Anatomy And Histology Quiz!

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| By Tina13
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Quizzes Created: 2 | Total Attempts: 14,771
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Anatomy And Histology Quiz! - Quiz


Do you know enough about anatomy and histology? This "Anatomy And Histology Quiz" can serve the purpose, if you are looking for a practice test before the exam. Histology is the microscopic equivalent to gross anatomy. In medicine, histopathology is the histology branch that incorporates the microscopic identification and examination of diseased tissue. There is interest in emerging techniques for in vivo histology. If you are considering a challenge, this quiz can motivate you.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What are the four types of tissue?

    • A.

      Connective tissue proper

    • B.

      Muscle

    • C.

      Connective

    • D.

      Nervous

    • E.

      Epithelial

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. Muscle
    C. Connective
    D. Nervous
    E. Epithelial
    Explanation
    The correct answer is muscle, connective, nervous, and epithelial. These are the four main types of tissue found in the human body. Muscle tissue is responsible for movement, connective tissue provides support and structure, nervous tissue allows for communication and control, and epithelial tissue covers and protects the body's surfaces and organs. These four types of tissue work together to maintain the body's overall function and structure.

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  • 2. 

    Does connective tissue provide protection, sensation, selective permeability, and secretion?

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    False - EPITHELIAL tissue

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  • 3. 

    When you look in the mirror, you are looking at Epithelial tissue?

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    skin, hair, nails

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  • 4. 

    Which type of junction provides resistance at stress points?

    • A.

      Tight

    • B.

      Desmosomes

    • C.

      Adhering

    • D.

      Gap

    • E.

      Buffer

    Correct Answer
    B. Desmosomes
    Explanation
    Desmosomes are a type of junction that provide resistance at stress points. They are specialized cell structures that anchor cells together, particularly in tissues that experience mechanical stress, such as the skin and heart. Desmosomes consist of proteins that form strong connections between adjacent cells, helping to distribute mechanical forces and prevent the cells from separating under tension. This allows tissues to maintain their structural integrity and withstand stress.

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  • 5. 

    Which type contains only one layer of cells?

    • A.

      Simple

    • B.

      Stratified

    • C.

      Pseudostratified

    • D.

      Both A & C

    Correct Answer
    D. Both A & C
    Explanation
    Both simple and pseudostratified epithelial tissues consist of only one layer of cells. Simple epithelial tissues are made up of a single layer of cells, while pseudostratified epithelial tissues appear to have multiple layers due to the varying heights of the cells, but in reality, all the cells are in contact with the basement membrane. Therefore, both A (simple) and C (pseudostratified) types of epithelial tissues contain only one layer of cells.

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  • 6. 

    What type of cell layer is found in the lung air sacs, the lining of blood vessels, and serous membranes?

    • A.

      Simple stratified

    • B.

      Pseudostratified cuboidal

    • C.

      Stratified squamous

    • D.

      Simple squamous

    • E.

      Simple columnar

    Correct Answer
    D. Simple squamous
    Explanation
    Simple squamous epithelium is the correct answer because it is a single layer of flattened cells that allows for efficient diffusion and filtration. This type of cell layer is found in the lung air sacs (alveoli) where gas exchange occurs, the lining of blood vessels (endothelium) where nutrients and gases are exchanged between the blood and surrounding tissues, and serous membranes that line body cavities and organs, allowing them to move smoothly against each other. Simple stratified, pseudostratified cuboidal, stratified squamous, and simple columnar epithelium are not found in these locations.

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  • 7. 

    What type of cell layer is found in endocrine and exocrine glands?

    • A.

      Simple stratified

    • B.

      Simple cuboidal

    • C.

      Stratified squamous

    • D.

      Simple columnar

    • E.

      Stratified cuboidal

    Correct Answer
    B. Simple cuboidal
    Explanation
    Simple cuboidal epithelium is the correct answer for this question. This type of cell layer is found in both endocrine and exocrine glands. Simple cuboidal epithelium consists of a single layer of cube-shaped cells with centrally located nuclei. It is specialized for secretion and absorption, making it well-suited for glandular tissues. The cells of this epithelium are tightly packed together, providing a barrier and allowing for efficient transport of substances.

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  • 8. 

    What type of cell layer is found in the digestive tract?

    • A.

      Simple cuboidal

    • B.

      Simple columnar

    • C.

      Stratified cuboidal

    • D.

      Stratified squamous

    • E.

      Pseudostratified cuboidal

    Correct Answer
    B. Simple columnar
    Explanation
    The correct answer is simple columnar. The digestive tract is lined with a single layer of column-shaped cells called simple columnar epithelium. This type of cell layer is well-suited for absorption and secretion, which are important functions of the digestive system. The tall and narrow shape of the columnar cells allows for increased surface area for absorption, while the presence of goblet cells within this layer helps in the secretion of mucus to protect the lining of the digestive tract.

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  • 9. 

    What cell layer is best for areas that receive friction?

    • A.

      Pseudostratified cuboidal

    • B.

      Stratified columnar

    • C.

      Stratified squamous

    • D.

      Simple squamous

    • E.

      Simple columnar

    Correct Answer
    C. Stratified squamous
    Explanation
    Stratified squamous epithelium is the best cell layer for areas that receive friction because it is composed of multiple layers of flat cells that can withstand mechanical stress. This type of epithelium is found in areas that are subject to friction, such as the skin, the lining of the mouth, and the lining of the esophagus. The multiple layers of cells provide protection against abrasion and wear, making it an ideal choice for areas that experience friction.

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  • 10. 

    What cell layer provides protection and movement in the respiratory tract?

    • A.

      Pseudostratified ciliated columnar

    • B.

      Simple ciliated squamous

    • C.

      Pseudostratified cuboidal movement

    • D.

      Stratified ciliated columnar

    • E.

      Stratified ciliated lacrum

    Correct Answer
    A. Pseudostratified ciliated columnar
    Explanation
    The correct answer is pseudostratified ciliated columnar. This type of cell layer is found in the respiratory tract and provides protection and movement. The cells are arranged in a single layer but appear stratified due to the varying heights of the cells. They have cilia on their surface, which help to move mucus and trapped particles out of the respiratory tract. The columnar shape of the cells allows for efficient secretion and absorption of substances.

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  • 11. 

    What type of epithelium is found in the uterus, bladder, and urethra?

    • A.

      Medial

    • B.

      Lacrimal

    • C.

      Transitional

    • D.

      Squamous

    • E.

      Stratified

    Correct Answer
    C. Transitional
    Explanation
    Transitional epithelium is found in the uterus, bladder, and urethra. This type of epithelium is specialized to stretch and accommodate changes in volume, making it ideal for organs that need to expand and contract, such as the bladder. Transitional epithelium is made up of multiple layers of cells that can change shape and stretch without tearing. This allows the organs to hold and release urine without damage.

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  • 12. 

    Eccrine sweat smells.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Eccrine sweat is odorless. It is produced by sweat glands all over the body and helps regulate body temperature. The odor that is commonly associated with sweat is actually caused by bacteria on the skin breaking down the components of apocrine sweat, which is produced in specific areas such as the armpits and groin. Therefore, eccrine sweat itself does not have a smell.

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  • 13. 

    Which type of gland creates sweat in your armpits?

    • A.

      Merocrine

    • B.

      Apocrine

    • C.

      Holocrine

    • D.

      None of these

    Correct Answer
    B. Apocrine
    Explanation
    Apocrine glands are responsible for producing sweat in the armpits. These glands are found in the skin and are activated during puberty. Unlike merocrine glands that produce sweat all over the body, apocrine glands are mainly located in areas such as the armpits and groin. These glands secrete a thick, odorless fluid that interacts with bacteria on the skin's surface, resulting in body odor. Therefore, the correct answer is Apocrine.

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  • 14. 

    Holocrine glands secrete by

    • A.

      Whole cell disintegration

    • B.

      Vesicles

    • C.

      Cell decapitation

    • D.

      Distention

    Correct Answer
    A. Whole cell disintegration
    Explanation
    Holocrine glands secrete by whole cell disintegration, which means that the entire cell undergoes disintegration to release its contents. This is in contrast to other types of secretion, such as merocrine or apocrine, where only specific parts of the cell are released. In holocrine secretion, the cell accumulates its secretory product until it becomes fully packed, and then it disintegrates, releasing the entire contents into the duct or lumen. This mode of secretion is observed in certain glands, such as the sebaceous glands in the skin, where the entire cell is sacrificed to release its oily secretion.

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  • 15. 

    Which is NOT one of the 4 types of connective tissue?

    • A.

      Blood

    • B.

      Brain

    • C.

      Cartilage

    • D.

      Connective tissue proper

    • E.

      Bone

    Correct Answer
    B. Brain
    Explanation
    The brain is not one of the four types of connective tissue. Connective tissue includes blood, cartilage, connective tissue proper, and bone. The brain is a part of the nervous system and is composed mainly of neural tissue, not connective tissue.

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  • 16. 

    Which is NOT a type of DENSE connective tissue?

    • A.

      Elastic

    • B.

      Regular

    • C.

      Adipose

    • D.

      Irregular

    Correct Answer
    C. Adipose
    Explanation
    Adipose tissue is a type of LOOSE connective tissue, not a type of DENSE connective tissue. Dense connective tissue includes types such as regular and irregular connective tissue, which are characterized by densely packed collagen fibers. Adipose tissue, on the other hand, is composed of adipocytes (fat cells) and is responsible for storing energy in the form of fat.

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  • 17. 

    Scurvy is caused by vitamin D deficiency.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    vitamin C. Vitamin D deficiency causes Osteomalacia

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  • 18. 

    Marfan syndrome:

    • A.

      Is a genetic disease on chromosome 15

    • B.

      Common in short males

    • C.

      Caused by vitamin deficiencies

    • D.

      Prevalent in the elderly

    • E.

      Causes skeletal, visual, and connective tissue abnormalities

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Is a genetic disease on chromosome 15
    E. Causes skeletal, visual, and connective tissue abnormalities
    Explanation
    Marfan syndrome is a genetic disease that is caused by a mutation on chromosome 15. It is not common in short males or caused by vitamin deficiencies. It is also not prevalent in the elderly. The syndrome is characterized by skeletal, visual, and connective tissue abnormalities.

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  • 19. 

    Those with diabetes are more at risk for Gangrene?

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    People with diabetes are more at risk for gangrene because the condition affects blood circulation and damages nerves. Diabetes can cause blood vessels to narrow and harden, reducing blood flow to the extremities. This can lead to poor wound healing and increased susceptibility to infections. Additionally, diabetes can cause nerve damage, known as neuropathy, which can result in a loss of sensation in the affected area. As a result, individuals with diabetes may not notice injuries or infections, allowing them to worsen and potentially lead to gangrene.

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  • 20. 

    Gangrene is:

    • A.

      Loss of limbs

    • B.

      Tissue rebuilding

    • C.

      Tissue death on a living body

    • D.

      Tissue overproduction

    • E.

      An infection of the skin

    Correct Answer
    C. Tissue death on a living body
    Explanation
    Gangrene is the condition characterized by tissue death on a living body. It occurs when the blood supply to a certain area is cut off, leading to the death of the tissue in that area. This can be caused by various factors such as injury, infection, or underlying health conditions. Gangrene is a serious condition that requires immediate medical attention to prevent further complications and potential loss of limbs.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Aug 19, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Sep 15, 2010
    Quiz Created by
    Tina13
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