Molecular Layer.

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  • 8. 

    What stain was used on this slide?

    Explanation
    The stain used on this slide is H&E, which stands for Hematoxylin and Eosin. H&E staining is commonly used in histology to visualize different structures and components of tissues. Hematoxylin stains the nuclei blue, while Eosin stains the cytoplasm and other structures pink. The alternative ways of writing H&E, as H and E or H & E, are also correct and commonly used.

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  • 9. 

    What organ are these structures found in?

    Explanation
    The structures mentioned in the question are found in the cerebellum.

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  • 10. 

    What is the structure labeled (ML)?

    Explanation
    The structure labeled (ML) is the Molecular Layer.

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  • 11. 

    What is the structure labeled (GL)?

    Explanation
    The structure labeled (GL) is the Granular Layer, specifically the Inner Granular Cell Layer. This layer is found in the cerebellar cortex and is characterized by densely packed granule cells. These granule cells are the most numerous type of neuron in the brain and play a crucial role in processing and integrating information within the cerebellum.

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  • 12. 

    Name the structure labeled (P).

    Explanation
    The structure labeled (P) in this question is the Purkinje cells. Purkinje cells are a type of neuron found in the cerebellar cortex of the brain. They are named after the Czech anatomist Jan Evangelista Purkyně, who first described them. These cells have a distinct morphology, with a large cell body and a highly branched dendritic tree. They play a crucial role in coordinating motor movements and are involved in the regulation of balance and posture.

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  • 13. 

    What stain was used to prepare this slide?

    Explanation
    The stain used to prepare the slide is H&E, which stands for Hematoxylin and Eosin. This staining technique is commonly used in histology to visualize different tissues and cells. Hematoxylin stains the nuclei blue or purple, while Eosin stains the cytoplasm and extracellular matrix pink or red. The combination of these two dyes helps to enhance the contrast and differentiate various structures in the slide.

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  • 14. 

    What are these structures?

  • 15. 

    Which organ are these structures located in?

    Explanation
    The structures mentioned in the question are located in the cerebellum. The cerebellum is a part of the brain that is responsible for coordinating voluntary movements, balance, and posture. It is located at the back of the brain, below the cerebrum. The structures within the cerebellum play a crucial role in motor control and fine-tuning movements.

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  • 16. 

    Name the structure(s) labeled (A).

    Explanation
    The structures labeled (A) in the given question are axons and granular cell axons. Axons are long, slender projections of a neuron that transmit electrical impulses away from the cell body to other neurons or target cells. Granular cell axons refer to the axons of granule cells, which are a type of small interneuron found in the cerebellum. These axons also transmit signals to other neurons within the cerebellum.

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  • 17. 

    Name the structure labeled (GL).

    Explanation
    The structure labeled (GL) in this question refers to the Granular Layer. This layer is found in the cerebellum, a part of the brain responsible for coordinating movement and balance. The Granular Layer contains densely packed granule cells, which are small and numerous. These cells receive input from the mossy fibers and send their axons to the molecular layer. The Granular Layer plays a crucial role in the processing of information within the cerebellum.

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  • 18. 

    Name the structure labeled (P).

    Explanation
    The structure labeled (P) is called Purkinje cells or Purkinje cell.

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  • 19. 

    Name the structure labeled (ML).

    Explanation
    The structure labeled (ML) is referred to as the Molecular Layer or Outer Molecular Layer.

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  • 20. 

    Name the structures surrounding the Purkinje cells bodies.

    Explanation
    The structures surrounding the Purkinje cell bodies are basket cell axons, axons, fibrils, basket cell axon fibrils, and axon fibrils. These structures form a network around the Purkinje cells, providing support and communication within the cerebellar cortex. Basket cell axons and axons are types of nerve fibers that transmit signals, while fibrils are small fibers that make up the structural framework. The presence of basket cell axon fibrils and axon fibrils suggests the presence of specialized connections and interactions between the Purkinje cells and these surrounding structures.

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  • 21. 

    What organ is this?

    Explanation
    The organ depicted in the question is the liver. The liver is a large, reddish-brown organ located in the upper right side of the abdomen. It plays a vital role in various bodily functions such as detoxification, metabolism, and production of important proteins. The answer provided is correct as it accurately identifies the organ shown in the question.

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  • 22. 

    What shape are the cells that are surrounding the veins?

    Explanation
    The cells that surround the veins are cuboidal in shape. Cuboidal cells have a cube-like shape and have equal dimensions in all three dimensions. This shape allows them to form a tightly packed layer around the veins, providing support and protection. Cuboidal cells are commonly found in epithelial tissues, where they play a role in secretion and absorption.

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  • 23. 

    Name the structures labeled (V).

    Explanation
    The structures labeled (V) in the given question are centrilobular venules, hepatic venules, and venules. These structures are part of the venous system within the liver. Centrilobular venules are located in the central part of the lobule and receive blood from the sinusoids. Hepatic venules are formed by the convergence of centrilobular venules and carry blood out of the liver. Venules are small blood vessels that collect blood from capillaries and transport it back to larger veins.

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  • 24. 

    Name the structure labeled (PM).

    Explanation
    The structure labeled (PM) is called the Plasma Membrane or Plasmalemma. The plasma membrane is a thin, semi-permeable barrier that surrounds the cell and separates its internal environment from the external environment. It regulates the movement of substances in and out of the cell, allowing certain molecules to enter or exit while preventing others from doing so. The term Plasmalemma is also used interchangeably with the plasma membrane to refer to the same structure.

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  • 25. 

    Which letter corresponds to the location of the extracellular matrix?

    Explanation
    The letter F corresponds to the location of the extracellular matrix. The extracellular matrix is a network of proteins and carbohydrates that surrounds and supports cells. It provides structural support and helps regulate cell behavior. The extracellular matrix is located outside of the cell, surrounding it and providing a scaffold for cell attachment and communication. Therefore, the letter F represents the correct location for the extracellular matrix.

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  • 26. 

    Where is this structure located?

    Explanation
    This structure is located in the small intestine.

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