The Judiciary Quiz: Multiple Choice Questions

Approved & Edited by ProProfs Editorial Team
The editorial team at ProProfs Quizzes consists of a select group of subject experts, trivia writers, and quiz masters who have authored over 10,000 quizzes taken by more than 100 million users. This team includes our in-house seasoned quiz moderators and subject matter experts. Our editorial experts, spread across the world, are rigorously trained using our comprehensive guidelines to ensure that you receive the highest quality quizzes.
Learn about Our Editorial Process
| By Katdam78
K
Katdam78
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 1 | Total Attempts: 460
Questions: 12 | Attempts: 460

SettingsSettingsSettings
Constitution Quizzes & Trivia

The main branch of the judiciary in America is the all-powerful Supreme Court where no court can challenge any decision it makes. The judiciary is charged with making laws and settling court cases. How well do you understand the judiciary? Take up the quiz below and find out. Good luck!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What is the Legislative branch split into? 

    • A.

      Senators and the House of Representatives

    • B.

      Supreme Court justices and federal courts

    • C.

      President and government officials

    Correct Answer
    A. Senators and the House of Representatives
    Explanation
    The Legislative branch is split into Senators and the House of Representatives. This division is based on the bicameral system, where the Congress is composed of two separate chambers. The House of Representatives represents the people and is based on the population of each state, while the Senate represents the states equally with two senators per state. This split ensures a balance of power and allows for a more comprehensive and representative decision-making process.

    Rate this question:

  • 2. 

    Who are the members of the Executive branch?

    • A.

      Senate

    • B.

      President and the other government officials

    • C.

      House of Representatives

    Correct Answer
    B. President and the other government officials
    Explanation
    The members of the Executive branch include the President and other government officials. The President is the head of the Executive branch and is responsible for executing and enforcing laws. The other government officials in the Executive branch include the Vice President, Cabinet members, and various agencies and departments. Together, they are responsible for implementing and administering policies and programs that affect the nation. The Senate and House of Representatives, on the other hand, are part of the Legislative branch and are responsible for making laws.

    Rate this question:

  • 3. 

    What is the main responsibility of the Judicial branch?

    • A.

      Making laws ( bakers)

    • B.

      Carrying out laws ( servers)

    • C.

      Interpreting laws ( tasters)

    Correct Answer
    C. Interpreting laws ( tasters)
    Explanation
    The main responsibility of the Judicial branch is to interpret laws. This involves analyzing and applying the law to specific cases brought before the courts. The Judicial branch ensures that laws are interpreted fairly and consistently, resolving any disputes or conflicts that may arise. The analogy of "tasters" implies that the Judicial branch carefully examines and evaluates the laws, similar to how tasters assess the flavors and qualities of food or drink.

    Rate this question:

  • 4. 

    Who are the members of the Judicial branch?

    • A.

      Senate and House of Representatives

    • B.

      President and other goverment officials

    • C.

      Supreme Court justices and federal courts

    Correct Answer
    C. Supreme Court justices and federal courts
    Explanation
    The members of the Judicial branch are Supreme Court justices and federal courts. The Judicial branch is responsible for interpreting the laws and ensuring that they are applied fairly. Supreme Court justices are appointed by the President and confirmed by the Senate, and they serve on the highest court in the country. Federal courts, on the other hand, are lower courts that handle cases involving federal laws and disputes between states. Together, Supreme Court justices and federal courts make up the members of the Judicial branch.

    Rate this question:

  • 5. 

    How many branches of government are there according to the Constitution?

    • A.

      6

    • B.

      3

    • C.

      5

    Correct Answer
    B. 3
    Explanation
    According to the Constitution, there are three branches of government. This is based on the principle of separation of powers, where each branch has its own distinct powers and responsibilities. The three branches are the executive branch, which includes the President and the administration; the legislative branch, which consists of Congress and is responsible for making laws; and the judicial branch, which includes the Supreme Court and interprets the laws.

    Rate this question:

  • 6. 

    What is the main responsibility of the Legislative branch?

    • A.

      Interpreting laws ( tasters)

    • B.

      Making laws ( bakers)

    • C.

      Carrying out laws ( servers)

    Correct Answer
    B. Making laws ( bakers)
    Explanation
    The main responsibility of the Legislative branch is to make laws. This branch of government is responsible for proposing, debating, and passing laws that govern the country. They have the power to introduce new legislation, amend existing laws, and repeal outdated laws. The Legislative branch plays a crucial role in the democratic process by representing the interests of the people and ensuring that laws are fair and beneficial to society as a whole.

    Rate this question:

  • 7. 

    How many terms can a president serve?

    • A.

      4 terms

    • B.

      2 terms

    • C.

      6 terms

    • D.

      1 term

    Correct Answer
    B. 2 terms
    Explanation
    A president can serve a maximum of two terms. This is because the 22nd Amendment to the United States Constitution limits a president to serving two terms in office. This amendment was ratified in 1951 in response to President Franklin D. Roosevelt being elected to four terms. The amendment was put in place to prevent any future president from serving an indefinite number of terms and to ensure a peaceful transition of power.

    Rate this question:

  • 8. 

    How many supreme court justices are there?

    • A.

      11

    • B.

      5

    • C.

      9

    • D.

      8

    Correct Answer
    C. 9
    Explanation
    There are 9 supreme court justices.

    Rate this question:

  • 9. 

    What does the Judicial Branch do?

    • A.

      Interprets and applies the laws

    • B.

      Enforce the laws

    • C.

      Makes the laws

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. Interprets and applies the laws
    Explanation
    The Judicial Branch is responsible for interpreting and applying the laws. This means that they have the authority to interpret the meaning of laws and decide how they should be applied in specific cases. They also have the power to review the actions of the executive and legislative branches to ensure that they are in accordance with the law. By doing so, the Judicial Branch plays a crucial role in upholding the rule of law and ensuring justice is served.

    Rate this question:

  • 10. 

    How long is a president's term?

    • A.

      2 years

    • B.

      3 years

    • C.

      For life

    • D.

      4 years

    Correct Answer
    D. 4 years
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 4 years. In the United States, a president's term lasts for 4 years. This is stated in the Constitution, which also allows a president to be re-elected for a second term, serving a maximum of 8 years in office. The 4-year term allows for a balance of power and accountability, as it gives the president a reasonable amount of time to implement their policies and fulfill their campaign promises, while also allowing for regular elections to ensure that the citizens have the opportunity to choose new leadership if they desire.

    Rate this question:

  • 11. 

    What does the Executive branch do?

    • A.

      Make the laws

    • B.

      Enforce the laws

    • C.

      Interpret and Apply the laws

    • D.

      Declare war

    Correct Answer
    B. Enforce the laws
    Explanation
    The Executive branch is responsible for enforcing the laws. This branch of government includes the President, who is the head of state, and various executive agencies. Their main role is to ensure that the laws passed by the legislative branch are carried out effectively and fairly. They have the power to implement and enforce policies, regulations, and decisions that are in line with the laws of the land. By doing so, the Executive branch plays a crucial role in maintaining law and order and ensuring that the government functions smoothly.

    Rate this question:

  • 12. 

    What are the requirements to run for president?

    • A.

      To be born in the U.S.

    • B.

      To live in the U.S. for 14 years

    • C.

      At least 35 years

    • D.

      All of the Above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the Above
    Explanation
    The requirements to run for president include being born in the U.S., living in the U.S. for 14 years, and being at least 35 years old. Therefore, the correct answer is "All of the Above."

    Rate this question:

Quiz Review Timeline +

Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 20, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Apr 18, 2018
    Quiz Created by
    Katdam78
Back to Top Back to top
Advertisement
×

Wait!
Here's an interesting quiz for you.

We have other quizzes matching your interest.