Clic Cosmetology: Anatomy And Physiology (Part 3)

29 Questions | Total Attempts: 60

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Clic Cosmetology: Anatomy And Physiology (Part 3)

An understanding of anatomy and physiology, including the medical terms you will probably never use, will help you become more proficient at performing professional salon services. You'll get a understanding of histology. This covers cells, tissues, organs, body systems, the skeletal system, the muscular system, the nervous system, the circulatory system, the endocrine system, the digestive system, the excretory system, the respiratory system and the integumentary system.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The body system that covers, shapes, and supports the skeleton tissue. It contracts and moves various parts of the body.
    • A. 

      Skeletal system

    • B. 

      Nervous system

    • C. 

      Integumentary system

    • D. 

      Circulatory system

    • E. 

      Muscular system

  • 2. 
    The science of nature, structure, function, and diseases of the muscles.
    • A. 

      Osteology

    • B. 

      Histology

    • C. 

      Myology

    • D. 

      Neurology

    • E. 

      Physiology

  • 3. 
    ________ muscles, also called skeletal or voluntary muscles, are attached to the bones and are controlled by the will. They create heat and energy for the body during muscle contractions, assist in maintaining the body's posture, and protect some internal organs.
    • A. 

      Nonstriated muscles

    • B. 

      Striated muscles

  • 4. 
    _________ muscles, also called involuntary, visceral, or smooth muscles, function automatically, without conscious will. These muscles are found in the internal organs of the body, such as the digestive or respiratory systems. They function without conscious thought or control.
    • A. 

      Nonstriated muscles

    • B. 

      Striated muscles

  • 5. 
    __________ muscle is the involuntary muscle that is the heart. This type of muscle is not found in any other part of the body.
  • 6. 
    A muscle has three parts.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 7. 
    The _______, is the part of the muscle that does not move; it is attached to the skeleton and is usually part of a skeletal muscle.
    • A. 

      Insertion

    • B. 

      Origin

    • C. 

      Belly

  • 8. 
    The _______ is the part of the muscle at the more movable attachment to the skeleton.
    • A. 

      Insertion

    • B. 

      Origin

    • C. 

      Belly

  • 9. 
    The _________ is the middle part of the muscle.
    • A. 

      Insertion

    • B. 

      Origin

    • C. 

      Belly

  • 10. 
    Pressure in massage is usually directed from the......
    • A. 

      Insertion to the origin

    • B. 

      Origin to the insertion

  • 11. 
    The muscles of the scalp include....
    • A. 

      Epicranius, occipitalis, frontalis, aponeurosis

    • B. 

      Auricularis superior, auricularis anterior, auricularis posterior

    • C. 

      Masseter and the temporalis

    • D. 

      Platysma and sternocleidomastoideus

  • 12. 
    The muscles of the ears have no function (although some people can contract them to move the ears). They include the....
    • A. 

      Platysma and sternocleidomastoideus

    • B. 

      Masseter and the temporalis

    • C. 

      Auricularis superior, auricularis anterior, auricularis posterior

    • D. 

      Epicranius, occipitalis, frontalis, aponeurosis

  • 13. 
    The _________ and the __________ muscles coordinate in opening and closing the mouth and are sometimes referred to as chewing muscles.
    • A. 

      Platysma and sternocleidomastoideus

    • B. 

      Corrugator muscle and orbicularis oculi

    • C. 

      Masseter and temporalis

  • 14. 
    The muscles of the neck include....
    • A. 

      Corrugator muscle and orbicularis oculi

    • B. 

      Masseter and temporalis

    • C. 

      Platysma and sternocleidomastoideus

    • D. 

      Epicranius, occipitalis, frontalis, aponeurosis

  • 15. 
    The muscles of the eyebrow include the....
    • A. 

      Corrugator muscle and orbicularis oculi

    • B. 

      Masseter and temporalis

    • C. 

      Epicranius, occipitalis, frontalis, aponeurosis

    • D. 

      Platysma and sternocleidomastoideus

  • 16. 
    The muscles of the nose include the procerus, which covers the bridge of the nose, lowers the eyebrows, and causes wrinkles across the bridge of the nose, and other nasal muscles that contract and expand the openings of the nostrils.
  • 17. 
    MUSCLES OF THE MOUTH: Thin, flat muscle of the cheek between the upper and lower jaw that compresses the cheeks and expels air between the lips.
    • A. 

      Buccinator

    • B. 

      Orbicularis oris

    • C. 

      Risorius

    • D. 

      Triangularis

    • E. 

      Zygomaticus

  • 18. 
    MUSCLES OF THE MOUTH: Also known as quadratus labii inferioris, a muscle surrounding the lower lip; lowers the lower lip and draws it to one side, as in expressing sarcasm.
    • A. 

      Buccinator

    • B. 

      Levator anguli oris

    • C. 

      Mentalis

    • D. 

      Depressor labii inferioris

    • E. 

      Risorius

  • 19. 
    MUSCLES OF THE MOUTH: Also known as caninus, a muscle that raises the angle of the mouth and draws it inward.
    • A. 

      Depressor labii inferioris

    • B. 

      Orbicularis oris

    • C. 

      Triangularis

    • D. 

      Levator angulis oris

    • E. 

      Zygomaticus

  • 20. 
    MUSCLES OF THE MOUTH: Also known as quadratus labii superioris, a muscle surrounding the upper lip; elevates the upper lip and dilates the nostrils, as in expressing distaste.
    • A. 

      Mentalis

    • B. 

      Orbicularis oris

    • C. 

      Depressor labii inferioris

    • D. 

      Risorius

    • E. 

      Levator labii superioris

  • 21. 
    MUSCLES OF THE MOUTH: Muscle that elevates the lower lip and raises and wrinkles the skin of the chin.
    • A. 

      Buccinator

    • B. 

      Mentalis

    • C. 

      Levator angulis oris

    • D. 

      Zygomaticus

    • E. 

      Triangularis

  • 22. 
    MUSCLES OF THE MOUTH: Flat band around the upper and lower lips that compresses, contracts, puckers, and wrinkles the lips.
    • A. 

      Risorius

    • B. 

      Zygomaticus

    • C. 

      Orbicularis oris

    • D. 

      Triangularis

    • E. 

      Buccinator

  • 23. 
    MUSCLES OF THE MOUTH: Muscle of the mouth that draws the corner of the mouth out and back, as in grinning.
    • A. 

      Buccinator

    • B. 

      Risorius

    • C. 

      Triangularis

    • D. 

      Zygomaticus

    • E. 

      Levator angulis oris

  • 24. 
    MUSCLES OF THE MOUTH: Muscle extending alongside the chin that pulls down the corner of the mouth.
    • A. 

      Triangularis

    • B. 

      Levator angulis oris

    • C. 

      Levator labii superioris

    • D. 

      Buccinator

    • E. 

      Zygomaticus

  • 25. 
    MUSCLES OF THE MOUTH: Major and minor. Muscles extending from the zygomatic bone to the angle of the mouth; elevate the lip, as in laughing.
    • A. 

      Buccinator

    • B. 

      Mentalis

    • C. 

      Risorius

    • D. 

      Zygomaticus

    • E. 

      Triangularis

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